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Registros recuperados: 10
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A qualitative and quantitative analysis of Turkish forest policy documents in the rural development scope Ciência Rural
Erol,Seçil Yurdakul; Yıldırım,Hasan Tezcan.
ABSTRACT: The interaction between forest resources and forest villagers has made rural development a privileged component of Turkish forest policy. In this context the main aim of the study was to investigate the framing of rural development issues in national forest policy by using content analysis method. The economic aspect is the most prominent dimension regarding rural development in the context of national forest policy, environmental and socio-cultural factors follow it respectively. Also, the main approach depends on supporting the forest villagers and its development is seen as an essential tool to protect the forest resources.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Forest policy; Rural development; Content analysis; Forest villagers.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017000600301
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Brazilian National Forest Inventory: a landscape scale approach to monitoring and assessing forested landscapes. Repositório Alice
LUZ, N. B. da; GARRASTAZU, M. C.; ROSOT, M. A. D.; MARAN, J. C.; OLIVEIRA, Y. M. M. de; FRANCISCON, L.; CARDOSO, D. J.; FREITAS, J. V. de.
A importância estratégica dos recursos florestais, tanto em escala nacional quanto global, assim como a falta de informações qualitativas e quantitativas confiáveis acerca das florestas brasileiras, está entre as motivações que levaram à realização de um novo Inventário Florestal Nacional do Brasil (IFN-BR). Além do tradicional levantamento de campo por meio de amostragem por conglomerados, o IFN-BR incorporou um componente geoespacial, as unidades amostrais de paisagem. A partir da análise do uso e cobertura da terra nessas unidades amostrais, são gerados indicadores e índices de paisagem, capazes de apresentar informações a respeito da sua composição, morfologia, padrão de mosaico, similaridade de habitats adjacentes, conectividade, fragmentação e...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Padrão espacial; Índices; Spatial pattern; IFN-BR; Política Florestal; Inventário Florestal; Forest policy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1093192
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Building local institutions for national conservation programs: lessons for developing Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programs Ecology and Society
Collen, Wain; International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), Lund University; PlanJunto; wain.collen@planjunto.ec; Krause, Torsten; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies; torsten.krause@lucsus.lu.se; Mundaca, Luis; International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), Lund University; luis.mundaca@iiiee.lu.se; Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies; kimberly.nicholas.academic@gmail.com.
For programs that aim to promote forest conservation and poverty alleviation, such as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), the participation of indigenous communities is essential to meet program goals. Using Ostrom's theory of collective action for common pool resource management, we evaluated the institutions governing indigenous participation in the Programa Socio Bosque incentive-based conservation program in Ecuador. We conducted structured interviews with 94 members in 4 communities to assess community institutions for 6 of Ostrom's principles, using 12 measures we developed for the principles. We found substantial variation between communities in terms of their institutional performance. The best-performing community...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazon; Common pool resource (CPR); Forest governance; Forest policy; Socio Bosque.
Ano: 2016
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El Nino, Ice Storms, and the Market for Residential Fuelwood in Eastern Canada and the Northeastern U.S. AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela; White, William; Sedjo, Roger A..
Extreme weather events such as the ice storm that affected eastern Canada and the Northeastern US in January of 1998 have significant impacts on both human populations and forests. One of the questions currently facing climate scientists is whether or not better forecasting of such events would lessen the economic impacts borne by households, industry, agricultural producers and the public sector when such weather events occur. This case study examines the economic impacts of the ice storm on the residential market for fuelwood. It is hypothesized that demand for fuelwood will increase due to the failure of non-wood heating sources during the ice storm. In addition, damage to trees in the region should increase the supply of fuelwood; the net effect of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fuelwood; El Nino; Ice storm; Forest management; Extreme weather event; Climate forecasting; Forest policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D1; D13; Q2; Q21; Q23; Q42.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10535
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Placing community-based multiple-use forest management at the centre of the forest policy agenda. Repositório Alice
EULER, A. M. C.; GUEDES, M. C.; MOCHIUTTI, S.; YARED, J. A. G..
Brazilian forestry law recognizes forests as public heritage for all citizens, and further recognizes their role in promoting social welfare for rural communities, which use and have domain of over 50% of Amazon public forests. However, there is a clear lack of public policies to support this notion. As such, a key issue for the community forestry sector is the need to focus on integration of traditional and technical knowledge and the promotion of institutional and local capacity of communities to manage these forests, and as such maintain in the long-term their economic and environmental goods and services. Rural education and training has a central role in the formation of a new generation of forest producers with management skills, though the response...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Amazon; Community forestry; Silvicultura comunitária; Desenvolvimento florestal; Politica florestal; Forestry development; Forest policy.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078255
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Poverty and Employment in Timber-Dependent Counties AgEcon
Berck, Peter; Costello, Christopher; Fortmann, Louise; Hoffmann, Sandra A..
One of the most controversial aspects of federal and state policies aimed at protecting old-growth ecosystems has been the potential impact of job losses on local economies. A fundamental question for historically timber-dependent communities is whether these policies will result in local economic stagnation and enduring pockets of poverty. In this paper, we examine the long-run impact of changes in timber-related employment on other types of employment and participation in major federal poverty programs. We use monthly, multi-county time series data to estimate a vector autoregressive model of the experience of northern California counties during the 1980s and 1990s. We find that employment base multiplier effects of timber employment on other types of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Forest policy; Poverty; Employment; Time series; Food Security and Poverty; Q23; O15; R11; R15.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10831
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Poverty reduction through improved agricultural water management; Proceedings of the Workshop on Pro-poor Intervention Strategies in Irrigated Agriculture in Asia Islamabad, Pakistan, 23-24 April 2003 AgEcon
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Water management; Irrigated farming; Poverty; Food security; Households; Income; Drought; Forest policy; Natural disasters; Land ownership; Groundwater; Water market; Water balance; Legislation; Tube wells; Institutional development; Crop production; Wages; Economic aspects; Tillage; Water harvesting; Public policy; Surface water; Labor; Exports; Public sector; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118414
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Public forest policy development in New Brunswick, Canada: multiple streams approach, advocacy coalition framework, and the role of science Ecology and Society
Anderson, William F. A.; University of New Brunswick, Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management; banderso@unb.ca; MacLean, David A.; University of New Brunswick, Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management; macleand@unb.ca.
In a 15-year case study, we used the multiple streams approach (MSA) and the advocacy coalition framework (ACF) to examine a controversial industry-led proposal for increased harvest of Crown forests in New Brunswick, Canada, in an adversarial policy subsystem. Study participants were queried on their perceptions of policy problems and reasons for community attention, the relationship between science and policy, and whether policy decisions were consistent with scientific understanding. Thematic analysis was used to examine interview data for evidence of Kingdon’s MSA and Sabatier’s ACF. During public hearings of a Legislative Select Committee on Wood Supply, two competing policy alternatives emerged. The first, put forward by the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Crown forests; Forest management; Forest policy; Government agenda; Jaakko Pö Yry report; Policy; Policy-oriented learning; Policy windows.
Ano: 2015
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The Mexican common property forestry sector AgEcon
Antinori, Camille; Rausser, Gordon C..
This report summarizes preliminary findings of the Mexican National Database and Community Survey Project which examines linkages between institutional characteristics in Mexico’s common property forestry sector and economic and environmental outcomes. Framing the Mexican agrarian community as a unit of analysis characterized by its history, individual members, resources, civic structure and property rights, we use institutional economic analysis to motivate project design and research on three aspects of Mexican community forestry governance: first, how communities have engaged forest resources to participate in forestry markets; second, how internal models of forestry management are reflect historical circumstances and practices, policy trends and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Forest management; Forest policy; Forest products; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90936
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The renaissance of National Forest Inventories (NFIs) in the context of the international conventions – a discussion paper on context, background and justification of NFIs PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Kleinn, Christoph.
National Forest Inventories (NFI) cover whole countries and strive to put the resource forest and the ecosystem forest into a quantitative framework. While for forest management inventories it is very obvious that they shall support management decisions and contribute to making forest planning, silvicultural interventions, conservation management and timber sales more efficient, the purpose of NFIs is not immediately visible nor “measurable”: they are to support national (and sub-national) level policy processes that relate to forests. NFIs have a long history and do experience currently a boom because the availability of a science-based quantification of the forest resource and its changes is among the prerequisites for results-based payments to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Forest Information; Forest policy; Decision making Informação florestal; Política florestal; Tomada de decisão.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/1343
Registros recuperados: 10
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