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ANATOMICAL ASPECTS OF THE PROXIMAL FEMUR OF ADULT BRAZILIANS International Journal of Morphology
Silva,Valter José da; Oda,Juliano Yasuo; Mello Gonçales Sant'Ana,Débora de.
This study had the purpose of enlarging the data on the Brazilian people, providing anatomic fundamentals that allow a better comprehension of clinical and pathological states involving the hip joint. Sixty-six human femurs, 33 right and 33 left, were used, coming from the Laboratory of Human Anatomy of the Universidade Paranaense ­ UNIPAR. All the bones had adult characteristics, but no sex, race or age identifications. None of them presented visible abnormalities or signs of arthrosis. The following morphometric measures were made: angle of the femur neck, circumference of the femur head and neck, length of the femur neck and of the whole bone. The comparative analysis of the angle of the femur neck between the right and left sides of adults...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Femur; Anatomy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022003000400008
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Biomechanics and structural adaptations of the rat femur after hindlimb suspension and treadmill running BJMBR
Shimano,M.M.; Volpon,J.B..
We microscopically and mechanically evaluated the femurs of rats subjected to hindlimb unloading (tail suspension) followed by treadmill training. Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups containing 12-14 rats: control I (118 days old), control II (139 days old), suspended (tail suspension for 28 days), suspended-released (released for 21 days after 28 days of suspension), and suspended-trained (trained for 21 days after 28 days of suspension). We measured bone resistance by bending-compression mechanical tests of the entire proximal half of the femur and three-point bending tests of diaphyseal cortical bone. We determined bone microstructure by tetracycline labeling of trabecular and cortical bone. We found that tail suspension weakened...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Hindlimb suspension; Exercise; Biomechanics; Femur; Rat.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2009000400004
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Calcium anacardate in the diet of broiler chickens: the effects on growth and bone quality Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Cruz,Carlos Eduardo Braga; Freitas,Ednardo Rodrigues; Aguiar,Germana Costa; Braz,Nádia de Melo; Trevisan,Maria Tereza Salles.
ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of adding calcium anacardate (ACa) as a source of anacardic acid to the diet of broiler chickens on the growth, quality and bone composition of the femur and tibia of the birds. A total of 840 male chicks, one day old, were kept in a completely randomised experimental design, with six treatments and seven replications of 20 birds. The following treatments were applied: a diet without the addition of growth promoter (GP), a diet with added GP and other diets with no GP and the addition of ACa at levels of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1%. The variables under analysis were the weight, length, diameter, Seedor index, and the resistance and deformity of the left femur and tibia of the birds. For bone...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic acid; Bone development; Femur; Tibia.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902019000200329
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Femur Mineral Density of Broilers with Femoral Degeneration Fed High Nutritional Density Diets International Journal of Morphology
Al meida Paz,I. C. L; Mendes,A. A; Martins,M. R. F. B; Fernandes,B. C. S; Almeida,I. C. L; Milbradt,E. L; Balog,A; Komiyama,C. M.
A study was carried out in the experimental facilities of FMVZ/UNESP-Botucatu, with the aim of following-up the development and the incidence of femoral degeneration (FD). A total of 305 one-day-old male broilers were housed in six pens of 5m² each. A completely randomized experimental design, with 3 treatments (T1­traditional nutritional density diet; T2­high nutritional density diet) of 3 replicates each was applied. Femoral head of the broilers were submitted to gross examination at 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 42 days of aged. At 42 days of age, 60 birds (30 per treatment) were submitted to the Veterinary Hospital of FMVZ to determine bone mineral density by radiography. Birds were then sacrificed for gross examination of the legs, and FD scoring. Five...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Femur; Mineral density; Broilers; Femoral degeneration; High nutritional density diets.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022009000200045
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Femur Properties of Embryo in the Layer Hybrid and Pure Breeds Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Onbaşılar,EE; Güngör,ÖF; Demir,T; Erbay,FK Elibol; Kahraman,M; Taban,S; Çalık,A; Pirpanahi,M.
ABSTRACT Layer hybrids are more superior in the egg yield than pure breeds. But this superiority causes some problems in the bones during the production period. There are a lot of differences among genotypes in the production period that have been examined extensively, however, the differences throughout incubation period aren’t known yet. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the differences in femur properties of pure breed and layer hybrid embryos during the incubation period. A total of 354 fresh hatching eggs were used from one hybrid (Lohman White) and two pure breeds (Denizli & Gerze). The eggs were incubated. Hatching eggs from each genotype at the beginning of embryonic days (E) 19 and E21 were examined. At these embryonic ages, 12...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Layer; Pure breed; Hybrid; Embryo; Femur.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2018000400805
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Macroanatomy of the Bones of Pelvis and Hind Limb of an Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) International Journal of Morphology
Shil,Subrata Kumar; Quasem,Md. Abul; Rahman,Mohammad Lutfur; Kibria,A. S. M. Golam; Uddin,Mohi; Ahasan,A. S. M. Lutful.
Recent excavated skeleton of an adult female Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), died in dystokia in Bangladesh was used for macro anatomical study. Some unique morphological features of bones of hind limb were observed. Pelvic canal was more oval and the wings of ilium were wider. Rump slope was about 36°. Angle between femur and tibia was close to 180°. In Femur, the major trochanter was located at the lower level of head. Minor trochanter, fovea capitis and trochanteric ridge were absent. Supracondyloid fossa was shallow but the intercondyloid fossa was deep. Posterior surface of patella possessed a blunt vertical ridge. The articular surfaces of both tibial condyles were clearly concave. The tibia and the fibula were articulated proximally and distally...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Elephas maximus; Pelvis; Femur; Patella; Tibia; Digit.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000400052
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Maternal Malnutrition Diet During Lactation Period Leads to Incomplete Catch-Up Growth in Femur of the Pups at Adulthood International Journal of Morphology
Babinski,Monique S. D; Ramos,Cristiane F; Fernandes,Rodrigo M. P; Cardoso,Gilberto P; Babinski,Marcio A.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal protein and energy restriction during lactation, analyzing on morphological dimensions whether there was catch-up growth through normative nutrition restored, as well as on mechanical axis of femur of the offspring at adulthood. At parturition, Wistar rat dams were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) control group (C) - free access to a standard laboratory diet containing 23 % protein, 2) protein-energy restricted group (PER) - free access to an isoenergetic, protein-restricted diet containing 8 % protein, and 3) energy-restricted group (ER) ­ fed with restricted amounts of a standard laboratory diet. At weaning, all pups were separated of dams and received free access to a standard...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Rats; Femur; Undernutrition; Growth; Morphometry.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000100011
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Measurements of femoral angles, femur length, and hip width in cat radiographs Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Fonseca,R.L.; Lobo-Jr,A.R.; Santana,M.I.S..
ABSTRACT Femoral angle, femur length, and hip width were measured in radiographs of 92 intact domestic cats, males and females of mixed breed from the Center for Zoonosis Control of the Federal District. The animals showed no trauma, orthopedic diseases or angular deformities and had closed physeal lines. Accordingly, we measured aLPFA (anatomical lateral proximal femoral angle, aLDFA (anatomical lateral distal femoral angle), mLPFA (mechanical lateral proximal femoral angle), mLDFA (mechanical lateral distal femoral angle), IA (femoral inclination angle), FL (femur length) and HW (hip width) using ventrodorsal radiographs, with both hindlimbs in a single exposure to an X-ray beam centered on the hip. The mean values of the variables were: mLPFA:...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mixed-breed cats; Angles; Femur; Radiography; Corrective osteotomy; Angular deformity.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000601513
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Mineral composition, histomorphometry, and bone biomechanical properties are improved with probiotic, prebiotic, and symbiotic supplementation in rats chronically exposed to passive smoking: a randomized pre-clinical study Ciência Rural
Tribst,Marcelo Fernandes; Magalhães,Leticia Rocha; Silva,Ricardo Augusto; Caetano,Heliard Rodrigues dos Santos; Oliveira,Weber Gutemberg Alves de; Rufino,Marcos Natal; Keller,Rogéria; Sanches,Osimar de Carvalho; Louzada,Mario Jefferson Quirino; Bremer-Neto,Hermann.
ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoke in large centers is one of the most important causes of chronic inflammatory diseases in public health and is associated with a decrease in bone mass, consolidation process, and bone remodeling. Due to their ability to improve intestinal absorption and compete with pathogenic microorganisms, dietary supplementation with functional foods may contribute to improvement in bone quality. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of functional, probiotic, prebiotic, or symbiotic food supplementation on mineral composition, histomorphometry, and bone biomechanical properties of rats in the growth phase, chronically exposed to cigarette smoke (T).Sixty-four young male rats were randomly assigned to eight groups...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Functional foods; Femur; Bone mass; Nutrition; Cigarette smoke.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019000500551
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Morphometric Study of the Proximal Femur Extremity in Brazilians International Journal of Morphology
de Sousa,Eduardo Branco; Fernandes,Rodrigo Mota Pacheco; Mathias,Marcelo Bezerra; Rodrigues,Mauro Roberto; Ambram,Albert James; Babinski,Marcio Antonio.
Brazilian populational aging besides higher life expectancy has increased the incidence of proximal femoral fractures. Treatment of those fractures uses implants which are based in measurements performed in caucasians, including the 135 degrees cervical-diaphyseal angle. Knowing femoral morphometry allows evaluating implants adequability. We performed our study using 110 Brazilian human femurs (49 right and 61 left). We excluded from the study: bones submitted to osteosyntesis, to prosthetization or those showing abnormalities or malformations which could affect its structure and shape. Bones were submitted to roetgenographic analysis and the images were scanned and transferred to personal computer. Measurements were obtained by AutoCad software and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Femur; Morphometry; Anatomy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000300027
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Study of the Collo-diaphyseal Angle of the Femur of Corpses in the Anatomy Department of the PUC-SP Medical School International Journal of Morphology
Caetano,Edie Benedito; Serafim,Alexandre Geranutti; Padoveze,Emerson Henrique.
In Brazilian literature the works are scarce on the collo-diaphyseal angle (CDA) in Brazilians, as well as, in relation to the other measures that can be acquired in the proximal portion of the femur, as the femur axle length (FAL), femur neck width (FNW), and the femur head diameter (FHD).This study had the purpose of enlarging the data on the Brazilian people, providing anatomic fundamentals that allow a better comprehension of clinical and pathological states involving the hip joint. All these measures were gotten in millimeters (mm) through a paquimeter and a goniometer for the same researcher. Eighty-seven bones were analyzed, being 40 (46%) right femurs and 47 (56%) left femurs. The bones were in their complete form and they were from adult corpse....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Femur; Angle; Anatomy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000200006
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Study on the bone mineral density of broiler suffering femoral joint degenerative lesions Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
ICL,Almeida Paz; Mendes,AA; Balog,A; Vulcano,LC; Ballarin,AW; Almeida,ICL; Takahashi,SE; Komiyama,CM; Silva,MC; Cardoso,KFG.
An experiment was carried out with male and females broilers of two different commercial breeds to evaluate bone mineral density of the right femur head. A number of 600 one-day-old broilers were raised in an experimental poultry house up to 42 days of age at the School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science of UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil. After slaughter, three males and three females in each breed in each of the established gross scores were selected. Their femora heads were submitted to gross examination, and subsequently the thighs were submitted to the Veterinary Hospital for radiographic analysis. Femora were also submitted to bone resistance, Seedor index, and dry matter content analyses. All these bone quality characteristics were different between...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bone mineral density; Broilers; Femoral degeneration; Femur; Genetics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2008000200005
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