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Aligning Key Concepts for Global Change Policy: Robustness, Resilience, and Sustainability Ecology and Society
Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Folke, Carl; Beijer Institute for Ecological Economics; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Walker, Brian; CSIRO Ecosystem Science; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Ostrom, Elinor; Indiana University; ostrom@indiana.edu.
Globalization, the process by which local social-ecological systems (SESs) are becoming linked in a global network, presents policy scientists and practitioners with unique and difficult challenges. Although local SESs can be extremely complex, when they become more tightly linked in the global system, complexity increases very rapidly as multi-scale and multi-level processes become more important. Here, we argue that addressing these multi-scale and multi-level challenges requires a collection of theories and models. We suggest that the conceptual domains of sustainability, resilience, and robustness provide a sufficiently rich collection of theories and models, but overlapping definitions and confusion about how these conceptual domains articulate with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Fragility; Global change; Governance; Institutions; Resilience; Robustness; Sustainability.
Ano: 2013
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Alkenone distributions in the North Atlantic and Nordic sea surface waters ArchiMer
Sicre, Ma; Bard, E; Ezat, U; Rostek, F.
The C(37)-C(39) alkenones were quantified in suspended particulate matter obtained from the surface waters of the North Atlantic, including the Nordic seas, over a temperature range of 4degrees20 C. U(37)(K') values were linearly correlated to temperature over the entire range covered by our data set, i.e., 420 C (U(37)(K') = 0.027T + 0.036, r(2) = 0.97). The compilation of water column data from the Atlantic, Pacific, and Southern Ocean and Mediterranean Sea suggests that the linear model may not be the best function for fitting U(37)(K') and in situ temperature values. It also shows that suspended matter data from warm waters (T >20degreesC) are still needed to constrain the equation of the global curve. High abundances of C(37: 4) were found in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alkenones; Paleotemperature; Calibration; Atlantic Ocean; Plankton; Geochemistry; Marine geochemistry; Global change; Biogeochemical processes (4805); Oceanography; Paleoceanography.
Ano: 2002 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00223/33393/31866.pdf
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An overview of the 2017 report of the French academy of Sciences on biodiversity Anais da ABC (AABC)
LAVOREL,SANDRA; LEBRETON,JEAN-DOMINIQUE; MAHO,YVON LE.
Abstract: In the present context of concerns for biodiversity, the French Academy of Sciences produced in 2017 a report entitled “Mechanisms of adaptation of biodiversity to climate change and their limits”. We briefly review here the production process and structure of the report, and summarize its conclusions and recommendations. The conclusions emphasize the role of habitat fragmentation in the expected impact of climate change on biodiversity, in particular for organisms with limited dispersal abilities, and the disparities in species responses which must be taken to understand the future of species assemblages (“communities”) under different scenarios of climate change. The recommendations cover the organization of biodiversity research and monitoring...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Climate change; Global change; Adaptation.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652019000600612
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An Overview of the Implications of Global Change for Natural and Managed Terrestrial Ecosystems Ecology and Society
Walker, Brian; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Steffen, Will; ; Will.Steffen@dwe.csiro.au.
Global change is the net effect of individual and interactive effects of changes in land use, atmospheric composition, biological diversity, and climate. A synthesis of the past six years' activities of the Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems project of the IGBP (International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme) deals with global change effects as ecosystem responses and living with global change. Ecosystem responses are considered in terms of changes in function and vegetation composition/structure. Field experiments of elevated CO2 effects on aboveground biomass show, on average, a positive effect on biomass, ranging from -20% to +80%. Some early predictions of CO2 effects (C3 vs. C4 plants, N-fixers, C:N in litter) are not generally supported, and it...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Biomes; Carbon dioxide; Climate; Dynamics; Ecosystem functioning; Global change; Impacts; Land use; Terrestrial biosphere; Vegetation changes..
Ano: 1997
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Biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Campo Rupestre: a road map for the sustainability of the hottest Brazilian biodiversity hotspot. Repositório Alice
FERNANDES, G. W.; ARANTES-GARCIA, L.; BARBOS, M.; BARBOS, N. P. U.; BATISTA, E. K. L.; BEIROZ, W.; RESENDE, F. M.; ABRAHÃO, A.; ALMADA, E. D.; ALVES, E.; ALVES, N. J.; ANGRISANO, P.; ARISTA, M.; ARROYO, J.; ARRUDA, A. J.; BAHIA, T. de O.; BRAGA, L.; BRITO, L.; CALLISTO, M.; CAMINHA-PAIVA, D.; CARVALHO, M.; CONCEIÇÃO, A. A.; COSTA, L. N.; CRUZ, A.; CUNHA-BLUM, J.; DAGEVOS, J.; DIAS, B. F. S.; PINTO, V. D.; DIRZO, R.; DOMINGOS, D. Q.; ECHTERNACHT, L.; FERNANDES, S.; FIGUEIRA, J. E. C.; FIORINI, C. F.; GIULIETTI, A. M.; GOMES, A.; GOMES, V. M.; GONTIJO, B.; GOULART, F.; GUERRA, T. J.; JUNQUEIRA, P. A.; LIMA-SANTOS, D.; MARQUES, J.; MEIRA-NETO, J.; MIOLA, D. T. B.; MORELLATO, L. P. C.; NEGREIROS, D.; NEIRE, E.; NEVES, A. C.; NEVES, F. S.; NOVAIS, S.; OKI, Y.; OLIVEIRA, E.; OLIVEIRA, R. S.; PIVARI, M. O.; PONTES JUNIOR, E.; RANIERI, B. D.; RIBAS, R. P.; SCARIOT, A.; ECHAEFER, C. E.; SENA, L.; SILVA, P. G. da; SIQUEIRA, P. R.; SOARES, N. C.; SOARES-FILHO, B.; SOLAR, R.; TABARELLI, M.; VASCONCELLOS, R.; VILELA, E.; SILVEIRA, F. A. O..
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Bioeconomy; Mountain ecology; Policy; Rupestrian grassland; Global change.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1127513
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Book of abstracts of the IUFRO landscape ecology working group international conference: forest landscapes and global change: new frontiers in management, conservation and restoration IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Azevedo, João (Ed.); Feliciano, Manuel (Ed.); Castro, José (Ed.); Pinto, M. Alice (Ed.).
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Landscape ecology; Forestry; Global change; Portugal.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/2695
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Capturing the big picture of Mediterranean marine biodiversity with an end-to-end model of climate and fishing impacts ArchiMer
Moullec, Fabien; Velez, Laure; Verley, Philippe; Barrier, Nicolas; Ulses, Caroline; Carbonara, Pierluigi; Esteban, Antonio; Follesa, Cristina; Gristina, Michele; Jadaud, Angelique; Ligas, Alessandro; Díaz, Eduardo López; Maiorano, Porzia; Peristeraki, Panagiota; Spedicato, Maria Teresa; Thasitis, Ioannis; Valls, Maria; Guilhaumon, François; Shin, Yunne-jai.
The Mediterranean Sea is one of the main hotspots of marine biodiversity in the world. The combined pressures of fishing activity and climate change have also made it a hotspot of global change amidst increasing concern about the worsening status of exploited marine species. To anticipate the impacts of global changes in the Mediterranean Sea, more integrated modelling approaches are needed, which can then help policymakers prioritize management actions and formulate strategies to mitigate impacts and adapt to changes. The aim of this study was to develop a holistic model of marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea with an explicit representation of the spatial, multispecies dynamics of exploited resources subject to the combined influence of climate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem model; Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management; OSMOSE model; NEMOMED model; Eco3M-S model; Global change.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00512/62408/66668.pdf
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Carbon sequestration in the rain forest: alternatives using environmentally friendly biotechnology Biota Neotropica
Buckeridge,Marcos S.; Aidar,Marcos P.M..
As carbon dioxide increases on Earth atmosphere, the rise in average temperatures may provoke changes in the environment that could damage civilisation as we know it. As a result, the need to sequester carbon becomes urgent, and one of the options we have is to use the potential of the forests to do it by enhancing assimilation of CO2 through photosynthesis. However, if we consider the use of plants to increase carbon sequestration, a problem that looms is that species often acclimate and actually reduce CO2 assimilation through feedback mechanisms of the sugars that are the product. In the present article, we propose that some biochemical pathways, such as those in control of photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism and assimilation, and cellulose and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Global change; Carbon Sequestration; Photosynthesis; Rain Forest; Sugar Sensing; Cellulose synthesis; Gene therapy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032002000100002
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Climate and land-use changes effects on the distribution of a regional endemism: Melanophryniscus sanmartini (Amphibia, Bufonidae) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Rosenstock,Nicole; Toranza,Carolina; Brazeiro,Alejandro.
ABSTRACT Amphibians are the most threatened vertebrate group according to the IUCN. Land-use and land cover change (LULCC) and climate change (CC) are two of the main factors related to declining amphibian populations. Given the vulnerability of threatened and rare species, the study of their response to these impacts is a conservation priority. The aim of this work was to analyze the combined impact of LULCC and CC on the regionally endemic species Melanophryniscus sanmartini Klappenbach, 1968. This species is currently categorized as near threatened by the IUCN, and previous studies suggest negative effects of projected changes in climate. Using maximum entropy methods we modeled the effects of CC on the current and mid-century distribution of M....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Species distribution modeling; Global change; Conservation; Threatened species.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212015000200209
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CO2 and N2O emissions from an Andisol in Chile under a no-till system using non-fixed closed chambers Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Muñoz,Cristina; Paulino,Leandro; Vera,Jenniffer; Zagal,Erick.
Chile has different types of soil and climate conditions that favor a wide range of agricultural activities that can generate potential atmospheric contamination like greenhouse gases (GHG). Nevertheless, the contribution of agricultural soils to atmospheric emissions has yet to be measured in Chile. The aim of this study was to assess seasonal variability of CO2 and N2O effluxes in situ from a volcanic ash-derived soil under different agronomic management practices. Gas samples were obtained from headspaces of non-fixed closed chambers in an annual crop rotation under a no-till system in an Andisol in southern Chile (36° S). Two N-sources (NH4+ and NO3-) and ammonium fertilization plus two lime doses (0.5 and 1 Mg ha-1) were considered for soil treatments...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gases; Agriculture; Nitrogen; Global change; Air pollution.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392011000200013
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Colonization by mites of glacier-free areas in King George Island, Antarctica PAB
Gryziak,Grzegorz.
This work aimed to investigate the ratio of colonization by terrestrial mites on ice-free areas created by the ongoing climate-induced melting of Antarctic glaciers. Glacier retreat opens new ice-free areas for the colonization by vegetation and animals. The study was undertaken on the Antarctic Specially Protected Area no. 128 (West Coast of the Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetlands Islands). Transects marked between the Ecology, Baranowski and Windy Glaciers, and a sea shore were used to collect soil samples. Oribatid mites were found only on near-shore areas, on patches of vegetation of more than 30 years of age. The colonization by mite communities is strongly determined by the presence of plants.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oribatid mites; Global change; Glacier melting.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2009000800013
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Combined effects of temperature, irradiance and pH on Teleaulax amphioxeia (Cryptophyceae) physiology and feeding ratio for its predator Mesodinium rubrum (Ciliophora) ArchiMer
Gaillard, Sylvain; Charrier, Aurelie; Malo, Florent; Carpentier, Liliane; Bougaran, Gael; Hégaret, Helene; Réveillon, Damien; Hess, Philipp; Séchet, Veronique.
The cryptophyte Teleaulax amphioxeia is a source of plastids for the ciliate Mesodinium rubrum and both organisms are members of the trophic chain of several species of Dinophysis. It is important to better understand the ecology of organisms at the first trophic levels before assessing the impact of principal factors of global change on Dinophysis spp. Therefore, combined effects of temperature, irradiance and pH on growth rate, photosynthetic activity and pigment content of a temperate strain of T. amphioxeia were studied using a full factorial design (central composite design 23*) in 17 individually controlled bioreactors. The derived model predicted an optimal growth rate of T. amphioxeia at a light intensity of 400 µmol photons · m‐2 · s‐1, more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dinophysis; Ecophysiology; Full factorial design; Global change; Mesodinium rubrum; Teleaulax amphioxeia.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00609/72155/70910.pdf
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Constructing Consistent Multiscale Scenarios by Transdisciplinary Processes: the Case of Mountain Regions Facing Global Change Ecology and Society
Brand, Fridolin Simon; Natural and Social Science Interface, Institute for Environmental Decisions, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; fridolin.brand@env.ethz.ch; Seidl, Roman; Natural and Social Science Interface; Institute for Environmental Decisions; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; roman.seidl@env.ethz.ch; Le, Quang Bao; Natural and Social Science Interface; Institute for Environmental Decisions; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; quang.le@env.ethz.ch; Scholz, Roland Werner; Natural and Social Science Interface; Institute for Environmental Decisions; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich; roland.scholz@env.ethz.ch.
Alpine regions in Europe, in particular, face demanding local challenges, e.g., the decline in the agriculture and timber industries, and are also prone to global changes, such as in climate, with potentially severe impacts on tourism. We focus on the Visp region in the Upper Valais, Switzerland, and ask how the process of stakeholder involvement in research practice can contribute to a better understanding of the specific challenges and future development of mountainous regions under global change. Based on a coupled human-environment system (HES) perspective, we carried out a formative scenario analysis to develop a set of scenarios for the future directions of the Visp region. In addition, we linked these regional scenarios to context scenarios...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Global change; Human-environment systems; Mountain regions; Scenario analysis; Sustainability science; Switzerland; Transdisciplinarity.
Ano: 2013
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Crop Production Functions for Analysis of Global Change Impacts in Spain AgEcon
Gomez, Sonia Quiroga; Iglesias, Ana.
The goal of this paper is to increase the capacity of the agriculture sector to understand and respond to the climate variability, by reducing the uncertainty of the farmers over decisions that are affected for meteorological conditions. To study the yield responses to meteorological variables in the past is crucial to understand the vulnerability of the agriculture to the climate change in the future. We have estimated regression models where the historical yields have been put in dependence of variables that can represent main drivers of global change, such as climate variables and technological ones. In this context we evaluate its influence over the yields. Among the conclusions we find that the adaptation to climate change requires challenges in which...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Spanish agriculture; Climate; Global change; Crop Production/Industries; C50; C52; Q10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24565
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Developing a Scientific Basis for Managing Earth's Life Support Systems Ecology and Society
Daily, Gretchen C; Stanford University; gdaily@leland.stanford.edu.
Here, I review the motivation and science behind efforts to characterize and manage ecosystems as capital assets. I then describe some recent work to evaluate the potential for sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services in human-dominated landscapes.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Countryside biogeography; Ecological economics; Ecosystem Services Framework; Global change; Interdisciplinary collaboration.
Ano: 1999
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Editorial: Extreme Benthic Communities in the Age of Global Change ArchiMer
Sandulli, Roberto; Ingels, Jeroen; Zeppilli, Daniela; Sweetman, Andrew Kvassnes; Hardy Mincks, Sarah; Mienis, Furu; Chin-lin, Wei.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthos; Global change; Extreme environment; Biodiversity; Ecosystem functioning.
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00668/77990/80200.pdf
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Effects of ocean warming, eutrophication and salinity variations on the growth of habitat-forming macroalgae in estuarine environments Acta Botanica
Borburema,Henrique Douglas dos Santos; Lima,Ruth Pessoa de; Miranda,George Emmanuel Cavalcanti de.
ABSTRACT Global change and coastal eutrophication are affecting macroalgae worldwide. We analyzed the effects of increased water temperature (25, 28 and 32 °C) and eutrophication on the growth of Bostrychia binderi and Bostrychia montagnei in a range of salinities (18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 PSU) through three independent multifactorial experiments. Both species had higher growth at 25 °C than at 28 and 32 °C (warming scenario projected by IPCC), suggesting a negative effect of ocean warming. The species showed a broad tolerance to the range of salinities tested, with higher growth at 36 and 42 PSU, as a local adaptation strategy. Oligotrophic seawater significantly affected the growth of both species because the lowest growth was found in this condition,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bostrychia; Bostrychietum; Climate change; Ecophysiology; Estuarine macroalgae; Eutrophication; Global change; Growth; Salinity variation; Sea level rise.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062020000400662
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Études écophysiologiques sur Dinophysis et sa chaîne alimentaire, et effets in vitro du dinoflagellé et de ses toxines sur les premiers stades de vie de deux modèles d'animaux marins (l’huître et le poisson) ArchiMer
Gaillard, Sylvain.
Harmful algal blooms of Dinophysis are responsible for diarrheic shellfish poisoning in human consumers of contaminated mollusks after bioaccumulation of their toxins. Dinophysis is a mixotrophic organism, which sequesters chloroplasts from a unique prey Mesodinium rubrum to perform its own photosynthesis, itself mixotrophic and feeds a cryptophyte, Teleaulax amphioxeia. The relationship between these three organisms is fundamental to understand the distribution and bloom dynamics of Dinophysis. In a first study, the effects of temperature, irradiance and pH on physiological aspects of T. amphioxeia were determined using a full factorial design before assessing the effect of contrasting physiological states after acclimation to two light intensities of T....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Changement global; Crassostrea gigas; Cyprinodon variegatus; Dinophysis; Efflorescences; Mesodinium; Pecténotoxines; Teleaulax; Toxines diarrhéiques; Crassostrea gigas; Cyprinodon variegatus; Diarrheic toxins; Dinophysis; Global change; Harmful algal blooms; Mesodinium; Pectenotoxins; Teleaulax.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00666/77807/79981.pdf
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From bottom landers to observatory networks ArchiMer
Person, Roland; Aoustin, Yannick; Blandin, Jerome; Marvaldi, Jean; Rolin, Jean-francois.
For a long time, deep-sea investigation relied on autonomous bottom landers. Landers call vary in size from 200 kg weight to more than 2 t for the heaviest scientific landers and are used during exploration cruises oil medium periods, from one week to some months. Today, new requirements appear. Scientists want to understand in detail the phenomena outlined during exploration cruises, to elaborate a model for future forecasting. For this, it is necessary to deploy instrumentation at a precise location often for a long period. A new mode of ocean science investigation Using long-term seafloor observatories to obtain four dimensional data sets has appeared. Although this concept has been proposed for many years, the high level of investment required limits...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environment; Seismology; Global change; Multidisciplinary long term observatories; Landers.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3604.pdf
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Global change and climate-driven invasion of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) along European coasts: a bioenergetics modelling approach ArchiMer
Thomas, Yoann; Pouvreau, Stephane; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Barille, Laurent; Gohin, Francis; Bryere, Philippe; Gernez, Pierre.
Aim The spread of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems world-wide is one of today's most serious environmental concerns. Using mechanistic modelling, we investigated how global change relates to the invasion of European coasts by a non-native marine invertebrate, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Location Bourgneuf Bay on the French Atlantic coast was considered as the northern boundary of C. gigas expansion at the time of its introduction to Europe in the 1970s. From this latitudinal reference, variations in the spatial distribution of the C. gigas reproductive niche were analysed along the north-western European coast from Gibraltar to Norway. Methods The effects of environmental variations on C. gigas physiology and phenology were studied...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeographical range expansion; Crassostrea gigas; DEB model; European coasts; Functional traits; Global change; Individual-based model; Invasive species; Remote-sensing.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00287/39828/38459.pdf
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