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A new species of Aleiodes (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Rogadinae) from Brazil, with biological notes 76
Abreu,Cássia I. V. de; Shimbori,Eduardo M.; D. Filho,Manoel M.; Penteado-Dias,Angélica M..
Aleiodes Wesmael is the most diverse rogadine genus, with koinobiont endoparasitic development in Lepidoptera caterpillars resulting in mummification of the host remains. Aleiodes japi sp. nov. is described and illustrated. Type specimens of the new species were reared from Physocleora grosica and Ischnopteris sp. (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Ennominae) larvae. Host larvae were collected on Alchornea triplinervia (Euphorbiaceae) at the Reserva Biológica Municipal da Serra do Japi, Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil. This is the second species of circumscriptus/gastritror group described from Brazil.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Geometridae; Parasitoids; Host.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212014000100015
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A new species of genus Chorebus Haliday (Hymenoptera, Alysiinae) parasitising Hexomyza caraganae Gu (Diptera, Agromyzidae) from NW China 16
Li, T.; Achterberg, C. van.
Chorebus (Stiphrocera) hexomyzae sp. n. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae, Dacnusini) is described and illustrated. It was reared from twig galls of Hexomyza caraganae Gu (Diptera, Agromyzidae) on Caragana korshinskii Kom. f. (Fabaceae) in Ningxia and Inner Mongolia (NW China). A partial key to related or similar Chorebus species is provided.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Alysiinae; Biology; Caragana korshinskii; Chorebus; Dacnusini; Hexomyza caraganae; Host; New species; Parasitoid; Twig gall.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/643485
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Amorphacarus Yezoensis spec. nov. (Acarina: Prostigmata: Myobiidae) from Sorex Unguiculatus (Mammalia: Insectivora: Soricidae) 16
Lukoschus, F.S.; Ono, Z.-E.; Uchikawa, K..
Amorphacarus yezoensis spec. nov. parasitic on Sorex unguiculatus is described with developmental stages, and is compared to the related species A. elongatus, A. alpinus and A. soricis.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Amorphacarus yezoensis spec. nov.; Acarina; Sorex unguiculatus; Host; Parasite; 42.74; 42.84.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/319064
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Bat flies (Diptera, Streblidae and Nycteribiidae) in a Cerrado area of Goiás State, Brazil 92
Graciolli,Gustavo; Zortéa,Marlon; Carvalho,Luiz Felipe Alves da Cunha.
A survey of bat flies was carried out in the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado) in the Goiás state, Brazil. We collected 227 specimens of seventeen species belonging to nine genera of Streblidae and seven specimens of four species of Basilia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903 (Nycteribiidae). Except for Paratrichobius longicrus (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907) (Streblidae), all species are new recorded in Goiás.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Hippoboscoidea; Host.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262010000300025
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Biotecnologia de produção massal de Trichograma spp. através do hospedeiro alternativo Sitotroga cerealella. 14
ALMEIDA, R. P. de.
Producao Massal de Trichogramma Producao do hospedeiro alternativo; Estrutura fisica e equipamentos utilizados.
Tipo: Folhetos Palavras-chave: Massal; Parasitoide; Trichogramma spp; Brasil; Paraiba; Campina Grande; Biotecnology; Production; Host; Biotecnologia; Controle Biológico; Produção; Sitotroga Cerealella; Biological control.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/269375
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Diptera hosts of Stylogaster Macquart (Diptera, Conopidae) from Madagascar and South Africa 92
Couri,Márcia Souto; Barros,Gabriel Pinto da Silva.
The genus Stylogaster Macquart (Diptera, Conopidae) is represented by 14 species in the Afrotropical region, five of them endemic to Madagascar and two recorded from South Africa, one of them endemic. Fifteen specimens of Muscidae, 14 from Madagascar and one from South Africa, belonging to 10 species, impaled with Stylogaster eggs were examined. Among them, three new muscid host species were found. The dissected eggs were all similar, suggesting the presence of the same species in both localities, what is not recorded until now. The available data on the dipteran Stylogaster eggs hosts in Africa is summarized. Color photos of the material examined are presented.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Afrotropical region; Dart-eggs; Host; Muscidae; Stylogaster.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262010000300003
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Doenças da seringueira. 14
GASPAROTTO, L.; FERREIRA, F. A..
Mal-das-folhas da seringueira: historico de ocorrencias e importancia economica, distribuicao geografica e hospedeiros. Microcyclus ulei: sintomatologia, isolamento, caracteristicas culturais e morfologicas, patogenicidade, variabilidade para virulencia a Hevea spp. e para resistencia ao mal-das-folhas. Ciclo do mal-das-folhas. Epidemiologia do mal-das-folhas. Controle: areas de escape, fungicidas, resistencia da planta, enxertia de copa.
Tipo: Parte de livro Palavras-chave: Mal-das-folhas; SALB; Morfologia; Ciclo; Virulencia; Brasil; Rubber tree; Fungal diseases; South American leaf blight; Geographic distribution; Host; Symptoms; Isolation methods; Morphology; Cicle; Resistance; Controle Químico; Distribuição Geográfica; Doença; Epidemiologia; Espécie; Folha; Fungo; Hevea; Hospedeiro; Isolamento; Microcyclus Ulei; Patogenicidade; Resistência; Seringueira; Sintoma; Chemical control; Epidemiology; Leaves; Pathogenicity; Virulence.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/667342
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ECTOPARASITIC FLIES (DIPTERA, STREBLIDAE) ON BATS (MAMMALIA, CHIROPTERA) IN A DRY TROPICAL FOREST IN THE NORTHERN COLOMBIA 84
DURÁN,ADRIÁN ALONSO; GARCÍA,DEIVYS M. ÁLVAREZ; GRACIOLLI,GUSTAVO.
ABSTRACT This work represents the first report of host-parasite associations between flies of the family Streblidae and their host bats in the Colombian Caribbean region. Specimens were collected in a dry tropical forest in the Sucre department. A total of 17 species (eight genera) of Streblidae, as well as 19 species from five bat families were recorded. Strebla mirabilis, Trichobius costalimai, Trichobius parasiticus and Paradyschiria parvuloides were the most abundant ectoparasites. Prevalence of ectoparasites on bat assemblage was 48.57%. In nine bat species, more than one Streblidae species were recorded. Trichobius costalimai had the greatest number of host species. We have found remarkable new associations between Artibeus planirostris and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Colombia; Host; Parasitism; Phyllostomidae.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0031-10492017000800105
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Effects of female diet and age on offspring sex ratio of the solitary parasitoid Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Rondani) (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) 92
Hu,Hao-Yuan; Chen,Zhong-Zheng; Duan,Bi-Sheng; Zheng,Jin-Tu; Zhang,Tong-Xin.
Effects of female diet and age on offspring sex ratio of the solitary parasitoid Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Rondani) (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae). Theories predict that females of parasitoid wasps would adjust the offspring sex ratio to environmental conditions in the oviposition patch, but the diet and age of females would also affect the sex ratio adjustment. Our focus was to test the effects of female diet and age on offspring sex ratio of the solitary parasitoid wasp, Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Rondani, 1875). Our results showed that females fed with honey had significantly less female biased offspring sex ratio than those fed only with water. Offspring sex ratio (male percentage) decreased with female age or female longevity at the beginning of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Behavior; Hymenoptera; Host; Parasitoid wasp; Sex ratio adjustment.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262012000200015
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Glabralysins, Potential New β-Pore-Forming Toxin Family Members from the Schistosomiasis Vector Snail Biomphalaria glabrata 5
Lassalle, Damien; Tetreau, Guillaume; Pinaud, Silvain; Galinier, Richard; Crickmore, Neil; Gourbal, Benjamain; Duval, David.
Biomphalaria glabrata is a freshwater Planorbidae snail. In its environment, this mollusk faces numerous microorganisms or pathogens, and has developed sophisticated innate immune mechanisms to survive. The mechanisms of recognition are quite well understood in Biomphalaria glabrata, but immune effectors have been seldom described. In this study, we analyzed a new family of potential immune effectors and characterized five new genes that were named Glabralysins. The five Glabralysin genes showed different genomic structures and the high degree of amino acid identity between the Glabralysins, and the presence of the conserved ETX/MTX2 domain, support the hypothesis that they are pore-forming toxins. In addition, tertiary structure prediction confirms that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pore-forming toxin; Cry toxin; Invertebrate; Biomphalaria glabrata; Host; Pathogen; Vector snail; Innate immunity.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00601/71267/69655.pdf
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Haematophagous arthropod saliva and host defense system: a tale of tear and blood 42
Andrade,Bruno B.; Teixeira,Clarissa R.; Barral,Aldina; Barral-Netto,Manoel.
The saliva from blood-feeding arthropod vectors is enriched with molecules that display diverse functions that mediate a successful blood meal. They function not only as weapons against host's haemostatic, inflammatory and immune responses but also as important tools to pathogen establishment. Parasites, virus and bacteria taking advantage of vectors' armament have adapted to facilitate their entry in the host. Today, many salivary molecules have been identified and characterized as new targets to the development of future vaccines. Here we focus on current information on vector's saliva and the molecules responsible to modify host's hemostasis and immune response, also regarding their role in disease transmission.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Saliva; Bites; Hemostasis; Host; Vector; Infection.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652005000400008
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Host plants of the carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Suriname, South America 82
Sauers-Muller,Alies van.
Fruits were collected over a 12-year period to determine the host status for the Carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock, and other tephritid species in Suriname, South America. Over 11,000 fruit samples were collected from many locations and the total of 20 fruit species were recorded as host, ranging in infestation from heavy to occasional. Over 650 samples of 188 fruit species, including many wild species, were collected and no fruit flies were reared. This work, which started specifically to obtain information on the Carambola fruit fly, resulted also in detailed information regarding the importance, distribution and host preferences of several Anastrepha species, and the status of fruit fly parasitoids.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fruit survey; Anastrepha; Infestation; Parasitoid; Host; Preference.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1519-566X2005000200008
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Host utilization during ontogeny by two pycnogonid species (Tanystylum duospinum and Ammothea hilgendorfi) parasitic on the hydroid Eucopella everta (Coelenterata: Campanulariidae) 16
Russel, David J.; Hedgpeth, Joel W..
The calyptoblast hydroids Aglaophenia struthionides (Murray, 1860), Eucopella (= Campanularia) everta (Clark, 1896), and Abietinaria spp. in the low intertidal zone at Mussel Point, Pacific Grove, Monterey Bay, California, often bear the adult pycnogonids Tanystylum duospinum Hilton, 1939 and Ammothea hilgendorfi (Böhm, 1879). Larval stages of these pycnogonids were found living and feeding on Eucopella everta. The larvae of Tanystylum duospinum are ectoparasitic. Those of Ammothea hilgendorfi are endoparasitic in the gastrovascular cavities of hydranths. Larvae of both species feed on the gut contents of Eucopella everta, often on the same hydroid colony.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Pycnogonids; Host; Hydroids; Ontogeny; Monterey Bay.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/504291
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Host-parasite interaction and impact of mite infection on mosquito population 92
Atwa,Atwa A.; Bilgrami,Anwar L.; Al-Saggaf,Ahmad I.M..
ABSTRACT During the present study, the host-parasite relationship between mosquitoes and parasitic mites was investigated. The 8954 individuals of male and female mosquitoes belonging to 26 genera: seven each of Aedes and Culex, six of Anopheles and one each of Toxorhynchites, Coquillettidia and Uranotaenia were collected from 200 sites. The male and female mosquitoes were collected from the State of Uttar Pradesh, located at 26.8500° N, 80.9100° E in North India by deploying Carbon dioxide-baited and gravid traps. The intensity of mite's infection, type and number of mites attached to mosquitoes, mite's preference for body parts and host sexes were the parameters used to determine host-parasite relationship. Eight species of mites: Arrenurus acuminatus,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mosquito; Mites; Host; Parasite; Infection; Biocontrol.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262017000200101
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Hymenoepimecis neotropica (Brues & Richardson) (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) parasitoid of Araneus omnicolor (Keyserling) (Araneae, Araneidae): first host record and new occurrence to Brazil 92
Sobczak,Jober Fernando; Loffredo,Ana Paula da Silva; Camargo,Luiza Figueiredo; Penteado-Dias,Angélica M..
Hymenoepimecis neotropica (Brues & Richardson) (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) parasitoid of Araneus omnicolor (Keyserling) (Araneae, Araneidae): first host record and new occurrence to Brazil. The species of the genus Hymenoepimecis occur only in Neotropical region, being recognized for using as their hosts spiders which build orbicular webs. That wasp was described occurring only in the Guyana. This work expands the geographical distribution of the species to Brazil and records the spider Araneus omnicolor (Araneae, Araneidae) as its host. Furthermore, it provides information about the natural history of this interaction.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Host; Parasitism; Parasitoid of spider; Pimplinae; Polysphincta.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262012000300022
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Insetos nocivos às pastagens no Estado do Pará. 14
SILVA, A. de B.; MAGALHÃES, B. P..
Tipo: Folhetos Palavras-chave: Belem; Braganca; Pará; Brasil; Insect; Pasture; Pest; Host; Controle Biológico; Controle Químico; Inseto; Hospedeiro; Pastagem; Praga; Amazonia; Chemical control; Biological control.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/376818
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Mosca branca: danos, importância econômica e medidas de controle. 14
HAJI, F. N. P.; ALENCAR, J. A. de; LIMA, M. F..
Trata sobre a mosca branca: distribuição geográfica e plantas hospedeiras, sintomas, danos e importância econômica, medidas de controle.
Tipo: Folhetos Palavras-chave: Controle; Importância econômica; Teste; Injury; Damage; Economic consequence; Host; Plant; Insect; Inseto; Dano; Mosca Branca; Planta Hospedeira; Aleyrodidae.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/132234
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New nemertean worms (Carcinonemertidae) on bythograeid crabs (Decapoda : Brachyura) from pacific hydrothermal vent sites 5
Shields, J; Segonzac, Michel.
Several species of crabs from hydrothermal vent sites in the Pacific Ocean Were found to be infested by small, symbiotic nemertean worms. Worms occurred on both male and female crabs, and were located in mucous sheaths adhering to the axillae between the limbs of males and females, the setae of the pleopods of females, and the sterna of infested male and female crabs. Only juvenile and regressed adult worms were observed, primarily because no ovigerous hosts were examined. Similar species of worms mature by eating eggs, then regress or die after host eclosion. Based on the size of the worms from file vent crabs, their habitus with their crustacean hosts, the presence of accessory stylet pouches, and the presence of a single stylet on a large basis...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Symbiotic egg predator; Red king crab; De fuca ridge; N SP nemertea; Paralithodes camtschatica; Cold seeps; Crustaceans; Host; Infestation; Australia.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-4753.pdf
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OCCURRENCE OF MELOIDOGYNE JAVANICA PARASITING ROOTS AND NODULES OF PEANUTS IN PARAGUAY 53
LORDELLO,RUBENS RODOLFO ALBUQUERQUE; LORDELLO,ANA INES LUCENA; GODOY,IGNÁCIO JOSÉ DE.
The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica (Treub, 1885) Chitwood, 1949, was identified in roots, nodules and shells of peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L.), cv. Florman-INTA, collected from a field in Menno colony, Chaco Central region of Paraguay. Infected plants were observed in patches, showing wilting and drying of vegetative parts. Peanut had been grown ininterruptly for many years in the same area and patches had already been observed in the preceding year in cv. Starr. Nematodes collected from roots in this field reproduced on tomato cultivar rutgers and peanut cultivar florunner and produced egg-masses on roots, nodules and shells of cultivar Florman. This is the first report on M. javanica parasiting peanut in Paraguay.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Root-knot nematode; Meloidogyne javanica; Peanut; Arachis hypogaea; Occurrence; Damage; Host; Nodules; Shells; Meloidogyne javanica; Arachis hypogaea.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0006-87051997000100009
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Rearing of Thyrinteina arnobia (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) on guava and Eucalyptus in laboratory 52
Oliveira,Harley Nonato de; Zanuncio,José Cola; Pedruzzi,Eder Pin; Espindula,Marcelo Curitiba.
Thyrinteina arnobia, is one of the most important defoliating caterpillars of Eucalyptus in Brazil The objective of this work was to evaluate the development and the reproduction of feeding on leaves of guava (Psidium guajava) or Eucalyptus grandis in the 15th generation, after rearing this species for 14 genrations on guava leaves. T. arnobia showed shorter larval period, better viability of caterpillars and pupae, heavier pupae, higher number of eggs per female, better egg viability and shorter longevity of females in guava leaves than in Eucalyptus leaves. The better development and reproduction with P. guajava showed that this insect could be reared in laboratory with guava leaves.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Psidium guajava; Defoliator; Mass rearing; Host; Eucalyptus grandis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132005000600016
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