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Environmental Kuznets Curves for Carbon Emissions: A Critical Survey AgEcon
Aslanidis, Nektarios.
The empirical finding of an inverse U-shaped relationship between per capita income and pollution, the so-called Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), suggests that as countries experience economic growth, environmental deterioration decelerates and thus becomes less of an issue. Focusing on the prime example of carbon emissions, the present article provides a critical review of the new econometric techniques that have questioned the baseline polynomial specification in the EKC literature. We discuss issues related to the functional form, heterogeneity, “spurious” regressions and spatial dependence to address whether and to what extent the EKC can be observed. Despite these new approaches, there is still no clear-cut evidence supporting the existence of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Kuznets Curve; Carbon Emissions; Functional Form; Heterogeneity; “Spurious” Regressions; Spatial Dependence; Environmental Economics and Policy; C20; Q32; Q50; O13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54299
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HEDONIC PRICE FUNCTIONS: GUIDANCE ON EMPIRICAL SPECIFICATION AgEcon
Kuminoff, Nicolai V.; Parmeter, Christopher F.; Pope, Jaren C..
The hedonic pricing model is widely accepted as a method for estimating the marginal willingness to pay for spatially delineated amenities. Empirical applications typically rely on one of three functional forms—linear, semi-log, and double-log—and rarely involve rigorous specification testing. This phenomenon is largely due to an influential simulation study by Cropper, Deck and McConnell (CDM) (1988) that found, among other things, that simpler linear specifications outperformed more flexible functional forms in the face of omitted variables. In the 20 years that have elapsed since their study, there have been major computational advances and significant changes in the way hedonic price functions can be estimated. The purpose of our paper is to update and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic; Functional Form; Monte Carlo Simulation; Property Value Model; Demand and Price Analysis; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q15; Q51; Q53; C15; R52.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6555
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The CDET Profit Function: Could it generate a Parsimonious Agricultural Sector Model? AgEcon
Hess, Sebastian; Surry, Yves R..
While the single- output Constant Difference of Elasticities (CDE) cost function has been applied several times, its profit counterpart called “the Constant Difference of Elasticities of Transformation” (CDET) profit frontier has not yet been applied econometrically. It is an indirect, implicit, non-homothetic and non-separable frontier that may be viewed as more flexible than the commonly used CES and Cobb-Douglas specifications, while demanding less parameters to be estimated than fully flexible functional forms commonly do. We therefore introduce the CDET profit function and illustrate its potential usefulness as a parsimonious econometric model of agricultural production in Switzerland. Results indicate plausible elasticities and a satisfactory fit to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CDE; Profit function; Agricultural Sector; Functional Form; Switzerland; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114539
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