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A Comparative Marketing Analysis of Major Agricultural Products in the United States and Argentina AgEcon
Lence, Sergio H..
Interest is high in Argentina as an emerging economic power in the Americas. This paper analyzes issues pertinent to the relative advantages and disadvantages between the United States and Argentina for producing, transporting, processing, and marketing major agricultural commodities in the context of distribution to significant global markets. Designed as a tool for agribusiness students and prospective investment and trade partners, it provides a side-by-side analysis of major U.S. and Argentine agricultural commodities. All facts and figures are in U.S. currency and common U.S. (avoirdupois) weights and measures. Also from a comparative perspective, it defines the differences in technologies between the countries and examines in detail the marketing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural commodities; Agricultural markets; Argentina versus United States; Commercialization; Comparative economic analysis; Grains; Livestock; Marketing channels; Production technology; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18684
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A FŐBB SZÁNTÓFÖLDI NÖVÉNYEK TERMELÉSE ÉS AZ ÁLLATÁLLOMÁNY ALAKULÁSÁNAK KILÁTÁSAI AgEcon
Hegedus-Baranyai, Nora.
A mindenkori gazdaságpolitikának nagy szüksége van a mezőgazdasági folyamatok összetevőinek megismerésére, a hatások-ellenhatások múltbeli feltérképezésére ahhoz, hogy a jövő agrárstratégiáját már ezek figyelembevételével alakítsa ki. A vizsgálatok a múltbeli tendencia folytatásaként a búza, a kukorica vetésterületének csökkenését, illetve a napraforgó növekedését vetítik előre. A termésmennyiségek prognózisa azt mutatta, hogy a búza, a kukorica és a napraforgó esetében emelkedés várható, amit a hosszú távú ciklusok jövőben várható konjunktúrája még jobban fel fog erősíteni. Az állatállomány trendjének öt éves előrejelzése alapján kirajzolódott az a korántsem pozitív kép, hogy ha a múltbeli tendenciák tovább folytatódnak a sertés- és a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Állatállomány; Szántóföldi növénytermelés; Hosszú távú trend; Jövőprognózis; Ciklus; Livestock; Production of arable land plants; Long-term trend; Future prognosis; Cycle; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57685
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A glimpse of the future in animal nutrition science. 1. Past and future challenges R. Bras. Zootec.
Tedeschi,Luis Orlindo; Almeida,Amélia Katiane de; Atzori,Alberto Stanislao; Muir,James Pierre; Fonseca,Mozart Alves; Cannas,Antonello.
ABSTRACT If the world population continues to increase exponentially, wealth and education inequalities might become more pronounced in the developing world. Thus, offering affordable, high-quality protein food to people will become more important and daunting than ever. Past and future challenges will increasingly demand quicker and more innovative and efficient solutions. Animal scientists around the globe currently face many challenging issues: from ensuring food security to prevent excess of nutrient intake by humans, from animal welfare to working with genetic-engineered animals, from carbon footprint to water footprint, and from improved animal nutrition to altering the rumen microbiome. Many of these issues are most likely to continue (or to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Challenges; Issues; Livestock; Ruminant; Production.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000500438
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A glimpse of the future in animal nutrition science. 2. Current and future solutions R. Bras. Zootec.
Tedeschi,Luis Orlindo; Fonseca,Mozart Alves; Muir,James Pierre; Poppi,Dennis P.; Carstens,Gordon E.; Angerer,Jay P.; Fox,Danny Gene.
ABSTRACT Despite tremendous advancements in the livestock sector, additional opportunities exist to improve even further livestock production around the globe. Forecasting is not an exact science and it relies heavily on past and current knowledge. Improvements in the nutritional sciences (both human and animal) include a better understanding of agents that cause deterioration of human health, improving the quality of animal products, applying effective fetal programming, developing new feeds and feeding strategies, and revisiting longstanding technologies. Improvements in the understanding of the rumen microbiome will enable scientists to increase the fermentation efficiency and, hopefully, select microbial species of greater interest. Improvements in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Forecasting; Livestock; Ruminant; Solutions; Production; Vision.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000500452
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A heterogeneous-agent model with district-level constraints: an application to livestock development in Gansu, China AgEcon
Komarek, Adam M.; Waldron, Scott A.; Brown, Colin G..
This paper develops a heterogeneous-agent model to assess the impacts of removing lucerne growing subsidies, increasing livestock numbers and including district-level equilibrium conditions on optimal farm plans in the Qingyang district of Gansu Province, China. The model is a five-year dynamic linear program that solves across 96 farm households whilst incorporating district-level constraints. The approach used allows us to observe seasonal variations in incomes, infer the distribution of a policy shock among households and highlight trade patterns at the district level. The results suggest that without lucerne growing subsidies the total area of lucerne grown by all modelled households falls by 18%. Increasing livestock numbers by 25% reduces net...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Heterogeneous-agent model; District-level constraints; Livestock; China.; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100573
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A PECUÁRIA DE CORTE NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO AgEcon
Bonjour, Sandra Cristina de Moura; Figueiredo, Adriano Marcos Rodrigues; Marta, Jose Manuel Carvalho.
O artigo objetivou caracterizar a ocupação da pecuária de corte em Mato Grosso, enfocando diferentes aspectos do processo histórico e econômico, bem como da sua manutenção. Permitiu explicar as diversas tecnologias usadas na pecuária de corte a partir da colonização, classificando o estado em diferentes regiões e com características distintas. Identifica-se ainda a ampliação da produção e da qualidade do rebanho relacionada à migração recebida pelo estado com a produção de matéria-prima e a conseqüente instalação de frigoríficos em todas as regiões do estado. This paper characterized the livestock expansion in Mato Grosso focusing on different aspects of the historical and economic processes, as well as their maintenance. It allowed the explanation of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pecuária de corte; Mato Grosso; Colonização; Livestock; Mato Grosso; Colonization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102468
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Ações de transferência de tecnologia de sistemas de integração lavoura-pecuária-floresta 2007-2011. Infoteca-e
BALBINO, L. C.; MARTINEZ, G. B.; GALERANI, P. R..
Na iLPF os sistemas agrossilvipastoris, ao associar o componente árboreo às pastagens e às lavouras, adquirem importância, principalmente em regiões agropastoris com grande fragmentação de remanescentes florestais naturais e/ou com pastagens degradadas. A inclusão do componente árboreo ao da lavoura e da pastagem representa um avanço inovador da Integração Lavoura-Pecuária (iLP), evoluindo para o conceito de integração-Lavoura-Pecuária-Floresta (iLPF), estratégia de produção sustentável que integra atividades agrícolas, pecuárias e florestais, realizadas na mesma área, num cultivo consorciado, em sucessão ou rotação, buscando efeitos sinérgicos entre os componentes do agroecossistema, em busca da adequação ambiental, da valorização do homem e da...
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Sistema de integração; ILPF; Lavoura-pecuária-floresta.; Agrossilvicultura; Floresta; Lavoura; Pecuária; Transferência de Tecnologia.; Forestry; Farming systems; Livestock; Technology transfer..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/921336
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Acompañamiento en los procesos de capacitación y aprendizaje en mujeres rurales. Colegio de Postgraduados
Borjas Villarreal, Manuel.
Mujeres Emprendedoras de Benito Juárez” es un grupo de trabajo integrado por mujeres de la localidad de Benito Juárez, municipio de Los Reyes de Juárez, Puebla que se ha organizado para producir con responsabilidad, leche fluida de vaca de calidad, para satisfacer a sus clientes y mejorar la situación socioeconómica de sus familias. La investigación documenta la aplicación del método trabajo-aprendizaje durante los procesos el diagnóstico inicial y el acompañamiento a la organización. El eje fundamental de reflexión es la manera en que se debe abordar la capacitación, por lo que se aplicaron pruebas psicométricas sobre la forma en que los individuos aprenden a fin de que sirvieran de referente al PSP de cómo debe realizar sus procesos de capacitación en...
Palavras-chave: Organización; Ganadería; Traspatio; Neurolingüística; Trabajo-aprendizaje; Organization; Livestock; Backyard; Neurolinguistics; Working-learning; Prestación de Servicios Profesionales; Maestría Tecnológica.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2383
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Agricultural Development in Traditional Asian Economies: Observations Prompted by a Livestock Study in Vietnam AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
China began its economic reforms in 1979 and Vietnam followed in 1986. Since then both countries have experienced rapid economic growth, falling poverty rates and significant rises in per capita income. At the same time, substantial restructuring of their economies has occurred, a feature of which has been a decline in the relative contribution of agriculture to total employment and output. These changes are outlined. Significant changes have also occurred in the agricultural sectors of China and Vietnam and these are reviewed. In both countries, the livestock sector has grown in relative importance. Households are the main contributors to agricultural production but their individual holdings of land are small and households keeping livestock mostly only...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Asia; China; Economic transition; Farm employment; Land reforms; Land rights; Livestock; Non-farm employment; Structural change; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Q10; Q15; Q18; O2.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90629
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Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets examines the potential role that land ownership might play in determining the agricultural sector’s involvement in carbon sequestration programs. By estimating the carbon sequestration potential of agricultural producers who own most of the land they operate, this report finds that land ownership should not be a constraining factor in agriculture’s ability to provide carbon offsets.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Keywords: Climate change; Carbon sequestration; Carbon offsets; Cap and trade programs; Farmland ownership; Tenure; Farming practices; Conservation practices; Conservation Reserve Program; Crops; Livestock; Environmental services; ERS; USDA; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58994
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Agricultural water productivity: estimation at plot, farm and basin scale AgEcon
Cook, Simon; Gichuki, Francis; Turral, Hugh.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigated farming; Productivity; Estimation; Water balance; Water use; Simulation models; Water use efficiency; Livestock; Fisheries; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91959
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Alternative Specifications and Extensions of the Economic Threshold Concept and the Control of Livestock Pests AgEcon
Davis, Rex; Tisdell, Clement A..
Outlines economic threshold models developed by various authors as an aid to decision-making about pest management. Particular attention is given to the models proposed by Stern et al. (1959) and by Headley (1972) and the major differences in their concepts of the economic threshold. Limitations and scope for applying these models is discussed as well as differences in the extent of their applications are reviewed. After considering general issues in this respect, particular matters are given attention such as difficulties raised by complexities in the nature of yield loss function due to uncertainty in pest densities, the presence of multiple-pests, and the occurrence of pesticide resistance. An extension is provided for multiple species pest models to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pest control; Pest management; Livestock; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48381
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE NORTH DAKOTA CATTLE INDUSTRY AgEcon
Koo, Won W.; Duncan, Marvin R.; Taylor, Richard D.; Aakre, Dwight G.; Swenson, Andrew L..
The analysis was conducted to evaluate the impacts of both the Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (FAIR) and the cattle cycle on the livestock enterprises. The North Dakota Representative Farm and Ranch Model, which uses the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute price projections as an input, was developed and used for this analysis. Net farm income and farm debt-to-asset ratios for the average and large beef cattle farms were analyzed. The U.S. cattle industry has been characterized by cyclical variations in production and prices. It appears that the current cattle cycle is in the final stages of expansion. Cattle numbers continued to increase during 1995, but at a slow rate. Industry estimates are that the bottom of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock; Representative farms; Cattle cycle; Production Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23339
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Animal husbandry in Africa: Climate change impacts and adaptations AgEcon
Seo, S. Niggol; Mendelsohn, Robert.
This paper uses a cross-sectional approach to analyze the impacts of climate change on animal husbandry and the way farmers adapt. The study is based on surveys of almost 5000 livestock farmers across ten countries in Africa. A traditional Ricardian regression finds that the livestock net revenues of large farms in Africa are more sensitive to temperature than those of small farms. Cross-sectional analysis also reveals that large farms (but not small farms) have fewer animals per farm in warmer places. Farmers tend to select beef cattle and chickens in cool climates and goats and sheep in hot climates. Using the Ricardian results and examining climate scenarios for 2060 and beyond, the net revenues of small farms are predicted to increase as much as 120%...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Climate change; Livestock; Impact; Adaptation; Africa; Livestock Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q12; Q25.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56968
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Animal-based medicines used in ethnoveterinary practices in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
Souto,Wedson M.S.; Barboza,Raynner R.D.; Rocha,Michelle S.P.; Alves,Rômulo R.N.; Mourão,José S..
This work documents the zootherapeutic practices in Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) of Pedra Lavrada (6°45'S, 36°28'W), Northeastern Brazil. We interviewed 23 people (22 men and 1 woman), who provided information on animal species used as remedies, body parts used to prepare the remedies, and illnesses for which the remedies were prescribed. We calculated the use-value to determine the most important species. Interviewees cited 11 animal taxa. The main species mentioned were ram - Ovis aries (UV=0.89), crab-eating fox - Cerdocyon thous (UV=0.79), common green iguana - Iguana iguana (UV=0.79), and South American rattlesnake - Caudisona durissa (Linnaeus, 1758) (UV=0.74). The most frequently cited treatments concerned to inflammatory and dermatological...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethnoveterinary; Livestock; Traditional knowledge; Traditional remedies; Zootherapy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652012000300009
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Avaliação econômico-financeira e análise de risco em sistema de integração lavoura e pecuária conduzida no Estado de Goiás. Infoteca-e
MAGNABOSCO, C. de U.; MUNIZ, L. C.; FIGUEIREDO, R. S.; WANDER, A. E.; TROVO, J. B. de F.; MARTHA JUNIOR, G. B..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver o modelo baseado na metodologia System Dynamics para a análise econômica e o risco do PILP, levando em conta a aleatoriedade das variáveis de maior volatilidade.
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Dinâmica de sistemas; Modelagem e simulação; Goiás.; Plant production.; Cerrado; Integração; Lavoura; Pecuária; Livestock; Animal production..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/858792
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Biomassa microbiana e estrutura do solo em sistemas de produção agrícola. Infoteca-e
TOMAZI, M.; JUNQUEIRA, P. H.; COÊLHO, R. da S.; SALTON, J. C.; MONTEIRO, L. C.; SILVA, I. M. de O. da; SOUZA, M. H. da S..
bitstream/item/204988/1/SBSA-2.pdf
Tipo: Outras publicações técnicas (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Integração lavoura pecuária; Cultivation System; Manejo do Solo; Microbiologia do Solo; Microbial biomass; Livestock.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1114628
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Canopy structure and forage nutritive value of elephantgrass subjected to different stocking rate and N fertilization in the “Mata Seca” ecoregion of Pernambuco R. Bras. Zootec.
Dourado,Diego Loiola; Dubeux Junior,José Carlos Batista; Mello,Alexandre Carneiro Leão de; Santos,Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos; Lira,Mário de Andrade; Freitas,Erinaldo Viana de; Apolinário,Valéria Xavier de Oliveira; Santos,Erick Rodrigo da Silva.
ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the effect of three stocking rates (2, 3.9, and 5.8 animal units ha−1) and three fertilization levels (0, 150, and 300 kg N ha−1 yr−1) on herbage mass and nutritive value of elephantgrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) cv. IRI-381. The experiment was conducted from May to August of 2009 and 2010 in Itambé, PE, Brazil, during the rainy season. Treatments were allocated in a split-plot arrangement in a completely randomized block design. The variables measured included leaf mass (pre- and post-grazing), botanical composition, soil cover, leaf area index, light interception, leaf angle, and concentrations of dry matter, organic matter, N, and in vitro digestible dry matter. When fertilized with 300 kg N ha−1 yr−1, leaf...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Grazing; Livestock; Nitrogen; Pasture; Pennisetum purpureum.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982019000100400
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Carbon Markets and Methane Digesters: Potential Implications for the Dairy Sector AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; Sneeringer, Stacy E..
Anaerobic digesters that capture and burn manure methane can provide a renewable source of energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Paying producers for these emission reductions—either directly or through a carbon offset market—could substantially increase digester adoption. However, there is likely to be wide variation in the scale, location, and characteristics of adopters, so these policies could have long run structural implications for the livestock sector. Using a model of digester profits and data from a nationally-representative survey of dairy operations we estimate the likely distribution of digester adoption and profits under different carbon price scenarios.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Anaerobic digester; Carbon offsets; Climate change; Distribution; Livestock; Methane; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q12; Q16; Q42; Q54; Q58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117952
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Cattle Trade and the Risk of Importing Animal Diseases into the Netherlands AgEcon
Achterbosch, Thom J.; Dopfer, Dorte D.V.; Tabeau, Andrzej A..
Projections of live cattle trade in the EU-25 assist to reduce the uncertainty on the risk of importing animal diseases in the Netherlands. The accession of 10 member states to the European Union has a potentially large impact on livestock trade in the EU as it liberalized in one stroke a trade that was administered by the Management Committee for Beef until May 1, 2004. The approach combines AG-Memod partial equilibrium with GTAP general equilibrium modelling in order to estimate the impact of quota liberalization. Quota removal will substantially alter the regional structure of livestock imports, as the share of new EU member states in the east triples to 25%. The risk outlook indicates a need for enhanced animal health services in the new member states.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock; Animal disease; Trade; Projections; Quota; EU-enlargement; Risk and Uncertainty; F17; I18; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24558
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