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Registros recuperados: 17
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A Guatemalan Soycow Cooperative: Is the Whole Greater than the Sum of its Parts? AgEcon
Blumthal, Meredith; Micheels, Eric T.; Paulson, Nicholas D.; Farrell, Rhett C..
Teaching Notes available upon request: ifamr@ifama.org; Author video:http://www.youtube.com/user/ifamr1?feature=mhum#p/u/8/FhUZu2lt6Ns
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Soycow; Cooperative; Guatemala; Teaching case; Agribusiness; Q10.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96331
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A study of risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in villages around Lake Atitlan, Guatemala BJID
Laubach,H. E.; Bentley,C. Z.; Ginter,E. L.; Spalter,J. S.; Jensen,L. A..
Cryptosporidium parvum is an endemic, zoonotic coccidian parasitosis that is highly prevalent in third-world countries where waterborne fecal contamination of food and drink or person-to-person contact with oocysts are the most common methods of transmission of the enteric protozoan. This type of transmission of the parasite made the villages around Lake Atitlan, Guatemala a unique site to compare environmental risk factors with the level of Cryptosporidium infections in the local residents. The study was carried out in two villages, San Antonio Palopo and Santa Catarina Palopo, located in the highlands above the shores of the lake. Smears from stool specimens of patients with gastroenteritis were processed using Kinyoun's modified acid-fast stain and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cryptosporidium; Disease transmission; Guatemala; Risk factors; Lake-water.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702004000400008
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Agricultural and Food Security Policy Analysis in Central America: Assessing Local Institutional Capacity, Data Availability, and Outcomes AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Flores, Luis; Mather, David.
Performance of the agricultural sector in developing countries is fundamental to ensuring robust and equitable economic growth and broad-based food security. Yet donor support to agricultural development in developing countries has declined continuously for 30 years. This same period saw dramatic deterioration in developing countries’ institutional capacity to provide services to their agricultural sectors. These trends may now be changing, due in part to the global food price crisis of 2007 and 2008 and concerns that it unleashed about the world’s ability to feed its poorest inhabitants. This paper reports on the results of a two week trip to Guatemala and Nicaragua made by Michigan State University’s Food Security Group. The purpose of the trip was to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Food policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q12; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90991
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Assessing the Potential for Payments for Watershed Services to Reduce Poverty in Guatemala AgEcon
Pagiola, Stefano; Zhang, Wei; Colom, Ale.
Payments for Environmental Services (PES) are being increasingly used as conservation instruments, particularly in Latin America. PES programs seek to capture part of the benefits derived from environmental services and channel them to natural resource managers who generate these services, thus increasing their incentive to conserve them. Many have assumed that these payments would go mostly to poor land users, and thus contribute to poverty reduction. There has been little empirical verification of this assumption to date, however. The PES approach was conceptualized as a mechanism to improve the efficiency of natural resource management, and not as a mechanism for poverty reduction. Pagiola et al. (2005) identified three main questions regarding the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Payments for Environmental Services (PES); Watershed; Poverty; Guatemala; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42932
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Convivência del hombre com la sequia I: casos de Argentina, Brasil y Guatemala. Repositório Alice
SILVA, A. de S.; PORTO, E.R.; SILVA, C. M. M. de S. S..
1994
Tipo: Outras publicações científicas (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Seca; Homem; Convivencia; Argentina; Brasil; Guatemala; Meio ambiente; Avaliacao agro-socioeconomica; Sistema de producao; Integracao; Tecnologia; Beneficio; Estimativa.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/11774
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Convivência do homem com a seca I: casos da Argentina, Brasil e Guatemala. Repositório Alice
SILVA, A. de S.; PORTO, E.R..
1994
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Seca; Argentina; Brasil; Guatemala.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/963440
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Evaluación de los problemas que limitan el impacto de la extensión pública en el oriente de Guatemala Rev. Econ. Sociol. Rural
Landini,Fernando Pablo; Vargas,Gilda Luciana.
Resumen: Los sistemas de extensión rural públicos juegan un rol central en la seguridad alimentaria, y más aún en un país como Guatemala, que cuenta con un 46,6% de niños menores de cinco años con desnutrición crónica. En este trabajo se exponen los resultados de un estudio orientado a comprender los problemas que limitan los resultados y el impacto del servicio de extensión del Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación (Maga) en el oriente del país. Se realizaron 12 entrevistas individuales y 4 grupos focales con extensionistas de la institución en los departamentos de Chiquimula y Zacapa, las cuales fueron analizadas a partir de un proceso de codificación realizado con el apoyo del software Atlas Ti. La muestra y los departamentos fueron...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Extensión rural; Instituciones públicas; Evaluación; Guatemala.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-20032020000100202
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Infancia migrante transfronteriza, trabajo infantil y derechos humanos : zona cafetalera, Soconusco, Chiapas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Ramírez Ramos, Laura Itzel.
El sistema capitalista ha generado dinámicas de desprotección humana que obligan a grandes conglomerados de personas a buscar estrategias que les aseguren mínimos de subsistencia. Este es el caso de las y los jornaleros migrantes guatemaltecos en la frontera sur de México, para quienes la migración y el trabajo infantil, su estrategia, los expone a contextos de alta vulnerabilidad en donde la violación de sus derechos humanos es recurrente. En este marco contextual el objetivo de la presente investigación es aportar datos cuantitativos y cualitativos que describan las características del trabajo infantil, el derecho a la salud y educación de niños y niñas migrantes guatemaltecos en tres fincas cafetaleras en la zona del Soconusco, Chiapas, espacio...
Palavras-chave: Migración laboral; Trabajo infantil; Género; Derechos humanos; Chiapas; Guatemala; Labor migration; Child labor; Gender; Human rights; Desarrollo Rural; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1878
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Insights from the Guatemalan food system: an application of exploratory spatial data analysis techniques for food security analysis AgEcon
Alcaraz V., Gabriela; Zeller, Manfred.
The achievement of food security for all remains one of the main development objectives worldwide. Most commonly, non-spatial models are developed for either explaining the underlying determinants of food insecurity and undernourishment or for predicting their changes, so as for identifying vulnerable groups for targeting support. Such approach ignores geographic determinants and the spatial dependency of food security and nutrition outcomes. This paper seeks to address this issue. We use nationally representative data from Guatemala, which faces high and rising rates of undernourishment and child stunting in spite of the efforts engaged on their reduction. Through exploratory spatial data analysis and overlay techniques, some elements embedded in the food...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food-system; Spatial; Guatemala; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51488
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La familia Apocynaceae (Apocynoideae, Rauvolfioideae) en Guatemala Darwiniana
Morales,J. Francisco.
Se brinda un tratamiento de las Apocynaceae s. str. (subfamilias Apocynoideae y Rauvolfioideae) de Guatemala. Un total de 31 géneros y 59 especies son tratados, de los cuales cinco géneros (Allamanda, Beaumontia, Catharanthus, Nerium y Vinca) corresponden a plantas introducidas. Mandevilla es el género más grande, con seis especies, seguido de Echites, Prestonia, Stemmadenia y Tabernaemontana con cuatro y Cascabela con tres. No se han encontrado especies endémicas. Se citan claves, descripciones, nombres comunes y especímenes representativos para cada departamento, incluyendo un apéndice con el total de todos los especímenes examinados. Se lectotipifican Cameraria oblongifolia y Echites biflorus.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Apocynaceae; Apocynoideae; Guatemala; Rauvolfioideae.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0011-67932009000100009
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Las tendencias negativas en la abundancia de aves están fuertemente correlacionadas con la disminución de las precipitaciones en un bosque tropical centroamericano Hornero
Cerezo Blandón,Alexis; Robbins,Chandler S; Dowell,Barbara; Ramírez,Miguel; López,Antonio; Javier,Obdulio.
El cambio climático es considerado uno de los principales factores que amenazan a la biodiversidad. El clima es de gran importancia para la dinámica poblacional de las aves, pero las consecuencias del cambio climático no han sido abordadas sino hasta recientemente, especialmente en aves tropicales. Para el norte de América Central, los escenarios de cambio climático para 2050 predicen una reducción en las precipitaciones, con disminuciones de 4-19% de las precipitaciones actuales. En este trabajo se evalúa la relación entre los cambios temporales en la cantidad de precipitaciones y la dinámica de la comunidad de aves en el este tropical de Guatemala para un período de 18 años (1993-2010). Los datos consistieron en capturas y recapturas anuales en cuatro...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aves tropicales; Cambio climático; Dinámica de comunidades; Gremios de alimentación; Guatemala; Probabilidad de captura; Regresión de Poisson.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-34072016000100004
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Mysoria affinis (Herrich-Schäffer): morphological variation and synonymy (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrrhopyginae) Zoologia
Warren,Andrew D.; Mielke,Olaf H. H..
Mysoria wilsoni H.A. Freeman, 1969, is established as a new junior synonym of Mysoria affinis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869). A lectotype for Pyrrhopyga [sic] affinis Herrich-Schäffer, 1869 is designated.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Guatemala; Mexico; Neotropical; Seasonality; Type specimens.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752004000200025
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Nontraditional Export Crops in Guatemala: Effects on Production, Income, and Nutrition AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Hotchkiss, David; Immink, Maarten.
Modernization of traditional agriculture entalls increased participation of the smallholder sector in the exchange economy. The achievement of this participation requires an open trade regime, domestic policies that ensure against market failures and public policy that effectively permits use of a new production technology for sustained growth. To open up these opportunities to small farmers, investment in rural intrastate is essential, as is investment in education that will enable these farmers to participate as entrepreneurs in the growth process must stimulate employment and increased returns to land. Nontraditional vegetables for export have a higher labor content and therefore promise to help foster rural modernization. In this study of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Vegetable trade; Guatemala; Exports; Small Farms; Food supply; Agricultural laborers; Household surveys; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42169
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Supermarket Purchases and the Dietary Patterns of Households in Guatemala AgEcon
Asfaw, Abay.
Very limited empirical analyses are done on evaluating how changes in the retail environment affect diet and health status of consumers, especially in developing countries. The major objective of this study is to shed some light on some of these neglected but crucial issues. The study examines the impact of supermarket purchases on dietary practices (defined as the calorie share of different food groups) of Guatemalan households using the 2000 Guatemalan household survey. I use an instrumental variable method to take into account the potential endogeneity of the supermarket-purchase variable in the calorie share equations. The identification strategy relies on two variables: the wife’s occupation (working or housewife) and the overall socioeconomic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Supermarket; Diet instrumental variable; Guatemala; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42418
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The Guatemala Community Day Care Program: An Example of Effective Urban Programming AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Hallman, Kelly K.; de la Briere, Benedicte; Coj de Salazar, Nora.
The community daycare programs currently under way in several Latin American countries seek to promote human capital formation while relieving one of the most pressing constraints faced by working parents, especially mothers—access to reliable and affordable childcare. This research report presents the results of an evaluation of Guatemala’s Community Day Care program, which offers poor families a package of services to promote child nutrition, socialization, and development, under the condition that parents engage in income-generating activities outside the home. The program was created in the early 1990s as a response to the changing needs of the growing urban population. Given Guatemala’s rising rates of urbanization, the growing importance of formal...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Day care centers; Guatemala; Evaluation; Child care services; Nutrition; Urban women; Employment; Work and family; Hogares Communitarios Program; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37886
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The Impact of an Experimental Nutritional Intervention in Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults AgEcon
Maluccio, John A.; Hoddinott, John; Behrman, Jere R.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Stein, Aryeh D..
Early childhood nutrition is thought to have important effects on education, broadly defined to include various forms of learning. We advance beyond previous literature on early childhood nutrition on education in developing countries by (1) using unique longitudinal data from a nutritional experiment with lifetime educational measures; (2) avoiding confounding the estimates by excluding potentially endogenous right-side variables; and (3) using estimators that allow for nonnormal distributions. Our results indicate significantly positive, and fairly substantial, effects of the randomized intervention a quarter century after it ended: increased grade attainment by women, via increased likelihood of entering and completing primary school and some secondary...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Early childhood nutrition; Education; Nutritional intervention; Guatemala; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55896
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Tropical Deforestation, Community Forests, and Protected Areas in the Maya Forest Ecology and Society
Bray, David Barton; Florida International University; brayd@fiu.edu; Duran, Elvira; Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigacion para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Unidad Oaxaca; eduran3@hotmail.com; Ramos, Victor Hugo; Wildlife Conservation Society-Guatemala; vhramos@wcs.org; Mas, Jean-Francois; Universidad Autonoma de Mexico; jfmas@ciga.unam.mx; Velazquez, Alejandro; Universidad Autonoma de Mexico; avmontes@ciga.unam.mx; McNab, Roan Balas; Wildlife Conservation Society-Guatemala; mcnab@wcs.org; Barry, Deborah; Center for International Forestry Research; dbarry@cgiar.org; Radachowsky, Jeremy; University of Florida; radachowsky@hotmail.com.
Community forests and protected areas have each been proposed as strategies to stop deforestation. These management strategies should be regarded as hypotheses to be evaluated for their effectiveness in particular places. We evaluated the community-forestry hypothesis and the protected-area hypothesis in community forests with commercial timber production and strict protected areas in the Maya Forest of Guatemala and Mexico. From land-use and land cover change (LUCC) maps derived from satellite images, we compared deforestation in 19 community forests and 11 protected areas in both countries in varying periods from 1988 to 2005. Deforestation rates were higher in protected areas than in community forests, but the differences were not significant. An...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Community forest management; Guatemala; Land-use and land cover change analysis; Logging; Mexico; Protected areas.
Ano: 2008
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