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Aerobic stability of triticale silage in single culture or in mixtures with oat and/or legumes R. Bras. Zootec.
Bumbieris Junior,Valter Harry; Jobim,Clóves Cabreira; Emile,Jean-Claude; Roman,Juliano; Silva,Michele Simili da.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the aerobic stability and losses during the fermentation process of triticale silages in single crop or in mixtures with oats and/or legumes. The following crops were used for silage production: triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittimack), triticale intercropped with forage pea (Pisum arvense) and triticale intercropped with oats (Avena strigosa Schreb), forage pea and vetch (Vicia sativa). The dry matter content and its recovery did not differ among the silages. Buffer capacity was higher for tricale silage intercropped with oats, forage pea and vetch(88.67 m eq. NaOH/100 g DM) followed by triticale intercropped with forage pea (80.80 m eq. NaOH/100 g DM). Electric conductivity values were higher in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aerobic deterioration; Forage conservation; Silage; Total ration.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982010001100006
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Chemical composition and fermentative characteristics of old man saltbush silage supplemented with energy concentrates. Repositório Alice
ARAUJO, G. G. L. de; SANTOS, G. A.; VOLTOLINI, T. V.; MORAES, S. A. de; PEREIRA, L. G. R.; GOIS, G. C.; CAMPOS, F. S..
The objective of this study was to evaluate the fermentation profile and chemical composition of old man saltbush (Atriplex nummularia Lindl.) silage supplemented with cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) scraps or grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in the proportion of 10% based on natural matter. The experimental design was completely randomized, in a 3 x 7 factorial arrangement (3 treatments and 7 opening days), with three replications. The treatments consisted of three silages: old man saltbush silage, old man saltbush silage + cassava scrap, and old man saltbush silage + grain sorghum. The experiment was conducted at the EMBRAPA Semiarid Animal Nutrition Laboratory, located in the city of Petrolina-PE. Twenty-one experimental silos were used for each...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Foodstuffs; Forage conservation; Semi-arid; Supplementation; Erva-sal; Raspa de mandioca; Alimentação animal; Conservação de forragem; Suplementação; Semiárido; Silagem; Pastagem; Nutrição Animal; Atriplex nummularia.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1102422
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Chemical composition and fermentative losses of mixed sugarcane and pigeon pea silage Animal Sciences
Pereira, Djalma Silva; Lana, Rogério de Paula; Carmo, Davi Lopes do; Costa, Yanna Karoline Santos da.
Adding legumes to sugarcane silage is a strategy used to improve silage quality and reduce losses. This study’s objective was to evaluate the chemical composition and fermentation profile of silages sugarcane and pigeon pea. A completely randomized design was used, with five treatments and four replications. The treatments consisted of sugarcane silage with increasing pigeon pea proportions (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%). The forages were ensiled in experimental microsilos that remained closed for 60 days. Their chemical compositions were evaluated by determining the pH value and dry matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin content. Fermentation profiles were evaluated by determining the effluent,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.04.04.01-6 ruminant feeding; Cajanus cajan; Forage conservation; Ensiling; Saccharum officinarum..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/43709
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Chemical composition and fermentative parameters of heart of palm waste produced from Alexander Palm ensiled with chemical additives R. Bras. Zootec.
Bayão,Geraldo Fábio Viana; Marcondes,Marcos Inácio; Queiroz,Augusto César de; Pimentel,Robérson Machado; Cardoso,Lucas Ladeira; Cardoso,Alex Júnio da Silva; Sousa,Katiene Régia Silva; Batalha,Camila Delveaux Araujo.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition and the fermentative parameters of heart of palm waste produced from Alexander Palm, ensiled with chemical additives. Treatments consisted of silage of the sheath with or without calcium oxide. In the silage without calcium oxide, we evaluated the control silage (without additive) and the silage enriched with 5.0 g kg−1 urea (urea). In the silage with calcium oxide, we evaluated the silage enriched with 5.0 g kg−1 calcium oxide (control) and the silage enriched with 5.0 g kg−1 urea and 5.0 g kg−1 calcium oxide (urea). Experimental silos were distributed in a completely randomized design in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement (inclusion or lack of lime × inclusion or lack of urea), with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fermentation; Forage conservation; Organic acids; Silage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000600489
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Chemical-bromatological composition and in vitro ruminal kinetics of sugar cane silage with maniçoba Animal Sciences
Carvalho, Francisco Allan Leandro de; Resende, Percivaldo Xavier; Benicio, Clístenes Amorim; Siqueira, Jackson de Oliveira; Menezes, Daniel Ribeiro; Queiroz, Mário Adriano Ávila.
The objective this study was to evaluate the effect of maniçoba supplementation in sugar cane silage with respect to chemical-bromatological composition and the in vitro degradation kinetics of the silage. This experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with four treatments (maniçoba levels: 0, 20, 30, and 40%) and six repetitions. Silage samples were analyzed for their chemical-bromatological composition, digestible energy, metabolizable energy, total digestible nutrients, in vitro gas production and degradability parameters. The silage with higher inclusion level had better bromatological composition (p < 0.05) than the silage without maniçoba for CP, NDF, ADF and MM (6.49, 56.64, 38.66 and 4.52% versus 2.21, 70.96, 49.95 and 2.78%)....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Degradation; Forage conservation; Gas production; Saccharum officinarum..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/42569
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Corn silage with and without enzyme-bacteria inoculants on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality in feedlot finished crossbred bulls R. Bras. Zootec.
Fugita,Carlos Alberto; Prado,Ivanor Nunes do; Jobim,Clóves Cabreira; Zawadzki,Fernando; Valero,Maribel Velandia; Pires,Maria Carla de Oliveira; Prado,Rodolpho Martin do; Françozo,Mônica Chaves.
Two height cuttings of corn silage with or without enzyme inoculants were evaluated for 68 days on performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and chemical composition of the Longissimus muscle in crossbred bulls (F1 - ½ Nellore vs. ½ Angus) finished in feedlot. Thirty-two 20-month-old bulls, with initial average weight of 374±25 kg, were kept in individual pens (10 m²). Diets consisted of 50% roughage and 50% concentrate, with an expected 1.80 kg/day weight gain. The experimental design with four diets and eight replications was completely randomized. Different cutting heights, low (25 cm) and high (45 cm), with or without enzyme inoculants, were studied. Live weight, average daily gain, feed intake, feed efficiency, carcass characteristics,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feed efficiency; Feed intake; Finishing system; Forage conservation; Human health; Meat quality.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000100023
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Dehydration curve, fungi and mycotoxins in Tifton 85 hay dehydrated in the field and in shed R. Bras. Zootec.
Taffarel,Loreno Egidio; Mesquita,Eduardo Eustáquio; Castagnara,Deise Dalazen; Costa,Patrícia Barcellos; Neres,Marcela Abbado; Horn,Marcelina Bottoni; Oliveira,Paulo Sérgio Rabello de; Meinerz,Cristiane Claudia.
The objective of this study was to estimate the dehydration curve and occurrence of fungi and mycotoxins in Tifton 85 hay. The experimental design was randomized blocks in split plots with four replications and five levels of nitrogen (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 kg ha-1) in the form of urea, two regrowth ages (28 and 35 days) and drying hay in the sun and in shed. After harvesting, the grass was sampled four times (0, 8, 23 and 32 hours) to dry in the sun and twelve times (0, 3, 18, 27, 42, 51, 66, 75, 90, 99, 114 and 123 hours) for drying in shed, turned over daily. The fungi were identified after seeding and growth in three steps of haymaking (cutting, baling and after 30 days of storage). To verify the presence of mycotoxins, 20 samples, composed of hay...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Contaminants; Dry matter; Forage conservation; Microorganisms; Toxins.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013000600003
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Divergence of the fermentative and bromatological characteristics of 25 sorghum hybrid silages R. Bras. Zootec.
Silva,Thiago Carvalho da; Santos,Edson Mauro; Macedo,Carlos Henrique Oliveira; Lima,Milena Araújo de; Bezerra,Higor Fábio Carvalho; Azevêdo,José Augusto Gomes; Rodrigues,José Avelino Santos; Oliveira,Juliana Silva de.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the divergence of bromatological and fermentative characteristics of silages of 25 sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) hybrids. The experimental design was completely randomized with 25 treatments and four replications. The mean values of pH differed with variation from 3.45 to 3.87 for hybrids 866005 and 870051, respectively, and the mean pH value was 3.66. The average percentage of lactic acid ranged from 2.90 to 7.43 dag/kg of dry matter (DM) in hybrids 870035 and 866005, respectively, with an average of 4.65 dag/kg DM. Through cluster analysis by the Tocher method and average Euclidean distance based on the fermentative characteristics, five groups were formed: one with 18 hybrids, another with four and three...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crude protein; Forage conservation; Non-fiber carbohydrates; Semiarid.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000500007
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Fermentative losses and chemical composition of elephant grass silage added with castor bean hull Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Furtado,Rafael Nogueira; Carneiro,Maria Socorro de Souza; Coutinho,Danielle Nascimento; Cândido,Magno José Duarte; Silva,Eranildo Brasil da.
ABSTRACT Fermentation and chemical composition of elephant grass silage was evaluated with 0, 10, 20 and 30% castor been hull based on the natural matter. The experimental design was completely randomized with five replications. Silos were weighed out during manufacture, and reweighed before and after the opening after storage for 30 days. We determined the chemical composition, specific mass and effluent and gas losses, dry matter recovery, pH and ammonia nitrogen of the silage. The specific mass, pH, dry matter content, crude protein, acid detergent fiber, total carbohydrates and cellulose increased linearly (P<0.05) with the inclusion of castor bean hull. Quadratic effect was observed for effluent and gas losses, ammonia nitrogen and non-fibrous...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Byproduct; Forage conservation; Moisture absorbent; Ricinus communis L..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902019000100140
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Forage sources in diets for dairy goats Animal Sciences
Ramos, João Paulo de Farias; Sousa, Wandrick Hauss de; Oliveira, Juliana Silva; Pimenta Filho, Edgard Cavalcanti; Santos, Edson Mauro; Leite, Ricardo Miranda; Cavalcante, Iara Tamires Rodrigues; Oresca, Denizard.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of sorghum silage, Buffel grass hay and forage palm fodder in the diet of dairy goats by means of performance tests and economic viability of different roughage sources. Eight Anglo-Nubian goats, multiparous, weighing around 40.13 ± 2.76 kg of live weight were used. The experiment lasted 84 days, consisting of four periods of 21 days, distributed in two Latin squares (4x4). The treatments represented by diets with different volumetric sources: SSCF: (sorghum silage+ forage palm+ concentrate); BHCF: (Buffel grass hay + cactus forage+ concentrate); SS: (sorghum silage+ concentrate) and BH: (Buffel grass hay + concentrate). Nutritional intake, digestibility, feed behavior, milk production and chemical...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fibrous carbohydrates; Intake; Forage conservation; Milk production; Semiarid..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/46084
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Fractionation of carbohydrates and protein and rumen degradation kinetic parameters of brachiaria grass silage enriched with rice bran R. Bras. Zootec.
Negrão,Fagton de Mattos; Zanine,Anderson de Moura; Cabral,Luciano da Silva; Souza,Alexandre Lima de; Alves,Guilherme Ribeiro; Ferreira,Daniele de Jesus; Dantas,Carlos Clayton Oliveira; Lehmkuhl,Aline.
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the protein and carbohydrate fractions, and to estimate the in situ rumen degradation kinetic parameters of Brachiaria decumbens grass silage with inclusion of rice bran. Five rice bran inclusion levels were tested: 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40% of the natural matter, distributed into a completely randomized design with five replications. The brachiaria grass was obtained at 60 days of regrowth by cutting the forage at 10 cm from the soil and ensiling it in 10-L experimental silo bags, which were opened after 40 days. The degradability profiles for DM, CP, NDF and of the feeds for each animal utilized made it possible to obtain the estimates of the parameters analyzed. The contents of total carbohydrates (TCH), fibrous...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: By-products; Forage conservation; Nutritional value; Roughage.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014000300001
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Kinetic parameters of ruminai degradation of Marandu grass silage supplemented with brewer&#8217;s grain Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Ferreira,Daniele de J; Zanine,Anderson de M; Lana,Rogério de P; de Souza,Alexandre L; Negrão,Fagton M; Geron,Luiz J. V; Parente,Henrique N; Dantas,Carlos C. O.
This study measured the kinetic parameters of the ruminal degradation of the silage of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu. The experiment had a completely randomized design with five treatments and five repetitions; the treatments featured the inclusión of natural brewer&#8217;s grain to Marandu grass silage at levels of 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40%. The regression equation for the degradability of the soluble Fraction A of dry matter showed a linearly increasing pattern (P<0.05) with an addition of 0.19% for each 1% of brewer&#8217;s grain included. The percentage of insoluble potentially degradable fraction (B) of dry matter was reduced linearly (P<0.05). The ruminal degradation rate in the dry matter (c), expressed as % h-1, increased linearly...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Byproduct; Forage conservation; Nutritive value.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202016000100012
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Nutritional value of baled rice straw for ruminant feed R. Bras. Zootec.
Peripolli,Vanessa; Barcellos,Julio Otávio Jardim; Prates,Ênio Rosa; McManus,Concepta; Silva,Leila Picolli da; Stella,Laion Antunes; Costa Junior,João Batista Gonçalves; Lopes,Rúbia Branco.
ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of cultivation and hay making factors on chemical composition, protein fractionation, and digestibility in rice straw, as well as to identify the chemical fractions that contribute to the variation in its nutritional value for ruminants. Statistical procedures were performed in a model that included rice crop cycle, sowing season, baling season, soil classification, fertilizer application, and productivity (kg/ha) as fixed effects and the hay bale as random effect. Chemical composition, protein fractionation, and digestibility data were subjected to multivariate analyses including factor, cluster, and discriminant. Considering the cultivation and haymaking factors, development cycle, baling...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digestibility; Forage conservation; Protein fractionation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000700392
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Production and quality of the silage of corn intercropped with Paiaguas palisadegrass in different forage systems and maturity stages R. Bras. Zootec.
Souza,Wender Ferreira de; Costa,Kátia Aparecida de Pinho; Guarnieri,Analu; Severiano,Eduardo da Costa; Silva,Jessika Torres da; Teixeira,Daniel Augusto Alves; Oliveira,Suelen Soares; Dias,Mariana Borges de Castro.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate dry matter production, fermentative parameters, and nutritional value of the silage of corn intercropped with Paiaguas palisadegrass in different forage systems and maturity stages, in the off-season. The experiment was carried out in a randomized block design, with four replications, in a 5×3 factorial arrangement consisting of five forage systems: corn monocropped; Paiaguas palisadegrass monocropped; corn intercropped with Paiaguas palisadegrass in the row, inter-row, and oversown; and three corn maturity stages (milky, soft dough, and hard dough with 80, 90, and 110 days after sowing, respectively). The results showed that the silage of corn intercropped with Paiaguas palisadegrass in the row and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brachiaria brizantha; Crop-livestock integration; Forage conservation; Organic acids; Zea mays.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982019000100401
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Production of tifton 85 hay overseeded with white oats or ryegrass R. Bras. Zootec.
Neres,Marcela Abbado; Castagnara,Deise Dalazen; Mesquita,Eduardo Eustáquio; Jobim,Clóves Cabreira; Três,Tamara Taís; Oliveira,Paulo Sérgio Rabello; Oliveira,Ana Alix Mendes de Almeida.
The objective of this experiment was to estimate the curve of dehydration, chemical composition and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and crude protein digestibility (IVCPD) of tifton 85 hay, produced single or overseeded with ryegrass or white oat IPR 126. The experimental design was in randomized blocks, in a 3 × 10 factorial arrangement, with three cropping systems and ten evaluation times (0, 4, 8, 24, 28, 32, 48, 52 and 56 and 71 hours after harvest) during the dehydration process. For chemical composition and in vitro DM and CP digestibility, the experimental design was in randomized blocks with three cropping systems and three evaluation times (before cutting, before baling and 100 days after of storage). It was found that tifton 85...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cool-winter annual hay; Crude protein; Dehydratation; Forage conservation; In vitro dry matter digestibility.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011000800003
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The use of crude glycerin as an alternative to reduce fermentation losses and enhance the nutritional value of Piatã grass silage R. Bras. Zootec.
Orrico Junior,Marco Antonio Previdelli; Velazquez Duarte,José Augusto; Crone,Carla; Neves,Franciely de Oliveira; Reis,Ricardo Andrade; Orrico,Ana Carolina Amorim; Schwingel,Alice Watte; Vilela,Danielle Marques.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate fermentation losses and the nutritional value of silage of Brachiaria brizantha cv BRS Piatã ensiled with different levels of crude glycerin. The experiment followed a 4 × 2 completely randomized factorial design with four doses of crude glycerin (0, 100, 200, and 300 g kg–1 of DM silage) and two cutting ages (45 and 60 days) with four replicates per treatment (silos). The parameters of dry matter losses, effluents losses, gas losses, pH, microbial population, and nutritional value of the silage were evaluated. There was no difference in pH among the tested doses of crude glycerin. However, reductions in dry matter and gas losses were observed as a function of crude glycerin doses. Bacterial populations...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Byproduct; Forage conservation; Glycerol; Ruminants.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000800638
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Tifton 85 bermudagrass (Cynodon sp.) silage as a replacement for Tifton 85 hay to feed lactating cows R. Bras. Zootec.
Avila,André Sanches de; Zambom,Maximiliane Alavarse; Faccenda,Andressa; Eckstein,Everline Inês; Anschau,Fernando André; Garcias,Jessica; Schneider,Cibele Regina; Fornari,Josias Luis.
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to evaluate the replacement of Tifton 85 hay (TH) for Tifton 85 silage (TS) in the diets of lactating cows. Five Holstein cows in middle of lactation were allocated in a 5 × 5 Latin square design and each experimental period lasted 18 days (12 days for adaptation and six days for collection). Treatments consisted of replacement of 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of TH for TS. The intake and digestion of nutrients, microbial protein synthesis, milk yield and composition, and the economic viability of the diets were evaluated. The intakes of dry matter, organic matter, and ether extract had a positive linear effect and the digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digestibility; Forage conservation; Intake; Milk composition.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000900766
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