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Diversity and distribution of methane-oxidizing microbial communities associated with different faunal assemblages in a giant pockmark of the Gabon continental margin 5
Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Nadalig, Thierry; Roussel, Erwan; Delage, Eloise; Duperron, Sebastien; Caprais, Jean-claude; Boetius, A.; Sibuet, Myriam.
A giant 800-m-diameter pockmark named REGAB was discovered on the Gabon continental margin actively emitting methane at a water depth of 3200 m. The microbial diversity in sediments from four different assemblages of chemosynthetic organisms, Mytilidae, Vesicomyidae, Sibogliniclae and a bacterial mat, was investigated using comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Aggregates of anaerobic methanotrophic archaea (ANME-2) and bacteria of the Desulfosarcina/Desulfococcus cluster were found in all four chemosynthetic habitats. Fluorescence in situ hybridization targeting the ANME-2/Desulfosarcina/Desulfococcus aggregates showed their presence few centimeters (3-5cm) below the surface of sediment. 16S rRNA gene sequences from all known marine ANME groups...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbial phylogeny; Faunal assemblage; Cold seep; Chemosynthetic ecosystems; AOM; REGAB.
Ano: 2009 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7298.pdf
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Hydrothermal faunal assemblages and habitat characterisation at the Eiffel Tower edifice (Lucky Strike, Mid-Atlantic Ridge) 5
Cuvelier, Daphne; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Sarrazin, Jozee; Colaco, Ana; Copley, Jon T.; Desbruyeres, Daniel; Glover, Adrian G.; Santos, Ricardo Serrao; Tyler, Paul A..
The Eiffel Tower edifice is situated in the Lucky Strike hydrothermal vent field at a mean depth of 1690 m on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). At this 11-m-high hydrothermal structure, different faunal assemblages, varying in visibly dominant species (mussels and shrimp), in mussel size and in density of mussel coverage, were sampled biologically and chemically. Temperature and sulphide (Sigma S) were measured on the different types of mussel-based assemblages and on a shrimp-dominated assemblage. Temperature was used as a proxy for calculating total concentrations of CH4. Based on the physico-chemical measurements, two microhabitats were identified, corresponding to (i) a more variable habitat featuring the greatest fluctuations in environmental variables...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Faunal assemblage; Hydrothermal vent; Microhabitat; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Physico-chemical characterisation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00035/14648/13996.pdf
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