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A proposed ecosystem-based management system for marine waters: linking the theory of environmental policy to the practice of environmental management Ecology and Society
O'Higgins, Tim; Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), Scottish Marine Institute, Scotland; Tim.O'Higgins@sams.ac.uk; Cormier, Roland; Gulf Fisheries Centre, Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Roland.Cormier@dfo-mpo.gc.ca; Diedrich, Amy; School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Australia; amy.diedrich@jcu.edu.au.
New coastal and marine management strategies have recently been developed in many countries and regions. From an ecosystem approach perspective, the aim of such strategies is the maintenance of ecosystem integrity while enabling the sustainable use of ecosystem goods and services. There is, however, a need for harmonized definitions and standardized processes to deal not only with the interjurisdictional and multidisciplinary complexities that are associated with such strategies but also with the extensive timelines and resources implicated in the planning and implementation of these strategies. The ecosystem-based management system proposed here is based on three pillars that facilitate the integration of an ecosystem approach to coastal and oceans policy...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach; Ecosystem-based management; Ecosystem goods and services; Environmental management; Marine environment; Marine ecosystems; Marine management strategy; Oceans policy.
Ano: 2014
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Addressing surprise and uncertain futures in marine science, marine governance, and society Ecology and Society
Thrush, Simon F; Institute of Marine Science, The University of Auckland; School of Environment, The University of Auckland; simon.thrush@auckland.ac.nz; Lewis, Nick; School of Environment, The University of Auckland; n.lewis@auckland.ac.nz; Le Heron, Richard; School of Environment, The University of Auckland; r.leheron@auckland.ac.nz; Fisher, Karen T; School of Environment, The University of Auckland; k.fisher@auckland.ac.nz; Lundquist, Carolyn J; Institute of Marine Science, The University of Auckland; National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hamilton, New Zealand; carolyn.lundquist@niwa.co.nz; Hewitt, Judi; National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hamilton, New Zealand; Judi.Hewitt@niwa.co.nz.
On an increasingly populated planet, with decreasing biodiversity and limited new opportunities to tap unexploited natural resources, there is a clear need to adjust aspects of marine management and governance. Although sectarian management has succeeded in addressing and managing some important threats to marine ecosystems, unintended consequences are often associated with overlooking nonlinear interactions and cumulative impacts that increase the risk of surprises in social-ecological systems. In this paper, we begin to untangle science-governance-society (SGS) interdependencies in marine systems by considering how to recognize the risk of surprise in social and ecological dynamics. Equally important is drawing attention to our state of preparedness,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Governance; Management; Marine ecosystems; Regime shift; Resilience; Science; Society.
Ano: 2016
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Bilans de santé des organismes et des écosystèmes marins. Quels signaux biologiques mesurer ? ArchiMer
Devauchelle, Nicole.
Organisms living in marine waters are numerous and varied. Examiningtheir biological signaIs could he/p to evaluate and protect their health and that of their environment. This publication focuses on this topic, answering the fo/lowing questions: What are the measurable biological signaIs in marine organisms? Do they reflect the state of health of individuals, populations or ecosystems? Can they provide information about the specificity and level of chemical pollution? Are measurement results From bioassays useful in predicting and limiting ecological dysfunctions? ln conclusion, an integrated, operational approach is proposed to carry out environmental assessments which take biological and spatiotemporal diversity in marine waters into account. [NOT...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Health; Pollution; Homeostasis; Imbalance; Abnormalities; Aquatic; Marine ecosystems; Santé; Pollution; Homéostasie; Déséquilibre; Aquatique; Écosystèmes; Milieu marin.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/rapport-4195.pdf
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Collaborative Engagement of Local and Traditional Knowledge and Science in Marine Environments: A Review Ecology and Society
Thornton, Thomas F; University of Oxford; thomas.thornton@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Scheer, Adela Maciejewski ; McGill University; admasch@gmail.com.
Local and traditional ecological knowledge (LTK) is increasingly recognized as an important component of scientific research, conservation, and resource management. Especially where there are gaps in the scientific literature, LTK can be a critical source of basic environmental data; this situation is particularly apparent in the case of marine ecosystems, about which comparatively less is known than terrestrial ones. We surveyed the global literature relating to the LTK of marine environments and analyzed what knowledge has been collected and with what aims and results. A large proportion of LTK which has been documented by researchers consists of species-specific information that is important for traditional resource use. However, knowledge relating to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive comanagement; Collaborative research; Collaborative resource management; Ecological monitoring; Environmental change; Historical ecology; Local and traditional knowledge (LTK); Marine conservation; Marine ecology; Marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2012
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Dataset on marine ecosystem services supplied by coral reefs, sandy beaches and coastal lagoons in different eutrophication states ArchiMer
Kermagoret, Charlene; Claudet, Joachim; Derolez, Valerie; Nugues, Maggy M.; Ouisse, Vincent; Quillien, Nolwenn; Bailly, Denis.
This data article provides indicators of Ecosystem Service (ES) supply for coral reefs, sandy beaches and coastal lagoons in different ecological states regarding eutrophication. 14 ES are considered: food through fisheries; material; molecules; coastal protection; nutrient regulation; pathogen regulation; climate regulation; support of recreational and leisure activities; contribution to a pleasant landscape; contribution to culture and territorial identity; emblematic biodiversity; habitat; trophic networks; recruitment. For each ecosystem 3 to 4 eutrophication states are described. Indicators of ES supply are filled on the basis of a literature review supplemented with expert-knowledge. A semi-quantification of the indicator value is finally provided....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Marine ecosystems; Eutrophication; Marine biodiversity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61145/64573.pdf
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Ecological indicators to capture the effects of fishing on biodiversity and conservation status of marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Coll, M.; Shannon, L. J.; Kleisner, K. M.; Juan-jorda, M. J.; Bundy, A.; Akoglu, A. G.; Banaru, Daniela; Boldt, J. L.; Borges, M. F.; Cook, A.; Diallo, I.; Fu, C.; Fox, C.; Gascuel, D.; Gurney, L. J.; Hattab, T.; Heymans, J. J.; Jouffre, D.; Knight, B. R.; Kucukavsar, S.; Large, S. I.; Lynam, C.; Machias, A.; Marshall, K. N.; Masski, H.; Ojaveer, H.; Piroddi, C.; Tam, J.; Thiao, D.; Thiaw, M.; Torres, M. A.; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Tsagarakis, K.; Tuck, I.; Van Der Meeren, G. I.; Yemane, D.; Zador, S. G.; Shin, Y. -j..
IndiSeas (“Indicators for the Seas”) is a collaborative international working group that was established in 2005 to evaluate the status of exploited marine ecosystems using a suite of indicators in a comparative framework. An initial shortlist of seven ecological indicators was selected to quantify the effects of fishing on the broader ecosystem using several criteria (i.e., ecological meaning, sensitivity to fishing, data availability, management objectives and public awareness). The suite comprised: (i) the inverse coefficient of variation of total biomass of surveyed species, (ii) mean fish length in the surveyed community, (iii) mean maximum life span of surveyed fish species, (iv) proportion of predatory fish in the surveyed community, (v) proportion...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicators; Marine ecosystems; Biodiversity; Redundancy; Trends; States; Fishing impacts; Conservation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00281/39201/37902.pdf
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How does fishing alter marine populations and ecosystems sensitivity to climate? ArchiMer
Planque, Benjamin; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Cury, Philippe; Drinkwater, Kenneth F.; Jennings, Simon; Perry, R. Ian; Kifani, Souad.
Evidence has accumulated that climate variability influences the state and functioning of marine ecosystems. At the same time increasing pressure from exploitation and other human activities has been shown to impact exploited and non-exploited species and potentially modify ecosystem structure. There has been a tendency among marine scientists to pose the question as a dichotomy, i.e., whether (1) "natural" climate variability or (2) fishery exploitation bears the primary responsibility for population declines in fish populations and the associated ecosystem changes. However, effects of both climate and exploitation are probably substantially involved in most cases. More importantly, climate and exploitation interact in their effects, such that climate may...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Resilience; Marine ecosystems; Demography; Climate fishing interactions.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2010/publication-7384.pdf
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Linking basin-scale connectivity, oceanography and population dynamics for the conservation and management of marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Dubois, Melodie; Rossi, Vincent; Ser-giacomi, Enrico; Arnaud-haond, Sophie; Lopez, Cristobal; Hernandez-garcia, Emilio.
Aim Assessing the spatial structure and dynamics of marine populations is still a major challenge in ecology. The need to manage marine resources from ecosystem and large-scale perspectives is recognized, but our partial understanding of oceanic connectivity limits the implementation of globally pertinent conservation planning. Based on a biophysical model for the entire Mediterranean Sea, this study takes an ecosystem approach to connectivity and provides a systematic characterization of broad-scale larval dispersal patterns. It builds on our knowledge of population dynamics and discusses the ecological and management implications. Location The semi-enclosed Mediterranean Sea and its marine ecosystems are used as a case study to investigate broad-scale...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larval dispersal; Local retention; Marine connectivity; Marine ecosystems; Marine protected areas; Mediterranean Sea; Population dynamics; Population genetics; Self-recruitment; Source; Sink dynamics.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00311/42201/41534.pdf
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Marine biodiversity in Colombia: Achievements, status of knowledge, and challenges Gayana
Díaz,Juan M; Acero,Arturo.
Colombia is recognized as a megadiverse country on the basis of the number of terrestrial animal and plant species occurring within its boundaries. However, due to the circumstance that it possesses coasts on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, each of them exhibiting distinct geological, oceanographic, and climatic features, Colombia is perhaps the country with the highest marine biological diversity in South America and one of the most biodiverse in the New World. Although scientific research concerning marine biodiversity of Colombia has a very short history, considerable knowledge has been achieved in the last 10 years, particularly in regard to species inventories and ecosystem characterizations, including thematic mapping. Relatively...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Marine biodiversity; Colombia; Caribbean; Eastern Pacific; Marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-65382003000200011
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Marine biodiversity offsetting: An analysis of the emergence of an environmental governance system in California ArchiMer
Jacob, Celine; Thorin, Sebastien; Pioch, Sylvain.
Most research studies related to biodiversity offsetting have focused on governance systems already in place in the terrestrial realm – these studies tend to rely on an approach of organizational economics, in particular in relation to mitigation banking schemes. In this study, emerging marine offsetting governance systems has been analyzed using the Actor–Network Theory (ANT) with the aim of highlighting the key elements that enable the emergence of marine offsetting tools. The ANT framework has been applied to four case studies in California using data collected in a field study that consisted of interviewing 30 stakeholders working closely with the issue of marine offsetting. Employing ANT allowed to ascertain the role of commonly studied elements such...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Governance; Biodiversity offset; Marine ecosystems; Actor Network theory; California.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00436/54805/56329.pdf
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Relationships among fisheries exploitation, environmental conditions, and ecological indicators across a series of marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Large, Scott; Knight, Ben; Richardson, Anthony J.; Bundy, Alida; Reygondeau, Gabriel; Boldt, Jennifer; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Torres, Maria A; Sobrino, Ignacio; Auber, Arnaud; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Piroddi, Chiara; Diallo, Ibrahima; Jouffre, Didier; Mendes, Hugo; Borges, Maria Fatima; Lynam, Christopher P.; Coll, Marta; Shannon, Lynne J.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Understanding how external pressures impact ecosystem structure and functioning is essential for ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management. We quantified the relative effects of fisheries exploitation and environmental conditions on ecological indicators derived from two different data sources, fisheries catch data (catch-based) and fisheries independent survey data (survey-based) for 12 marine ecosystems using a partial least squares path modeling approach (PLS-PM). We linked these ecological indicators to the total biomass of the ecosystem. Although the effects of exploitation and environmental conditions differed across the ecosystems, some general results can be drawn from the comparative approach. Interestingly, the PLS-PM analyses showed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicators; Environmental conditions; Fisheries exploitation; Marine ecosystems; Partial least squares path modeling.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00250/36155/34710.pdf
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Sustainability of exploited marine ecosystems through protected areas: A viability model and a coral reef case study ArchiMer
Doyen, L; De Lara, M; Ferraris, Jocelyne; Pelletier, Dominique.
Overexploitation of marine resources remains a problem worldwide. Many works advocate for the use of marine reserves as a central element of future stock management in a sustainable perspective. In the present paper, we address the influence of protected areas upon fisheries sustainability within an eco-systemic framework through a dynamic bio-economic model integrating a trophic web, catches and environmental uncertainties. The model is spatially implicit. The evaluation of the ecosystem is designed through the respect along time of constraints of both conservation and guaranteed captures. Using the mathematical concept of invariance kernel in a stochastic context, we define different MPA effects according to biodiversity catches or mixed points of view....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Invariance analysis; Co viability; Marine protected area; Fisheries management; Renewable resource; Marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3510.pdf
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The maintenance costs of marine natural capital: A case study from the initial assessment of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive in France ArchiMer
Levrel, Harold; Jacob, Celine; Bailly, Denis; Charles, Mahe; Guyader, Olivier; Aoubid, Scheherazade; Bas, Adeline; Cujus, Alexia; Fresard, Marjolaine; Girard, Sophie; Hay, Julien; Laurans, Yann; Paillet, Jerome; Agundez, Jose A. Perez; Mongruel, Remi.
There are two ways of assessing the costs of environmental degradation: as the costs associated with the loss of benefits resulting from the degradation of natural capital, and as the maintenance costs required to compensate for the actual or potential degradation of natural capital. The first of these methods is based on the Total Economic Value (TEV) of benefits forgone because of the depletion of ecosystem services delivered by marine biodiversity. The second method is based on the costs required to maintain a good state of marine biodiversity, one which makes it possible to deliver ecosystem services. This paper gives an illustration of this second approach. It details how these maintenance costs have been calculated in the initial assessment of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Maintenance cost; Marine ecosystems; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Economic analysis.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29967/29457.pdf
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Функциональное разнообразие как важный фактор существования биотических компонентов экосистем IBSS Repository
Шульман, Г. Е.; Токарев, Ю. Н..
На материалах проводимых в ИнБЮМ НАН Украины исследований рассмотрены многочисленные аспекты функционального биоразноообразия морской биоты – видовое, внутривидовое (популяционное), внутрипопуляционное (организменное), суборганизменное (тканевое, отчасти клеточное и молекулярное), а также его пространственные и временные аспекты. Показано, что направления эволюционного развития, определяющие биологический прогресс, обеспечиваются альтернативными метаболическими стратегиями, формирующими сложную гамму видового разнообразия. Проанализированы различные проявления функционального биоразноообразия, позволяющие понять: как сформировалась видовая, популяционная и внутрипопуляционная структура биоты, как осуществляется взаимодействие друг с другом компонентов...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Морские экосистемы; Биоразнообразие; Метаболические стратегии; Биолюминесценция; Marine ecosystems; Biodiversity; Metabolic strategy; Bioluminescence Bioluminescence Biodiversity Ecosystems Ecosystems Biodiversity http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2482 http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33949.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://repository.ibss.org.ua/dspace/handle/99011/265
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