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Registros recuperados: 92
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A BEHAVIORAL APPROACH TOWARDS FUTURES CONTRACT USAGE. 31
Pennings, Joost M.E.; Leuthold, Raymond M..
We propose a behavioral decision-making model to investigate what factors, observable as well as unobservable, owner-managers consider regarding futures contract usage. The conceptual model consists of two phases, reflecting the two-stage decision structure of manager’s use of futures. In the first phase owner-managers consider whether futures are within the market choice set for the enterprise. In the second phase the owner-manager decides whether or not to initiate a futures position when confronted with a concrete choice situation. In both phases owner-manager’s beliefs and perceptions play an important role. The proposed model is tested on a data set of Dutch farmers, based on computer-assisted personal interviews. Because we incorporate latent...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hedging; Futures; Structural equation modeling; Behavioral models; Futures exchanges; Choice models; Farmers; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46448
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A importância do controle financeiro em um sistema de informações gerenciais numa fazenda. 14
VELOSO, R. F.; FERNANDES, F. B.; BARIONI, L. G.; COLOCA, A..
RESUMO: A necessidade de dados para avaliação financeira e econômica de tecnologias agropecuárias e de aperfeiçoamento de procedimentos gerenciais de fazendas, por meio de recursos de informática, levou a Embrapa Cerrados à proposição de um sistema de informações gerenciais para fazendas em parceria com dois produtores familiares e um agrônomo autônomo. Dois estudos de caso em fazendas, na região sul goiana, vêm fundamentando o processo de criação de protótipo do sistema. Utilizando-se do Microsoft Access, foram desenvolvidos os módulos de controle financeiro, de custos, de estoques e de análise de resultados. Módulos de controle de máquinas, de pessoal, do rebanho e de mapas georreferenciados encontram-se em desenvolvimento. Na especificação do módulo de...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Produtor rural; Contabilidade de custos; Administration; Strategic planning; Cost accounting.; Administração Rural; Desenvolvimento Rural; Planejamento Estratégico.; Farmers; Farms; Rural development..
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/570340
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A importancia do controle financeiro em um sistema de informacoes gerenciais numa fazenda familiar. 14
VELOSO, R. F.; FERNANDES, F. B.; BARIONI, L. G..
bitstream/CPAC-2009/24394/1/p2003_39.pdf
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: DRURAL100; Produtror rural; Informacao gerencial; Administration; Management.; Administração Rural; Análise Econômica; Desenvolvimento Rural; Fazenda; Tomada de Decisão.; Farmers; Farms; Economic analysis; Decision making; Rural development..
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/567672
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Adaptive management in crop pest control in the face of climate variability: an agent-based modeling approach 7
Climate changes are occurring rapidly at both regional and global scales. Farmers are faced with the challenge of developing new agricultural practices to help them to cope with unpredictable changes in environmental, social, and economic conditions. Under these conditions, adaptive management requires a farmer to learn by monitoring provisional strategies and changing conditions, and then incrementally adjust management practices in light of new information. Exploring adaptive management will increase our understanding of the underlying processes that link farmer societies with their environment across space and time, while accounting for the impacts of an unpredictable climate. Here, we assessed the impacts of temperature and crop price, as surrogates...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Agent-based model; Agro-ecosystems; Farmers; Pest.
Ano: 2015
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Agricultural Decision Analysis: The Causal Challenge 31
Parton, Kevin A..
The paper sets out the agenda for reviewing models of decision making in the context of farmers’ use of seasonal climate forecasting. Such forecasts have been framed in terms of shifts in cumulative distribution functions of yields or gross margins. Typically they have been applied to choices about crop variety, crop type, time of planting or level of fertiliser application. Fundamental questions are: how do farmers conceptualise and make use of the information contained in seasonal climate forecasts? Do our models of decision making represent well the way in which these decisions are made?
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decision making; Farmers; Seasonal climate forecasts; Conceptualisation; Review.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48150
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An investigation of the relationship between depth to groundwater and malaria prevalence, Punjab, Pakistan 31
Donnelly, M.J.; Birley, M.H.; Konradsen, Flemming.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Malaria; Waterborne diseases; Land use; Public health; Farmers; Institutions; Infrastructure; Maps; Statistics; Rice; Farm Management; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113607
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Analysis of Farm Household Preferences in the Management of Invasive Species: The Case of Miconia in Hawaii 31
Chan-Halbrendt, Catherine; Yang, Fang; Thomas, Lynna; Pant, Archana.
A major threat to Hawaii's ecosystem is the spread of invasive plant species. One such species is Miconia calvescens. Given that this plant was originally introduced to Hawaii by the horticulture industry and has negative effects on agricultural productivity, it is logical to find the farm households' preference for the control of Miconia. Using Conjoint Choice Experiment methodology, this study designed a survey to measure farm households' preferences for Miconia calvescens control program attributes. Results of the surveys indicate that the farm households are willing to support Miconia control programs if they prevent severe soil erosion and loss of biodiversity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Miconia; Invasive species; Hawaii; Farmers; Conjoint Choice Experiment; Valuation; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8189
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Avaliação de programa: aspectos teóricos e metodológicos no contexto da agricultura familiar. 14
ROCHA, F. E. de C.; ALBUQUERQUE, F. J. B. de; MARCELINO, M. Q. dos S..
ABSTRACT: This study to present information from literature about evaluation of social programs, which were used later on to evaluate the Pronaf (a credit line for small farmers implemented by the Brazilian Federal Government) in Paraiba state. Several approaches about the evolution logic models were identified, in which data and information are gathered through tables or input lists, activities, products, results, in which was verified the recommendation of quasi-experimentation design, with control group, to isolate results of the specific program. Moreover, concepts related to hard indexes and perception data were also presented to facilitate visualization of how determined variable criterion occurs in the real world, i. e., how e perception data can be...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Produtor rural; Psicologia social; Family farmers.; Agricultura Familiar; Pequeno Produtor; Transferência de Tecnologia.; Farmers; Psychology; Small farms; Technology transfer..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/571909
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Banana Supply Chains in Indonesia and Australia: Surviving Isolation from End markets 31
Singgih, Shinta; Woods, Elizabeth.
Two banana supply chains (BSC), one in Indonesia (BSC1) and one in Australia (BSC2), are described based on case study research conducted in 2002. BSC1 sources bananas from small farmers for distribution through traditional markets in Jakarta. BSC2 includes farmers supplying to both major and independent retailers in Sydney through a wholesale agency with some farmer ownership. Farmers in both chains live in relative isolation from the main markets for their bananas. Prices for their bananas depend on the market prices in the city, upon which they have little control. This paper focuses on how farmers removed from key markets, deal with buyers to receive fair prices. In both chains, most transactions between farmers and their buyers were completed through...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmers; Banana supply chain; Isolation; Trust.; Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24336
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Can supply chain's coordination mechanisms include small holders? Insight from an empirical work in Costa Rica. 31
Faure, Guy; D'Hotel, Elodie Maitre; le Coq, Jean-Francois; Saenz, Fernando.
Small holders' agriculture is currently facing new stakes due to State's withdrawal from agricultural support and to higher market requests for producing agricultural products. Different coordination mechanisms can be observed inside the supply chains involving farmers, farmers' organizations, and others stakeholders. They depend on the nature of the product, the characteristics of the stakeholders involved, the technical specifications related to the transactions, and the institutional environment. Relying on a comparative case study methodology, the paper analyzes the consequences of different coordination mechanisms on inclusion or exclusion of small farmers in the northern region of Costa Rica. Market coordination could be an efficient way to integrate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supply chain; Small holders; Farmers; Contracting; Coordination; Costa Rica; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7943
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Caracterização dos produtores do Núcleo Rural do Buriti Vermelho: aspectos sociais, geográficos e de uso do solo e da água. 14
MOREIRA, J. M. M. A. P.; SOUSA, T. C. R. de; SOUZA, M. A.; AGUIAR, J. L. P. de; BELCHIOR, E. B.; RODRIGUES, L. N..
bitstream/item/75880/1/bolpd-292.pdf
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Produtor rural; Production systems; Irrigation system.; Irrigação; Solo.; Farmers; Land use; Socioeconomic factors..
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/902783
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Comparative Analysis of the Safe Training Performance about Farmers Use Pesticide -Sichuan Province of China as an example 31
Wenting, Song; Xinhong, Fu; Deping, Xiong; Yan, Wang; Lian, Huang.
The Ministry of Agriculture of People’s Republic of China put in practice in non-hazardous food production and high-toxicity pesticides elimination, which aim at human, food and environmental safety. To investigate 491 farmers in Sichuan Province, the paper analyzes comparatively training content, fixed-point samples, different areas and training influence. The training content focuses on pesticide purchase, label reading, personal protection, container disposal, sprayer maintenance and sprayer cleaning. The results of SPSS statistical software show that there is a significant difference in 30 fixed-point samples between before and after training, and each index has obvious performance. And the results of component score and comprehensive scores of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Training performance; Farmers; Pesticide; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q16.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49973
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Configuration of the technical orientation in the state of Rio Grande do Sul: a comparison of the 2006 and 2017 census 194
Camara, Simone Bueno; Boscardin, Mariele; Zarnott, Alisson Vicente.
Technically oriented companies have different formats, from government, cooperatives and even farmers themselves. In this sense, agricultural censuses play an important role in the context of mapping establishments that receive or do not receive some type of technical guidance. Thus, this work aims to analyze the configurations of technical guidance comparatively from the 2006 and 2017 censuses in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The analyzes are carried out through descriptive statistics. The mesoregion with the most agricultural establishments receiving some type of technical guidance is the Northwest (23.13%), which has the characteristic of being one of those with the most municipalities, which are mostly family-owned. The mesoregion that has the least...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultores; Produções; Assistência técnica; Censo agropecuário; Farmers; Technical assistance; Productions; Agricultural census.
Ano: 2023 URL: http://periodicos.ufsm.br/extensaorural/article/view/70699
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Conhecendo melhor os pecuaristas e suas relações com a Embrapa Gado de Corte. 14
CEZAR, I. M..
Enfoque "participativo" tem ganho terreno como um novo caminho para encontrar solucoes que atendam aos interesses dos produtores rurais. Tal abordagem contrasta com a cultura das instituicoes de P&D que tradicionalmente nao envolvem os produtores nas decisoes tecnologicas. Nesse sentido, essa pesquisa visa conhecer caracteristicas gerais de pecuaristas, obter uma visao sobre seus processos de tomadas de decisao e suas relacoes com a Embrapa Gado de Corte. Pecuaristas de Campo Grande e do Pantanal foram escolhidos como grupos sociais, representando regioes ecologicamente distintas. Usou-se um procedimentos seccional no tempo, para obtencao dos dados, por meio da aplicacao de um questionario. Os resultados indicam que, em geral, os fazendeiros consultam...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bovino de corte; Embrapa Gado de Corte; Campo Grande; Mato Grosso do Sul; Brasil; Embrapa Beef cattle.; Fazenda; Pecuarista; Sistema de Informação; Sistema de Produção.; Pantanal; Farmers; Farms; Beef cattle; Farming systems; Brazil; Information systems..
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/323699
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Coping Strategies Against El Nino: The Case of Selected Communities in Talugtug, Nueva Ecija, Philippines 31
Monsalud, Florentino C.; Montesur, Jaime G.; Abucay, Edwin R..
The occurrence of El Nino causes tremendous havoc to economies. Recognizing this problem, the Philippine government has been introducing measures to mitigate the impact of the El Nino phenomenon. One of the measures to lessen the vulnerability of the farmers on El Nino related risk is the Small Water Impounding Projects (SWIPs). Furthermore, farmers have their own initiatives and coping mechanisms to mitigate the effects of El Nino. This research was undertaken to document the coping mechanisms, which would be useful in policy formulation. This study aims to: a) Determine the impacts of El Nino-related abnormal weather changes on agricultural production and farmers' income; b) Document the existing farming systems, resources, infrastructure, institutions,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Climatic change; Farmers; Rural communities; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32717
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Desenvolvimento local e associações de pequenos agricultores - o caso de Massoroca (Juazeiro-BA). 14
BARROS, E. da R.; SABOURIN, E.; PERES, J. I. G.; CARON, P..
o presente trabalho é fruto da cooperação entre a equipe de extensionistas da Empresa Baiana de Desenvolvimento Agrícola-EBDA de Juazeiro-BA, os pesquisadores do Centro de Cooperação Internacional em Pesquisa Agrônomica para o Desenvolvimento CIRAD/Departamento de Sistemas Agroalimentares e Rurais-SAR e a Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária-Embrapa, através do Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária do Trópico Semi-Árido-CPA TSA, que atuam juntos para implementar métodos e instrumentos de Pesquisa & Desenvolvimento (P & D) com as comunidades rurais da região de Massaroca, no município de Juazeiro-BA. Esse processo , com duplo objetivo de avaliação em andamento do projeto e de sistematização metodológica do acompanhamento das organizações de...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Organização dos produtores; Pequeno agricultor; Associação de produtores rurais; Zoneamento municipal; Bahia; Juazeiro; Massoroca; Comunidade Rural; Historia; Sistema de Produção; Vegetação Nativa; Caatinga; População Rural; Farming systems; Brazil; History; Rural communities; Farming systems; History; Rural communities; Farmers.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1133203
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Determinants of Profit Efficiency Among Small Scale Rice Farmers in Nigeria: A Profit Function Approach 31
Kolawole, Ogundari.
This study employs a stochastic frontier approach to examine profit efficiency of small scale rice farmers in Nigeria using farm-level survey data collected from 200 farmers in the study area. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and standard profit function. The result shows that about 60 percent of potential profit is gain due to production efficiency while the remaining can be attributed to both technical and allocative inefficiencies in the study area. Also, the result further revealed that age, educational level, farming experience and household size positively affected profit efficiency. These variables are thus important in policy formulation by government.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Stochastic frontier; Profit efficiency; Small-scale; Farmers; Nigeria; Crop Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis; C8; C21; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25238
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Development of profitable milk production systems for northern Australia: an analysis of intensification of current systems 31
Callow, Mark N.; Gobius, N.; Hetherington, G..
Milk producers in northern Australia are attempting to make rapid adjustments to production systems that enable them to compete in a newly deregulated market, although there is uncertainty about how to do this. Through industry consultation and expert review a process was developed to identify production systems that may be capable of supporting economic targets of 10% return on assets and 600,000 L milk/labour unit. A broadly based project team in terms of disciplines then used this process to identify five production systems which were each applicable to substantial numbers of current milk producers. These were modelled using whole farm economic analyses and annual feed planning, using an iterative process over an extended period, to determine the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Farmers; Learning; Farm management education; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123138
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Diversidad de cabras en los sistemas tradicionales de la montaña baja del estado de Guerrero, México. 32
García Bonilla, Dulce Violeta.
La caprinocultura ha sido una actividad económica importante en la Montaña de Guerrero, a través del pastoreo trashumante, conocido como haciendas volantes, en la época colonial y como actividad a pequeña escala más recientemente. El trabajo tuvo como objetivo caracterizar el sistema de producción de caprinos y relacionarlo con la diversidad de cabras presentes en las unidades familiares de producción. Se aplicaron 112 cuestionarios y se registró información de 863 cabras de 27 rebaños. En los cuestionarios se registró información del productor, su organización, lengua, recursos productivos, estructura del rebaño, prácticas de manejo y beneficios. Para determinar la diversidad de cabras se registró información del fenotipo y medidas zoométricas. Los datos...
Palavras-chave: Explotaciones caprinas; Productores; Riqueza; Tipo de cabra; Breeds; Farms goat; Farmers; Richness; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2199
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Do equal land and water rights benefit the poor? Targeted irrigation development: The case of the Andhi Khola Irrigation Scheme in Nepal 31
van Etten, Jacobijn; van Koppen, Barbara; Pun, Shuku.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation programs; Water rights; Poverty; Households; Surveys; Water allocation; Water distribution; Water users’ associations; Farmers; Landlessness; Land ownership; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92697
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