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A Amazônia na economia natural do conhecimento. Infoteca-e
LOPES, M. A..
A Amazônia é, de longe, o melhor estudo de caso para inserção do Brasil na economia natural do conhecimento. Primeiro, porque precisamos estar mais preparados a argumentar de forma mais inteligente e assertiva com aqueles que insistem que o Brasil deve se responsabilizar sozinho, e de graça, por uma enorme fatia da proteção ambiental do planeta. Segundo, porque já vemos emergir no mundo uma nova economia de base biológica, em segmentos vitais como a agricultura, a saúde, e as indústrias química, de materiais e de energia. E a biodiversidade, a maior riqueza da Amazônia , é matéria-prima essencial para o futuro dessa bioeconomia.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Serviços ecossitêmicos; Bioeconomia; Serviços ambientais; Antropoceno.; Economia natural do conhecimento; Economia; Desenvolvimento Sustentável; Recurso Natural; Biodiversidade.; Economic sustainability; Amazonia; Biodiversity; Knowledge; Natural resources..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1123693
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A magyarországi mezőgazdasági szaktanácsadás intézményi jellemzői AgEcon
Szekely, Erika.
A mezőgazdasági tanácsadás jelentős múltra tekint vissza hazánkban. Legfőbb célja, hogy a gazdáknak továbbított információk és ismeretek közvetítésével hozzájáruljon az eredményes gazdálkodáshoz, mert a gazdálkodók szakmai felkészültségében hiányosságok tapasztalhatók, jelentősek a különbségek az üzemméretekben, valamint az eredményekben. A hatékony szaktanácsadási rendszerrel szemben támasztott követelmények hazánkban csak részben teljesülnek, a jelenlegi struktúra számos területen beavatkozást igényel, így a szolgáltatók közötti feladatmegosztásban, a tanácsadók felkészültségében, a tanácsadási szolgáltatások iránti igényben, valamint a rendszer hatékonyságát illetően. Hosszabb távon a tanácsadás piacvezéreltté tétele szolgálja leginkább a...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Mezőgazdaság; Szaktanácsadás; Felkészültség; Információközvetítés; Szolgáltatások; Agriculture; Extension; Knowledge; Transfer of information; Services; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119929
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Abundacia del Jaguar (Panthera onca) y de sus presas en el municipio de tomasopo, San Luis Potosí Colegio de Postgraduados
Ávila Najera, Dulce María.
Durante el 2007 y 2008 en el ecotono (bosque de encino y bosque tropical) ubicado en el Ejido de San Nicolás de los Montes enclavado en la Huasteca Potosina se estudió la abundancia y densidad del jaguar (Panthera onca) y la abundancia relativa (IAR) de seis de sus presas potenciales, armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), coatí (Nasua narica), pecarí de collar (Pecari tajacu), venado temazate (Mazama temama), venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus) y tuza real (Cuniculus paca). La abundancia del jaguar se estimó con base en trampeo fotográfico, la densidad por medio del programa de cómputo CAPTURE. El IAR se calculó con tres metodologías (transectos parcelas y trampas-cámara). Además, por medio de encuestas se determinó el índice de importancia...
Palavras-chave: Abundancia; Jaguar; Presas; Valor cultural; Conocimiento abundance; Jaguar; Prey; Cultural value; Knowledge.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/785
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Abundacia del Jaguar (Panthera onca) y de sus presas en el municipio de tomasopo, San Luis Potosí Colegio de Postgraduados
Ávila Najera, Dulce María.
Durante el 2007 y 2008 en el ecotono (bosque de encino y bosque tropical) ubicado en el Ejido de San Nicolás de los Montes enclavado en la Huasteca Potosina se estudió la abundancia y densidad del jaguar (Panthera onca) y la abundancia relativa (IAR) de seis de sus presas potenciales, armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), coatí (Nasua narica), pecarí de collar (Pecari tajacu), venado temazate (Mazama temama), venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus) y tuza real (Cuniculus paca). La abundancia del jaguar se estimó con base en trampeo fotográfico, la densidad por medio del programa de cómputo CAPTURE. El IAR se calculó con tres metodologías (transectos parcelas y trampas-cámara). Además, por medio de encuestas se determinó el índice de importancia...
Palavras-chave: Abundancia; Jaguar; Presas; Valor cultural; Conocimiento abundance; Jaguar; Prey; Cultural value; Knowledge.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/809
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Abundacia del Jaguar (Panthera onca) y de sus presas en el municipio de tomasopo, San Luis Potosí Colegio de Postgraduados
Ávila Najera, Dulce María.
Durante el 2007 y 2008 en el ecotono (bosque de encino y bosque tropical) ubicado en el Ejido de San Nicolás de los Montes enclavado en la Huasteca Potosina se estudió la abundancia y densidad del jaguar (Panthera onca) y la abundancia relativa (IAR) de seis de sus presas potenciales, armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), coatí (Nasua narica), pecarí de collar (Pecari tajacu), venado temazate (Mazama temama), venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus) y tuza real (Cuniculus paca). La abundancia del jaguar se estimó con base en trampeo fotográfico, la densidad por medio del programa de cómputo CAPTURE. El IAR se calculó con tres metodologías (transectos parcelas y trampas-cámara). Además, por medio de encuestas se determinó el índice de importancia...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Abundancia; Jaguar; Presas; Valor cultural; Conocimiento; Abundance; Jaguar; Prey; Cultural value; Knowledge.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1168
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Abundancia del jaguar (Panthera onca) y de sus presas en el municipio de Tamasopo, San Luis Potosí. Colegio de Postgraduados
Avila Nájera, Dulce María.
Durante el 2007 y 2008 en el ecotono (bosque de encino y bosque tropical) ubicado en el Ejido de San Nicolás de los Montes enclavado en la Huasteca potosina se estudió la abundancia y densidad del jaguar Panthera onca) y la abundancia relativa (IAR) de seis de sus presas potenciales, armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), coatí (Nasua Narica), pecarí de collar (Pecari tajacu), venado temazate (Mazama temama), venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus) y tuza real (Cuniculus paca). La abundancia del jaguar se estimó con base en trampeo fotográfico, la densidad por medio del programa de cómputo CAPTURE. El IAR se calculó con tres metodologías (transectos parcelas y trampas-cámara). Además, por medio de encuestas se determinó el índice de importancia cultural...
Palavras-chave: Abundancia; Jaguar; Presas; Valor cultural; Conocimiento; Abundance; Prey; Cultural value; Knowledge; Maestría; Ganadería; Fauna silvestre.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/106
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Abundancia del jaguar (Panthera onca) y de sus presas en el municipio de Tamasopo, San Luis Potosí. Colegio de Postgraduados
Ávila Nájera, Dulce María.
Durante el 2007 y 2008 en el ecotono (bosque de encino y bosque tropical) ubicado en el Ejido de San Nicolás de los Montes enclavado en la Huasteca potosina se estudió la abundancia y densidad del jaguar Panthera onca) y la abundancia relativa (IAR) de seis de sus presas potenciales, armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), coatí (Nasua Narica), pecarí de collar (Pecari tajacu), venado temazate (Mazama temama), venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus) y tuza real (Cuniculus paca). La abundancia del jaguar se estimó con base en trampeo fotográfico, la densidad por medio del programa de cómputo CAPTURE. El IAR se calculó con tres metodologías (transectos parcelas y trampas-cámara). Además, por medio de encuestas se determinó el índice de importancia cultural...
Palavras-chave: Abundancia; Jaguar; Presas; Valor cultural; Conocimiento; Abundance; Prey; Cultural value; Knowledge; Maestría; Ganadería; Fauna silvestre.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/106
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Academic of environmental sciences: perception and interest in agro-ecological sector Sci. Agrar.Paran. / SAP
Oliveira, Carmem Sara Pinheiro de; Lima, Allison Ferreira de.
Agroecology is settling as a new alternative for transformation, not just in the productive point of view, but mostly about human inclusion. In this context, comes the debate about the importance of family farming as a means of sustainable production. This research aimed to evaluate the design of university students of Environmental Sciences on family agriculture and its agro-ecological perspectives. The subjects were 104 students, distributed among the courses of Biological Sciences and Ecology Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), in which they were chosen at random and asked to answer a standard questionnaire with key questions on the proposed theme. The results show that there is some knowledge about the theme addressed, however so there...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Family agriculture agroecology; Knowledge; Students; Sustainable..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/scientiaagraria/article/view/14121
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Activities and influence of veterinary drug marketers on antimicrobial usage in livestock production in Oyo and Kaduna States, Nigeria JARTS
Ojo, Olufemi Ernest; Awoyomi, Olajoju Jokotola; Fabusoro, Eniola; Dipeolu, Morenike Atinuke.
Antimicrobial usage in animals contributes to the emergence of antimicrobial resistant bacterial strains. Investigations were carried out on how the characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of antimicrobial marketers influenced antimicrobials usage in animal production in Oyo and Kaduna States, Nigeria. Focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and structured questionnaires were used to gather information about the characteristics and activities of antimicrobial marketers. Overall, 70 (56.9 %) of 123 marketers had post-secondary education while 76 (61.8 %) were trained on the use of antimicrobials. Eighteen (14.6 %) of the marketers were licensed veterinarians. Only 51 (41.5 %) marketers displayed adequate knowledge about antimicrobials and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultural Sociology; Veterinary Public Health antimicrobial resistance; Attitude; Injudicious antimicrobial usage; Knowledge; Socio-cultural practices.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2017062752862
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“I know, therefore I adapt?” Complexities of individual adaptation to climate-induced forest dieback in Alaska Ecology and Society
Oakes, Lauren E.; Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources, Stanford University; leoakes@stanford.edu; Ardoin, Nicole M.; Graduate School of Education and Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University; nmardoin@stanford.edu; Lambin, Eric F.; School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University; Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University; elambin@stanford.edu.
Individual actions to avoid, benefit from, or cope with climate change impacts partly shape adaptation; much research on adaptation has focused at the systems level, overlooking drivers of individual responses. Theoretical frameworks and empirical studies of environmental behavior identify a complex web of cognitive, affective, and evaluative factors that motivate stewardship. We explore the relationship between knowledge of, and adaptation to, widespread, climate-induced tree mortality to understand the cognitive (i.e., knowledge and learning), affective (i.e., attitudes and place attachment), and evaluative (i.e., use values) factors that influence how individuals respond to climate-change impacts. From 43 semistructured interviews with forest managers...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Climate change; Forest management; Individual adaptation; Knowledge; Place attachment; Use values.
Ano: 2016
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An Initial Assessment of Policies for Saving a Rare Australian Glider: Experimental Results, Economics and Ecology AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Wilson, Clevo; Swarna Nantha, Hemanath.
Reviews the ecological status of the mahogany glider and describes its distribution, habitat and abundance, life history and threats to it. Three serial surveys of Brisbane residents provide data on the knowledge of respondents about the mahogany glider. The results provide information about the attitudes of respondents to the mahogany glider, to its conservation and relevant public policies and about variations in these factors as the knowledge of participants of the mahogany glider alters. Similarly data is provided and analysed about the willingness to pay of respondents to conserve the mahogany glider. Population viability analysis is applied to estimate the required habitat area for a minimum viable population of the mahogany glider to ensure at least...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conservation policies; Contingent valuation; Knowledge; Mahogany glider Petaurus gracilis; Population viability analysis; Social cost-benefit analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51290
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Assessing Changes in Fisheries Using Fishers’ Knowledge to Generate Long Time Series of Catch Rates: a Case Study from the Red Sea Ecology and Society
Tesfamichael, Dawit; Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia; Department of Marine Science, University of Asmara; d.tesfamichael@fisheries.ubc.ca; Pitcher, Tony J.; Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia; pitcher.t@gmail.com; Pauly, Daniel; Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia; d.pauly@fisheries.ubc.ca.
The data requirements for most quantitative fishery assessment models are extensive, and most of the fisheries in the world lack time series of the required biological and socioeconomic data. Many innovative approaches have been developed to improve data collection for fisheries. We explored the use of data from fishers’ interviews to estimate time series of approximate “best” catch rates. A total of 472 standardized interviews were conducted with 423 fishers along the southern Red Sea coast recording the best catch recalled and the change in average catch rates throughout the fishing career of interviewees. The results showed a decline of best catch rates in all fisheries, ranging from 4% to 10% per year for more than 50...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Assessment; Catch rates; Fishers’ Knowledge; Interview; Red Sea; Small-scale fishery; Time series.
Ano: 2014
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Assessing the impact of agricultural research on farmer's knowledge about African animal trypanosomosis : An application of the propensity score matching approach AgEcon
Liebenehm, Sabine; Affognon, Hippolyte; Waibel, Hermann.
Ex-post evaluation of agricultural research is aimed to empirically provide evidence of past investments’ effectiveness. This paper is intended to measure the immediate impact of livestock research activities on cattle farmers’ knowledge about trypanosomosis and its therapeutic and preventive control strategies. According to the quasi-experimental design of the intervention, it is shown that its impact will be adequately estimated by propensity score matching (PSM). Based on data collected according to a knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) questionnaire in the region of Kénédougou that is common to Mali and Burkina Faso, results indicate a significant gain in farmers’ know-how due to participation in livestock research activities.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: African animal trypanosomosis (AAT); Knowledge; Attitude and practice (KAP); Propensity score matching (PSM); Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53277
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AVALIAÇÃO DE IMPACTOS SOBRE O CONHECIMENTO, CAPACITAÇÃO E POLÍTICO-INSTITUCIONAL DA PESQUISA GERADA PELA EMBRAPA AgEcon
Vedovoto, Graciela Luzia; Marques, Daniela Vieira; Avila, Antonio Flavio Dias; Souza, Mirian Oliveira De; Ribeiro, Luis Fernando Martins.
Este trabalho apresenta a experiência da Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa na avaliação de impactos sobre o conhecimento, capacitação e político-institucional. O trabalho descreve a metodologia utilizada tomando como referência uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema e análisa documentos institucionais recentes e relatórios de avaliação disponibilizados pelas Unidades Descentralizadas da Embrapa. A metodologia utilizada para avaliação de impactos desta natureza é baseada na dimensão “capacitação” do método ESAC, criado pelo GEOPI/Unicamp. A Embrapa tem direcionado esforços no sentido de aprimorar a metodologia de avaliação de impactos sobre o conhecimento, capacitação e polítíco-institucional por considerar que os benefícios gerados...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Metodologia; Avaliação de impactos; Conhecimento; Methodology; Evaluation of impacts; Knowledge; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109975
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Avian Influenza Threat and its Potential Impact on Demand for Chicken and Eggs AgEcon
Liu, Kang Ernest; Huang, Min-Hsin; Hsu, Jane Lu; Lee, Hwang-Jaw.
A highly pathogenic H5N1 strain of avian influenza (AI) has been confirmed in 420 human cases and has caused 257 deaths in the world starting from 2003. Using face-to-face interviews, our data were collected by utilizing a stratified sampling scheme following the distribution of gender and age in three major metropolitan areas in Taiwan, including Taipei, Taichung, and Kaohsiung. The questionnaire was designed to retrieve information including AI knowledge, risk perceptions, and behavioral changes of two types of consumers, primary shoppers and general consumers. In total, 501 primary shoppers and 505 general consumers completed the survey in June 2007 and were recorded for analysis. The empirical results show several interesting findings, especially, that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Avian influenza; Knowledge; Risk perception; Tobit model; Taiwan; Consumer/Household Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; M30.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49297
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Challenges training for highly qualified animal scientists for the Asian region Thai Agricultural
Metha Wanapat.
Tipo: PhysicalObject Palavras-chave: Capacity building; Animal science; Researchers; Think globally; Act locally; Agricultural development; Knowledge; Skill; Scientists; Asian; นักวิจัย; สัตวศาสตร์; การอบรม; การสร้างขีดความสามารถ; บทบาทหน้าที่; การทำประโยชน์; การพัฒนางาน; อาเซียน.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5819
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Combining cluster and value chain approaches to analyze the competitiveness of fresh vegetables producers: case studies in Germany, Italy and Spain AgEcon
Riedel, Bettina; Bokelmann, Wolfgang; Canavari, Maurizio.
European producers of fresh vegetables are under pressure to improve their performance in order to increase competitiveness. Innovative products and processes and competitive advantage can be gained by the creation and use of unique resources as an outcome of cooperation between producers and complementary actors in local clusters. However, locally clustered producers do not sell to open markets but instead need access to value chains governed by lead firms: the large European retail chains, which decide the rules and conditions of participation. The study claims the necessity to combine aspects from cluster theory with ideas from global value chain approach to discover elements in European fresh vegetable business that could enable local producers to gain...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Fresh vegetables; Clusters; Global value chains; Knowledge; Competitiveness; Governance; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58121
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Community Adaptation to the Hebei-Spirit Oil Spill Ecology and Society
Cheong, So-Min; University of Kansas; somin@ku.edu.
The focus of the research is the significance of dependence for communities to survive and adapt in times of environmental disasters. It shifts the emphasis on self-reliant communities for survival and examines the types and effects of dependence and external linkages by analyzing the range of community responses that include initial responses, early social impact, compensation, and conflicts after the Hebei-Spirit oil spill in December 2007 in Korea. The findings reveal that dependence is necessary, and the effects of dependence can be both positive and negative depending on the relations between external entities and affected communities as well as the community capacity to absorb resources and information.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Community adaptation; Community dependence; Resource; Hebei-Spirit; Knowledge; Oil spill.
Ano: 2012
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Como a ciência responde à pandemia. Infoteca-e
LOPES, M. A..
Essa pandemia é a primeira crise verdadeiramente global da história, com um organismo invisível afetando aproximadamente ao mesmo tempo praticamente todas as pessoas no planeta, ignorando raça, credo, status social ou limites físicos.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Conhecimento científico; Pandemia; Covid-19; Coronavírus; Pesquisa; Método de Pesquisa; Pandemic; Research; Research methods; Knowledge.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1123543
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Comparative Public Support for Conserving Reptile Species is High: Australian Evidence and its Implications AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Wilson, Clevo; Swarna Nantha, Hemanath.
This paper investigates factors influencing the public’s support for conservation of tropical reptile species in a focal group drawing on Australian data and an experiment involving a sample of the Australian public. The influences of the likeability of the species, their degree of endangerment, ethical considerations as well as knowledge are examined and found to be important. Likeability is found to be much less important than the existing literature suggests. This is highlighted by comparing the likeability of the focal group of reptiles with that for a group of birds and a group of mammals with differences in willingness to pay for their conservation.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conservation; Endangerment; Ethics; Knowledge; Likeability; Reptiles; WTP (willingness to pay); Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51412
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