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Registros recuperados: 12
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BRAZIL'S NEW FLOATING EXCHANGE RATE REGIME AND COMPETITIVENESS IN THE WORLD POULTRY MARKET 31
Costa, Ecio de Farias.
In early 1999, Brazil devalued its currency, increasing its competitiveness in the poultry industry and capturing world market share. This paper discusses the devaluation and its effects on Brazil's trade, evaluates preliminary statistics on the impact of the devaluation on world poultry markets, and reports the results from a computable general equilibrium (CGE) simulation of the devaluation. The medium-run CGE results are compared to the short-run impacts reflected in the preliminary statistics.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Brazil; Currency devaluation; GTAP; Poultry; World market share; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15016
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Costs of compliance with EU regulations and competitiveness of the EU dairy sector 31
Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Brouwer, Floor M.; Dillen, Koen; Meister, Anton D.; Winsten, Jonathan R.; de Roest, Kees; Demont, Matty.
The introduction of cross-compliance mechanism in the European Union with its 2003 CAP-reform might affect the costs of production and thus competitiveness of the EU. Little evidence is available to asses the costs of compliance with regulations and it implication for trade. In this study a farm level competitiveness analysis of the impacts of the Nitrate Directive and the Identification & registration Directive focuses on the dairy sector in Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands and UK (within EU), and the US and New Zealand (outside EU). The findings from this study are integrated into a trade analysis which assesses the impact of compliance costs on competitiveness of the various trading nations in global trade. Representative farm studies were used...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Compliance; Dairy sector; GTAP; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44153
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Endogenous adjusted Output Quotas - The Abolishment of the Raw Milk Quota in the European Union 31
Lips, Markus; Rieder, Peter.
This paper discusses an approach to implement output quotas in the GTAP model which permits an endogenous adjustment of both the supplied quantity and the quota rent. Since the quota rent is interpreted as additional earnings of the factors used no change of the worldwide GTAP data base is required. Several modifications of the GTAP model and two exogenous coefficients are necessary. Considering uncertain values of one of the coefficients, systematic sensitivity analysis is applied. The abolishment of the raw milk quota in the European Union would lead to a remarkable decrease in raw milk prices in most member countries. The raw milk production increases in Denmark, Ireland, Luxembourg and the Netherlands while it declines in Greece and Portugal. In the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: General equilibrium model; GTAP; Output quota; Raw milk production; Sensitivity analysis; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24817
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EU-Migration in the Context of Liberalizing Agricultural Markets 31
Brockmeier, Martina; Kurzweil, Marianne.
In the last decades migration has become an increasingly regarded topic in economic research in line with the growth of the world's migrant population which more than doubled in the 1960s and 1990s (ILO 2002). Particularly now - in the light of the forthcoming EU Eastern enlargement with 10 middle and eastern European countries accessing the Union - migration gains importance in research even more. With respect to these future developments several studies have been carried out analyzing various issues, like migration incentives or future migration flows in an enlarged EU. Regarding the forthcoming heavy adjustments of Eastern agriculture to the EU's CAP strong impacts not only on agriculture but also on the labor markets will occur. In order to reflect the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Migration; EU Eastern enlargement; GTAP; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18818
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IMPACTS OF DOHA ROUND ON THE AGRIBUSINESS OF BRAZIL, CHINA AND INDIA 31
Pereira, Matheus Wemerson Gomes; Teixeira, Erly Cardoso; Razap-Skorbiansky, Sharon.
The central themes to be addressed during the Doha Round of world trade negotiations are the reduction of the agricultural production and export subsidies, and improved market access for agricultural and non-agricultural goods. The G-20 group wields enough power to press negotiations at the Doha Round toward lower agricultural trade barriers and production and exports subsidies. The objective of this study is to determine the impacts of four possible Doha Round scenarios on the economies of Brazil, China, and India. The scenarios are examined using the Global Trade Analysis Project’s (GTAP) general equilibrium model and database. Scenarios focusing on the reduction of agricultural production and export subsidies are studied. The scenarios are then analyzed...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural products; Trade liberalization; Doha Round; G-20; GTAP; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; F13; F15; Q17.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112759
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IMPACTS OF FTAA AND MERCOEURO ON AGRIBUSINESS IN THE MERCOSUL COUNTRIES 31
Teixeira, Erly Cardoso; Cypriano, Luiz Alberto.
Focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on MERCOSUL member country economies arising from the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a free trade area between MERCOSUL and the European Union (MERCOEURO). Four simulations are run using the Global Trade Analysis Project's (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model. The results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in MERCOSUL agribusiness production and a decrease in manufactures production. In all scenarios, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered, expanding MERCOSUL agribusiness exports. Economic growth for the MERCOSUL countries increases only in the MERCOEURO scenarios. The elimination of agriculture production and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: FTAA; MERCOEURO; Agribusiness; MERCOSUL; GTAP; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25906
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Impacts of FTAA and MERCOEURO on agribusiness in the MERCOSUL countries 123
Cypriano,Luiz A.; Teixeira,Erly C..
Focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on MERCOSUL member country economies arising from the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a free trade area between MERCOSUL and the European Union (MERCOEURO). Four simulations are run using the Global Trade Analysis Project’s (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model. The results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in MERCOSUL agribusiness production and a decrease in MERCOSUL manufactures production. In all simulations, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered and the exportation of MERCOSUL agribusiness products expands. However, the MERCOSUL countries experience overall economic growth in only the MERCOEURO scenarios....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: FTAA; MERCOEURO; Agribusiness; MERCOSUL; GTAP.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-20032003000200001
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Los Impactos de la abolición de la Politica Agraria Común en España: Una aproximación analítica 31
Ramos Argudo, Ramon; Lordeman, J. Aliaga; Choliz, J. Sanchez.
The aim of this paper is to quantitatively assess the long run economic impact of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) abolition, where in particular, we focus on the Spanish economy. To carry out our analysis, we employ the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) computable general equilibrium model with accompanying version 6 data. In its present incarnation, the data captures the global economy in 2001. To characterise abolition of the CAP we unilaterally remove all pillar one CAP support. In addition, we eliminate export subsidies and EU import tariffs which affect primary agriculture and food processing sectors, all of it according to the benchmark equilibrium in 2001. Examining traditional general equilibrium welfare measures of market efficiency and terms...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; Agricultural international trade; GTAP; Agribusiness; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48591
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POSSIBILITIES AND PERSPECTIVES OF INTEGRATING HOUSEHOLD ANALYSIS IN CGE MODELS: THE CASE OF MEXICO 31
Mellado, Aida Gonzalez.
This paper offers a possibility of bringing household analysis into Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) modelling. In this research, the CGE model developed by the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) is extended. The extended GTAP model splits private consumption into ten different household categories according to observed expenditure patterns for Mexico. The extended model is used to simulate possible effects on Mexican household categories which are carried out under three different trade liberalization scenarios.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Mexico; Poverty alleviation; Household analysis; GTAP; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14970
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Reform in the EU Sugar Regime: Impact on the Global Sugar Markets 31
Huan-Niemi, Ellen; Kerkela, Leena.
The ongoing trade negotiations, unilateral trade concessions and obligations under the WTO are pushing the EU sugar regime to undertake reforms. These reforms will alter the positions of developing countries in the global sugar markets. A complete unilateral liberalisation of the EU sugar sector is simulated to depict the winners and losers in the global sugar markets if no preferences are governing the imports of sugar into the EU. The supply responses, which strongly affect the outcomes, are dependent on both the nature of substitution for sugar as well as on the efficiency of sugar production in different countries. The multiregion general equilibrium framework (GTAP) is used for this analysis. The results show that the total liberalisation of sugar...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU sugar regime; Reform; Developing countries; Unilateral liberalisation; GTAP; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; E17; F17; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24733
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Tariff-Rate Quotas and Agricultural Trade: An Application to the Agricultural Free-Trade Negotiation between the MERCOSUR and the EU 31
Drogue, Sophie; Ramos, Maria Priscila.
In October 2004 the European Union and the MERCOSUR tried to reach an agreement for creating what would be the world's largest free-trade area accounting for 650 millions people. But despite five years of bilateral work to strike a deal, the two parties stayed on ropes at their meeting in Portugal the 18th of October 2004. The stumbling blocks are the MERCOSUR's demand for a greater access to EU's agricultural markets and the EU's demand for expanded access for industrial goods, services and investments. Though, both partners made great efforts to comply with each other requests, it wasn't enough. In this paper we are interested in the possible last EU's offer to enlarge access to its market through the allocation of bilateral tariff-rate quotas for some...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: MERCOSUR; European Union; Agricultural trade; TRQ; GTAP; International Relations/Trade; D58; F17; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24637
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TURKEY’S ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION: IMPLICATIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL SECTORS 31
Karaca, Orhan; Philippidis, George.
n October 2005, the European Council, having determined that Turkey fulfilled the Copenhagen political criteria, opened accession negotiations with Turkey. Following this decision, the arguments on Turkish membership has become a priority for Turkey since Turkey’s accession to the EU would have considerable impacts on Turkey and the EU. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the potential economic impacts of Turkish membership to the European Union. Since much of the support and tariff protection in EU markets is associated with agriculture and food production, the study focuses principally on these sectors. In this context, to derive estimates of Turkey’s accession a multiregional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model framework is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Turkey; European Union; Economic Integration; Agriculture and Food; Computable General Equilibrium Models; GTAP; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6398
Registros recuperados: 12
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