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A Typology of Indigenous Engagement in Australian Environmental Management: Implications for Knowledge Integration and Social-ecological System Sustainability Ecology and Society
Hill, Rosemary; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; James Cook University, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences; ro.hill@csiro.au; Grant, Chrissy; CTG Services; chrissy@webone.com.au; George, Melissa; Consultant; melissa@georgefenton.com.au; Robinson, Catherine J; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; catherine.robinson@csiro.au; Jackson, Sue; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; sue.jackson@csiro.au; Abel, Nick; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; nick.abel@csiro.au.
Indigenous peoples now engage with many decentralized approaches to environmental management that offer opportunities for integration of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge (IEK) and western science to promote cultural diversity in the management of social-ecological system sustainability. Nevertheless, processes of combining IEK with western science are diverse and affected by numerous factors, including the adaptive co-management context, the intrinsic characteristics of the natural resources, and the governance systems. We present a typology of Indigenous engagement in environmental management, derived through comparative analysis of 21 Australian case studies, and consider its implications for the integration of IEK with western science. Sociological and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environmental planning; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Integration; Intercultural; Governance; Natural resource management.
Ano: 2012
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Accession to the World Trade Organisation: Challenges and Prospects for the Least-developed Countries (LDCs) AgEcon
Delelegn, Mussie.
A significant number of countries - many of which are least-developed countries (LDCs) - are not members of the multilateral trading system (MTS) as yet, and for many the accession process has taken an undesirably long period of time to complete. This lack of participation has important implications for national and global policy making in the field of international trade. However, there is a growing tendency to disregard accession challenges and difficulties facing the weakest members of the international community - the LDCs. The main purposes of this article are to a) discuss the substantive, normative and institutional complexities and requirements surrounding the WTO accession process from the perspective of LDCs, b) assess the possible costs and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO accession; Challenges; Integration; LDCs; Marginalization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23890
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AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD TRADE IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: THE CASE OF SLOVENIAN INTRA-INDUSTRY TRADE AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan; Hartmann, Monika.
One of the striking features in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries is the deterioration of their agricultural and food trade balance during transition to a market economy as imports increased faster than exports or exports even declined. This paper investigates the Slovenian agricultural and food trade in more detail focusing on changes in the geographical distribution of trade and the nature of trade specialization on the basis of the Grubel-Lloyd Intra-Industry Trade index and Marginal Intra-Industry Trade Indices. The results indicate that Slovenian agricultural and food trade largely remains of the inter-industry type with specialisation of exports towards the former Yugoslav markets and imports from the European Union. The proportion of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Intra-industry trade; Integration; Agro-food sector; Industrial Organization; F14; F15; P52; Q17.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14940
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AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD TRADE IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: THE CASE OF SLOVENIAN INTRA-INDUSTRY TRADE AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan; Hartmann, Monika.
One of the striking features in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries is the deterioration of their agricultural and food trade balance during transition to a market economy as imports increased faster than exports or exports even declined. This paper investigates the Slovenian agricultural and food trade in more detail focusing on changes in the geographical distribution of trade and the nature of trade specialization on the basis of the Grubel-Lloyd Intra-Industry Trade index and Marginal Intra-Industry Trade Indices. The results indicate that Slovenian agricultural and food trade largely remains of the inter-industry type with specialisation of exports towards the former Yugoslav markets and imports from the European Union. The proportion of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Intra-industry trade; Integration; Agro-food sector; Intra-industrieller Handel; Integration; Agrar- und Ernährungssektor; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; F14; F15; P52; Q17.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92027
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“We Like to Listen to Stories about Fish”: Integrating Indigenous Ecological and Scientific Knowledge to Inform Environmental Flow Assessments Ecology and Society
Jackson, Sue E.; Australian Rivers Institute Griffith University; TRaCK; sue.jackson@griffith.edu.au; Douglas, Michael M.; NERP Research Hub, Charles Darwin University; TRaCK; michael.douglas@cdu.edu.au; Kennard, Mark J.; Australian Rivers Institute Griffith University; TRaCK;; Pusey, Brad J.; Australian Rivers Institute Griffith University; TRaCK; Centre of Excellence in Natural Resource Management, University of Western Australia;; Huddleston, Jabal; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Harney, Bill; Wardaman Association;; Liddy, Lenny; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Liddy, Mona; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Liddy, Robert; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Sullivan, Lizzy; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Huddleston, Brenda; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Banderson, Melissa; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; McMah, Andrew; Wagiman Traditional Owner;; Allsop, Quentin; NT Fisheries Research, Northern Territory Department of Resources;.
Studies that apply indigenous ecological knowledge to contemporary resource management problems are increasing globally; however, few of these studies have contributed to environmental water management. We interviewed three indigenous landowning groups in a tropical Australian catchment subject to increasing water resource development pressure and trialed tools to integrate indigenous and scientific knowledge of the biology and ecology of freshwater fish to assess their water requirements. The differences, similarities, and complementarities between the knowledge of fish held by indigenous people and scientists are discussed in the context of the changing socioeconomic circumstances experienced by indigenous communities of north Australia. In addition to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Daly River; Environmental flow; Fish ecology; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Indigenous fish knowledge; Integration.
Ano: 2014
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Analysis and optimization regarding the activity of a Hungarian Pig Sales and Purchase Cooperation AgEcon
Balogh, Peter; Ertsey, Imre; Fenyves, Veronika; Nagy, Lajos.
In many ways, the Hungarian pork chain faces considerable disadvantages when compared to the situation in competing countries. In countries endowed with a modern meat chain, heavy concentration is the rule, but in Hungary decentralization still prevails, although thankfully the chain is not disintegrating even further. In our research we used the operation of co-operatives as a model in terms of a generalized network problem. The model allows the quantification of the number of pigs from given farms to slaughterhouses, the maximum sales revenue, the delivery threshold prices, and an analysis of the impact co-operative members exert on sales revenues.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Pork production; Integration; Network; Linear programming; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49192
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Assessing the Effects of NAFTA ON Canada/US Agricultural Trade AgEcon
Deng, Hugh; Nzuma, Jonathan M..
While there seems to be an agreement that Canada-US Free Trade Agreement (CUSTA)/North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have benefited member countries, some analysts have argued that the agreements had little effect on the bilateral Canada/US agricultural trade as many other factors have contributed to the increased trade flows. Results from this study reveal that the aggregate bilateral agricultural trade flows have generally experienced a steady growth since the implementation of NAFTA with trade flows seemingly favoring Canada more than the US since 1992. At the industry level, the impacts of NAFTA on Canada/US agricultural trade were varied with the sub-sectors analyzed responding differently to the bilateral trade liberalization.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CUSTA/NAFTA; Agricultural trade; Liberalization; Integration; Trade flows; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24704
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Augmented Gravity Model: An Empirical Application to Mercosur-European Union Trade Flows AgEcon
Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada; Nowak-Lehmann, Felicitas.
This paper applies the gravity trade model to assess Mercosur-European Union trade, and trade potential following the agreements reached recently between both trade blocs. The model is tested for a sample of 20 countries, the four formal members of Mercosur plus Chile and the fifteen members of the European Union. A panel data analysis is used to disentangle the time invariant country-specific effects and to capture the relationships between the relevant variables over time. We find that the fixed effect model is to be preferred to the random effects gravity model. Furthermore, a number of variables, namely, infrastructure, income differences and exchange rates added to the standard gravity equation, are found to be important determinants of bilateral...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Gravity equation; Panel data; Infrastructure; Integration; International Relations/Trade; F14; F15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43996
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Austrian Border Regions and Eastern Integration A Low Competitiveness - High Growth Paradoxon AgEcon
Mayerhofer, Peter.
Many regions on the EU Eastern borders have developed favourably after the opening up of the border and the implementation of association agreements with the CEECs. This was often seen as a positive sign for the further perspectives of these regions after EU enlargement. In this paper we take a closer look at the mechanisms involved in a case study for Austria. Based on a very disaggregated data set at a regional as well as sectoral level we find that neither sectoral preconditions nor locational advantages can explain the good performance of (rural) border regions after 1989. Using multivariate cluster analyses we group 3-digit-industries to theoretically founded typologies indicating different sector characteristics and find that (fast growing) rural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Border Regions; Integration; EU Enlargement; Regional Competitiveness; Austria; International Relations/Trade; F02; F15; R11; R12.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26234
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AVICULTURA INTEGRADA E ESTRATÉGIAS DE MERCADO DE GRANDES EMPRESAS EM PERNAMBUCO AgEcon
Vital, Tales Wanderley; Drouvot, Hubert; Sampaio, Yony.
O agronegócio da avicultura pernambucana é de grande importância na geração de ocupação, emprego e renda, sobretudo no meio rural. O estado não dispõe de milho e soja para fazer o frango, tem que trazer essas matérias primas de regiões produtoras no país, sendo o milho muitas vezes importado. Mesmo assim, ocupa lugar de destaque no cenário nacional como produtor de ovos e de carne de frango. Para entender essa situação o trabalho analisa as estratégias de grandes unidades industriais a partir de suas situações no ambiente. A base teórica da análise é assentada nas abordagens SWOT, Cadeias de Valores, e Grupos Estratégicos. Registra-se que as empresas adotam estratégias compatíveis com suas possibilidades dadas, pelas suas condições internas e...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Integração; Empresas avícolas; Estratégias; Mercado; Avicultura; Integration; Poultry companies; Strategy; Market; Poultry; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112687
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Bridges and Barriers to Developing and Conducting Interdisciplinary Graduate-Student Team Research Ecology and Society
Morse, Wayde Cameron; University of Idaho; Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center; morsewc@auburn.edu; Nielsen-Pincus, Max; University of Idaho;; Force, Jo Ellen; University of Idaho;; Wulfhorst, J. D.; University of Idaho;.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Integration; Interdisciplinary; Team research; Sustainability; Biodiversity; Graduate education; Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship; University of Idaho; Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE).
Ano: 2007
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Cleaning Up the Nuclear Weapons Complex: Exploring New Approaches AgEcon
Probst, Katherine N.; Pilling, Carolyn A.; Dunn, Karen T..
In recent years, policy experts have increasingly decried the "piecemeal" approach to environmental protection embodied in existing laws and regulations. This paper analyzes one aspect of the call for more integration: the feasibility and advisability of developing an integrated approach to regulating the cleanup of the nation's nuclear weapons complex. The Cold War has left an unprecedented set of difficulties at sites across the country where vast quantities of hazardous and radioactive materials must be properly managed. Regulatory fragmentation--particularly the phenomenon of multiple regulators and regulations driving the allocation of resources in an uncoordinated fashion--is nowhere more evident than in the current statutory and regulatory framework...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nuclear weapons complex; Integration; Environmental law; Environmental regulation; Environmental Economics and Policy; H56; K32; Q28.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10765
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Comparison of subcutaneous inflammatory response to commercial and engineered zinc hydroxyapatite implants in rabbits Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Muñoz,L.C.; Cardona.-Ramirez,S.; Silva,R.F..
ABSTRACT Hydroxyapatite (HA) is widely used as a biomaterial for bone repair and metallic prostheses coating. The main limitations of the current commercial synthetic hydroxyapatite compounds include high cost and decreased availability, especially for veterinary medicine purposes. Additionally, it is thought that HA biocompatibility and bioactivity could be enhanced by the addition of metal compounds. The objective of this work was to compare the subcutaneous tissue response of commercial and engineered hydroxyapatite obtained from the bovine femur diaphysis mixed with different concentrations of hexa-hydrated Zinc Nitrate in rabbits. Twenty-Five New Zealand female rabbits were used. Five treatments were done according to HA composition (commercial HA, no...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal model; Biocompatibility; Bone; Integration.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352019000601873
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Construction of recombinant Bacillus subtilis strains for efficient pimelic acid synthesis Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Zhang,Wei-Wei; Yang,Ming-Ming; Li,Heng-xin; Wang,Dun.
As a precursor, pimelic acid plays an important role in biotin biosynthesis pathway of Bacillus subtilis. Fermentations supplemented with pimelic acid could improve the production of biotin, however, with a disadvantage-high cost. So it is necessary to improve the biosynthesis of pimelic acid via genetic engineering in B. subtilis. In this study, we constructed a recombinant B. subtilis strain for improving the synthesis of pimelic acid, in which a maltose-inducible Pglv promoter was inserted into the upstream of the cistron bioI-orf2-orf3 and, meanwhile, flanked by the tandem cistrons via a single crossover event. The copy number of the integrant was amplified by high-concentration resistance screen and increased to 4-5 copies. The production of pimelic...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bacillus subtilis; Biosynthesis; Integration; Pglv promoter; Pimelic acid; Single crossover event.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582011000600001
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CONTRIBUIÇÃO DA CERTIFICAÇÃO ORGÂNICA PARA UM NOVO MODELO DE GOVERNANÇA NO COMPLEXO AGROINDUSTRIAL CITRÍCOLA BRASILEIRO AgEcon
Carvalho, Murilo Sicchieri de; Paulillo, Luiz Fernando.
This paper compares governance structures in the Brazilian citrus production that appeared with the process of international certification of organic products. Both governance structures, between organic orange production and the processing plant, are analyzed through a study case methodology. These two governance structures are different from the traditional dominant structures that were consolidated with the industrial oligopoly of frozen and concentrated orange juice production along the last thirty years in Brazil. The analyzed cases (onward integration and onward partial-integration) can be used as a reference for possible penetrations of alternative organizational forms in citrus production in an agro-industrial complex predominantly directed at...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Institutions; Governance; Certification; Citrus; Integration; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90694
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DESARROLLANDO ESQUEMAS DE FINANCIAMIENTO PARA EL SECTOR AGRÍCOLA TECNIFICADO Y DE ALTO VALOR AGREGADO AgEcon
Villarreal Gonzalez, Amado; Celaya Figueroa, Roberto.
The importance of the horticultural sector in generating employment, the spread of economic and financial resources in the use of supplies and generating foreign income, are undeniable aspects of the kindnesses that has brought the development of this sector. Nevertheless, the feel of the producers, especially the small and medium, is that the access to financing is very limited. Carrying out a work of investigation between the actors of the supply and demand of credit, and analyzing the plans of successful financing in other sectors, the present work designs a more favorable plan of financing where the Horticulture can have access to opportune and sufficient financing through the organization of producers, the constitution of sufficient guarantees and the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Financing; Integration; Risk.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48821
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Desenvolvimento do milho sob influência de árvores de pau-branco em sistema agrossilvipastoril. Repositório Alice
MENDES, M. M. de S.; LACERDA, C. F. de; CAVALCANTE, A. C. R.; FERNANDES, F. E. P.; OLIVEIRA, T. S. de..
Resumo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito das árvores de pau-branco (Cordia oncocalyx) sobre parâmetros fisiológicos, altura e biomassa do milho, em diferentes distâncias das árvores, em sistema agrossilvipastoril. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos (distâncias do caule das árvores de 1, 2, 3 e 4 m), além do controle (plantas do cultivo tradicional), e cinco repetições. Cada parcela consistiu de uma árvore de pau-branco, ao centro, e linhas de milho plantadas nas quatro distâncias avaliadas do caule. As medidas fisiológicas e a produção de matéria seca foram registradas aos 30, 60 e 90 dias após o semeio do milho. As plantas sob a copa do pau-branco, a 1 e 2 m do caule, tiveram suas trocas...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Cordia oncocalyx; Pau-branco; Integração lavoura-pecuária-floresta; ILPF; Sistema integrado de produção; Integrated agricultural systems; Intercropped cultivation; Crop livestock forest integration systems; CLFIS; Sistemas agroflorestais; Milho; Sistema de produção; Consorciação de cultura; Sistema de cultivo; Agrossilvicultura; Zea mays; Cordia; Integrated plant production; Agroforestry systems; Integration; Maize.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/980516
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Development and evolution of forms of cooperation in Hungarian agriculture during the 20th century AgEcon
Trojan, Szabolcs; Csizmadia, Mate; Csordas S., Tibor.
The forms of cooperation which are common in Hungarian agriculture are fundamentally different from those characteristic of Western Europe. This was caused principally by the collectivization process implemented after the Second World War. Our paper presents the various forms of cooperation found in Hungarian agriculture and food industry, form the beginning of the 20th century to our present days. The socialist reorganization of Hungarian agriculture resulted in close ties between the entities engaged in agriculture and food industry, creating straightforward product chains and enabling the modernization of production processes. Co-ops and state farms, as well as production systems and agroindustrial corporations employed state-of-the-art technologies of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Intensive farming; Concentration; Financial cooperation; Integration; Producer organisations; Belterjes mezőgazdaság; Koncentráció; Gazdasági együttműködés; Integráció; Termelői szervezetek; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92545
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Development of maize and palisadegrass plants cultivated in intercrop under water deficit. Repositório Alice
ARAUJO, L. C. de; SANTOS, P. M.; MENDONÇA, F. C.; LIMA, R. C. de B..
The objective of this work was to evaluate the development and productive traits of palisadegrass single cultivated or intercropped with corn, in addition to corn intercropped with pasture, under water deficit at different development stages of the plants. It was used a complete block experimental design with split plots and three replicates. Periods of water deficit were placed in the plots and types of cultivation were placed in the subplots. Irrigation was stopped at germination and initial tillering of palisadegrass and at V4 and V15 stages of corn and returned when soil moisture was 40% of available water capacity. Tiller density and palisadegrass height were evaluated weekly. Dry matter (DM) of fractions of herbage mass as well as leaf area of the...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brachiaria brizantha; Integration; Tiller; Zea mays.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/896911
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Development of maize and palisadegrass plants cultivated in intercrop under water deficit R. Bras. Zootec.
Araujo,Leandro Coelho de; Santos,Patrícia Menezes; Mendonça,Fernando Campos; Lima,Nino Rodrigo Cabral de Barros.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the development and productive traits of palisadegrass single cultivated or intercropped with corn, in addition to corn intercropped with pasture, under water deficit at different development stages of the plants. It was used a complete block experimental design with split plots and three replicates. Periods of water deficit were placed in the plots and types of cultivation were placed in the subplots. Irrigation was stopped at germination and initial tillering of palisadegrass and at V4 and V15 stages of corn and returned when soil moisture was 40% of available water capacity. Tiller density and palisadegrass height were evaluated weekly. Dry matter (DM) of fractions of herbage mass as well as leaf area of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brachiaria brizantha; Integration; Tiller; Zea mays.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011000700001
Registros recuperados: 63
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