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Behavior pattern of beef heifers supplemented with different energy sources on oat and ryegrass pasture R. Bras. Zootec.
Pizzuti,Luiz Angelo Damian; Alves Filho,Dari Celestino; Brondani,Ivan Luiz; Pacheco,Paulo Santana; Freitas,Leandro da Silva; Segabinazzi,Luciane Rumpel; Callegaro,Álisson Marian; Teixeira,Odilene de Souza.
The objective of this study was to evaluate behavior patterns of heifers grazing on black oat (Avena strigosa Schreb.) and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), fed supplementation with brown rice meal and/or protected fat. A total of 28 Charolais × Nellore crossbred heifers at average initial age of 18 months and with initial live weight of 274.9±4.97 kg were used in the experiment. Animals were kept in oat + ryegrass pastures and distributed in the following treatments: no supplementation; Megalac (MEG): protected fat supplementation; supplementation with brown rice meal (BRM); and supplementation with BRM + MEG. The neutral detergent fiber (NDF) intake of pasture either in kg or in percentage of live weight was not changed by supply of supplement, but...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feeding stations; Grazing; Idle; Neutral detergent fiber; Number of bites; Rumination.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000800017
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Behavior patterns of cows with Charolais or Nellore breed predominance fed diets with plant extract or monensin sodium R. Bras. Zootec.
Segabinazzi,Luciane Rumpel; Viégas,Julio; Freitas,Leandro da Silva; Brondani,Ivan Luiz; Argenta,Flânia Mônego; Binotto,Juliano.
The objective of this research was to study the ingestive behavior of feedlot cows fed additives based on plant extracts or monensin sodium. Twenty-four Charolais and Nellore crossbred cows with age and average initial weight of 7 years and 423 kg, respectively, were used. The experimental diets were plant extracts: basal diet + 5 g/animal/day of a natural additive composed of 750 mg of essential oil of thyme (Thymus vulgaris), 150 mg of garlic (Allium sativum), 250 mg of rosemary extract (Rosmarimus officinalis), 250 mg of canola oil (Brassica napus), 250 mg extract of quillaja (Quillaja saponaria), and 3350 mg of corn starch; sodium monensin: basal diet + 300 mg/monensin/animal/day; and control: basal diet without additive. The basal diet contained...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chewing; Feedlot; Growth promoter; Idle; Rumination.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011001200044
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Characteristics of forage and feeding behavior of Nellore heifers fed hydrolyzed sugarcane R. Bras. Zootec.
Missio,Regis Luis; Oliveira,Mauro Dal Secco de; Sforcini,Mariana Paula Rossi; Abud,Guilherme de Carvalho; Ferrari,Viviane Borba; Elejalde,Denise Adelaide Gomes; Ezequiel,Jane Maria Bertocco.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical characteristics of the forage and ingestive behavior of Nellore heifers fed hydrolyzed sugarcane in different periods of storage. Twenty-four heifers with initial body weight of 119.6±8.1 kg were utilized. The experimental design was completely randomized, in which the treatments were diets with fresh sugarcane and hydrolyzed sugarcane (5 g of lime kg-1 of chopped sugarcane) stored for 24, 48 or 72 hours as the only roughage. The addition of lime to sugarcane associated with its storage up to 72 hours provided an increase of 20% of the potentially degradable cell wall of carbohydrates, from 382.4 to 458.8 g kg-1 of total carbohydrates. The in vitro digestibility of dry matter was altered by the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digestibility; Hydrated lime; Idle; Nonstructural carbohydrates; Rumination.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000900018
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Comportamento ingestivo de cabras leiteiras alimentadas com farelo de cacau ou torta de dendê. Repositório Alice
CARVALHO, G.G.P. de; PIRES, A.J.V.; SILVA, F.F. da; BONOMO, P.; MENDONÇA, S. de S..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar os efeitos de diferentes níveis de farelo de cacau e torta de dendê (0, 15 e 30%) em substituição ao milho e farelo de soja no concentrado, sobre o comportamento ingestivo de cinco cabras Saanen, lactantes, não prenhes, com peso corporal médio inicial de 41,6 kg, alojadas em baias individuais durante cinco períodos experimentais. O volumoso utilizado foi a silagem de milho, em proporção de 40:60 (volumoso:concentrado). Distribuídos em um delineamento em quadrado latino 5x5, os animais foram observados em cada um dos cinco tratamentos, ao final de cada período experimental, durante 24 horas, a intervalos de 10 minutos. Não houve diferença entre os tempos de alimentação, ruminação e ócio. Embora os animais que receberam...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alimentação; Descanso; Ruminação; Subprodutos; Feeding; Idle; Rumination; Byproducts.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/112532
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Consumo e comportamento ingestivo de caprinos e ovinos alimentados com palma gigante (Opuntia ficus-indica Mill) e palma orelha-de-elefante (Opuntia sp.) - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i2.4684 Animal Sciences
de Almeida Cavalcanti, Maria Caroline; UFRPE; Batista, Ângela Maria Vieira; UFRPE; Guim, Adriana; UFRPE; Lira, Mário de Andrade; UFRPE; Ribeiro, Valéria Louro; UFRPE; Ribeiro Neto, Agenor Costa; UFRPE.
O presente trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o consumo e comportamento ingestivo de caprinos e ovinos alimentados com palma Gigante (Opuntia fícus-indica Mill) e palma Orelha-de-elefante (Opuntia sp.). Foram utilizados 20 animais mestiços, sendo dez caprinos e dez ovinos, alojados em galpão coletivo, contidos individualmente por meio de cordas, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em um arranjo fatorial 2 x 2 (duas espécies animais e duas variedades de palma). As observações comportamentais foram realizadas em intervalos de 5 min. por um período de 24h. Os consumos de matéria seca, extrato etéreo, fibra em detergente ácido, carboidratos totais e carboidratos não-fibrosos foram menores (p < 0,05) quando os animais recebiam palma...
Palavras-chave: 5.04.03.00-1 Nutrição e Alimentação Animal eficiência de alimentação; Mastigação; Ócio; Ruminação. feeding efficiency; Mastication; Idle; Rumination.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/4684
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Evaluation of intervals between observations on estimation of eating behavior of cattle R. Bras. Zootec.
Carvalho,Gleidson Giordano Pinto de; Garcia,Rasmo; Pires,Aureliano José Vieira; Silva,Robério Rodrigues; Detmann,Edenio; Ribeiro,Leandro Sampaio Oliveira.
The effect of different intervals between observations on the estimation of the eating behavior of dairy heifers and lactating cows was evaluated. Twenty Holstein-zebu crossbred dairy heifers were distributed in a completely randomized design, with four levels and five repetitions, fed isonitrogenous diets containing 71% sugar cane and 29% concentrate. Also, 16 dairy crossbred cows were distributed in a completely randomized design, with four levels and four repetitions. They received isonitrogenous diets, containing 85% sugar cane and 1% concentrate. For both heifers and lactating cows, the sugar cane used was treated with doses of 0, 0.75, 1.5 and 2.25% CaO, and corrected with 1% of urea and ammonium sulfate mixture (9:1), at the moment of offering the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chewing; Idle; Period of eating; Rumination; Rumination efficiency.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011001100031
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Feeding behavior of goat kids fed diets containing peach palm meal Animal Sciences
Pereira, Taiala Cristina de jesus; Ribeiro, Leandro Sampaio Oliveira; Pereira, Mara Lúcia Albuquerque; Pires, Aureliano José Vieira; Carvalho, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de; Pereira, César Augusto Ramos.
The aim in this study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of goat kids fed diets containing peach palm meal replacing corn (0, 10, 40, 60, and 85 % on a dry matter basis). Thirty crossbred Boer kids, with 90 days old and initial body weight of 16.7 ± 3.5 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with six replicates. Diets were daily supplied ad libitum to allow 10-20 % leftovers. Three collections were performed every 28 days. Diets were isoenergetics and isonitrogenous, composed of corn, soybean meal, peach palm meal, mineral supplement and Tifton 85 hay, with roughage: concentrate ratio of 30:70. There was a linear reduction in the intakes of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) with a respective decrease of 35.7 % and 58.8 %...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Boer; Feed; Feeding rate; Ethology; Idle; Rumination..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/47088
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Feeding behavior of lactating cows fed palm kernel cake in the diet Animal Sciences
Pimentel, Leidiane Reis; Silva, Fabiano Ferreira da; Silva, Robério Rodrigues; Schio, Alex Resende; Rodrigues, Eli Santana de Oliveira; Oliveira, Paulo Andrade de.
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of including of palm kernel cake on feeding behavior of lactating crossbred cows. Twelve crossbred Holstein x Zebu cows were distributed in three 4 x 4 latin squares, with the following treatments: control; inclusion of 5%; inclusion of 10%; inclusion of 15% palm kernel cake in the diet dry matter. The animals were observed during four periods as to feeding behavior, 24 hours in each period. There was no effect of inclusion of palm kernel cake (p > 0.05) on time spent on eating, ruminating and idling. The feeding efficiencies of dry matter and corrected neutral detergent fiber, total digestible nutrients, and the rumination efficiency of corrected neutral detergent fiber were not influenced (p > 0.05). There...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Behavioral activities; Feeding; Feed efficiency; Dry matter; Idle; Rumination.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/23391
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Feeding behaviors of feedlot bulls fed concentrate levels and babassu mesocarp meal R. Bras. Zootec.
Cruz,Rossini Sôffa da; Alexandrino,Emerson; Missio,Regis Luis; Neiva,José Neuman Miranda; Restle,João; Melo,Jonahtan Chaves; Sousa Júnior,Antonio de; Resende,José Messias de.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of feedlot Nellore bulls fed two levels of concentrate (650 and 710 g/kg dry matter) with or without the inclusion of 350 g babassu mesocarp meal/kg dry matter in the concentrate. Twenty-eight animals at 18 months of initial age and 356.66±19.25 kg initial body weight were used. A completely randomized design was used with treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Increase in concentrate level from 650 to 710 g/kg dry matter did not change the feeding time, of 194.41 and 189.64 minutes/day, respectively. The inclusion of 350 g babassu mesocarp meal/kg dry matter in the concentrate increased the feeding time from 173.92 to 210.12 minutes/day, ensuring similar energy intake in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Feed efficiency; Feeding time; Idle; Rumination.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000700024
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Grazing behavior and spatial distribution of feces of Young bulls in silvopastoral systems and Marandu monoculture in the Pre-Amazon region Animal Sciences
Araújo, Ricardo Alves de; Rodrigues, Rosane Cláudia; Costa, Clésio dos Santos; Santos, Francisco Naysson de Sousa; Cutrim Júnior, José Antonio Alves; Jesus, Ana Paula Ribeiro de; Shigaki, Francirose; Araújo, Jocélio dos Santos.
The objective was to evaluate the grazing behavior and the spatial distribution of feces of F1 young bulls from the cross between Nellore and Guzera on pastures of Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu in silvopastoral systems composed of babassu palm (Attalea speciosa) and Marandu monoculture in the Pre-Amazon region of the state of Maranhão. Animals were evaluated in four systems consisting of 0, 80, 131, 160 palms ha-1, characterizing monoculture (mono), low density of palm trees (LD), medium density of palm trees (MD) and high density of palm trees (HD) during the rainy (RE) and dry (DE) periods. Five animals (repetitions) were used in each system, with 231-303 days of age and 180±15 kg body weight. Determinations of behavioral patterns were made by instant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.04.05.02-0 babassu; Sward structure; Dispersal; Idle; Palm trees; Rumination.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/33085
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Ingestive behavior of feedlot finished young bulls fed different concentrate levels in the diet R. Bras. Zootec.
Missio,Regis Luis; Brondani,Ivan Luiz; Alves Filho,Dari Celestino; Silveira,Magali Floriano da; Freitas,Leandro da Silva; Restle,João.
This study was developed to evaluate the ingestive behavior of beef cattle finished in feedlots with different concentrate levels in the diet. Sixteen bulls fed 22, 40, 59, or 79% of concentrate in the diet were assigned to a complete randomized design, with four replicates each. The supplied diets were isoproteic and the roughage used was corn silage. Data collection was carried out during the finishing period, with a total of six days. The time given to food intake, rumination, the number of bouts per meal and neutral detergent fiber rumination efficiency decreased linearly as the concentrate levels in the diet increased. Idle time increased linearly accordingly to the increment of concentrate in the diet. The animals have greater feed intake and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Corn silage; Feeding time; Food efficiency; Idle; Rumination.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982010000700025
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Ingestive behavior of Nellore steers in feedlot fed with diets containing different corn hybrids. Repositório Alice
MIZUBUTI, I. Y.; SESTARI, B. B.; RIBEIRO, E. L. de A.; PEREIRA, E. S.; BARBOSA, M. A. A. de F.; CUNHA, G. E.; GOMES, R. da C.; PINTO, A. P..
2013
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Feeding; Concentrate; Idle; Rumination.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/972593
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