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Globalization, Social Welfare and Labor Market Inequalities AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Svizzero, Serge.
Income inequality has increased sharply in higher income countries. Theories attributing this to bifurcation of labor markets are examined. Some theorists attribute this bifurcation primarily to technical change with influence from globalization. Others take an opposite viewpoint. A contrasting view presented here is that globalization is strongly linked with technological change more significantly even if globalization increases economic efficiency and growth in high-income countries, it can raise income inequality and reduce social welfare. International fiscal competitiveness may, it is argued, contribute to income inequality and make all nations worse off. Trends in public social expenditure and in taxation receipts in higher income countries,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fiscal competition; Globalization; Income inequality; Labor markets; Public economics; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; J00; F00; L00.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90525
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Market Power and/or Efficiency: An Application to U.S. Food Processing AgEcon
Lopez, Rigoberto A.; Azzam, Azzeddine M.; Liron-Espana, Carmen.
This article separates oligopoly-power and cost-efficiency effects of changes in industrial concentration and assesses their impact on output prices in 32 food-processing industries. Empirical results indicate that although concentration induces cost efficiency in one-third of the industries, oligopoly-power effects either dominate cost efficiency or reinforce inefficiency, resulting in higher output prices in most industries. The article also provides fresh econometric estimates of oligopoly power and economies of size for the industries in question.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Industrial concentration; Economies of scale; Industrial organization; Oligopoly power; Food processing; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis; L00; L11; L13; L66.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25160
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Measuring Competition in the U.S. Airline Industry Using the Rosse-Panzar Test and Cross-Sectional Regression Analyses AgEcon
Fischer, Thorsten; Kamerschen, David R..
We employ the Rosse-Panzar test to assess market performance in selected airport-pairs originating from Atlanta. The Rosse-Panzar test stands in the tradition of the New Empirical Industrial Organization. It is based on the comparative statics of a reduced form revenue equation. Therefore, it is less powerful than structural models, but it offers the advantage of less stringent data requirements and reduces the risk of model misspecifications. The test statistic allows us in most airport-pairs to reject both conducts consistent with the Bertrand outcome, which is equivalent to perfect competition, and the collusive outcome, which is equivalent to joint profit-maximization. Rather, the test statistic suggests that behavior is consistent with a range of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Airlines; Oligopoly; Conduct; Price-cost margins; Lerner index; Rosse-Panzar test; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; L00; L40; L93.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44041
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Optimal Timing of Cartel Formation Under Uncertainty AgEcon
Cai, Xiaowei; Stiegert, Kyle W..
Understanding how business cartels form and expand is foundational for developing sound deterrence strategies. Past work (i.e. Connor, 2005) has relied on net present value (NPV) methods to evaluate the streams of costs and benefits of forming or joining a cartel. While NPV adequately measure the expected value of future streams of benefits and costs, higher moments of the distribution are also important in understanding agent behavior. Thus, in the presence of uncertainty about future streams and litigation costs, NPV may miss important dimensions that shape the issue. The decision to form or join a cartel is, at least, partially irreversible, because it exposes the firm or its involved managers to litigation on all previous returns and even after the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cartel Joining Behavior; Real Options Theory; International Cartels; Industrial Organization; K21; L00; L12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61301
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