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Registros recuperados: 9
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A Reconsideration of Environmental Federalism AgEcon
Oates, Wallace E..
This paper provides a review and assessment of the debate over environmental federalism-the issue of the roles of different levels of government in environmental management. The paper begins with the presentation of three benchmark cases that provide a framework for thinking about the issue. It then offers a review, first of the theoretical literature and second of some new, provocative empirical literature on the race to the bottom. The paper contends that there remains, under certain circumstances, an important role for decentralized government in the setting of environmental standards and the design of regulatory programs. The central government, in addition to setting standards for "national" pollutants, has a fundamental contribution to make in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental federalism; Environmental management; Environmental policy; Environmental regulation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; H1; H7.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10460
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A Unified Framework for Measuring Preferences for Schools and Neighborhoods AgEcon
Bayer, Patrick; Ferreira, Fernando; McMillan, Robert.
This paper sets out a framework for estimating household preferences over a broad range of housing and neighborhood characteristics, some of which are determined by the way that households sort in the housing market. This framework brings together the treatment of heterogeneity and selection that has been the focus of the traditional discrete choice literature with a clear strategy for dealing with the correlation of unobserved neighborhood quality with both school quality and neighborhood sociodemographics. We estimate the model using rich data on a large metropolitan area, drawn from a restricted version of the Census. The estimates indicate that, on average, households are willing to pay an additional one percent in house prices - substantially lower...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Capitalization; Local public goods; School quality; Discrete choice models; Hedonic price regression; Education demand; Labor and Human Capital; D58; H0; H4; H7; I2; R21; R31.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28513
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Climate Change: National and Local Policy Opportunities in China AgEcon
Teng, Fei; Gu, Alun.
Climate Change poses a wide range of potentially very severe threats in China. This aggravates the existing vulnerability of China and is one of the big challenges faced by the Chinese government. Adaptation programmes and projects are being developed and implemented at national and local level. As China is engaged in heavy investment in infrastructure development as a consequence of the rapid process of development and urbanization, mainstreaming adaptation into such development process is a priority for China. China has also made positive contributions to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through participations in the CDM under the Kyoto Protocol framework. Although mitigation is not a priority at national or local level, it has been integrated into...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate Change; Local Policy; National Policy; Mitigation; Local Pollution; Environmental Economics and Policy; H7; Q54; Q56; O53.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9091
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Does election lead to populism or elite capture in rural China AgEcon
Shu, Youhua; Chowdhury, Shyamal K..
The nature of the collective ownership may make it easier for the local governments to purse private benefits from the return of the public investments on the collective operation. This may lead to disproportionate allocation of public funds to favour collective-owned operation as opposed to private production, though such allocation did not always benefit the majority of the villagers. The introduction of election in local governments may decrease the extent of her capture from public investments on the collective, for the reason that the village head needs to take not only the private interest but also the votes into her consideration when allocating the public funds. In this paper, we found evidence that the allocation of the public funds is sensitive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Fiscal decentralization; Election; Elite capture; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; Public Economics; H7; R5.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51405
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Estimating Equilibrium Models of Sorting Across Locations AgEcon
Bayer, Patrick; Timmins, Christopher.
With the growing recognition of the role played by geography in all sorts of economic problems, there is strong interest in measuring the size and scope of local spillovers (i.e., simple anonymous agglomeration or congestion effects, or more complicated interactions between individuals or firms of specific types). It is well-understood, however, that such spillovers cannot be distinguished from unobservable local attributes using just the observed location decisions of individuals or firms. We propose an empirical strategy for recovering estimates of spillovers in the presence of unobserved local attributes for a broadly applicable class of equilibrium sorting models. This approach relies on an instrumental variables strategy derived from the internal...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Local spillovers; Location choice; Economic geography; Natural advantage; Social interactions; Network effects; Endogenous sorting; Discrete choice models; Agglomeration; Congestion; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; H7; R0; R2; R3.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28448
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Science-Policy Communication for Improved Water Resources Management: Contributions of the Nostrum-DSS Project AgEcon
Depietri, Yaella; Giupponi, Carlo.
The Nostrum-DSS EU funded Co-ordination Action (CA) aims at contributing to the achievement of improved governance and planning in the field of sustainable water management within the Mediterranean Basin by establishing a network between the science, policy, and civil society spheres and through the development and dissemination of Best Practices Guidelines (BPGs) for the design and implementation of DSSs for IWRM in the Mediterranean Area. Decision Support Systems (DSS) have a great theoretical potential as tools for the identification of optimal water resource management regimes in the Mediterranean basin, thus helping policy makers (PMs) to bring the principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) into practice. However, such tools are only...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Science-Policy Interface; Policy Making; Water Resources Management; Mediterranean Region; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q2; H7; O2; R5.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6374
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Should China revisit the 1994 fiscal reforms? AgEcon
Ahmad, Ehtisham.
The 1994 reforms in China were remarkably successful in stabilizing the economy and raising revenues for the benefit of sustainable growth and permitting the central government to redistribute resources to poorer regions through an equalization framework. However, the rise of informal local borrowing in the absence of effective own-source revenues raises possible risks and imbalances in the future. There is thus a need to reconsider the fundamentals of intergovernmental fiscal relations, building on the basis laid in the 1994 reforms.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Financial Economics; H2; H5; H6; H7.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115922
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Technical Barriers to Interstate Trade: Noxious Weed Regulations AgEcon
Gopinath, Munisamy; Min, He; Buccola, Steven T..
We focus on regulations controlling the spread of noxious weeds, especially the trade effects of regulatory differences across U.S. states. We specify a gravity model for each state’s seed, nursery product, and commodity trade with each other state. Within the gravity model, we examine the role of cross-state regulatory congruence arising from ecological and agronomic characteristics and interest-group lobbying. A spatial-autoregressive Tobit model is estimated with a modified expectation-maximization algorithm. Results show that weed regulatory congruence positively affects interstate trade. By fostering cross-state regulatory differences, consumer and commodity-producer lobbying reduce the value of interstate trade by about two percent per annum.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Interstate trade; Invasive species; Rent-seeking; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; F1; H7; Q5.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100527
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Transfers, Agglomeration and German Unification AgEcon
Ross, Matthias.
This paper analyses in the framework of a 2-region economic geography model the impact of transfers on agglomeration of economic activity. Two main results can be derived: First, subsidies to the activity of firms are more efficient to avoid agglomeration than subsidies to consumers (social policy). Second, if a less developed region starts its catch up process first increasing and afterwards decreasing transfers are necessary to avoid agglomeration. Due to these results east Germany's slowdown of convergence may be a consequence of too less transfers and especially too less firm subsidies. Furthermore, if East Germany locates still at the first stage of convergence even increasing transfers would be necessary to guarantee convergence. Im Rahmen eines...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic geography; Economic integration; Transfers; Tax policy; East Germany; Political Economy; R12; F02; H7.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26161
Registros recuperados: 9
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