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Registros recuperados: 157
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A Comparison of Methodologies for Valuing Decreased Health Effects from Wildfire Smoke AgEcon
Richardson, Leslie; Loomis, John B.; Champ, Patricia A..
Wildfire seasons are becoming longer and more intense throughout the world, making it increasingly important to monetize the full damages caused by wildfires when analyzing various fire management policies. We estimate the economic costs of the health effects associated with exposure to wildfire smoke using a simple cost of illness approach and for the first time to our knowledge we estimate willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a decrease in symptom days from wildfire smoke using the contingent valuation method and the averting behavior method. Comparing estimates across all three common approaches for estimating the economic cost of exposure to an air pollutant is an important contribution to the literature. This study uses data from the largest wildfire in Los...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Averting behavior method; Contingent valuation method; Cost of illness; Wildfire smoke; Health; Morbidity; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Q.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61252
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A desinformação como obstáculo ao consumo da carne suína in natura AgEcon
Falleiros, Francine Taniguchi; Miguel, Willian Correa; Gameiro, Augusto Hauber.
Desde a década de 70 a suinocultura vem evoluindo significativamente, tornando-se uma moderna cadeia produtiva. Atualmente os produtores criam o suíno moderno com 55% a 60% de carne magra na carcaça e apenas de 1,0 a 1,5 centímetro de espessura de toucinho. Essa evolução faz com que mundialmente seja a carne mais consumida. No Brasil, contudo, o consumo de carne suína seguiu tendência contrária, quando comparado ao resto do mundo. Esta inversão de valores pode ser explicada por hábitos e tradições regionais e questões de saúde, essas últimas repletas de mitos e informações distorcidas, que prejudicam a imagem da carne suína in natura. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o grau de informação dos consumidores, a respeito da carne suína in natura...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Carne; Suínos; Consumo; Saúde; Marketing; Meat; Swine; Consumption; Health; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108574
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A framework for analyzing socioeconomic, health and environmental impacts of wastewater use in agriculture in developing countries AgEcon
Hussain, Intizar; Raschid, Liqa; Hanjra, Munir A.; Marikar, Fuard; van der Hoek, Wim.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Waste water management; Environmental degradation; Waterborne diseases; Water quality; Irrigation practices; Aquaculture; Economic analysis; Social aspects; Health; Environmental aspects; Agriculture; Developing countries; Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92775
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A handbook of rice seedborne fungi. International Rice Research Institute
Mew, T.W.; Gonzales, P.; International Rice Research Institute..
v, 83 p. : col. ill.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Seedborne fungi; Seeds; Health.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1016
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A Non-Hypothetical and Incentive Compatible Method for Estimating Consumer Willingness-to-Pay for a Novel Functional Food: The Case of Pomegranates AgEcon
McAdams, Callie P.; Palma, Marco A.; Ishdorj, Ariun; Hall, Charles R..
A preference and valuation mechanism that compared results of an experimental auction and nonhypothetical preference rankings was developed and used to elicit preferences for pomegranate products from a representative sample of shoppers in Texas. Familiarity with pomegranate products increased willingness-to-pay (WTP) for pomegranates, as did tasting and providing additional information on the health benefits of the products. Ready-to-eat and juice products were preferred to whole fruit products. Subjects did not indicate an increased WTP for Texas varieties over California Wonderful pomegranate based on auction bids but indicated a preference for one Texas variety in the nonhypothetical ranking procedure; thus, the auction results and nonhypothetical...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Willingness-to-pay; Pomegranate; Experimental auction; Ranking; Health; Novel product; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing; D12; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103682
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A pesquisa e seus reflexos no desenvolvimento da pecuária bovina de corte. Infoteca-e
COSTA JÚNIOR, E. M. A..
Evolução dos conhecimentos. Área de pastagem e nutrição. Área de melhoramento genético. Área de sanidade animal. Área de reprodução. Área de economia rural.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bovino de corte; Pesquisa; Pastagem; Nutrição; Melhoramento genético; Sanidade; Reprodução; Economia rural; Brasil; História; Beef cattle; Research; Pasture; Nutrition; Breeding; Health; Reproduction; Agricultural economic; Brazil; History.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/317575
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A REVIEW OF FOOD SECURITY AND HUMAN NUTRITION ISSUES IN NEPAL AgEcon
Shively, Gerald E.; Gars, Jared; Sununtnasuk, Celeste.
Nepal faces multiple development challenges, including chronic and widespread food insecurity and adult and child malnutrition. Due to population growth, agricultural stagnation and a range of institutional failures, the threat of a serious food crisis in Nepal is substantial. The recent scaling back of WFP assistance means that food security conditions in some parts of Nepal will undoubtedly worsen in the near future. This paper presents a brief review of topics and available evidence regarding food security, malnutrition and related subjects in Nepal. It is intended to document important source material and provide an overview of topics for non-specialists or those moving into new areas of concern.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Health; Nutrition; Nepal; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; I12; I31; O19; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116190
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A strategy for workplace health promotion on German dairy farms CIGR Journal
Jakob, Martina Carola; Thinius, Maxi.
Studies across the globe have shown that at least 3 out of 5 milkers experience pain in the musculoskeletal system (MSS), mostly in the upper extremities (DOUPHRATE et al., 2014, JAKOB, 2011, KOLSTRUP, 2012, PINZKE, 2003, TUURE & ALASUUTARI, 2009, KAUKE et al., 2010, THINIUS, 2012). The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is well known that dairy farming, and milking in particular is coupled with several risk factors for developing musculoskeletal disorders (KOLSTRUP, 2012). Technical measures seem to be insufficient to avoid physical overload. Therefore a more comprehensive approach seems to be necessary. In this study, four...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ergonomics; Health; Safety workplace health promotion dairy farms ergonomics TOP principle participatory approach.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3183
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After the Cap: Risk Assessment, Citizen Science and Disaster Recovery Ecology and Society
McCormick, Sabrina; George Washington University; sabmc@gwu.edu.
I used the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill to examine how crowdsourcing is used as a new form of citizen science that provides real time assessments of health-related exposures. Assessing risks of an oil spill, or disasters more generally, is a challenge complicated by the situated nature of knowledge-generation that results in differential perceptions and responses. These processes are critical in the case of the British Petroleum spill in the Gulf Coast since the identification of risks promises to have ramifications for multiple social actors, as well as the health status and long-term resilience of communities in the area. Qualitative interviews, ethnographic observations, and video data were collected with local social movement organizations,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Deepwater Horizon; Citizen science; Health; Oil spill.
Ano: 2012
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Agricultura e qualidade da agua: contaminacao da agua por nitrato. Infoteca-e
RESENDE, A. V. de..
2002
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Qualidade da agua; Contaminacao; Nitrogenio; Fosforo; Recurso hidrico; Saude; Impacto ambiental; Poluicao da agua; Water quality; Contamination; Nitrogen; Phosphorus; Water resources; Nitrates; Health; Environmental impact; Water pollution; Eutrophication.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/546464
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Agricultural efficiency, malaria incidence and health expenses among Ugandan farmers AgEcon
Ulimwengu, John M.; Badiane, Ousmane.
The importance of health in promoting economic development has been forcefully stated by the World Health Organization’s Commission on Macroeconomics and Health. In this paper, we look at the impact of own household health expenses on malaria incidence and ultimately on agricultural efficiency. We use a non-parametric method to estimate agricultural efficiency, therefore avoiding the issue of identification of the proper household agricultural production function. In addition the simar-wilson approach followed in this paper accounts for bias induced by serial correlation among farmers. A Tobit model with endogenous health production function is used to estimate the impact of malaria incidence on agricultural efficiency. Data come from the 2006 National...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Malaria; Efficiency; Tobit; Health; Agriculture; Expenses; Household; Production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103839
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America's Eating Habits: Changes and Consequences AgEcon
Individual chapters in this book provide different perspectives on the nutrition problems in the United States: what are the economic costs associated with unhealthy eating patterns; how do dietary patterns compare with dietary recommendations; how do national income and prices, advertising, health claims, and trends in eating away from home affect nutrient intake; how much do people know about nutrition and how does nutrition knowledge and attitudes affect intake of fats and cholesterol; how do different government programs and regulations influence food expenditures and consumption; what are some public and private efforts to improve healthy eating; and what are potential impacts of healthier eating on domestic agriculture.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Diet; Nutrition; Health; Eating patterns; Nutrition education; Nutrition knowledge; Dietary guidelines; Food guide pyramid; Food supply; Food consumption; Food assistance programs; School lunch; Food away from home; Advertising; Health claims; Nutrition labeling; Agriculture; Economic costs; Healthy Eating Index; Healthy People 2000; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33604
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Anais... Infoteca-e
SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO SOBRE OS BENEFÍCIOS DA SOJA PARA A SAÚDE HUMANA, 1., 2001, Londrina..
Isoflavonas in soybean products: composition, concentration and physiological effects; Usos da soja em medicina; Avaliação clínica do uso da isoflavona em TRH (Projeto Piloto); Benefícios da soja para o coração e a saúde; Soybean in the prevention and treatment of cancer; Efeito de isoflavonas sobre os sintomas da síndrome de climatério; Biotransformação de B-glicosil isoflavonas de soja em isoflavonas agliconas por B-glicosidase fúngica; Alimentos funcionais: conceituação e importância na saúde humana; Alimentos funcionais e aplicação tecnológica: padaria da saúde e centro de pesquisas em tecnologia de extrusão; Demonstração da inclusão de soja como ingrediente na alimentação diária.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Soja; Nutrição humana; Sáude; Soybeans; Human nutrition; Health.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/462835
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Ancillary Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution in the United States from Moderate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in the Electricity Sector AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Krupnick, Alan J.; Palmer, Karen L.; Paul, Anthony; Toman, Michael; Bloyd, Cary.
This paper considers how moderate actions to slow atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel use also could reduce conventional air pollutants in the United States. The benefits that result would be "ancillary" to greenhouse gas abatement. Moreover, the benefits would tend to accrue locally and in the near term, while benefits from reduced climate change mostly accrue globally and over a time frame of several decades or longer. The previous literature suggests that changes in nitrogen oxides (NOx) would be the most important consequence of moderate carbon policies. We calculate these changes in a detailed electricity model linked to an integrated assessment framework to value changes in human health. A tax of $25 per metric ton of carbon...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Greenhouse gas; Ancillary benefits; Air pollution; Co-control benefits; Nitrogen oxides; Sulfur dioxide; Carbon dioxide; Particulates; Health; Environmental Economics and Policy; H23; I18; Q48.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10664
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Avaliação dos problemas enfrentados no manejo do caramujo gigante africano Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) no Brasil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Colley,Eduardo; Fischer,Marta Luciane.
The giant African snail Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 was introduced into Paraná, Brazil, in the 1980s. Since then, it has spread across the country, despite its known invasive status on a global scale. The main objective of this study was to assess the problems faced in the management of the giant African snail. To accomplish that, we gathered and analyzed information available on the internet, scientific databases, field studies, as well as interviews and consultations with official agencies, NGOs, museums, the scientific community and people that coexist with the species. Despite the fact that extensive information has been generated regarding A. fulica (1,340 articles, 65 summaries in national annals, 40,700 pages on the internet), essential to promote...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biological invasions; Control; Economic; Environmental; Impacts; Invasive exotic species; Health.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702009000400012
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Bacteria carried by Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Sinop, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Repositório Alice
CARNEIRO, J. S.; PIRES, E. M.; NOGUEIRA, R. M.; SHIOMI, H. F.; SOARES, M. A.; OLIVEIRA, M. A.; MELO, I. S. de.
Abstract: Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae), known as blowfly, has a great capacity for dispersion and, due to factors such as food abundance and favorable climate, it colonizes Brazil completely in a short time. These insects are important because carrying microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa and helminthes, which promote many diseases. The aim of this study was to verify the diversity of bacteria carried by this species in the Federal University of Mato Grosso ? Campus of Sinop during the month of January of 2012. The flies were collected using two traps baited with 100 g of fresh sardines on each and maintained in the field for 24 hours. Twenty specimens of C. megacephala were placed in Petri dishes, to walk for two minutes...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Health; Plant protection; Bactéria; Chrysomya megacephala; Môsca varejeira; Microorganisms; Plant protection; Calliphoridae.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1003186
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BEEF '97, PART II: REFERENCE OF 1997 BEEF COW-CALF HEALTH AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AgEcon
Dargatz, David.
The NAHMS Beef '97 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's cow-calf population for education and research. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with NAHMS to select a statistically-valid sample yielding 2,713 producers from 23 states. The 23-state target population represented 85.7 percent of U.S. beef cows on January 1, 1997, and 77.6 percent of U.S. beef operations. NASS enumerators collected data for this report via a questionnaire administered on-farm from December 30, 1996, through February 3, 1997. Contact For This Paper: David Dargatz
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Beef; Cattle; Cow-calf; Health; Morbidity; Mortality; Injections; Nutrition; Implants; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32760
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Bilans de santé des organismes et des écosystèmes marins. Quels signaux biologiques mesurer ? ArchiMer
Devauchelle, Nicole.
Organisms living in marine waters are numerous and varied. Examiningtheir biological signaIs could he/p to evaluate and protect their health and that of their environment. This publication focuses on this topic, answering the fo/lowing questions: What are the measurable biological signaIs in marine organisms? Do they reflect the state of health of individuals, populations or ecosystems? Can they provide information about the specificity and level of chemical pollution? Are measurement results From bioassays useful in predicting and limiting ecological dysfunctions? ln conclusion, an integrated, operational approach is proposed to carry out environmental assessments which take biological and spatiotemporal diversity in marine waters into account. [NOT...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Health; Pollution; Homeostasis; Imbalance; Abnormalities; Aquatic; Marine ecosystems; Santé; Pollution; Homéostasie; Déséquilibre; Aquatique; Écosystèmes; Milieu marin.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/rapport-4195.pdf
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Biochemical effect of aquatic environmental pollution on the fishermen health OceanDocs
Saad, A.A.; El-Sekeily, A.M.; Moafy, N.M.; Youssef, A.I..
This study is an attempt to describe a human health risk assessment as a function of recreationl activities in relation to environmental pollution of El-Mex bay through studying the Haemoglobin-adducts (Hb-adducts) of three aromatic amines namely benzidine, alpha and beta naphthylamine as biomarker for exposure as well as biochemical effects of these pollutants on fishermen in this area, beside the determination of these substances in the tissues of 2 types of fish at the same area. The sturdy was conducted on 21 control male subjects and 78 volunteers fishermen, all the 99 subjects were chosen to be smokers. Blood glutathione content was significantly decreased in fislrermen compared with controls. On the other hand glutathione-S-transferase,...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Accumulation; Biological data; Pollution control; Aquatic environment; Health; Pollution control; Biological indicators; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6078; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25632.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1211
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Calories, Obesity and Health in OECD Countries AgEcon
Mazzocchi, Mario; Traill, W. Bruce.
Theoretical models suggest that decisions about diet, weight and health status are endogenous within a utility maximisation framework. In this paper, we model these behavioural relationships in a fixed-effect panel setting using a simultaneous equation system, with a view to determining whether economic variables can explain the trends in calorie consumption, obesity and health in OECD countries and the large differences among countries. The empirical model shows that progress in medical treatment and health expenditure mitigates mortality from diet-related diseases, despite rising obesity rates. While the model accounts for endogeneity and serial correlation, results are affected by data limitations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food consumption; Obesity; Overweight; Health; Health Economics and Policy; I12; C33.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7972
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