Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 57
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Review of Household Poultry Production as a Tool in Poverty Reduction with Focus on Bangladesh and India AgEcon
Dolberg, Frands.
This Working Paper for the South Asia regional hub of the Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative presents the case for using poultry, in very small units of 5-10 adult birds, as a means of alleviating the poverty of rural women in the region. Policies and procedures that affect the success of such initiatives are examined. The author draws on personal experience and an extensive literature review. The main focus of the paper is a review of what is known as the Bangladesh Model. Emphasising that this is not a static model, the author explains its evolution by Bangladesh’'s largest NGO, BRAC, working with the government department responsible for livestock services. The main feature of the model is that the supply of inputs and services are turned into income...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pro-poor livestock policy; Livelihoods; Poultry; Poverty alleviation; Food Security and Poverty; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23762
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Access to Land, Income Diversification and Poverty Reduction in Rural Kenya AgEcon
Karugia, Joseph Thuo; Oluoch-Kosura, Willis; Nyikal, Rose Adhiambo; Odumbe, Michael; Marenya, Paswel Phiri.
The increasing land scarcity and the worsening trend of poverty in Kenya in recent years have raised concerns about the focus on land-based agriculture as the basis of growth in the rural areas. This paper combines two complementary data sets obtained from two locations in Kenya, drawn against distinctively different land availability patterns, to examine the diverse rural asset base and key sources of livelihood in the rural areas. The analysis reveals that while access to productive land is still an important determinant of livelihoods in the rural areas, even where land holdings are very small, growth in farm productivity alone may not guarantee households sufficient incomes to escape poverty. We find evidence to suggest that growth of non-farm sector...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Diversification; Livelihoods; Land holding; Assets; Kenya.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q12; Q15; Q18; O18; O13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25488
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ANALYSING THE LOW ADOPTION OF WATER CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA AgEcon
Perret, Sylvain R.; Stevens, Joe B..
Natural resource degradation and water scarcity are a global concern, which typically threatens the sustainability of smallholder farmers' livelihoods in semi-arid developing areas. As part of research efforts, a number of water-conservation technologies (WCT) have been developed, yet with low adoption rates in smallholder farming environments. This paper discusses the concepts of adoption and innovation, comparing the perspectives of research operators to the ones of smallholder farmers. Discrepancies are highlighted and ultimately explain low uptake of technologies by farmer. Then it addresses socio-economic factors affecting such adoption. It is argued that WCT show specific traits: (1) diversity and applicability to different time and spatial...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Adoption; Innovation; Water conservation; Technologies; Collective action; Property rights; Sustainability; Livelihoods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18028
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Application of the principle of responsibility to fisheries policy : the impact of national and EU policies on the livelihoods of poor people in less developed countries OceanDocs
Michaud, P.; Marguerite, M.A..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Fishery policy; Fishery development; Livelihoods; Sustainable livelihoods; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9000157.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/238
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assessing the Performance of Natural Resource Systems Ecology and Society
Campbell, Bruce; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); b.campbell@cgiar.org; Sayer, Jeffrey A; WWF (World Wildlife Fund); jsayer@wwfint.org; Frost, Peter; Institute of Environmental Studies; pfrost@compcentre.uz.ac.zw; Vermeulen, Sonja; International Institute for Environment and Development; sonja.vermeulen@iied.org; Cunningham, Tony; World Wildlife Fund/UNESCO/Kew People and Plants Initiative; peopleplants@bigpond.com; Prabhu, Ravi; CIFOR Regional Office; r.prabhu@cgiar.org.
Assessing the performance of management is central to natural resource management, in terms of improving the efficiency of interventions in an adaptive-learning cycle. This is not simple, given that such systems generally have multiple scales of interaction and response; high frequency of nonlinearity, uncertainty, and time lags; multiple stakeholders with contrasting objectives; and a high degree of context specificity. The importance of bounding the problem and preparing a conceptual model of the system is highlighted. We suggest that the capital assets approach to livelihoods may be an appropriate organizing principle for the selection of indicators of system performance. In this approach, five capital assets are recognized: physical, financial, social,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Capital assets; Conceptual models; Decision support; Livelihoods; Modeling; Multivariate statistics; Natural resource systems; Performance; Zimbabwe.
Ano: 2001
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change in Dryland Livelihood Systems: Conceptual Challenges and Interdisciplinary Solutions Ecology and Society
Fraser, Evan D. G.; Department of Geography, University of Guelph; University of Leeds; frasere@uoguelph.ca; Dougill, Andrew J; School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; a.j.dougill@leeds.ac.uk; Hubacek, Klaus; School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; hubacek@env.leeds.ac.uk; Quinn, Claire H.; School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; C.H.Quinn@leeds.ac.uk; Sendzimir, Jan; International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); sendzim@iiasa.ac.at; Termansen, Mette; School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; mette@env.leeds.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptability; Climate change; Drought; Food security; Livelihoods; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2011
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assets, Activities and Income Generation in Rural Mexico: Factoring in Social and Public Capital AgEcon
Winters, Paul C.; Davis, Benjamin; Corral, Leonardo.
In recent years, there has been increasing emphasis in the rural development literature on the multiple income-generating activities undertaken by rural households and the importance of assets in determining the capacity to undertake these activities. Controlling for endogeneity choice and applying Lee's generalization of Amemiya's two-step estimator to a simultaneous equation model, household returns to assets from multiple activities are explored for the Mexico ejido sector. To incorporate the multiple variables representing social and public capital into the analysis, factor analysis is used. The results indicate that the asset position of the household has a significant effect on household participation in income generating activities and returns to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livelihoods; Mexico; Social capital; Public capital; Agricultural households; Censored regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12898
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Balancing Development and Conservation? An Assessment of Livelihood and Environmental Outcomes of Nontimber Forest Product Trade in Asia, Africa, and Latin America Ecology and Society
Kusters, Koen; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); k.kusters@cgiar.org; Achdiawan, Ramadhani; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); r.achdiawan@cgiar.org; Belcher, Brian; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); b.belcher@cgiar.org.
This article addresses the question, to what extent and under which conditions nontimber forest product (NTFP) trade leads to both livelihood improvement and forest conservation. We based the analysis on a standardized expert-judgment assessment of the livelihood and environmental outcomes of 55 cases of NTFP trade from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The results show that NTFP trade benefits several components of peoples' livelihoods, but may increase inequality between households. Involvement of women in the production-to-consumption system (PCS) tends to have a positive impact on intrahousehold equity. In 80% of the cases, the commercial production of NTFPs does not enable people to make financial investments to increase quality and quantity of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Assessment; Conservation; Development; Environmental outcomes; Forest use; Livelihoods; Livelihood outcomes; Nontimber forest products; Trade..
Ano: 2006
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Boosting smallholder production for food security: some approaches and evidence from studies in sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Matshe, Innocent.
This paper uses the sustainable livelihoods framework to explore the contribution of smallholder production to food security in some sub-Saharan African countries and relates it to the South African case. Noting that many of the world’s hungry are smallholder farmers, it is clear that food insecurity is closely linked to the livelihood strategies of these farm households. As previous studies have shown, food insecurity is linked to livelihood assets, strong institutional support and a favourable external environment. In particular, the paper finds that food security depends on cereal output, budgetary support to agriculture, agricultural value added and poverty – all variables strongly linked to the sustainable livelihoods framework. Since most poor rural...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food security; Livelihoods; Smallholder agriculture; Sub-Saharan Africa; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58217
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Climate Science, Development Practice, and Policy Interactions in Dryland Agroecological Systems Ecology and Society
Twyman, Chasca; Department of Geography, University of Sheffield; Sheffield Centre for International Drylands Research; C.Twyman@shef.ac.uk; Fraser, Evan D. G.; Department of Geography, University of Guelph; University of Leeds; frasere@uoguelph.ca; Stringer, Lindsay C.; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; l.stringer@leeds.ac.uk; Quinn, C.; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; C.H.Quinn@leeds.ac.uk; Dougill, Andrew J.; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; a.j.dougill@leeds.ac.uk; Crane, Todd A.; Technology and Agrarian Development, Wageningen University ; todd.crane@wur.nl; Sallu, Susannah M.; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; s.sallu@leeds.ac.uk.
The literature on drought, livelihoods, and poverty suggests that dryland residents are especially vulnerable to climate change. However, assessing this vulnerability and sharing lessons between dryland communities on how to reduce vulnerability has proven difficult because of multiple definitions of vulnerability, complexities in quantification, and the temporal and spatial variability inherent in dryland agroecological systems. In this closing editorial, we review how we have addressed these challenges through a series of structured, multiscale, and interdisciplinary vulnerability assessment case studies from drylands in West Africa, southern Africa, Mediterranean Europe, Asia, and Latin America. These case studies adopt a common vulnerability framework...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Climate change; Drylands; Scenarios; Narratives; Development; Livelihoods; Poverty; Policy.
Ano: 2011
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Collective Action for Small-Scale Producers of Agricultural Biodiversity Products AgEcon
Kruijssen, Froukje; Keizer, Menno; Giuliani, Alessandra.
The role of well-functioning markets for development is now widely recognized, however the challenge remains to make these markets benefit the poor and the environment. Increasing attention is being given to the potential role markets can play for agrobiodiversity conservation through product diversification and increasing competitiveness in niche and novelty markets. Bioversity International has undertaken several studies that explore the use of market-based approaches to on-farm agrobiodiversity management and livelihood improvement. Case studies have been developed on a range of species, varieties and derived products, including underutilized species and commodities in several regions of the world. This paper explores how the theory of collective action...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural biodiversity; Market chain; Market access; Livelihoods; Collective action; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50002
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Correlation between Access to Capitals and Income in the Bolivian Altiplano AgEcon
Jensen, Nathan; Valdivia, Corinne.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livelihoods; Altiplano; Capitals; Consumer/Household Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61517
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Developing a Research and Action Agenda for Examining Urbanization and Caregiving: Examples from Southern and Eastern Africa AgEcon
Engle, Patrice L.; Menon, Purnima; Garrett, James L.; Slack, Alison.
The UNICEF-expanded model for nutrition is used to analyze the circumstances of care in urban environments. The model postulates that there are six major types of care behaviors: feeding and breast-feeding, food preparation and handling, hygiene behavior, psychosocial care, care for women, and home health practices. These behaviors require the resources of education and knowledge of the caregivers, the physical and mental health of caregivers, autonomy in decisionmaking, time availability, and the social support of the family and community in order to ensure adequate care for the child. This paper describes each of these constraints, and two of the behaviors (feeding and health care utilization) in urban and rural areas. Data from Demographic and Health...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child Feeding; Food handling; Urban health; Urbanization; Education; Research; Gender; Health and Nutrition; Education; Childcare and work; Livelihoods; Urban programming; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97296
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Development domains for Ethiopia: capturing the geographical context of smallholder development options AgEcon
Chamberlin, Jordan; Pender, John L.; Yu, Bingxin.
The choices that smallholder farmers are able to make are strongly conditioned by the geographic conditions in which they live. The importance of this fact for rural development strategy is not lost on policy makers. For example, the government of Ethiopia frequently frames policy discussions by broadly different geographical conditions of moisture availability, recognizing moisture reliable, drought prone and pastoralist areas. These conditions are seen as important criteria for determining the nature, extent and priority of development interventions for different parts of the country. There is considerable evidence, however, that other geographical factors also have important implications for rural development options. This paper uses agroecology, access...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Smallholders; Small farmers; Geographic conditions; Rural development strategies; Development policy; Agro-ecology; Market access; Livelihoods; Population density; International Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55410
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Dilemma of Small-scale Fishers at the Dawn of Industrial Fishing in Kenya OceanDocs
Muchiri, M.S..
People of the Kenya coast have lived off the Indian Ocean for as long as memory can go. Folklore and legend reflect a history of dependence on the sea for livelihood, including fisheries. Due to technological limitation coupled with small human populations, harvesting from the sea had little effect in the past. Fishermen relied on simple fishing gear operated either from the shore or from dug-out and small planked canoes to supply needs of their families....
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Artisanal fishing; Livelihoods.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/987
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Enhancing food and livelihood security in the context of the food and financial crisis: challenges and opportunities for small scale rainwater harvesting and conservation AgEcon
Baiphethi, Mompati N.; Viljoen, Machiel F.; Kundhlande, Godfrey; Ralehlolo, N.G..
The world recently experienced the food and financial crisis. The food crisis was an indicator of the challenges towards sufficiently feeding an increasing world population. Food production through rainfed and irrigated agriculture account for the bulk of the freshwater used globally but the water is still sufficient to meet the MDG goal on hunger reduction. Agricultural water management is thus an important challenge for feeding humanity; creates the need to find sustainable methods of managing water that will include all water users. Some of these methods include rainwater harvesting which has great potential in increasing food production as compared to irrigation. This paper aims to identify challenges and opportunities for small scale rainwater...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food security; Livelihoods; Rainwater harvesting; Household; Yield; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96640
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Evaluating Successful Livelihood Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change in Southern Africa Ecology and Society
Osbahr, Henny; University of Reading and Walker Institute for Climate System Research; h.osbahr@reading.ac.uk; Twyman, Chasca; University of Sheffield;; Adger, W. Neil; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia;; Thomas, David S. G.; University of Oxford;.
This paper examines the success of small-scale farming livelihoods in adapting to climate variability and change. We represent adaptation actions as choices within a response space that includes coping but also longer-term adaptation actions, and define success as those actions which promote system resilience, promote legitimate institutional change, and hence generate and sustain collective action. We explore data on social responses from four regions across South Africa and Mozambique facing a variety of climate risks. The analysis suggests that some collective adaptation actions enhance livelihood resilience to climate change and variability but others have negative spillover effects to other scales. Any assessment of successful adaptation is, however,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Africa; Climate change; Livelihoods; Resilience.
Ano: 2010
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Exploring definitions of food insecurity and vulnerability: time to refocus assessments AgEcon
Hart, Tim G.B..
Recent high food prices and changes in the world food situation are exacerbating the conditions of households that are vulnerable to food insecurity, especially those with weak livelihood strategies. To address the impact of these and other stressors it is necessary to develop a deeper understanding of concepts such as ‘vulnerability’ and ‘food insecurity’. This is challenging as both concepts are used rather loosely in the food security literature, despite both having at least two dimensions. Vulnerability has an external and internal dimension, and food insecurity has a temporal and intensity dimension. However, assessments are often only concerned with one dimension at a time. An exploration of the two concepts suggests that in both cases the dimensions...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: High food prices; Livelihoods; Vulnerability; Food insecurity; Multidimensional stressors; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58212
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
FOREST INCOMES AFTER UGANDA'S FOREST SECTOR REFORM: Are the Rural Poor Gaining? AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela.
Forest sector governance reform is frequently promoted as a policy tool for achieving favorable livelihood outcomes in the low income tropics. However, there is a dearth of empirical evidence to support this claim, particularly at the household level. Drawing on the case of a major forest sector governance reform implemented in Uganda in 2003, this study seeks to fill that gap. The research employs a quasi-experimental research design utilizing pre and post reform income portfolio data for a large sample of households surrounding three major forests in western Uganda; a control group is included in the design. On private forest land overseen by the decentralized District Forestry Service there has been no significant change in average annual household...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Uganda; Forest sector reform; Decentralization; Livelihoods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50891
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Functional Links Between Biodiversity, Livelihoods, and Culture in a Hani Swidden Landscape in Southwest China Ecology and Society
Xu, Jianchu; Center for Mountain Ecosystem Studies, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences; World Agroforestry Centre, China Program ; J.C.Xu@CGIAR.ORG; Lebel, Louis; Unit for Social and Environmental Research, Chiang Mai University; llebel@loxinfo.co.th; Sturgeon, Janet; Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University; sturgeon@sfu.ca.
The landscape of Mengsong, southwest China, was biologically diverse until recently due to historical biogeographical processes overlain by the swidden-cultivation practices of the Hani who migrated there several centuries ago. Our research sought to understand how the Hani adjusted their livelihoods to new policies, markets, and technologies, and the consequences for biodiversity conservation. We combined landscape, plot, and household surveys, interviews, and reviews of secondary documents, to reconstruct the major changes and responses to challenges in the social–ecological system over previous decades. Significant changes from closed to open canopy of secondary-forest vegetation took place between 1965–1993 and from open-canopy...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Cash crops; Conservation and development; Culture; Fallow management; Hani people; Livelihoods; Monoculture; Swidden landscape.
Ano: 2009
Registros recuperados: 57
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional