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Registros recuperados: 40
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A Global Hunger Index: Measurement Concept, Ranking of Countries, and Trends AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Progress in combating hunger and undernutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to fight hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power among the poor have hampered their implementation. Since indices have proven to be powerful tools for advocacy and are able to capture multifaceted phenomena, the Global Hunger Index (GHI) was developed to increase attention to the hunger problem and mobilize the political will to speed up urgently needed progress in the fight against hunger. The GHI captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Undernutrition; Child malnutrition; Child mortality; Food availability; Indicators; HIV/AIDS; Conflict; War; Developing countries; Countries in transition; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55891
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Characteristics of Low-Income Households With Very Low Food Security: An Analysis of the USDA GPRA Food Security Indicator AgEcon
Nord, Mark.
This Economic Information Bulletin describes characteristics of low-income households that had very low food security in 2005. The U.S. Department of Agriculture monitors the food security of low-income households to assess how effectively the Government’s domestic nutrition assistance programs meet the needs of their target populations. USDA seeks to reduce the prevalence of very low food security among low-income households as part of its strategic plan under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Very low food security; Hunger; Food stamp program; School lunch program; WIC; GPRA; ERS; USDA; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59030
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Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J..
We explore how globalization, broadly conceived to include international human-rights norms, humanitarianism, and alternative trade, might influence peaceful and food-secure outlooks and outcomes. The paper draws on our previous work on conflict as a cause and effect of hunger and also looks at agricultural exports as war commodities. We review studies on the relationships between (1) conflict and food insecurity, (2) conflict and globalization, and (3) globalization and food insecurity. Next, we analyze country-level, historical contexts where export crops, such as coffee and cotton, have been implicated in triggering and perpetuating conflict. These cases suggest that it is not export cropping per se, but production and trade structures and food and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Conflict; War; Globalization; Export cropping; Coffee; Cotton; Sugar; Human-rights; Right-to-food; Fair trade; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55898
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Conflicts, Rural Development and Food Security in West Africa AgEcon
Flores, Margarita.
This paper examines food security in the context of conflict in West Africa. The analysis developed in the paper recognises the importance of defining conflict type and the trends in conflict so that conflict and post-conflict policies may be implemented. The relationship between food security and conflict is analysed. Whilst conflict exacerbates food security, food insecurity can itself fuel conflict. Strategies designed to assist in post-war rehabilitation need to address key dimensions of food security: availability, access and stability. It is argued in this paper, that consideration of these three dimensions are necessary joint conditions in moving towards a reduction in the numbers of hungry. The cases of Sierra Leone and Liberia are examined to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: West Africa; Conflict; Food Security; Crisis; Hunger; Food Security and Poverty; N47; N57; O13; O18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23811
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DO FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS IMPROVE HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY?: RECENT EVIDENCE FROM THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Huffman, Sonya Kostova; Jensen, Helen H..
Food assistance programs play an important role in meeting the basic needs of low income households. This paper examines the interaction among food stamps, labor force participation and food insecurity status of low-income households under different program design and economic conditions. A simultaneous equation model with three probit equations links the program, work force participation and outcome. Results based on the Survey of Program Dynamics data suggest that Food Stamp Program participation is more responsive to changes in the program benefits than to changes in unemployment rate or nonlabor income; food insecurity status is more responsive to changes in the food program benefit or unemployment rate, than to nonlabor income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Food security; Hunger; And welfare programs; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22219
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Does SNAP Decrease Food Insecurity? Untangling the Self-Selection Effect AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Golla, Anne Marie.
Self-selection by more food-needy households into the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program) makes it difficult to observe positive effects of the program in survey data. This study investigates self-selection and ameliorative program effects by examining households’ food security month by month for several months prior to initial receipt of SNAP benefits and for several months after joining the program. Two-year panels are constructed by matching the same households interviewed in the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement in 2 consecutive years using data from 2001 to 2006. Food security is observed to deteriorate in the 6 months prior to beginning to receive SNAP benefits and to improve...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Food stamps; Food security; Hunger; Very low food security; SNAP; Longitudinal analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55955
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DYNAMICS OF POVERTY AND FOOD SUFFICIENCY AgEcon
Ribar, David C.; Hamrick, Karen S..
This study examines dynamics in poverty and food insufficiency using newly available longitudinal data from the 1993 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation SIPP) and the follow-on Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD). The study uses these data to characterize the incidence and dynamics of poverty and food problems for the entire U.S. population and for different subgroups. It also estimates multivariate, discrete-choice regression models to examine the factors associated with transitions into and out of poverty and food insufficiency, and it analyzes the empirical results in the context of a life-cycle model of income and food consumption. Results indicate that the incidence of food insufficiency in the United States is low-less than 3 percent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food sufficiency; Food insufficiency; Food security; Food insecurity; Poverty; Well-being; Hunger; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33851
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Ecosystems for water and food security. [Background paper] AgEcon
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agroecosystems; Agriculture; Food security; Food production; Water scarcity; Water management; Water productivity; Wetlands; Water use; Decision making; Environmental flows; Developing countries; Hunger; Poverty; Fisheries; Climate change; Agroforestry; Biodiversity; Rangelands; Livestock; Rainfed farming; Policy; Landscape; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124386
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Eliminating Fruit and Vegetable Planting Restrictions: How Would Markets Be Affected? AgEcon
Johnson, D. Demcey; Krissoff, Barry; Young, C. Edwin; Hoffman, Linwood A.; Lucier, Gary; Breneman, Vincent E..
Eighty-nine percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2005, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity declined from 11.9 percent of households in 2004 to 11.0 percent in 2005, while the prevalence of very low food security remained unchanged at 3.9 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2005 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Food spending; Food pantry; Hunger; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7249
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Exploring Statistics South Africa’s national household surveys as sources of information about household-level food security AgEcon
Aliber, Michael.
This article seeks to contribute to an understanding of household-level food security in South Africa using publicly available household survey data from Statistics South Africa. The two datasets that are used in particular are the General Household Survey, an annual household survey that began in 2002, and the Income and Expenditure Survey of 2005/06. Because these surveys are not designed for the analysis of household-level food security, it is not possible to do the kind of detailed analysis made possible by purpose-designed surveys. However these datasets have some value in respect of understanding food security, namely: large sample sizes; the depth of complementary types of information that assist in contextualising the experience of food insecurity...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food security; Household survey; Hunger; Food expenditure; Statistics South Africa; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58213
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2001 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
Tiehen, Laura.
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2000. The results of these research projects were presented at the 2001 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food insecurity and hunger, nutritional outcomes, and the causes and consequences of food assistance program participation. Some projects focus on specific populations,such as people living in the rural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33815
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2002 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
Tiehen, Laura.
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2001. The results of these research projects were presented at the October 2002 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food insecurity and hunger, nutritional status and diet quality, Federal food assistance program participation, and the role of private-sector organizations in the provision of food assistance. Some...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33829
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2003 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2002. The results of these research projects were presented at the November 2003 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food assistance and child well-being, food insecurity and hunger, the dynamics of food assistance program participation, obesity, and the role of community factors in dietary intake and food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33849
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Food Insecurity in Households with Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics AgEcon
Nord, Mark.
Eighty-four percent of U.S. households with children were food secure throughout 2007, meaning that they had consistent access to adequate food for active, healthy lives for all household members. Nearly 16 percent of households with children were food insecure sometime during the year, including 8.3 percent in which children were food insecure and 0.8 percent in which one or more children experienced very low food security—the most severe food-insecure condition measured by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Numerous studies suggest that children in food-insecure households have higher risks of health and development problems than children in otherwise similar food-secure households. This study found that about 85 percent of households with...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Children; SNAP; Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; WIC; National School Lunch Program; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58616
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Food Security in Developing Countries AgEcon
Staatz, John M.; Boughton, Duncan; Donovan, Cynthia.
This paper provides a systematic definition of food security, focusing on its different dimensions; examines the nature and magnitude of the different dimensions of food insecurity in developing countries; discusses the difficult tradeoffs that policy makers face in trying to address food security’s multiple dimensions simultaneously; and explores promising new approaches to address food insecurity. The geographic focus is on Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, where the majority of the world’s food insecure people live.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Hunger; Poverty; Food policy; Economic development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; O13; O19; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49227
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Halving Hunger: Meeting the First Millennium Development Goal through "Business as Unusual" AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen.
In 2000, the world’s leaders set a target of halving the percentage of hungry people between 1990 and 2015. This rather modest target constitutes part of the first Millennium Development Goal, which also calls for halving the proportion of people living in poverty and achieving full employment. However, the effort to meet the hunger target has swerved off track, and the world is getting farther and farther away from realizing this objective. The goal of halving hunger by 2015 can still be achieved, but business as usual will not be enough. What is needed is “business as unusual”—a smarter, more innovative, better focused, and cost-effective approach to reducing hunger.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Developing countries; Developing countries; Economic policy; Hunger; Developing countries; Millennium Development Goals (MDG); Policies; Poverty; Developing countries; Rural development; Developing countries; Social protection; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92808
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HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 2001 AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Andrews, Margaret S.; Carlson, Steven.
Eighty-nine percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year 2001. The rest were food insecure at least some time during the year, meaning they did not always have access to enough food for active, healthy lives for all household members because they lacked sufficient money or other resources for food. The prevalence of food insecurity rose from 10.1 percent in 1999 to 10.7 percent in 2001, and the prevalence of food insecurity with hunger rose from 3.0 percent to 3.3 percent during the same period. This report, based on data from the December 2001 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Food spending; Food pantry; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33865
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HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 2002 AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Andrews, Margaret S.; Carlson, Steven.
Eighty-nine percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year 2002, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity rose from 10.7 percent in 2001 to 11.1 percent in 2002, and the prevalence of food insecurity with hunger rose from 3.3 percent to 3.5 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2002 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community food assistance...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Food spending; Food pantry; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33857
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HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 2003 AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Andrews, Margaret S.; Carlson, Steven.
Eighty-nine percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2003, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity, 11.2 percent of households, was not statistically different from the 11.1 percent observed in 2002. The prevalence of food insecurity with hunger was unchanged at 3.5 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2003 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Food pantry; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33835
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Household Food Security in the United States, 2004 AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Andrews, Margaret S..
Eighty-eight percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2004, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity rose from 11.2 percent of households in 2003 to 11.9 percent in 2004, and the prevalence of food insecurity with hunger rose from 3.5 percent to 3.9 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2004 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Food spending; Food pantry; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33596
Registros recuperados: 40
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