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Registros recuperados: 7
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Aspekte einer Reform des Stabilitats - und Wachstumspakts 31
Weinert, Gunter.
Der Stabilitats- und Wachstumspakt ist in den vergangenen Jahren von einer zunehmenden Zahl von Landern verletzt worden. Dies deutet auf Mangel in der Gestaltung bzw. in der Umsetzung des Pakts hin. Kritisiert wird insbesondere das zentrale Kriterium für eine nachhaltige Finanzpolitik, eine für alle Länder einheitliche Obergrenze von 3 % für die gesamtstaatliche Defizitquote, nicht zuletzt wegen der damit verbundenen Asymmetrie. Zugleich wurden zahlreiche Alternativen vorgeschlagen: eine Orientierung der Finanzpolitik an den gesamtstaatlichen Schulden, am strukturellen Budgetsaldo, mit oder ohne besondere Berücksichtigung der öffentlichen Investitionen, sowie an einem für die mittlere Frist festgelegten linearen Pfad für die öffentlichen Ausgaben. Die...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fiscal policy; Budget deficit; Public debt; Financial Economics; E62; H62; H63.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26246
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Central Bank Independence, Democracy, and Dollarization 31
Drazen, Allan.
Is there a fundamental conflict between insulating monetary policy from popular pressures, seen as essential to sound monetary policy, and making policy responsive to the popular will, seen as fundamental to democracy? We argue that strongly independent monetary policy is not inconsistent with democratic control of policymaking, once one realizes that a key feature of democratic policymaking is the decision to remove some decisions from “day-to-day” political pressures. This is the essence of "constitutionalism," central to the functioning of democracy, by which certain decisions are made difficult to reverse. It is further argued that a conflict between popular sovereignty and policymaker independence is not unique to monetary policy, but actually...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Central bank independence; Constitutional democracy; Democratic control; Financial Economics; E52; E58; H62.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44297
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Fiscal Deficits, Inflation and Economic Growth in a Successful Open Developing Economy 31
Tan, Eu Chye.
This paper primarily seeks to establish whether long- and short-run relationships prevail between fiscal deficits on one hand and inflation and economic growth on the other in a developing economy such as Malaysia. The Malaysian economy has gained international acclaim as one of the successfully managed. Econometric methodology involving the Johansen cointegration and Granger causality techniques and annual data spanning generally from 1966 through 2003 have been mobilized for the purpose. The empirical results suggest that fiscal deficits could have an inflationary impact on the Malaysian economy as they are being monetized though no long run relationship exists amongst fiscal deficits, money supply and the price level. Fiscal deficits also appear to have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Deficits; Growth; Inflation; International Development; E60; H30; H61; H62.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50285
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Fiscal policy consistency and implications for macroeconomic aggregates: the case of Uganda 31
Hisali, Eria.
The relationship between growth in monetary aggregates and price changes continues to be a subject of considerable debate both in the academic and policy circles. Whereas the more ‘conservative’ policy makers hold that growth in monetary aggregates bear proportionately on prices, ‘liberals’ on the other hand suggest a fairly weak relationship and instead mainly attribute sustained price changes to other innovations (including structural weaknesses and poor productive capacity). This study employed vector autoregression techniques (and its variants) to examine both short term as well as long term interactions between selected macroeconomic aggregates with particular focus on the relationship between money growth and price changes. Results from both the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fiscal stance; Macroeconomic aggregates; Structural vector autogression; Budget accounting approach; EPRC; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; H62; H63; H69.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102489
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Fiscal policy consistency and its implications for macroeconomic aggregates: The case of Uganda 31
Hisali, Eria.
The relationship between growth in monetary aggregates and price changes continues to be a subject of considerable debate both in the academic and policy circles. Whereas the more ‘conservative’ policy makers hold that growth in monetary aggregates bear proportionately on prices, ‘liberals’ on the other hand suggest a fairly weak relationship and instead mainly attribute sustained price changes to other innovations (including structural weaknesses and poor productive capacity). This study employed vector autoregression techniques (and its variants) to examine both short term as well as long term interactions between selected macroeconomic aggregates with particular focus on the relationship between money growth and price changes. Results from both the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fiscal stance; Macroeconomic aggregates; Structural vector autogression; Budget accounting approach; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Public Economics; H62; H63; H69.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113615
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Public spending composition and public sector efficiency: Implications for growth and poverty reduction in Uganda 31
Sennoga, Edward B.; Matovu, John Mary.
The paper examines the interrelationships between public spending composition and Uganda's development goals including economic growth and poverty reduction. We utilize a dynamic CGE model to study these interrelationships. This paper demonstrates that public spending composition does indeed influence economic growth and poverty reduction. In particular, this study shows that improved public sector efficiency coupled with re-allocation of public expenditure away from the unproductive sectors such as public administration and security to the productive sectors including agriculture, energy, water and health leads to higher GDP growth rates and accelerates poverty reduction. Moreover, the rate of poverty is faster in rural households relative to the urban...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sennoga; Matovu; EPRC; Public expenditure; Economic growth - Uganda; Poverty reduction; Computable General Equilibrium; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C68; D58; E62; F15; H62; 132.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93808
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Sectoral and welfare effects of the global economic crisis on Uganda: a recursive dynamic CGE analysis 31
Twimukye, Evarist P.; Matovu, John Mary; Levine, Sebastian; Birungi, Patrick.
This paper analyses the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on Uganda notably on macro-economic aggregates, sectoral output and household welfare, and the potential role of fiscal policy and reform in mitigating the impacts. We find that second round effects from a reduction in financial inflows such as remittances, foreign direct investments and overseas development assistance, as well as reduction in international demand from cash crops such as cotton, tea and coffee, could lead to a reduction in economic growth by 0.6 percentage points on average annually over the period 2008- 2010 compared to a baseline reflecting pre-crisis conditions. A surge in regional exports and early counter-cyclical policies in particular are found to dampen the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sub-Saharan Africa; Uganda; Global economic and financial crisis; Computable general equilibrium (CGE); Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; Production Economics; Public Economics; C68; D58; E62; F15; H62; I32.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113619
Registros recuperados: 7
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