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Child Labor and Schooling Responses to Production and Health Shocks in Northern Mali AgEcon
Dillon, Andrew.
This paper investigates children’s time allocation to schooling, home production, and market production using a unique data set collected from northern Mali. Production shocks from harvest period pest infestations induce households to withdraw children from school and increase the probability that they are selected into farm work. Health shocks to women increases the probability that a child participates in the family business and childcare activities. These results are robust to varying assumptions about the structure of unobserved heterogeneity at the household and village levels. Different measures of household assets are also constructed to test whether assets serve as a buffer against increased child labor in response to shocks. Assets such as...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child labor; Production shocks; Health shocks; Labor substitution effects; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42806
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Labor Complementarities and Health in the Agricultural Household AgEcon
Adhvaryu, Achyuta; Nyshadham, Anant.
Models of the agricultural household have traditionally relied on assumptions regarding the complementarity or substitutability of family labor inputs. We show how data on time allocations, health shocks and corresponding treatment choices can be used to test these assumptions. Data from Tanzania provide evidence that complementarities exist and can explain the pattern of labor supply adjustments across household members and productive activities following acute sickness. In particular, we find that sick and healthy household members both shift labor away from self-employment and into farming when the sick recover more quickly. Infra-marginal adjustments within farming activity types provide further evidence of farm-specific complementarities.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Intra-household allocation; Health shocks; Complementarity; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; I10; J22; J43; O12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107263
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Labor Supply, Schooling and the Returns to Healthcare in Tanzania AgEcon
Adhvaryu, Achyuta; Nyshadham, Anant.
We estimate the effects of higher quality healthcare usage on health, labor supply and schooling outcomes for sick individuals in Tanzania. Using exogenous variation in the cost of formal sector healthcare to predict treatment choice, we show that using better quality care improves health outcomes and changes the allocation of time amongst productive activities. In particular, sick adults who receive better quality care reallocate time from non-farm to farm labor, leaving total labor hours unchanged. Among sick children, school attendance significantly increases as a result of receiving higher quality healthcare, but labor allocations are unaffected. We interpret these results as evidence that healthcare has heterogeneous effects on marginal productivity...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor supply; Health shocks; Schooling; Tanzania; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; I10; J22; J43; O12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107260
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