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Globalization and Urban-Rural Migration in Taiwan AgEcon
Huang, Fung-Mey.
In this study, we examine the association of urban-to-rural migration with the deterioration of labor market in urban sector due to the globalization of markets and production. Two measures of the relative impacts of globalization on urban and rural labor markets: changes in rural-urban real earning differential and changes in the rural-urban probabilities of being employed. We, thus, address the following questions. What would be the changes in both rural-urban real earning differential and the rural-urban differential in the probabilities of being employed over the last decade? Can real earning differentials or employment differentials, or both significantly influence the urban-to-rural migration decisions? Which one plays a pivotal role in the analysis?...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Globalization; Labor migration; Agricultural sector; Community/Rural/Urban Development; J31; I20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9953
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Infancia migrante transfronteriza, trabajo infantil y derechos humanos : zona cafetalera, Soconusco, Chiapas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Ramírez Ramos, Laura Itzel.
El sistema capitalista ha generado dinámicas de desprotección humana que obligan a grandes conglomerados de personas a buscar estrategias que les aseguren mínimos de subsistencia. Este es el caso de las y los jornaleros migrantes guatemaltecos en la frontera sur de México, para quienes la migración y el trabajo infantil, su estrategia, los expone a contextos de alta vulnerabilidad en donde la violación de sus derechos humanos es recurrente. En este marco contextual el objetivo de la presente investigación es aportar datos cuantitativos y cualitativos que describan las características del trabajo infantil, el derecho a la salud y educación de niños y niñas migrantes guatemaltecos en tres fincas cafetaleras en la zona del Soconusco, Chiapas, espacio...
Palavras-chave: Migración laboral; Trabajo infantil; Género; Derechos humanos; Chiapas; Guatemala; Labor migration; Child labor; Gender; Human rights; Desarrollo Rural; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1878
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Marginalization of Arable Land and its Correlation with Rural Labor Migration - A Case of Tongcheng County, Hubei Province, China AgEcon
Huang, Li-min; Liu, Cheng-wu.
Based on the clear introduction of the connotation of marginalization, the index of diagnosing the marginalization degree is put forward. According to the 685 copies of questionnaires on peasant households in Tongcheng County of Hubei Province and the statistical data of local government, marginalization of arable land and its correlation with rural labor migration in Tongcheng County are studied by using aggregative indicator method, clustering analysis method and correlation analysis method. Result shows that marginalization of arable land has happened two times in Tongcheng County since 1985. Dry land has severer marginalization degree than paddy field. There is significant correlation between marginalization degree of arable land and rural labor...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Arable land using; Marginalization of arable land; Labor migration; Correlation; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93465
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The Impact of Nonfarm Activities on Agricultural Productivity in Rural China AgEcon
Wang, Ye; Wang, Chenggang; Pan, Suwen.
Although evidence abounds that the development of rural non-farm activities have increased rural household income and contributed to rural development, the underlying structure and mechanism of the linkage between agricultural productivity and non-farm activities is poorly understood. Using a unique panel dataset of Chinese villages, this article examines the mechanism by which non-farm activities influence agricultural productivity. I find that Chinese villages’ non-farm revenue has a significant positive effect on agricultural land productivity. Although non-farm activities do withdraw labor out of agriculture and therefore dampen land productivity, that negative effect is negligible in comparison with the land productivity improvement brought by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural non-farm activities; Labor migration; Agricultural productivity; Infrastructure capital.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Productivity Analysis; O13; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103605
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