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A survey of consumer’ opinion about consumption and health benefits of fermented plant beverages in Thailand Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
CHAIYASUT,Chaiyavat; SIVAMARUTHI,Bhagavathi Sundaram; MAKHAMRUEANG,Netnapa; PEERAJAN,Sartjin; KESIKA,Periyanaina.
Abstract Fermented beverages are widely used all over the country. Fermented plant beverages (FPB) are prevalent in Thailand and FPBs are believed to cure and prevent many health oriented problems. The people of Thailand produce many varieties of FPBs in small scale or large scale and consume them in their daily lives. This study is a survey conducted among the representative consumers of FPBs in Thailand to know the consumer's opinion on FPBs, effects and benefits of FPBs, and real status of consumer satisfaction in Thailand. This study revealed that the rationale for the consumption of respective FPBs was to treat their health issues and for the betterment of their health. Most of the consumers of FPBs benefited in case of improving their physical and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fermented plant beverages; Consumer satisfaction; Health benefits; Mental health.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612018000200299
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Can genetic engineering for the poor pay off? An ex-ante evaluation of Golden Rice in India AgEcon
Stein, Alexander J.; Sachdev, H.P.S.; Qaim, Matin.
Genetic engineering (GE) in agriculture is a controversial topic in science and society at large. While some oppose genetically modified crops as proxy of an agricultural system they consider unsustainable and inequitable, the question remains whether GE can benefit the poor within the existing system and what needs to be done to deliver these benefits? Golden Rice has been genetically engineered to produce provitamin A. The technology is still in the testing phase, but, once released, it is expected to address one consequence of poverty " vitamin A deficiency (VAD) " and its health implications. Current interventions to combat VAD rely mainly on pharmaceutical supplementation, which is costly in the long run and only partially successful. We develop a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Genetic engineering; Beta-carotene biofortification; Vitamin A deficiency; Golden Rice; Health benefits; DALYs; Cost-effectiveness; Cost-benefit analysis; India; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8534
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Canadian Consumer Attitudes and Purchasing Behaviour of Omega-3 Products AgEcon
Nilsson, Tomas K.H.; Chase, Darren; Emunu, John Paul; McCann-Hiltz, Diane; Peng, Yanning.
The development of innovative functional food products is a major trend in today's food industry. The growth of this industry is driven by increased consumer awareness of their own health deficiencies, increased understanding of the possible health benefits of functional foods, development in formulation technologies, a positive regulatory environment and changing consumer demographics and lifestyles. While there has been a proliferation of omega-3 products such as milk, eggs, yogurt, and margarine in the Canadian food market, very little is known about consumers of omega-3 products. In our study we use ACNielsen HomescanTM data combined with ACNielsen Panel TrackTM survey data to develop profiles of omega-3 consumers in Canada. The focus of the study is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Omega-3 fatty acids; Nutritional labelling; Health benefits; Ordered probit model; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; C81; D12; I19; Q19.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7713
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Consumer attitude regarding products containing probiotics Ciência Rural
Carvalho,Naiara Barbosa; Costa,Thiago de Melo Teixeira da; Ferreira,Marco Aurélio Marques; Simiqueli,Andréa Alves; Minim,Valéria Paula Rodrigues.
This study sought to determine the attitude of consumers in the city of Viçosa-MG, Brazil in relation to products containing probiotics using a validated questionnaire. A total of 352 individuals responded to questionnaires which, in addition to the items of attitude, also assessed the health of consumers and acceptance and frequency of consumption of these products. Internal validation utilized the Cronbach coefficient to measure the reliability of the attitude scale. To analyze the profile of these consumers, descriptive statistics was utilized. The results indicated a low consumption of products containing probiotics by respondents. A reliable attitude scale was obtained (alpha = 0.70). In general, the attitude of respondents was positive however it was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Probiotics; Consumer; Questionnaire; Attitude; Health benefits.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782014000701319
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Cost-Effective Reduction of NOx Emissions from Electricity Generation AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L.; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Paul, Anthony.
This paper analyzes the benefits and costs of policies to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOX) emissions from electricity generation in the United States. Because emissions of NOX contribute to the high concentration of atmospheric ozone in the eastern states that is associated with health hazards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has called on eastern states to formulate state implementation plans (SIPs) for reducing NOX emissions. Our analysis considers three NOX reduction scenarios: a summer seasonal cap in the eastern states covered by EPA's NOX SIP Call, an annual cap in the same SIP Call region, and a national annual cap. All scenarios allow for emissions trading. Although EPA's current policy is to implement a seasonal cap in the SIP Call...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Electricity; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOx; Health benefits; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10677
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Efficient Emission Fees in the U.S. Electricity Sector AgEcon
Banzhaf, H. Spencer; Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L..
This paper provides new estimates of efficient emission fees for sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) emissions in the U.S. electricity sector. The estimates are obtained by coupling a detailed simulation model of the U.S. electricity markets with an integrated assessment model that links changes in emissions with atmospheric transport, environmental endpoints, and valuation of impacts. Efficient fees are found by comparing incremental benefits with emission fee levels. National quantity caps that are equivalent to these fees also are computed, and found to approximate caps under consideration in the current multi-pollutant debate in the U.S. Congress and the recent proposals from the Bush administration for the electricity industry. We also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Emission fees; Air pollution; Cost-benefit analysis; Electricity; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOx; Sulfur dioxide; SO2; Health benefits; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4; D61.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10505
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INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE BENEFITS OF CONSUMING FRUIT ON CONSUMER PREFERENCES IN TEMUCO, REGION OF THE ARAUCANÍA Rev. Bras. Frutic.
SCHNETTLER,BERTA; LOBOS,GERMÁN; MIRANDA,HORACIO; ORELLANA,LIGIA; GRUNERT,KLAUS G..
ABSTRACT With the aim of identifying strategies to increase fruit consumption in Temuco, consumer segments were classified according to the importance and preference of theattributes type of fruit, package/ brand, benefit associated with fruit consumption and price. A survey was applied to 400 people in Temuco,Chile, distributed using a simple allocation: 200 working adults and 200university students. The questionnaire included the SWFL (Satisfaction with Food-related Life) scale, respondents’ fruit consumption habits and their characteristics. Using conjoint and cluster analyses, three segments were distinguished: Group 1 (22.0%) gave greatest importance to the package/brand and preferred themessage “prevents diseases” and “without information”; Group 2...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fruits; Health benefits; Chile.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452015000400883
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Information as a determinant criterion in the acceptance of fermented yam-based ice cream Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
BATISTA,Nádia Nara; RAMOS,Cíntia Lacerda; PIRES,Josiane Ferreira; DIAS,Disney Ribeiro; SCHWAN,Rosane Freitas.
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of information on the acceptability of fermented yam-based ice cream, as well as its sensorial profile. For this, the acceptance and check all that apply (CATA) tests were performed in two sessions by 102 tasters. In the first session, consumers received only brief information about the ice cream preparation. Additional information about the healthy contribution of the product was provided to the consumers in the second session. In the acceptance test, significant differences between the sessions were observed (p < 0.05) for the flavor attribute. Information on health benefits contributed by a reduction of “dislike moderately” and “dislike very much” classes (mainly 50-80%), and an increase of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acceptability test; CATA; Health benefits; Sensory analysis.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612020000200296
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Information as a determinant criterion in the acceptance of fermented yam-based ice cream Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
BATISTA,Nádia Nara; RAMOS,Cíntia Lacerda; PIRES,Josiane Ferreira; DIAS,Disney Ribeiro; SCHWAN,Rosane Freitas.
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of information on the acceptability of fermented yam-based ice cream, as well as its sensorial profile. For this, the acceptance and check all that apply (CATA) tests were performed in two sessions by 102 tasters. In the first session, consumers received only brief information about the ice cream preparation. Additional information about the healthy contribution of the product was provided to the consumers in the second session. In the acceptance test, significant differences between the sessions were observed (p < 0.05) for the flavor attribute. Information on health benefits contributed by a reduction of “dislike moderately” and “dislike very much” classes (mainly 50-80%), and an increase of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acceptability test; CATA; Health benefits; Sensory analysis.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612019005031128
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Potential Impacts of Iron Biofortification in India AgEcon
Stein, Alexander J.; Qaim, Matin; Meenakshi, J.V.; Nestel, Penelope; Sachdev, H.P.S.; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A..
Iron deficiency is a widespread nutritional problem in developing countries, causing impaired physical activity and cognitive development, as well as maternal mortality. Although food fortification and supplementation programmes have been effective in some countries, their overall success remains limited. Biofortification, that is, breeding crops for higher micronutrient content, is a relatively new approach. We propose a methodology for ex-ante impact assessment of iron biofortification, which builds on disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and a large household data set. Our analysis of iron-rich rice and wheat in India indicates sizeable potential health benefits. The cost-effectiveness of iron biofortification compares favourably with other...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofortification; Plant breeding; Iron deficiency anaemia; Health benefits; DALYs; Cost-effectiveness; Cost-benefit analysis; India; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; I120; I180; I310; O150; O220; O330; Q180..
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8536
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Restructuring and the Cost of Reducing NOx Emissions in Electricity Generation AgEcon
Palmer, Karen L.; Burtraw, Dallas; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Paul, Anthony.
We look at the effects of restructuring on three issues: (a) economic surplus and environmental quality, (b) the cost of NOx control policies and who bears the costs, and (c) the cost-effectiveness of a seasonal and an annual NOx cap in the SIP Call region. We find that without the NOx cap, nationwide restructuring leads to higher NOx and carbon emissions from the electricity sector. Adding either a seasonal or an annual NOx cap-and-trade regime in the eastern United States mitigates the increase in NOx emissions but has a much smaller effect on carbon emissions. The out-of-pocket compliance cost associated with achieving a seasonal or an annual NOx cap is moderately higher with nationwide restructuring than without, but the changes in economic surplus are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Electricity; Restructuring; Deregulation; Competition; Emissions trading; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOx; Health benefits; Cost effectiveness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10549
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The Benefits and Costs of Fish Consumption Advisories for Mercury AgEcon
Jakus, Paul M.; McGuinness, Meghan; Krupnick, Alan J..
Mercury contamination of the Chesapeake Bay is a concern to health authorities in the region. We evaluate the economic and health effects of postulated recreational and commercial fishing advisories for striped bass on the Maryland portion of the bay. Awareness of and response to the advisory is estimated using a meta-analysis of the literature. Three values are estimated: welfare losses to recreational anglers, welfare losses in the commercial striped bass fishery, and health benefits. An estimate of percentage of consumer surplus loss is applied to the value of all fishing days in the bay to estimate recreational welfare loss. Welfare losses to the commercial fishery are estimated based on a model of supply and demand. Health benefits are estimated using...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fisheries; Mercury; Advisories; Recreation; Health benefits; Consumer/Household Economics; I18; Q22; Q25; Q26.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10853
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The Paparazzi Take a Look at a Living Legend: The SO2 Cap-and-Trade Program for Power Plants in the United States AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L..
For years economists have urged policymakers to use market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade programs or emission taxes to control pollution. The SO2 allowance market created by Title IV of the 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) presents the first real test of the wisdom of economists' advice. This paper provides an overview of the origins, design, and performance of the U.S. acid rain program, and an analysis of its specific features and its adaptability as a model for addressing other pollution problems, such as control of NOX or CO2 emissions. The program also has resulted in innovation through changes in organizational technology, in the organization of markets, and through experimentation at individual boilers, much of which arguably would...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emission trading; Cap and trade; Air pollution; Cost-benefit analysis; Electricity; Particulates; Sulfur dioxide; SO2; Health benefits; Acid rain; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q25; Q4; D62; Q28.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10665
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Uncertainty and the Cost-Effectiveness of Regional NOx Emissions Reductions from Electricity Generation AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; McGuinness, Meghan.
This paper analyzes uncertainties surrounding the benefits and costs of a policy to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOX) emissions from electricity generation in the eastern United States. Under each of 18 scenarios examined, we find an annual policy would yield net benefits that are at least as great as those expected under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) currently planned seasonal policy. Preferred (midpoint) assumptions yield additional benefits of $724 million per year under an annual policy compared to a seasonal one (1997 dollars). The subset of 11 northeastern states benefit the most from an annual policy relative to a seasonal one, but relative net benefits are also positive in the remaining states in the region. An annual policy...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emissions trading; Electricity; Particulates; Nitrogen oxides; NOX; Health benefits; Market structure; Restructuring; Deregulation; Value of statistical life; Uncertainty; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q4.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10846
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