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Analysis of Bone Variations of the Occipital Bone in Man International Journal of Morphology
da Mata,João Roberto; da Mata,Fabiana Ribe; Aversi-Ferreira,Tales Alexandre.
Inadequate ossification of the interparietal region induces the appearance of interparietal and wormian bones, also associated with genetic factors. The formation of the interparietal bone depends on the separation of the intermediate segment from the lateral plate by the transverse occipital suture, which means that this bone is formed by the medial and lateral plates. Wormian interparietal bones or epactal bones are located within the interparietal region, being single or multiple, and are located in the upper central region of the interparietal region, the sutural bones, however, are formed from additional ossification centers that can occur in near sutures. The aim of this work was to macroscopically evaluated the presence of changes in the structure...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Skull; Human; Interparietal bone; Sutural bone.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000100035
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Anatomical Characteristics of Deer and Sheep Lumbar Spines: Comparison to the Human Lumbar Spine International Journal of Morphology
Wang,Yang; Liu,Ting; Song,Liang-Song; Zhang,Zhi-Xin; Li,You-Qiong; Lu,Lai-Jin.
Deer and sheep spines are often used as models of the human spine. A prerequisite for the use of animal models is information regarding the interspecies differences in the parameters of general interest. This would clarify the limitations of each animal model and substantiate the applicability of the obtained results to humans. Since sufficient data appear to be currently unavailable, we sought to investigate the feasibility of using deer and sheep as animal models for studies on the human spine. The objective of this study was a thorough comparison of the anatomical parameters of deer and sheep spines with those of the human spine. We employed three-dimensional reconstructions of computed tomography images, generated using figure analysis software, which...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Spine; Animal model; Comparative anatomy; Sheep; Deer; Human.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000100018
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Anti-Leptospira spp and anti-Brucella spp antibodies in humans from rural area of Monte Negro municipality, state of Rondônia, Brazilian Western Amazon BJM
Aguiar,Daniel M.; Cavalcante,Guacyara T.; Camargo,Luis M. A.; Labruna,Marcelo B.; Vasconcellos,Silvio A.; Souza,Gisele O.; Gennari,Solange M..
Sera from 276 humans living in 71 farms located in Monte Negro Municipality, RO., Western Amazon, Brazil were examined for anti-Leptospira spp antibodies by Microscopic Agglutination Test and for anti-Brucella spp antibodies by Tube Agglutination Test. Leptospira spp antibodies were detected in 28 (10.2%) of them with at least one positive case in 23 farms (32.4%). The most frequent leptospira serovars were Patoc (46.7%), Autumnalis (10.0%) and Shermani (10.0%). The proportion of positive males (14.5%) were higher than females (5.0%; P <0.05) and the contact with river water presented association with Leptospira spp infection (OR: 27; P=0.01). A total of 04 (1.4%) humans reacted against Brucella antigens; three farms (4.2%) presented at least one...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Human; Leptospirosis; Brucellosis; Amazon; Brazil.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822007000100019
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Assessment of health risks and local intervention associated to living together with dogs and cats, developed at Jardim Parana, district of Brasilandia. São Paulo, Sp,- Brazil, 2003 MV&Z
Gomes, Luciana Hardt; de Almeida, Marilene Fernandes; Paranhos, Noêmia Tucunduva; Garcia, Rita de Cássia; Nunes, Vânia de Fátima Plaza; Montenegro Neto, Hildebrando; Cardoso, Sônia Maria Sodré.
Objective: To carry out a situational diagnosis of interactions among man, animal and environment, to test intervention and control model in dogs and cats and lo make local population aware in order to improve human and animal health. Material and Method: The project "Evaluation of risks to the heath and local intervention associated to living together with dogs and cats" was carried out in the area invaded in Jardim Paraná, District of Brasilândia, São PauLo city, Brazil, in 2003 by the Center of Zoonosis Control of the São Paulo Municipality. Animal census, vaccinations, treatment of ectoparasitosis and endoparasitosis, animal register, animal sterilization, serological and soil examinations and removal of animals was carried through. Forty seven percent...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zoonoses; Community health; Local planning; Animal health; Environment; Risk factors; Human; Animal; Interactions; Intervention; Population control; Sterilization; Dogs; Cats Zoonosis; Planificación en salud comunitaria; Estrategias locales; Salud animal; Medio ambiente y salud publica; Factores de riesgo; Hombres; Animales; Vínculo ser humano-animal; Estudios de intervención; Regulación de la población zoonoses; Planejamento em saúde comunitária; Estratégias locais; Saúde animal; Meio ambiente e saúde pública; Fatores de risco; Homens; Animais; Vínculo homem-animal; Estudos de intervenção; Controle da população; Esterilização reprodutiva; Cães; Gatos.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/3262
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Association of Bartonella spp bacteremia with Chagas cardiomyopathy, endocarditis and arrythmias in patients from South America BJMBR
Corrêa,F.G.; Pontes,C.L.S.; Verzola,R.M.M.; Mateos,J.C.P.; Velho,P.E.N.F.; Schijman,A.G.; Selistre-de-Araujo,H.S..
Infection with Bartonella spp may cause cardiac arrhythmias, myocarditis and endocarditis in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a possible association between Bartonella spp bacteremia and endocarditis, arrhythmia and Chagas cardiomyopathy in patients from Brazil and Argentina. We screened for the presence of bacterial 16S rRNA in human blood by PCR using oligonucleotides to amplify a 185-bp bacterial DNA fragment. Blood samples were taken from four groups of subjects in Brazil and Argentina: i) control patients without clinical disease, ii) patients with negative blood-culture endocarditis, iii) patients with arrhythmias, and iv) patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy. PCR products were analyzed on 1.5% agarose gel to visualize the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Human; PCR; Bartonella spp; Chagas disease; Endocarditis; Arrhythmia.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2012000700012
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Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in humans in a rural area of Paraná State, Brazil BJM
Gonçalves,Daniela Dib; Moura,Rodrigo Assunção; Nunes,Mônica; Carreira,Teresa; Vidotto,Odilon; Freitas,Julio Cesar; Vieira,Maria Luísa.
This study describes the detection of Borrelia garinii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (s.s.) in Brazilian individuals using PCR and DNA sequencing. Our results suggest that these species are emerging pathogens in this country, and additional studies are necessary to determine the epidemiological characteristics of this disease in Brazil.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Brazil; Human; Lyme borreliosis; PCR; Sequencing.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822015000200571
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Bronchial tree Architecture in Mammals of Diverse Body Mass International Journal of Morphology
Monteiro,Adilson; Smith,Ricardo Luiz.
The anatomy of mammal's lung air space constitutes the bronchial tree which disposition is associated to air flux dynamics. Casts obtained from human, pig and rat lungs were studied to analyze possible differences of the bronchial tree architecture in mammals with diverse dimensions and posture. Air spaces were filled with polymers through trachea followed by acid corrosion. Tracheal and main bronchial division's diameters were measured to relate with body mass using allometry. The results revealed a dichotomic bronchial branching pattern in the human casts and a monopodial pattern in animals. In allometric relationship trachea was larger in rats, then pigs and lastly in humans, differences were statistically significant, the same occurs in right bronchus,...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bronchia; Anatomy; Human; Pig; Rat.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000100050
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CHORDAE TENDINEAE ARCHITECTURE IN THE PAPILLARY MUSCLE INSERTION International Journal of Morphology
Wang Gusukuma,Luciana; Prates,José Carlos; Smith,Ricardo Luiz.
Chordae tendineae architecture and their junction with papillary muscle were studied with scanning electron microscopy, comparing human and swine hearts. Papillary muscles with the corresponding chordae tendineae were obtained from human and pig (Sus scrofa) hearts after exposition of the left ventricle cavity, fixed with 4% formaldehyde. The specimens were sectioned in small samples and divided in four groups, a control one and the others submitted to digestion in a solution of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite in saline solution during 5, 10 and 15 minutes respectively. The specimens were washed and fixed in 1% osmium tetroxide in cacodylate buffer, kept in 1% tannic acid for 30 minutes, dehydrated and critical point dried, mounted and sputtered with gold. The...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Chordae tendineae; Architecture; Human; Pigs; Scanning electron microscopy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022004000400005
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CLIMATE CHANGE AND RURAL WORKERS THERMAL COMFORT: HISTORICAL AND FUTURE IMPACTS REA
Amaro,André L. N.; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki; Yanagi,Sílvia de N. M.; Ferraz,Gabriel A. E S.; Campos,Alessandro T..
Abstract The aim of the present research was to propose a bioclimatic mapping to classify the thermal comfort and discomfort of rural workers within the state of Minas Gerais, considering historical and future scenarios. Monthly historical series (1976-2014) of minimum, mean and maximum temperature-humidity index (THI), determined through the values of air temperature (minimum, mean and maximum) and relative humidity from 48 weather stations located in the state of Minas Gerais were used to analyze the trends through Mann-Kendall and linear regression assays. The bioclimatic mapping of human comfort, obtained via geostatistical analysis, was developed as a function of the minimum, medium and maximum THI for the historical period (1976-2014) and future...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Human; Biometeorology; Human thermal comfort; THI; Time series.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162018000200173
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Comparative assessment of human and farm animal faecal microbiota using real-time quantitative PCR ArchiMer
Furet, Jean-pierre; Firmesse, Olivier; Gourmelon, Michele; Bridonneau, Chantal; Tap, Julien; Mondot, Stanislas; Dore, Joel; Corthier, Gerard.
Pollution of the environment by human and animal faecal pollution affects the safety of shellfish, drinking water and recreational beaches. To pinpoint the origin of contaminations, it is essential to define the differences between human microbiota and that of farm animals. A strategy based on real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays was therefore developed and applied to compare the composition of intestinal microbiota of these two groups. Primers were designed to quantify the 16S rRNA gene from dominant and subdominant bacterial groups. TaqMan((R)) probes were defined for the qPCR technique used for dominant microbiota. Human faecal microbiota was compared with that of farm animals using faecal samples collected from rabbits, goats, horses, pigs, sheep...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Quantitative PCR; Faecal microbiota; Human; Farm animals.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11071/11297.pdf
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Comparative Morphometry of the Olfactory Bulb, Tract and Stria in the Human, Dog and Goat International Journal of Morphology
Kavoi,Boniface M; Jameela,Hassanali.
Morphometric parameters of olfactory brain components show species-dependent variations. However, the association of these parameters with olfactory function vis-à-vis ecological and evolutionary behaviors is poorly understood. In this study, a morphometric analysis of the olfactory bulb, tract and stria was carried out in three ecologically diverse animals comprising humans (primate), dogs (carnivore) and goats (herbivore) to elucidate differences in morphometry in relation to olfactory function. Using formalin-fixed brains, volumes and linear measurements of the olfactory structures were determined and correlated with those of cerebrum and the whole brain. The volume of the olfactory bulb was greatest in dogs, followed by goats and humans and constituted...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Morphometry; Olfactory brain; Human; Dog; Goat.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300047
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Comparative Scanning Electron Microscopy of Platelets and Fibrin Networks of Human and Differents Animals International Journal of Morphology
Pretorius,E; Vieira,W. A; Oberholzer,H. M; Auer,R. E. J.
The purpose of the present study was to compare the platelet and fibrin network ultrastructure of humans to eight different animal species in order to determine the differences between human and animal platelet and fibrin morphology, and to determine whether the animals studied differ in their platelet and fibrin morphology, and whether these differences can be observed by scanning electron microscopy. Platelets and fibrin networks play an important role both in the coagulation process as well as physiologically in allergic processes and immunological mechanisms. The thickness of human fibrin networks were compared to mouse (Mus musculus), equine (Equus caballus), vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops previously Cercopithecus aethiops), oryx (Oryx gazella),...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Scanning electron microscopy; Platelets; Fibrin networks; Human; Animals.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022009000100013
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Diagnostic moléculaire de l'origine des contaminations fécales dans l'environnement littoral - Développement de marqueurs Bacteroidales spécifiques de l'hôte ArchiMer
Mieszkin, Sophie.
Human and animal faecal pollution affects environmental water in inland and coastal areas, with negative implications for recreational uses, public safety and shellfish sanitary status due to the presence of enteric pathogens. Starting from 2011, the revised Bathing Water European Directive (2006/7/CE) requires the establishment of bathing water profiles with an inventory and study of the pollution sources likely to affect water quality. The faecal microbiological indicators used in these regulations, Escherichia coli and enteroccoci, cannot distinguish between human and animal faecal contamination. Thus, alternative methods, that focus on target microorganisms such as bacteria belonging to the Bacteroidales order were developed or are being developed to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Contaminations fécales humaines; Porcines et ruminants; Bacteroidales; Gènes codant les ARNr 16S; PCR quantitative en temps réel; Eaux; Persistance; Huîtres; Human; Porcine and ruminant faecal contaminations; Bacteroidales; 16S rRNA genes; Quantitative real-time PCR; Water; Persistence; Oyster.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00021/13206/10258.pdf
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Does the change on gastrointestinal tract microbiome affects host? BJID
Beirão,Elisa M.; Padovan,Ana Carolina B.; Furtado,Juvêncio J.D.; Colombo,Arnaldo L.; Medeiros,Eduardo A.S..
During the past decade, studies on the composition of human microbiota and its relation to the host became one of the most explored subjects of the medical literature. The development of high-throughput molecular technologies allowed a deeper characterization of human microbiota and a better understanding of its relationship with health and disease. Changes in human habits including wide use of antimicrobials can result in dysregulation of host–microbiome homeostasis, with multiple consequences. The purpose of this review is to highlight the most important evidence in the literature of host–microbiome interactions and illustrate how these intriguing relations may lead to new treatment and prevention strategies.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gastrintestinal microbiome; Human.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702014000600660
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Effect of exogenous nitric oxide on sperm motility in vitro Biol. Res.
Wang,Jiangtao; He,Qingliu; Yan,Xingyu; Cai,Youmei; Chen,Junyi.
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to be important in sperm function, and the concentration of NO appears to determine these effects. Studies have demonstrated both positive and negative effects of NO on sperm function, but have not been able to provide a clear link between NO concentration and the extent of exposure to NO. To study the relationship between nitric oxide and sperm capacitationin vitro, and to provide a theoretical basis for the use of NO-related preparations in improving sperm motility for in vitro fertilization, we investigated the effects of NO concentration and time duration at these concentrations on in vitro sperm capacitation in both normal and abnormal sperm groups. We manipulated NO concentrations and the time duration of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Nitric oxide; Sperm capacitation; Sperm motility; Time; Human.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602014000100044
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Effects of a Bovine Alpha S1-Casein Tryptic Hydrolysate (CTH) on Sleep Disorder in Japanese General Population Inra
de Saint-Hilaire, Z.; Messaoudi, M.; Desor, D.; Kobayashi, T..
This study describes the effect of bovine alpha-S1 casein tryptic hydrolysate (CTH) in a representative sample of day-time workers from the general population of Japan with the occurrence of insomnia during the preceding six months. To investigate this issue, 32 subjects, aged between 25 and 40 years, were examined for the subjective sleep quality using the Japanese Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J).CTH significantly improves the PSQI total score of the treated subjects. It particularly improves the sleep quality after two weeks of treatment, decreases the sleep latency and the daytime dysfunction after four weeks of treatment.Given the antistress properties of CTH, it seems possible to relate the detected improvement of sleep aspects to a reduction...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Alpha-S1 casein tryptic hydrolysate; Sleep; PSQI; Human.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20101e4537d6&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/06/
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Evaluation of behavioral states among morning and evening active healthy individuals BJMBR
Hidalgo,M.P.; Camozzato,A.; Cardoso,L.; Preussler,C.; Nunes,C.E.; Tavares,R.; Posser,M.S.; Chaves,M.L.F..
The Horne-Östberg questionnaire partly covers some factors that may be important determinants of peak time and characterize patterns of behavior. We conducted a study for the evaluation of self-reported behavioral states (hunger sensation, availability for study, physical exercise, solving daily problems, and time preferences) as expressions of underlying cyclic activity. Three hundred and eighteen community subjects without history of medical, psychiatric, or sleep disorders were evaluated in a cross-sectional design. A self-report about daily highest level of activity was used to categorize individuals into morning, evening, and indifferently active. Time-related behavioral states were evaluated with 23 visual analog questions. The responses to most...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Chronobiology; Morningness; Eveningness; Circadian rhythm; Behavior; Human.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2002000700012
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Fatal adenoviral necrotizing bronchiolitis case in a post-cardiac surgery intensive care unit BJID
Castelli,Jussara Bianchi; Siciliano,Rinaldo F; Vieira,Ricardo D; Aiello,Vera D; Strabelli,Tânia MV.
We report a case of a 67 year-old-male patient admitted to the intensive care unit in the post-coronary bypass surgery period who presented cardiogenic shock, acute renal failure and three episodes of sepsis, the latter with pulmonary distress at the 30th post-operative day. The patient expired within five days in spite of treatment with vancomycin, imipenem, colistimethate and amphotericin B. At autopsy severe adenovirus pneumonia was found. Viral pulmonary infections following cardiovascular surgery are uncommon. We highlight the importance of etiological diagnosis to a correct treatment approach.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Adenovirus infections; Human; Intensive care units; Bronchiolitis; Viral; Thoracic surgery.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702011000300018
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H9N2 avian influenza virus antibody titers in human population in fars province, Iran Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Hadipour,MM.
Among the avian influenza A virus subtypes, H5N1 and H9N2 viruses have the potential to cause an influenza pandemic because they are widely prevalent in avian species in Asia and have demonstrated the ability to infect humans. This study was carried out to determined the seroprevalence of H9N2 avian influenza virus in different human populations in Fars province, which is situated in the south of Iran. Antibodies against H9N2 avian influenza virus were measured using hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test in sera from 300 individuals in five different population in Fars province, including poultry-farm workers, slaughter-house workers, veterinarians, patients with clinical signs of respiratory disease, and clinically normal individuals, who were not or...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avian influenza virus; Fars province; Human; H9N2; Iran; Seroprevalence.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2010000300004
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Infectious keratitis secondary to Histoplasma capsulatum: the first case reports in humans BJID
Arcieri,Enyr S.; Rocha,Ademir; Mendonça,Camila N.; Andreo,Eduardo G. V.; Finotti,Ioná G.A.; Furlanetto,Rafael L.; Arcieri,Rafael S.; Rocha,Flávio J.; Rizzo,Luiz V..
The authors report an unusual case of fungal keratitis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum in a male immunocompetent patient. PCR confirmed the presence of the fungus DNA in the material studied. To our knowledge this is the first reported case in humans described all over the world.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Human; Keratitis; Histoplasma; Diagnosis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702007000600013
Registros recuperados: 30
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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