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A Perspective on the Evolution of e-Dialogues Concerning Interdisciplinary Research on Sustainable Development in Canada Ecology and Society
Dale, Ann; Royal Roads University; ann.dale@royalroads.ca.
Sustainable development research is inherently interdisciplinary; it requires the conscious search for unifying concepts that foster and reinforce understanding across disciplines. In addition, the number of sectors and actors involved in potential solutions requires a multistakeholder approach to decision making. The challenge of sustainable development research increasingly presents itself as a problem-solving activity. It involves producing useful knowledge through applied research. It is normative and not value-free. It involves complex issues of polity and culture. Thus, sustainable development research needs novel methods for research, for bringing together expertise that crosses disciplines and sectors, and for informing policy development. It also...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Collaborative inquiry; E-dialogue; Interdisciplinary research; Multistakeholder process; Research methods; Sustainable development.
Ano: 2005
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Beyond Baselines: Rethinking Priorities for Ocean Conservation Ecology and Society
Campbell, Lisa M; Nicholas School of Environment, Duke University; lisa.m.campbell@duke.edu; Gray, Noella J; Nicholas School of Environment, Duke University; noella.gray@duke.edu; Hazen, Elliott L; Nicholas School of Environment, Duke University; elliot.hazen@duke.edu; Shackeroff, Janna M; Nicholas School of Environment, Duke University; janna.shackeroff@duke.edu.
In 1995, Daniel Pauly identified a "shifting baselines syndrome" (SBS). Pauly was concerned that scientists measure ecosystem change against their personal recollections of the past and, based on this decidedly short-term view, mismanage fish stocks because they tolerate gradual and incremental elimination of species and set inappropriate recovery goals. As a concept, SBS is simple to grasp and its logic is compelling. Much current work in marine historical ecology is rationalized in part as a means of combating SBS, and the term has also resonated outside of the academy with environmental advocacy groups. Although we recognize both conceptual and operational merit in SBS, we believe that the ultimate impact of SBS on ocean management will be limited by...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Baselines; Human– Environment relations; Interdisciplinary research; Marine historical ecology.
Ano: 2009
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Conceptual Models as Tools for Communication Across Disciplines Ecology and Society
Heemskerk, Marieke; University of Wisconsin-Madison; mheemskerk@wisc.edu; Wilson, Karen; Carleton University; kwilson@carleton.edu; Pavao-Zuckerman, Mitchell; Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia; mzucker@sparc.ecology.uga.edu.
To better understand and manage complex social-ecological systems, social scientists and ecologists must collaborate. However, issues related to language and research approaches can make it hard for researchers in different fields to work together. This paper suggests that researchers can improve interdisciplinary science through the use of conceptual models as a communication tool. The authors share lessons from a workshop in which interdisciplinary teams of young scientists developed conceptual models of social-ecological systems using data sets and metadata from Long-Term Ecological Research sites across the United States. Both the process of model building and the models that were created are discussed. The exercise revealed that the presence of social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Integrative Graduate Education Research and Training; Long-Term Ecological Research; Conceptual model; Interdisciplinary research; Modeling; Social-ecological systems; Workshop.
Ano: 2003
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ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND THE FLORIDA EVERLADES: THE ROLE OF SOCIAL SCIENTISTS AgEcon
Milon, J. Walter; Kiker, Clyde F.; Lee, Donna J..
Recently many state and federal agencies in the U.S. have embraced an ecosystems management approach to environmental protection and regulation. This approach requires a high degree of cooperation between natural and social scientists to translate policy objectives into research hypotheses, models, and evaluation procedures to guide implementation decisions. An adaptive procedure to guide interdisciplinary research is described and illustrated with highlights of recent progress and pitfalls from the restoration initiative for the Everglades/South Florida ecosystem.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecosystem management; Florida Everglades; Interdisciplinary research; Social science; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15543
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How integrative modelling can break down disciplinary silos AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Robson, Barbara J.; Macleod, Christopher J.A..
This paper has been published in a peer-reviewed journal as: Kragt, M.E., Robson, B.J. & Macleod, C.J.A. (2013) Modellers’ roles in structuring integrative research projects. Environmental Modelling & Software, 39(1): 322-330. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.06.015
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental modelling; Interdisciplinary research; Transdisciplinarity; Integration; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q57; Y80; Z19.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108768
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How to Set Up a Research Framework to Analyze Social–Ecological Interactive Processes in a Rural Landscape Ecology and Society
Interdisciplinary research frameworks can be useful in providing answers to the environmental challenges facing rural environments, but concrete implementation of them remains empirical and requires better control. We present our practical experience of an interdisciplinary research project dealing with non-industrial private forestry in rural landscapes. The theoretical background, management, and methodological aspects, as well as results of the project, are presented in order to identify practical key factors that may influence its outcomes. Landscape ecology plays a central role in organizing the project. The efforts allocated for communication between scientists from different disciplines must be clearly stated in order to earn reciprocal trust....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Fragmented forest; Interdisciplinary research; Landscape ecology.
Ano: 2007
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Inside the “Black Box” of River Restoration: Using Catchment History to Identify Disturbance and Response Mechanisms to Set Targets for Process-Based Restoration Ecology and Society
Mika, Sarah; School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia; sarah.mika@une.edu.au; Hoyle, Joanna; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University;; Kyle, Garreth; Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University;; Howell, Timothy; Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University;; Wolfenden, Benjamin; School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia;; Ryder, Darren; School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia; darren.ryder@une.edu.au; Keating, Daniel; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University;; Boulton, Andrew; School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia;; Brierley, Gary; School of Geography, Geology and Environmental Science, University of Auckland;; Brooks, Andrew P; Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University;; Fryirs, Kirstie; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University;; Leishman, Michelle; Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University;; Sanders, Mark; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University;; Arthington, Angela; Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University;; Creese, Robert; NSW Department of Industry and Innovation, Port Stephens Fisheries Centre, Australia;; Dahm, Mark; School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia;; Miller, Craig; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University;; Pusey, Brad; Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University;; Spink, Alexandra; Department of Environment and Geography, Macquarie University;.
Many river restoration projects fail. Inadequate project planning underpins many of the reasons given for failure (such as setting overly ambitious goals; selecting inappropriate sites and techniques; losing stakeholder motivation; and neglecting to monitor, assess, and document projects). Another major problem is the lack of an agreed guiding image to direct the activities aimed at restoring the necessary biophysical and ecological processes within the logistic constraints of on-ground works. Despite a rich literature defining the components of restoration project planning, restoration ecology currently lacks an explicit and logical means of moving from the initial project vision through to on-ground strategies. Yet this process is fundamental because it...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Catchment history; Complex ecological systems; Conceptual modeling; Disturbance and response mechanisms; Guiding image; Hunter River Australia; Interdisciplinary research; Process-based restoration; River restoration.
Ano: 2010
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Integrative Scenario Development Ecology and Society
Priess, Joerg A.; Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department Computational Landscape Ecology; joerg.priess@ufz.de; Hauck, Jennifer; Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department Environmental Policy; Jennifer.hauck@ufz.de.
Scenarios are employed to address a large number of future environmental and socioeconomic challenges. We present a conceptual framework for the development of scenarios to integrate the objectives of different stakeholder groups. Based on the framework, land-use scenarios were developed to provide a common base for further research. At the same time, these scenarios assisted regional stakeholders to bring forward their concerns and arrive at a shared understanding of challenges between scientific and regional stakeholders, which allowed them to eventually support regional decision making. The focus on the integration of views and knowledge domains of different stakeholder groups, such as scientists and practitioners, required rigorous and repeated...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Interdisciplinary research; Participatory process; Quality control; Regional scale; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2014
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JORNAL DO SEMIÁRIDO. Infoteca-e
No coração da caatinga. Pesquisa a nível de produtor: na prática a teoria é outra? Zoneamento agroecológico: o Piauí procura conhecer-se melhor, para desenvolver-se mais rápido. Salvando a lavoura. A seca não matou este capim. Aridez mental: problema maior. Agricultura de vazante: nova técnica multiplica produtividade.
Tipo: Outras publicações técnicas (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: CPATSA; Divulgação de pesquisa.; Jornal de pesquisa; Jornal; Desenvolvimento Rural.; Pesquisa Agrícola; Desenvolvimento Agrícola; Research; Public research.; Agricultural research; Interdisciplinary research; Research and development.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/137796
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JORNAL DO SEMIÁRIDO. Infoteca-e
Sistemas agrícolas para o Semiárido estocam mais carbono e geram menos impacto; Planilha eletrônica determina equilíbrio nutricional em mangueiras ?Tommy Atkins; Cebola BRS Alfa São Francisco tem alta produtividade em plantio direto; Instituições atualizam o zoneamento de risco climático da palma forrageira; Sistemas agrícolas para o Semiárido estocam mais carbono e geram menos impacto
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Jornal de pesquisa; Divulgação de pesquisa; CPATSA.; Agricultura; Jornal; Pesquisa Agrícola; Desenvolvimento Agrícola; Desenvolvimento Rural; Agricultural research; Interdisciplinary research; Research and development; Public research.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1104997
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Resources Management in Transition Ecology and Society
Pahl-Wostl, Claudia; University of Osnabrueck, Germany; pahl@usf.uni-osnabrueck.de; Sendzimir, Jan; International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); sendzim@iiasa.ac.at; Jeffrey, Paul; School of Water Sciences, Cranfield University; p.j.jeffrey@cranfield.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Climate change; Interdisciplinary research; Social learning; Water resources.
Ano: 2009
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Strengthening the role of universities in addressing sustainability challenges: the Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions as an institutional experiment Ecology and Society
Hart, David D.; Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions, and School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine; david.hart@umit.maine.edu; Bell, Kathleen P.; School of Economics, University of Maine; kathleen.p.bell@umit.maine.edu; Lindenfeld, Laura A.; Department of Communication and Journalism, and Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center, University of Maine; Laura_Lindenfeld@umit.maine.edu; Jain, Shaleen; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Climate Change Institute, University of Maine; Shaleen.Jain@maine.edu; Johnson, Teresa R.; School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine; teresa.johnson@maine.edu; Ranco, Darren; Native American Programs, and Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions, University of Maine; darren.ranco@maine.edu; McGill, Brian; School of Biology and Ecology, and Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions, University of Maine; mail@brianmcgill.org.
As the magnitude, complexity, and urgency of many sustainability problems increase, there is a growing need for universities to contribute more effectively to problem solving. Drawing upon prior research on social-ecological systems, knowledge-action connections, and organizational innovation, we developed an integrated conceptual framework for strengthening the capacity of universities to help society understand and respond to a wide range of sustainability challenges. Based on experiences gained in creating the Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions (Mitchell Center), we tested this framework by evaluating the experiences of interdisciplinary research teams involved in place-based, solutions-oriented research projects at the scale...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis); Interdisciplinary research; Knowledge-action connections: organizational innovation; Place-based solutions; Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions; Social-ecological systems; Solutions-oriented research; Stormwater infrastructure; Sustainability science; Sustainability solutions; Tidal energy development; Universities.
Ano: 2015
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Sustainable Land Use in Mountain Regions Under Global Change: Synthesis Across Scales and Disciplines Ecology and Society
Huber, Robert; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL; robert.huber@wsl.ch; Rigling, Andreas; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL; andreas.rigling@wsl.ch; Bebi, Peter; WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF; bebi@slf.ch; Brand, Fridolin Simon; Natural and Social Science Interface, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich; fridolin.brand@env.ethz.ch; Briner, Simon; Agri-food and Agri-environmental Economics Group, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich; briners@ethz.ch; Hirschi, Christian; Environmental Policy and Economics, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich; christian.hirschi@env.ethz.ch; Lischke, Heike; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL;; Scholz, Roland Werner; Natural and Social Science Interface, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich; roland.scholz@env.ethz.ch; Seidl, Roman; Natural and Social Science Interface, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich; roman.seidl@env.ethz.ch; Walz, Ariane; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research PIK; Institute for Earth and Environmental Science, University of Potsdam;; Zimmermann, Willi; Environmental Policy and Economics, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich;; Bugmann, Harald; Forest Ecology, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich; harald.bugmann@env.ethz.ch.
Mountain regions provide essential ecosystem goods and services (EGS) for both mountain dwellers and people living outside these areas. Global change endangers the capacity of mountain ecosystems to provide key services. The Mountland project focused on three case study regions in the Swiss Alps and aimed to propose land-use practices and alternative policy solutions to ensure the provision of key EGS under climate and land-use changes. We summarized and synthesized the results of the project and provide insights into the ecological, socioeconomic, and political processes relevant for analyzing global change impacts on a European mountain region. In Mountland, an integrative approach was applied, combining methods from economics and the political and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Climate change; Ecosystem services; Experiments; Interdisciplinary research; Land-use change; Modeling; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2013
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Sustainable Land-use Practices in European Mountain Regions under Global Change: an Integrated Research Approach Ecology and Society
Huber, Robert; Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL ; robert.huber@wsl.ch; Bugmann, Harald; ETH Zurich; harald.bugmann@env.ethz.ch; Rigling, Andreas; Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL; andreas.rigling@wsl.ch.
This Special Feature on sustainable land-use practices in European mountain regions presents results from the inter- and transdisciplinary research project MOUNTLAND. The goal was to investigate the sensitivity of the provision of ecosystem services to both climatic and land-use changes and to suggest alternative policies and governance structures for mitigating the impact of such changes and enhancing sustainable management practices in mountain regions. The individual articles provide: (1) new scientific findings regarding the impacts of climate and land-use changes on ecosystem processes in three sensitive mountain regions of Switzerland; (2) an assessment of the feedback effects arising from changing socioeconomic and political conditions, land use,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Ecosystem services; Experiments; Interdisciplinary research; Land-use change; Management; Modeling; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2013
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The Next Generation of Scientists: Examining the Experiences of Graduate Students in Network-Level Social-Ecological Science Ecology and Society
Romolini, Michele; Center for Urban Resilience, Loyola Marymount University; michele.romolini@lmu.edu; Record, Sydne; Harvard Forest, Harvard University; srecord@fas.harvard.edu; Garvoille, Rebecca; Department of Conservation and Forestry, University of Montana; rgarv001@fiu.edu; Marusenko, Yevgeniy; School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University; yevgeniy.marusenko@asu.edu; Geiger, R. Stuart; School of Information, University of California Berkeley; sgeiger@ischool.berkeley.edu.
By integrating the research and resources of hundreds of scientists from dozens of institutions, network-level science is fast becoming one scientific model of choice to address complex problems. In the pursuit to confront pressing environmental issues such as climate change, many scientists, practitioners, policy makers, and institutions are promoting network-level research that integrates the social and ecological sciences. To understand how this scientific trend is unfolding among rising scientists, we examined how graduate students experienced one such emergent social-ecological research initiative, Integrated Science for Society and Environment, within the large-scale, geographically distributed Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network. Through...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Graduate students; Interdisciplinary research; LTER Network; Social-ecological.
Ano: 2013
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The One Health Concept: 10 Years Old and a Long Road Ahead ArchiMer
Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Mavingui, Patrick; Boetsch, Gilles; Boissier, Jerome; Darriet, Frederic; Duboz, Priscilla; Fritsch, Clementine; Giraudoux, Patrick; Le Roux, Frederique; Morand, Serge; Paillard, Christine; Pontier, Dominique; Sueur, Cedric; Voituron, Yann.
Over the past decade, a significant increase in the circulation of infectious agents was observed. With the spread and emergence of epizootics, zoonoses, and epidemics, the risks of pandemics became more and more critical. Human and animal health has also been threatened by antimicrobial resistance, environmental pollution, and the development of multifactorial and chronic diseases. This highlighted the increasing globalization of health risks and the importance of the human–animal–ecosystem interface in the evolution and emergence of pathogens. A better knowledge of causes and consequences of certain human activities, lifestyles, and behaviors in ecosystems is crucial for a rigorous interpretation of disease dynamics and to drive public policies. As a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: One health; EcoHealth; Infectious disease; Non-communicable disease; Multifactorial disease; Ecotoxicology; Interdisciplinary research; Public health.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53676/54518.pdf
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The Pleasures and Pitfalls of Interdisciplinary Research in Agriculture AgEcon
Duffy, Patricia A.; Guertal, Elizabeth A.; Muntifering, Russell B..
Increasingly, interdisciplinary research is being touted as a way to solve real-life problems of interest to the taxpayers who support research at public universities. The purpose of this paper is to examine the benefits of interdisciplinary agricultural research involving economists and natural scientists, to discuss problems associated with carrying out this type of work and to offer some suggestions on how such research can be facilitated. Mutual trust and ongoing relationships can lead to better timing of collaboration and more satisfaction for all parties. Open communications are also important for success in collaboration. Within the border university environment, it is important for tenure and promotion committees to be able to properly evaluate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Interdisciplinary research; Agriculture; Economics; Agribusiness; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90414
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The social value of biodiversity and ecosystem services from the perspectives of different social actors Ecology and Society
A vast literature is now available on ecosystem services (ES), their potential as a tool for analyzing intertwined processes of ecological and social change, and their monetary valuation. Much less is known about the social value of different ES for different social actors (SA), and their links with specific components of biodiversity. We unpack the social aspects of an interdisciplinary and multi-SA methodology that allows us to assess how different SA perceive and value different ES, and how they associate them with different components of biodiversity, ecological attributes, and ecosystem types. We apply the methodology to a study area in the Gran Chaco region of South America, presenting original social-ecological information from the field. Being...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Argentina; Chaco region; Ecosystem services; Interdisciplinary research; Land use change; Multifunctional landscapes; Nature’ S benefits to people; Social value of biodiversity.
Ano: 2015
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Understanding Human-Fire Interactions in Tropical Forest Regions: a Case for Interdisciplinary Research across the Natural and Social Sciences. Ecology and Society
Carmenta, Rachel; Lancaster Environment Centre; Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); rcarmenta@hotmail.com; Parry, Luke; Lancaster Environment Centre; lukeparry1@gmail.com; Blackburn, Alan; Lancaster Environment Centre; alan.blackburn@lancaster.ac.uk; Vermeylen, Saskia; Lancaster Environment Centre; s.vermeylen@lancaster.ac.uk; Barlow, Jos; Lancaster Environment Centre; josbarlow@gmail.com.
Fire in the forested tropics has profound environmental, economic, and social impacts at multiple geographical scales. Causes of tropical fires are widely documented, although research contributions are from many disciplines, and each tends to focus on specific facets of a research problem, which might limit understanding of fire as a complex social-ecological system. We conducted a systematic review to (1) examine geographic and methodological focus in tropical fire research; (2) identify which types of landholders are the focus of the research effort; (3) test for a research method effect on the variables, e.g., socio-political, economic, and climatic, identified as causes of and proposed management solutions to tropical fire; and (4) examine...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Fire management; Interdisciplinary research; Multiscale analysis; Scale-pattern-process; Social-ecological systems; Tropical forests.
Ano: 2011
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