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Registros recuperados: 164
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A Club No More - The WTO after Doha AgEcon
Kerr, William A..
Since its inception the GATT, and subsequently the WTO, has been able to operate in a fashion that is more consistent with a club than an inclusive organization that encouraged the active participation of all its members. The WTO Ministerial Meeting in Doha in November 2001 appears to have been a watershed in how the organization functions, and the club model may no longer be appropriate. While it is not yet clear what will replace the previous model, it is apparent that decision making will be much more diffused and the interests of a much broader spectrum of member countries taken into account. The central question is whether or not the transformed organization can still serve the interests of those who were previously able to dominate the club–the major...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Club; Developing countries; Doha; International trade; Multilateral organization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23909
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A COMPARISON OF ANNUAL, QUARTERLY AND MONTHLY TURKEY EXPORT MODELS AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Structural time series models of turkey exports were estimated using monthly, quarterly and annual data. The trend is statistically significant in all three models, seasonals are significant in the quarterly and monthly models. Exchange rates, lagged prices, and lagged production were explanatory factors in the monthly model; exchange rates and prices in the quarterly model; but only the exchange rates in the annual model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Turkey exports; International trade; Structural time series; International Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19106
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A expansão da União Européia em 2004 e seus impactos no agronegócio brasileiro AgEcon
Oliveira, Samuel Jose de Magalhaes; Ferreira Filho, Joaquim Bento de Souza.
International trade has acquired increasing importance for the Brazilian economy, especially for agribusiness. In this way, understanding other countries policies that affects international trade and its impacts in this country is equally important. The European Union (EU) is one of the most important Brazilian trade partners and it is known by strong interference on its agricultural sector. The recent European enlargement and the last Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Reform have been studied at different regions of the World but there is a lack of knowledge regarding the impacts of this on Brazilian rural sectors. This paper aims to assess the impacts of the 2004 EU enlargement on Brazilian agribusiness using the general equilibrium model Global Trade...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International economics; International trade; General equilibrium; Economic integration.; Political Economy; F11; F15; Q17..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61192
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A Preliminary Study of the International Marketing of Shrimp AgEcon
Castellini, Alessandra; Ragazzoni, Alessandro; Valentini, T..
This paper aims to supply a comprehensive account of a particular sector of the fisheries industry. TH increase of demand for fish products has involved an uncontrolled exploitation of marine reserves and fishing has reached its threshold of biological sustainability. For these reasons, aquaculture has grown in a corresponding manner in the recent past. The present survey starts from these considerations and aims to describe the general situation of world-wide, European and Italian aquaculture and then to examine the farming and marketing of a particular kind of product, Penaeus spp., which significantly affects global production in terms of value but not of quantity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Aquaculture and Fishery; Shrimp farming; International trade; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Q13; Q17; Q22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56077
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A Study of the Spanish‐Chinese Export‐Import Pork Chain AgEcon
Ji, Chen; Pena, Sara; Briz, Julian; de Felipe, Isabel.
China opened its pork import market to Spain in 2007. With this background, we introduce the concept of the Spanish‐Chinese Export‐Import pork chain. An explorative study based on the interview of 22 Spanish meat companies and two experts from meat exporting promotion institutions is conducted. The study gives an example and evidence to international chain management studies. It identifies the main problems of the chain and generates conclusions accordingly, as a first step for the Spanish pork industries to develop market strategies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Spanish‐Chinese pork chain; International chain management; International trade; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100512
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ALBERTA AND THE EU-27: PAST TRADE RELATIONS AND FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES AgEcon
Emter, Nicholas A.; Mirus, Rolf.
Canada and the EU-27 are negotiating a comprehensive economic partnership agreement against the backdrop of the stalled multilateral negotiations under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The new agreement is expected to stimulate trade, investment, and technology transfer between the two partners. This report provides a review of the last 15 years of Alberta’s experience in exporting goods to the EU-27, with the goal of gaining insights into how freer trade could affect future exports to the region. First, we summarize the state of bilateral economic relations between the prospective partners, relying in part on a study jointly sponsored by the EU and the Government of Canada. The second part focuses on the exports to the EU from Alberta...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Canada; EU; International trade; Trade; Imports; Exports; Commercial services exports; Merchandise exports; Commercial services imports; Merchandise imports; Manufactured goods; Commodities; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60403
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AN ANALYSIS OF FARMERS' POLICY ATTITUDES AND PREFERENCES FOR FREE TRADE AgEcon
Kastens, Terry L.; Goodwin, Barry K..
This study evaluates the attitudes of U.S. (Kansas) farmers regarding "free-trade" and "free-market" policy environments. In contrast to earlier studies, non-specific policy attitudes are evaluated. A direct measure of farm program benefits is also included. Attitudes vary significantly with farm and operator characteristics. Support for free trade was shown to decrease with education and experience, to increase for farms with relatively more rented land, and to increase as total farm wealth increased. Support for free-trade was also higher for crop farms. Farms receiving more government payments are less likely to favor a free-trade policy environment.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Producer attitudes; International trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15186
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An analysis of trade related international regulations of genetically modified food and their effects on developing countries AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P..
This paper reviews current trade-related regulations of genetically modified (GM) food and discusses their effects on developing countries. There is a large heterogeneity in current import approval and marketing policies of GM food worldwide. At the international level, the harmonization efforts are led by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the World Trade Organization. While internationally harmonized guidelines for safety approval have been finalized, we show that there is no clear consensus on labeling regulations for GM food, and there is an increasing risk of conflicts among international agreements. We analyze the GM food regulations of two large rich importers, Japan and the European Union (EU) and discuss...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; Developing countries; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Trade regulation; Labeling; International trade; Tariff; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55422
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ANÁLISE DO COMÉRCIO DE PESCADO ENTRE BRASIL E OS ESTADOS UNIDOS.NÁLISE DO COMÉRCIO DE PESCADO ENTRE BRASIL E OS ESTADOS UNIDOS. AgEcon
Carvalho, Rosemeiry Melo; Kolb, Pedro Carneiro.
Esse trabalho tem como objetivo estimar as equações de oferta e demanda de pescado comercializado entre o Brasil e os Estados Unidos no período entre 1996 e 2006. As variáveis incluídas no modelo foram: quantidade comercializada, preço, renda per capita do americano e a taxa de câmbio do período. De acordo com os resultados obtidos pode-se concluir que a demanda e a oferta de pescado são elásticas, de modo que um aumento no preço do produto provoca variações mais que proporcionais na quantidade comercializada. Em relação à renda, verifica-se que, no mercado norte-americano, o pescado brasileiro é considerado um bem inferior. Desde o ano de 2003 o valor das exportações brasileiras de pescado para os Estados Unidos tem diminuído, podendo ser atribuído, a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pescado; Comércio internacional; Brasil; Estados Unidos; Fish; International trade; Brazil; United States; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108156
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Analysis of Barriers to Brazilian Chicken Meat Imports Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Aranda,MA; Sgavioli,S; Domingues,CHF; Santos,ET; Nääs,IA; Moura,JB; Garcia,RG.
ABSTRACT Trade liberalization during the last decades has increased among nations as a result of decreased tariffs. However, during the same period, market agents have created new protection measures to replace such mechanisms in an attempt to promote the domestic economic stability of countries, while expanding and ensuring the trade between nations. Considering that Brazil is the second largest broiler producer and chicken-meat exporter worldwide, the present study proposed to analyze the main barriers imposed on Brazilian chicken meat imports by the ten major importing countries. This is a documentary research with primary and secondary data, of a descriptive-exploratory nature, under a qualitative approach. Semi-structured questionnaires including...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Poultry production; International trade; Exports; Protectionism.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000200312
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Appearance and spread of diseases among bivalve molluscs in the northern hemisphere in relation to international trade ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan.
Bivalve mollusc culture is a well-developed marine aquaculture activity in many countries around the world, notably in the northern hemisphere. During the development of this activity, numerous countries have been confronted with infectious diseases of varying severity and duration. Research has been conducted to determine the aetiology, epidemiology and control measures for these epizootics. Major epizootics in bivalve molluscs have been caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoan parasites. Moreover, important commercial relations exist in marine mollusc culture between different geographical areas. This must be taken into account in explaining the appearance and the spread of some infectious diseases in several countries around the world. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northern hemisphere; International trade; Infectious diseases; Bivalve molluscs; Mollusques bivalves; Maladies infectieuses; Hémisphère Nord; Commerce internatioanal.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1996/publication-2913.pdf
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Assessment of Biotechnology Policies and International Trade in Key Markets for U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Song, Baohui.
The United States leads the world in agricultural biotechnology research, adoption, commercialization, and exports. Our biotech commodities are highly dependent on international markets. Thus, any biotech policy changes by key importing countries may affect U.S. agricultural biotech product exports. This article identifies key markets for U.S. agricultural exports including biotech commodities and discusses current and proposed biotech policies in key markets for U.S. agricultural exports focusing on Canada, Mexico, Japan, the European Union (EU), and China. Among these markets, labeling of biotech products is voluntary in Canada and Mexico but is mandatory in Japan, the EU, and, most recently, in China. For the EU, U.S. corn exports were almost...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Biotech policy; Corn; Cotton; International trade; Soybeans; U.S. agricultural exports; Q13; Q17; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43513
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Australia's Economic Policies in an Era of Globalisation AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Outlines changes in Australian economic policies that have occurred in recent decades in response to growing economic globalisation. It considers microeconomic reforms in Australia and changes to its industry policy (including important changes in national competition policy) its financial reforms (exchange rate and banking reforms), its liberalisation of international trade and of foreign investment, both inward and outward. Furthermore, particular consideration is given to Australia’s policies and its lobbying in relation to The World Trade Organisation (WTO), economic regionalism, and bilateralism. These policies provide further insights into the way that Australia has responded to growing economic globalisation.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Globalisation; Industry policy; Financial reforms; International trade; Foreign investment; Financial Economics; International Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90534
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Biodiversity, Trade, And The Fishing Sector Case Study: West Africa OceanDocs
Stone, C.D.; Downes, D.; de Fontaubert, A.C..
In 1997, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, with the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development, initiated a project to examine the relationship between the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the rules of international trade–those administered by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), in particular. The project was motivated by a widely shared concern that the aims of the CBD, which are essentially to conserve and equitably distribute the benefits of the environment, might be undermined by the WTO, which aims at the liberalisation of trade. Liberalised trade has the potential to integrate economies, regionally and globally, in mutually beneficial ways. But some observers are concerned that it may do so...
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; International trade; Fisheries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/657
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Canadian Orange Juice Imports and Production Level Import Demand AgEcon
Liu, Yan; Kilmer, Richard L.; Lee, Jonq-Ying.
Import demand equations are estimated in order to identify the own-, cross-price, and volume elasticities that can be used to determine the best marketing strategy to increase U.S. orange juice gallons in the Canadian import market. This study uses the firm’s version of production differential, AIDS, CBS, and NBR models. An expansion of total Canadian orange juice import gallons using advertising favors the U.S. much more than it does the other three origins investigated— Brazil, Mexico, and ROW. A 1% increase in imported gallons of orange juice due to advertising will increase U.S. imports by 1.20% and Brazil’s gallons by 0.60%.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: AIDS model; CBS model; Import demand; International trade; NBR model; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62281
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CHINA'S FOOD AND AGRICULTURE: ISSUES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY AgEcon
China's impact on world agricultural markets in coming decades will depend on many factors. Growing income and transition to modern urban lifestyles will increase demand for all foods, but demand will shift toward meat and high-value products. WTO accession may increase openness of China's agricultural trade and allow more imports. An understanding of geographic variations of consumption, production, trade, and policy is critical to understanding the vast China market. Development of transportation infrastructure and market channels will make it easier for food products to reach consumers. China's approach to biotechnology and its reform of institutions for allocating land, labor, and water inputs have important implications for agricultural productive...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: China; Food; Agriculture; Production; Consumption; Regions; International trade; Biotechnology; Livestock; Land; Irrigation; Retail; Transportation; Marketing; Rural development; Labor markets; Statistics; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33723
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Chinese Tariff Rate Quota v.s. U.S. Subsidies: What Affects the World Cotton Market More? AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Welch, Mark; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Ethridge, Don E..
Paper replaced with new version 8/17/05
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; International trade; Subsidies; TRQ; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19111
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Comércio e integração dos estados brasileiros AgEcon
Almeida, Fernanda Maria de; Silva, Orlando Monteiro da.
Given that in Brazil there is a significant asymmetry in production and trade among states, this study had as objective to measure the border effect to the intranational and international trade, using it as an indicator of the degree of integration. Such effect measures the bias to the internal trade of a country or state, in comparison to the external trade. A gravity model, including different dummy variables was used as methodology for this study. Results showed that intra-state trade in Brazil was 32 and 96 times larger than interstate and international trade, respectively. Interstate trade, was shown to be around 34 times larger than international trade. The border effect calculated to each state trading to other states, and to the rest of the world,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International trade; Border effect; Gravity model; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54139
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Comércio internacional de arroz. Repositório Alice
GAZZOLA, R.; WANDER, A. E.; SOUZA, G. da S. e..
O presente trabalho objetivou identificar os principais produtores, exportadores e importadores mundiais de arroz e estimar estatisticamente as taxas de crescimento da produção, exportação e importação de arroz destes países ou continentes, com vistas a identificar países ou regiões de crescimento e de declínio, em termos de importância para o produto.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Arroz; Oryza sativa; Produção; Importação; Exportação; Preço; Rice; International trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/428420
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Comercio internacional de servicios: una reflexión sobre la balanza de servicios no financieros del Perú: período 1970-1988 AgEcon
Caceres Valderrama, Armando.
Este documento contiene algunas reflexiones sobre la problemática del comercio internacional de servicios. Revisa la noción de servicios desde tres perspectivas: la económica, la estadística y la comercial, así como la evolución del comercio internacional de servicios durante los últimos veinte años.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Comercio internacional; Balanza comercial; Sector servicios; International trade; Balance of trade; Peru; International Relations/Trade; F40; F13.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42285
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