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1890 INSTITUTIONS IN A CHANGING SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Jones, Dewitt; Parks, Alfred L..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29908
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1890 INSTITUTIONS IN A CHANGING SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT: DISCUSSION AgEcon
Allen, Joyce E..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29924
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2008 Michigan Dairy Industry Survey AgEcon
Bitsch, Vera.
The Michigan State University (MSU) Dairy Team conducted an industry survey with the objectives of identifying and rating industry priorities. After holding discussion groups across the state, two questionnaires were developed and sent to 2,237 dairy farm owners and operators and 480 allied industry professionals in the state; 23.4% of the dairy farmers and 28.1% of the allied industry professionals returned questionnaires with useable data. This report summarizes respondents’ ratings of industry issues, as well as education and knowledge needs. In addition, educational preferences, management practices, Internet use and access, demographic information, and farm characteristics are outlined.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy farmers; Dairy industry; Extension evaluation; Information sources; Internet use; Survey questionnaire; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; M0; Q12; Q13; Q14; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51842
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A 2004 Social Accounting Matrix for Israel: Documentation of an Economy-Wide Database with a Focus on Agriculture, the Labour Market, and Income Distribution AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A.; Flaig, Dorothee; Luckmann, Jonas; Grethe, Harald.
This document describes the Israeli Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2004, developed by the Agricultural and Food Policy Group at the University of Hohenheim. The SAM is a part of a larger research project which aims to analyse several economic, trade, and labour policies in the context of economic integration of agriculture between Israel and the West Bank. Data are obtained from various sources in Israel. Sources include the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS), the Central Bank of Israel (CBI), and the Israeli Tax Authority (ITA). Data from sources outside of Israel are used to fill-in some gaps in the domestic reports. External sources include the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: SAM; IO Table; CGE; Database; Israel.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; C6; C8; D1; D3; D5; D6; E2; E6; F1; F2; H2.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110156
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A back-door brain drain AgEcon
Stark, Oded; Byra, Lukasz.
In this paper we study the impact of the international migration of unskilled workers on skill formation and the average skill level in the home country. We analyze what appears to be the least threatening scenario from the point of view of its effect on the supply of skills at home: namely, migration exclusively by unskilled workers. Somewhat surprisingly, we find that even without the departure of skilled workers, the home country suffers reduced aggregate skill formation. Although as a response to a higher wage rate per unit of human capital in the new equilibrium skilled workers choose to accumulate more human capital than before the opening up to migration of unskilled workers, the number and share of skilled workers in the home country’s workforce...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Migration of unskilled workers; Human capital formation; Depletion of human capital; Labor and Human Capital; F22; J24; O15.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122433
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A Categorical Data Analysis on Risks in Agriculture AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
This study compares farm operators’ risk perceptions and actual realization of risk attitudes revealed through off-farm labor, enterprise diversification, and use of contracts, crop insurance, and other types of insurance, using data from 2001 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS). Results from ordered logit model and multivariate probit models unexpectedly found that risk loving farmers are more likely to employ risk management strategies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; D81; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98839
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A COMPARISON OF THE SIZE AND LOCATION OF AGRIBUSINESS INDUSTRIES FOR LOUISIANA AND ITS PARISHES: 1982-1992 AgEcon
Hughes, David W.; Harrison, R. Wes.
The objective of this study is to measure and analyze the effects of structural change in the agribusiness sector on parish economies in Louisiana. Specific objectives are: (1) to measure changing patterns of employment in Louisiana's agribusiness sector, (2) to analyze the impacts of structural change on the contribution of agribusiness to total employment in individual parishes, and (3) to identify any rural-to-urban or urban-to-rural shifts in the geographic location of employment resulting from structural changes in agribusiness industries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31684
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A concern about low relative income, and the alignment of utilitarianism with egalitarianism AgEcon
Stark, Oded; Kobus, Martyna; Jakubek, Marcin.
A utilitarian social planner who maximizes social welfare assigns the available income to those who are most efficient in converting income into utility. However, when individuals are concerned about their income falling behind the incomes of others, the optimal income distribution under utilitarianism is equality of incomes.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Utilitarianism; Income equality; Social welfare maximization; Relative income; Labor and Human Capital; H0; I0; I30; I31.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117257
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A COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF DEMAND- AND SUPPLY-SIDE EDUCATION INTERVENTIONS: THE CASE OF PROGRESA IN MEXICO AgEcon
Coady, David P.; Parker, Susan W..
This paper is concerned with the issue of the most cost-effective way of improving access to education for poor households in developing countries. We consider two alternatives: (1) extensive expansion of the school system (i.e., bringing education to the poor) and (2) subsidizing investment in education by the poor (i.e., bringing the poor to the education system). To this end, we evaluate the Programa Nacional de Educación, Salud y Alimentación (PROGRESA), a large poverty alleviation program recently introduced in Mexico that subsidizes education. Using double-difference regression estimators on data collected before and after the program for randomly selected control and treatment households, we estimate the relative impacts of the demand- and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16406
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A COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF DEMAND-AND-SUPPLY-SIDE EDUCATION: THE CASE OF PROGRESA IN MEXICO AgEcon
Coady, David P.; Parker, Susan W..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15935
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A Cross Comparison Between California and Its Domestic and International Competitors With Respect to Key Labor Issues AgEcon
Hurley, Sean P..
California had a market value of agricultural products sold of $25.7 billion in the year 2002 ranking it as the top agricultural producing state in the country. Approximately 74% of this market value was attributed to crop sales. California producers spent nearly $20.5 billion on total farm expenses. The largest single expense for agricultural producers in the state was labor at $4.3 billion. Another $1.6 billion was spent on contract labor. Hired and contract labor expenses accounted for nearly 29% of total farm expense. Approximately 34,000 California farms hired over 535,000 laborers. Of these farms, 25% reported hiring migrant labor and 29% hired 10 or more employees. With labor being such an integral part of the California producers’ operations, the...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121616
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A DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Vink, Nick; Kirsten, Johann F..
The working paper discusses the trends in farm employment over time in South Africa. This is followed by the presentation of six case studies of specific commodities and regions with the view to establishing the potential employment effects of various changes in the policy environment. The article ends with an assessment of selected aspects of the wider environment within which the sector operates, to ascertain the extent to which such policy shifts are feasible, i.e. whether the measured effects in employment generation are likely to happen.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18048
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A diplomás munkaerő helyzetének vizsgálata (Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén megyékben és Budapesten) AgEcon
Toth, Eszter.
A kérdőíves megkérdezés – 1022 válasz – alapján megállapítható, hogy 100 001– 180 000 Ft közötti nettó átlagkereset jellemző a diplomás munkavállalók körében. A diplomát adó végzettség és a megkérdezettek munkaerő-piaci státusának összefüggéseit illetően megállapítható, hogy a diplomások között létezik ugyan munkanélküliség, de ez jóval kisebb mértékű, mint a KSH és a Munkaügyi Központok által kimutatott, alap- és középszintű végzettséggel rendelkező munkavállalók körében. A továbbtanulás – ami az Európai Unió szintjén is lényeges – a kérdőíves felmérés szerint nagyarányú, 67%-os. -------------------- Based on 1022 answers of a survey it can be stated that the characteristic range of net average monthly salary is between 100 and 180 thousand HUF among...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Megyék fejlettségi szintje; Nemzetgazdasági ágak; Alkalmazottak; Nettó kereset; Munkaerő-piaci státus; Development level of counties; Economic sectors; Employees; Net salary; Position on labour market; Labor and Human Capital; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58607
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A Discriminant Analysis of Factors Associated with The Adoption Of Certified Organic Farming By Smallholder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Kisaka-Lwayo, Maggie.
Discriminant analysis was used to identify the characteristics that distinguish between fully-certified organic, partially-certified organic and non-organic farmers in Umbumbulu district, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA) during October- November 2004. 200 farmers interviewed were drawn by purposively selecting the 151 members of the Ezemvelo Farmers’ Organisation (EFO), and by random sampling 49 non-organic farmers in wards neighbouring EFO. Results from the two estimated discriminant functions suggested that farmers with higher household sizes, incomes, input costs per hectare and number of chickens owned, locations further from innovators and less risk aversion were more likely to be certified as organic. Household location should be considered in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Organic; Discriminant Analysis; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52155
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A exclusão social de mulheres jovens, com idade entre 15 a 24 anos, no mercado de trabalho no Brasil AgEcon
Fernandes, Rosangela Aparecida Soares; Lima, Joao Eustaquio de; Santos, Cristiane Marcia.
Vários fatores como escolaridade, renda per capita, experiência, maternidade, raça, dentre outros, têm contribuído para a exclusão de mulheres jovens no mercado de trabalho. O objetivo deste artigo é identificar a situação das mulheres jovens, com idade entre 15 e 24 anos, no mercado de trabalho brasileiro em 2005. Estimou-se um modelo logit multinomial para as probabilidades das jovens encontrarem, em determinado período de tempo, em uma das seguintes ocupações: inativo, ativo e empregado, ou ativo e desempregado. Verificou-se que, o aumento da escolaridade e experiência diminui as probabilidades de emprego e desemprego e aumenta a probabilidade inatividade. A renda per capita relaciona-se positivamente com as probabilidades de inatividade e empregado e...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ercado de trabalho; Mulheres jovens; Emprego; Exclusão social; Desemprego; Labour market; Young women; Employment; Social exclusion; Unemployment; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108575
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A főfoglalkozású egyéni gazdák habitusai Magyarországon AgEcon
Kovacs, Terez.
A kutatás célja az, hogy megállapítsuk, milyen habitussal rendelkeznek a gazdák, és melyikkel képesek eredményesen alkalmazkodni a piacgazdasághoz. A teljes munkaidőben dolgozó egyéni gazdákra az a jellemző, hogy nagyon szeretnek dolgozni, amit a szüleiktől örököltek. Valamennyien nagyon erős egyéniségek, ezért is építették ki a saját gazdasági autonómiájukat, amivel létrejött autonóm személyiségük is. A mezőgazdaságban az egyéni gazdák a gazdálkodás kialakításához a „készen talált” mintákat először is a háztájiból vették, továbbá a teljes kollektivizálás előtti családi gazdaságokból és csak harmadsorban a korábbi munkahelyi kapcsolatokból, tapasztalatokból. A vizsgálatban az alábbi habitustípusok körvonalazódtak: paraszti, utóparaszti, parasztpolgári,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Főfoglalkozású egyéni gazdák; Habitus; Siker; Újkapitalizmus; Full-time independent farmers; Working habits; Success; New capitalism; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58591
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A helyi akciócsoportok működése egy országos felmérés tükrében AgEcon
Kiss, Krisztian; Szekeresne, Koteles Rita.
A tanulmányban kérdőíves felmérésünk eredményeire támaszkodva bemutatjuk a 2007-ben megalakult LEADER HACS-ok fontosabb működési jellemzőit. Országos felmérésünkből kiderül, hogy nincsen hagyománya, gyakorlata a fejlesztésekben való együttműködésnek, holott a helyi program végrehajtása nagymértékben múlik a helyi társadalom felkészültségén, az emberek és szervezetek együttműködésén. A HACS-ok által lefedett térségek fejlődését több vonatkozásban a humán erőforrások, a vidéki emberek és közösségeik (az ún. szoft tényezők) hiányosságai gátolják, következésképpen sürgető a humán erőforrások fejlesztése is. A HACS-ok feladatuknak a támogatási források odaítélését tartják, ami fontos, de korántsem elégséges ahhoz, hogy a tőlük elvárt, a helyi vidékfejlesztési...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Helyi akciócsoportok (HACS-ok); Szubszidiaritás; Együttműködés; Kapacitásépítés; Fenntarthatóság; Local Action Groups (LAG's); Subsidiarity; Cooperation; Capacity building; Sustainability; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119887
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A History of Violence: Testing the ‘Culture of Honor’ in the US South AgEcon
Grosjean, Pauline.
Using historical data on early settlers to the United States, this paper tests and confirms the “Culture of Honor” hypothesis by socio-psychologists Dov Cohen and Richard Nisbett (1994, 1996). This hypothesis argues that the high prevalence of homicides in the US South stems from the fact that it was a frontier region settled by people whose economy was based on herding: the Scotch-Irish. Herding societies develop cultures of honors for reasons having to do with their precariousness: violence is a necessary condition to preserve a reputation for toughness and deter animal theft. Using historical census data on waves of settlers from Europe and relating contemporaneous violence to early Scotch-Irish settlers, this paper provides a test of the link between...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Culture of honor; US South; Labor and Human Capital; K4; Z; Z13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90902
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A Inserção Feminina no Mercado de Trabalho do Agronegócio: Uma Estudo Comparativo da Sadia e da Perdigão AgEcon
Pereira, Antonio Nunes; Machado, Vandresa Lucia; Cipola, Fabricio Carvalho; Pinheiro, Claudio Jose; Boas, Ana Alice Vilas.
Resumo O estudo apresenta uma visão comparativa das práticas de evidenciação, no Balanço Social, dos indicadores sociais relacionados à inserção da mulher nas Empresas Sadia e Perdigão. A análise dos indicadores laborais pode oferecer informações relevantes para investidores e para a sociedade em geral quanto à proteção e ao estímulo do trabalho feminino. O estudo utiliza o banco de dados do Instituto Brasileiro de Análises Sociais e Econômicas, literatura nacional, informações constantes do Balanço Social das Empresas e dados da Pesquisa Mensal de Emprego do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, no período de 2002 a 2006. Em uma era na qual o “capital humano” se tornou o principal ativo das empresas, estudar os indicadores laborais das mulheres...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Inserção Feminina; Agronegócio; Balanço Social; Women Jobs; Agribusiness; Social Balance; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119001
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A KOLOZS MEGYEI VIDÉKI MAGYAR FIATALOK PÁLYAVÁLASZTÁSA AgEcon
Kerekes, Kinga.
Individual expectations of the rural young people regarding their future have a great impact on the survival and economical development of the Hungarian rural communities from Romania. This paper tries to answer questions such as: will young ethnic Hungarians facing the first and decisive step in their life regarding their career continue education? What professions will they choose? Where will they look for employment and settle down? Statistical data show that people living in rural areas are less educated than those from the urban areas. People with low education face more difficulties in finding employment and also earn less than the better educated ones, therefore it is very important for rural young people to continue education. As continuing...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Erdély; Pályaválasztás; Továbbtanulás; Vidéki közösségek fejlődése; Transylvania; Choice of profession; Further education; Develpoment of rural communities; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43410
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