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Registros recuperados: 11
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Anti-Biofilm Effect of Biodegradable Coatings Based on Hemibastadin Derivative in Marine Environment ArchiMer
Le Norcy, Tiffany; Niemann, Hendrik; Proksch, Peter; Linossier, Isabelle; Vallee-rehel, Karine; Hellio, Claire; Fay, Fabienne.
Dibromohemibastadin-1 (DBHB) is an already known potent inhibitor of blue mussel phenoloxidase (which is a key enzyme involved in bioadhesion). Within this study, the potentiality of DBHB against microfouling has been investigated. The activity of DBHB was evaluated on key strains of bacteria and microalgae involved in marine biofilm formation and bioassays assessing impact on growth, adhesion and biofilm formation were used. To assess the efficiency of DBHB when included in a matrix, DBHB varnish was prepared and the anti-microfouling activity of coatings was assessed. Both in vitro and in situ immersions were carried out. Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) was principally used to determine the biovolume and average thickness of biofilms developed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antifouling; Biodegradable coating; Hemibastadin; Sponges; Marine bacteria; Microalgae.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00616/72812/72626.pdf
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Biomineralization processes of calcite induced by bacteria isolated from marine sediments BJM
Wei,Shiping; Cui,Hongpeng; Jiang,Zhenglong; Liu,Hao; He,Hao; Fang,Nianqiao.
Biomineralization is a known natural phenomenon associated with a wide range of bacterial species. Bacterial-induced calcium carbonate precipitation by marine isolates was investigated in this study. Three genera of ureolytic bacteria, Sporosarcina sp., Bacillus sp. and Brevundimonas sp. were observed to precipitate calcium carbonate minerals. Of these species, Sporosarcina sp. dominated the cultured isolates. B. lentus CP28 generated higher urease activity and facilitated more efficient precipitation of calcium carbonate at 3.24 ± 0.25 × 10−4 mg/cell. X-ray diffraction indicated that the dominant calcium carbonate phase was calcite. Scanning electron microscopy showed that morphologies of the minerals were dominated by cubic, rhombic and polygonal...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Calcium carbonate precipitation; Calcite; Marine bacteria; Urease.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822015000200455
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Bioprospecting for Exopolysaccharides from Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Bacteria: Relationship between Bacterial Diversity and Chemical Diversity ArchiMer
Delbarre-ladrat, Christine; Salas, Marcia Leyva; Sinquin, Corinne; Zykwinska, Agata; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia.
Many bacteria biosynthesize structurally diverse exopolysaccharides (EPS) and excrete them into their surrounding environment. The EPS functional features have found many applications in industries such as cosmetics and pharmaceutics. In particular, some EPS produced by marine bacteria are composed of uronic acids, neutral sugars, and N-acetylhexosamines, and may also bear some functional sulfate groups. This suggests that they can share common structural features with glycosaminoglycans (GAG) like the two EPS (HE800 and GY785) originating from the deep sea. In an attempt to discover new EPS that may be promising candidates as GAG-mimetics, fifty-one marine bacterial strains originating from deep-sea hydrothermal vents were screened. The analysis of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Exopolysaccharides; GAG; Marine bacteria; Glycopolymers; Sulfate; Production.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00399/51090/51873.pdf
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Chemical characterization of exopolysaccharides from Antarctic marine bacteria ArchiMer
Nichols, Carol; Lardiere, Sandrine; Bowman, John; Nichols, Peter; Gibson, John; Guezennec, Jean.
Exopolysaccharides (EPS) may have an important role in the Antarctic marine environment, possibly acting as ligands for trace metal nutrients such as iron or providing cryoprotection for growth at low temperature and high salinity. Ten bacterial strains, isolated from Southern Ocean particulate material or from sea ice, were characterized. Whole cell fatty acid profiles and 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolates included representatives of the genera Pseudoalteromonas, Shewanella, Polaribacter, and Flavobacterium as well as one strain, which constituted a new bacterial genus in the family Flavobacteriaceae. The isolates are, therefore, members of the "Gammaproteobacteria" and Cytophaga-Flexibacter-Bacteroides, the taxonomic groups that have been...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine particulates; Sea ice; Marine bacteria; Antarctica; Exopolysaccharides.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-623.pdf
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Compréhension des mécanismes d'adhésion des biofilms en milieu marin en vue de la conception de nouveaux moyens de prévention ArchiMer
Rubio, Celine.
Biofilm formation on surfaces immersed in sea water induces equipment damages. Recently, studies focused on the environmental impact of antifouling paints have shown that some active chemical compounds are harmful to the aquatic environment. Hence, it appears fundamental to study physico-chemical interactions existing between marine bacteria and various substrata to conceive new ecological products or antifouling processes. First, we model an artificial primary organic film, formed by the adsorption of BSA and polysaccharide, as close as the one formed in natural seawater. This organic film is heterogeneous (only 42% of the surface is covered) and organic adsorption occurs in a multi-layer scheme, molecules bounded each others by calcium and magnesium...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea water; Marine bacteria; Physico chemical characterisation; MATS; XPS; IRAS; Adsorption; Bacterial adhesion; Biofim; Eau de mer; Bactéries marines; Caractérisation physicochimique; MATS; XPS; IRRAS; Adsorption; Adhésion bactérienne; Biofilm.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/these-222.pdf
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Dérivés de l'exopolysaccharide d’Alteromonas infernus, mimétiques de glycosaminoglycanes, et développement d'une stratégie pour leur analyse structurale ArchiMer
Akoumany, Katy.
In search of new bioactive compounds, marine bacteria constitute a considerable source of innovative molecules. The bacterial exopolysaccharide (EPS), produced by the deep-sea hydrothermal vent strain Alteromonas infernus, is a high-molecular-weight, highly branched and anionic heteropolysaccharide with a nonasaccharide repeating unit. This macromolecule and its low-molecular-weight derivatives obtained through a chemical process have previously displayed interesting GAG-like properties such as anti-metastatic and anti-coagulant (heparin-like) ones; they can also improve stem cell differentiation. To investigate the molecular bases of the biological activity and to facilitate the structural analysis of the bioactive derivatives (~20 000 g/mol), fragments...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bactérie marine; Exopolysaccharides; Dépolymérisation enzymatique; Synthèse organique; Marine bacteria; Exopolysaccharides; Enzymatic depolymerisation; Organic synthesis..
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00605/71733/70206.pdf
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Effects of incubation temperature on growth and production of exopolysaccharides by an Antarctic sea ice bacterium grown in batch culture ArchiMer
Nichols, Carol; Bowman, John; Guezennec, Jean.
The sea ice microbial community plays a key role in the productivity of the Southern Ocean. Exopolysaccharide (EPS) is a major component of the exopolymer secreted by many marine bacteria to enhance survival and is abundant in sea ice brine channels, but little is known about its function there. This study investigated the effects of temperature on EPS production in batch culture by CAM025, a marine bacterium isolated from sea ice sampled from the Southern Ocean. Previous studies have shown that CAM025 is a member of the genus Pseudoalteromonas and therefore belongs to a group found to be abundant in sea ice by culture-dependent and -independent techniques. Batch cultures were grown at -2 degrees C, 10 degrees C, and 20 degrees C, and cell number, optical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: EPS yield; Psychrotolerant; Sea ice; Marine bacteria; Antarctica; Exopolymer; Exopolysaccharides.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-625.pdf
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Enzymes de dépolymérisation d'exopolysaccharides bactériens marins ArchiMer
Lelchat, Florian.
Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) are a class of biopolymer synthesized by Eukarya, Archea and Procarya.Bacterial EPSs are involved in biofilm establishment and biofouling phenomenon. These polymers have physicochemical and biological properties suitable with biotechnological valorization. At the opposite, their involvment in biofouling of pathogenic strains can be problematic.Enzymatic depolymerization process are necessary for EPSs structural elucidation, Bioactive oligosaccharides production or to disrupt polysaccharidic biofilms. The highlight of enzymatic phenomenon can help to understand biogeochimical process in the ocean. Nevertheless the important structural diversity as well as their complexity make the sourcing of specific enzymes difficult.Two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bactéries marines; Bactériophages marins; Phages marins; Exopolysaccharide; Marine bacteria; Marine bacteriophages; Marine phages; Polysaccharidase; Cazyme.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60944/64337.pdf
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Evolutionary Evidence of Algal Polysaccharide Degradation Acquisition by Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora 9(T) to Adapt to Macroalgal Niches ArchiMer
Gobet, Angelique; Barbeyron, Tristan; Matard-mann, Maria; Magdelenat, Ghislaine; Vallenet, David; Duchaud, Eric; Michel, Gurvan.
About half of seaweed biomass is composed of polysaccharides. Most of these complex polymers have a marked polyanionic character. For instance, the red algal cell wall is mainly composed of sulfated galactans, agars and carrageenans, while brown algae contain alginate and fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides (FCSP) as cell wall polysaccharides. Some marine heterotrophic bacteria have developed abilities to grow on such macroalgal polysaccharides. This is the case of Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora 9(T) (ATCC 43555(T)), a marine gammaproteobacterium isolated in 1955 and which was an early model organism for studying carrageenan catabolism. We present here the genomic analysis of P. carrageenovora. Its genome is composed of two chromosomes and of a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Carrageenan; CAZymes; Alginate; Gammaproteobacteria; Pseudoalteromonas; Marine bacteria; Algal holobiont; Biofilm.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60070/63377.pdf
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Isolation and partial characterization of bacteria (Pseudoalteromonas sp.) with potential antibacterial activity from a marine costal environment from New Caledonia ArchiMer
Dufourcq, R.; Chalkiadakis, Eletherios; Fauchon, M.; Deslandes, Eric; Kerjean, V.; Chanteau, S.; Petit, Elodie; Guezennec, Jean; Dupont-rouzeyrol, M..
Marine bacteria are a rich source of bioactive metabolites. However, the microbial diversity of marine ecosystem still needs to be explored. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize bacteria with antimicrobial activities from various marine coastal environment of New Caledonia. We obtained 493 marine isolates from various environments and samples of which 63 (12.8%) presented an antibacterial activity against a panel of reference pathogenic strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis). Ten out of the most promising strains were cultured, fractionated and screened for antibacterial activity. Four of them (NC282, NC412, NC272 and NC120) showed at least an activity against reference and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antibacterial activity; Characterization; Marine bacteria; New Caledonia; Screening.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00174/28552/26994.pdf
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Marine Polysaccharides: A Source of Bioactive Molecules for Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering ArchiMer
Senni, Karim; Pereira, Jessica; Gueniche, Farida; Delbarre-ladrat, Christine; Sinquin, Corinne; Ratiskol, Jacqueline; Godeau, Gaston; Fischer, Anne-marie; Helley, Dominique; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia.
The therapeutic potential of natural bioactive compounds such as polysaccharides, especially glycosaminoglycans, is now well documented, and this activity combined with natural biodiversity will allow the development of a new generation of therapeutics. Advances in our understanding of the biosynthesis, structure and function of complex glycans from mammalian origin have shown the crucial role of this class of molecules to modulate disease processes and the importance of a deeper knowledge of structure-activity relationships. Marine environment offers a tremendous biodiversity and original polysaccharides have been discovered presenting a great chemical diversity that is largely species specific. The study of the biological properties of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine bacteria; Marine algae; Exopolysaccharides; Sulfated polysaccharides; Structure; Chemical modification; Biological activity; Blue biotechnology; Cell therapy; Tissue engineering.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00048/15894/13316.pdf
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