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Registros recuperados: 13
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Antibiosis of Trichoderma spp strains native to northeastern Mexico against the pathogenic fungus Macrophomina phaseolina BJM
Mendoza,José Luis Hernández; Pérez,María Isabel Sánchez; Prieto,Juan Manuel González; Velásquez,Jesús DiCarlo Quiroz; Olivares,Jesús Gerardo García; Langarica,Homar Rene Gill.
Abstract Sampling of agricultural soils from the Mexican northeastern region was performed to detect Trichoderma spp., genetically characterize it, and assess its potential use as a biologic control agent against Macrophomina phaseolina. M. phaseolina is a phytopathogen that attacks over 500 species of cultivated plants and causes heavy losses in the regional sorghum crop. Sampling was performed immediately after sorghum or corn harvest in an area that was approximately 170 km from the Mexico-USA border. Sixteen isolates were obtained in total. Using colony morphology and sequencing the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) 1 and 4 of 18S rDNA, 14 strains were identified as Trichoderma harzianum, T. koningiopsis and T. virens. Subsequently, their antagonistic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Macrophomina phaseolina; Antagonism; Hyperparasitism; Trichoderma.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822015000401093
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ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF Cirsium arvense EXTRACTS AGAINST PHYTOPATHOGENIC FUNGUS Macrophomina phaseolina Planta Daninha
BANARAS,S.; JAVAID,A.; SHOAIB,A.; AHMED,E..
ABSTRACT Leaves, stems, roots and inflorescence of the asteraceous weed Circium arvense were extracted in methanol for two weeks. Methanol was evaporated in a rotary evaporator. Different concentrations (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5%) of methanolic extracts were prepared, and their antifungal activities were studied against Macrophomina phaseolina, using malt extract broth as growth medium. In general, extracts of all plant parts showed antifungal activities to variable extents. The highest antifungal activity occurred due to methanolic extract of leaves, followed by stem and root extracts, resulting in 10-74%, 6-57% and 11-39% reduction in fungal biomass over control, respectively. Inflorescence extract showed the least antifungal activity, resulting in 2-30%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antifungal activity; Asteraceous weed; Cirsium arvense; Macrophomina phaseolina.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100216
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Avances y perspectivas sobre el mapeo genético de la resistencia a las pudriciones de la raíz en frijol común Phyton
Méndez-Aguilar,R; Reyes-Valdés,MH; Mayek-Pérez,N.
El frijol común es originario de México y es la fuente de proteínas más importante en la alimentación de millones de mexicanos, particularmente los de bajos ingresos económicos. El rendimiento de grano del cultivo es afectado principalmente por una serie de enfermedades causadas por hongos, bacterias y virus. Entre ellas, se destacan las pudriciones de la raíz causadas por los géneros Macrophomina y Fusarium. En la actualidad, con herramientas de la biología molecular como los marcadores moleculares de ADN, es posible desarrollar mapas genéticos donde se ubican QTLs y marcadores moleculares ligados a los genes de resistencia a dichos hongos. La importancia del desarrollo de los mapas genéticos radica en que constituyen el paso previo a la selección...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phaseolus vulgaris L; Macrophomina phaseolina; Fusarium sp; Mapas genéticos; Mejoramiento genético; Selección asistida por marcadores moleculares.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-56572013000200009
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Bioassays Guided Fractionation of Senna occidentalis for Identification of Natural Antifungal Constituents Against Macrophomina phaseolina Planta Daninha
JAVAID,A.; QUDSIA,H.; SHOAIB,A..
ABSTRACT Macrophomina phaseolina is one of the most destructive soil-borne fungal plant pathogens. In the present study, different aerial parts of Senna occidentalis were analyzed for their antifungal activity against M. phaseolina. In initial screening bioassays, 0.5-3.0% concentrations of methanolic extracts of fruit, leaf and stem were tested against M. phaseolina. The methanolic leaf extract showed the greatest activity causing up to 29% suppression in biomass production of M. phaseolina. Fractionation of leaf extract of S. occidentalis was carried out with four organic solvents. Bioassays with a range of concentrations (2.34-150 mg mL-1) of these sub-fractions revealed that the chloroform sub-fraction was the most effective, causing 93-98% reduction...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antifungal activity; Leaf extract; Macrophomina phaseolina; Natural fungicide; Senna occidentalis.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100210
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Biological Control of Charcoal Rot of Mungbean by Trichoderma harzianum and Shoot Dry Biomass of Sisymbrium irio Planta Daninha
JAVAID,A.; AFZAL,L.; SHOAIB,A..
ABSTRACT: A pot experiment was carried out for the biological control of charcoal rot on mung bean (Vigna radiata), caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. Pot soil was made sick with an inoculum of M. phaseolina. Dried powdered leaves of Sisymbrium irio, a weed from the Brassicaceae family, were mixed in soil at 1, 2 and 3% (w/w) with and without the application of Trichoderma harzianm, a fungal biological control agent. The highest grain yield (3.62 g pot-1) was recorded in a combined application of T. harzianum and 1% S. irio leaf amendment, which was 62% and 805% higher than negative and positive control treatments, respectively. The application of S. irio leaf amendment and T. harzianum generally enhanced leaf protein, sugar and chlorophyll contents, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Charcoal rot; Macrophomina phaseolina; Plant physiology; Sisymbrium irio; Trichoderma harzianum; Vigna radiata.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100274
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Effects of compost on corn charcoal stalk rot disease and its causal organism, Macrophomina phaseolina Thai Agricultural
Vanlada Sunanthapongsuk; Pitayakon Limtong; Siangjeaw Piriyaprin; Prachaya Thunyadee; Prachum Jutawantana; Udom Pupipat.
7 ill.
Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Diseases; Charcoal stalk rot; Fungi; Composts; Macrophomina phaseolina; Growth; Yields; ข้าวโพด; ปุ๋ยหมัก; โรคลำต้นเน่า; คุณสมบัติทางเคมีและกายภาพของดิน; การเจริญเติบโต; ผลผลิต.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4260
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Ervas daninhas como hospedeiras alternativas de patógenos causadores do colapso do meloeiro Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Sales Junior,Rui; Oliveira,Odaci Fernandes de; Medeiros,Érika Valente de; Guimarães,Izabel Macedo; Correia,Kamila Câmara; Michereff,Sami Jorge.
O colapso das ramas é uma importante doença do meloeiro (Cucumis melo) no Nordeste brasileiro. Entretanto, pouco se conhece sobre a importância das ervas daninhas como hospedeiras alternativas dos patógenos causadores do colapso dessa doença no meloeiro. Nesta pesquisa, as ervas daninhas prevalentes foram coletadas em quatro áreas de produção de melão no Nordeste brasileiro durante o período, entre duas estações consecutivas de cultivo e os fungos associados com o sistema radicular foram isolados em culturas puras. Foram coletadas ervas daninhas pertencentes a 16 espécies e 11 famílias botânicas. Dentre os fungos causadores de colapso em meloeiro, das raízes das ervas daninhas foram isolados Macrophomina phaseolina e Rhizoctonia solani. O primeiro fungo...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cucumis melo; Macrophomina phaseolina; Rhizoctonia solani; Patógenos radiculares.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902012000100024
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Evaluation of the charcoal stalk rot resistance cause by Macrophomina phaseolina in corn Thai Agricultural
Prachum Jutawantana; Udom Pupipat; Jiranan Yamsoongnern.
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Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Diseases; Charcoal stalk rot; Macrophomina phaseolina; Varieties; Disease resistance; ข้าวโพด; พันธุ์; โรคลำต้นเน่า; มาโครโฟมินา; ความต้านทานโรค.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4302
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Interação diferencial entre isolados de Macrophomina phaseolina e cultivares de feijão-comum (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Repositório Alice
GONÇALVES, F. J.; MATOS, R. G. de; WENDLAND, A..
Este trabalho objetivou verificar interação entre cinco isolados de Macrophomina phaseolina e 59 genótipos de feijoeiro da EMBRAPA, IAPAR e IAC.
Tipo: Parte de livro Palavras-chave: Feijão; Phaseolus vulgaris; Doença de planta; Fungo; Macrophomina phaseolina.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1039480
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Non-Chemical Control of Charcoal Rot of Urdbean by Sonchus oleraceous Application Planta Daninha
BANARAS,S.; JAVAID,A.; SHOAIB,A..
ABSTRACT: Urdbean [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] is an important leguminous crop whose production is severely affected by charcoal rot disease caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. This study was undertaken to seek an environmental friendly alternative to synthetic fungicides for management of this disease. Dry biomass of an allelopathic weed Sonchus oleraceous L. was used to combat the menace. Fumigated sandy loam pot soil, pre-inoculated with M. phaseolina, was amended with different doses of dry biomass of the weed ranging from 0.5% to 3%. Application of 2% weed biomass completely controlled the disease. Soil inoculation with M. phaseolina inoculation (positive control) reduced shoot dry weight and grain yield of urdbean by 59% and 91%, respectively, over...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Charcoal rot; Macrophomina phaseolina; Non-chemical disease management; Sow thistle; Vigna mungo.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582020000100244
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Progress of soybean charcoal rot under tillage and no-tillage systems in Brazil Trop. Plant Pathol.
Almeida,Álvaro M. R.; Amorim,Lilian; Bergamin Filho,Armando; Torres,Eleno; Farias,José R. B.; Benato,Luís C.; Pinto,Mauro C.; Valentim,Nilson.
The increase in incidence of charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina on soybeans (Glycine max) was followed four seasons in conventional and no-till cropping systems. In the 1997/98 and 2000/01 seasons, total precipitation between sowing and harvest reached 876.3 and 846.9 mm, respectively. For these seasons, disease incidence did not differ significantly between the no-till and conventional systems. In 1998/99 and 1999/00 precipitation totaled 689.9 and 478.3 mm, respectively. In 1998/99, in the no-till system, the disease incidence was 43.7% and 53.1% in the conventional system. In 1999/00 the final incidence was 68.7% and 81.2% for the no-till and conventional systems, respectively. For these two seasons, precipitation was lower than that...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Macrophomina phaseolina; Disease progress curves; Microsclerotia.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-41582003000200002
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Resistência a diferentes isolados de Macrophomina phaseolina em cultivares comerciais de feijão comum. Repositório Alice
FERREIRA, C. S.; WENDLAND, A.; GONÇALVES, F. J..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar se 8 cultivares comerciais são resistentes ou suscetíveis a 10 diferentes isolados de M. phaseolina, todos provenientes de plantas de feijoeiro comum.
Tipo: Parte de livro Palavras-chave: Feijão; Phaseolus vulgaris; Variedade resistente; Doença de planta; Fungo; Macrophomina phaseolina.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078809
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การศึกษาโรค charcoal stalk rot ของข้าวโพดและข้าวฟ่างที่เกิดจากเชื้อรา Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid Thai Agricultural
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Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Sorghum; Charcoal stalk rot; Macrophomina phaseolina; ข้าวโพด; โรคลำต้นเน่า; เชื้อรา.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4402
Registros recuperados: 13
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