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Registros recuperados: 5
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Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment of OECD Countries 1991-2001 AgEcon
Gast, Michael W..
Using a fixed-effects panel data approach, FDI flows of 22 OECD countries are explained by gravity equations over the period 1991-2001. It is distinguished between all available observations, Intra-EU25 observations only, and observations not belonging to the EU25 area in order to control for EU-specific effects. Regressions are repeated with exports as dependent variable in order to capture diverging influences for trade flows. Changes in total market size and relative market size are important factors that lead both FDI and exports in the same direction. However, relative market size is only significant in the FDI equation when variation between the EU25 area and other investment is taken into account, thus indicating a concentration of FDI within...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment and international trade; Multinational firms; Model with panel data; Agricultural Finance; F21; F23; F14; C23.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24595
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Foreign-Owned Firms in the German Labour Market AgEcon
Jungnickel, Rolf; Keller, Dietmar.
Compared to other Western European countries, Germany was less successful in attracting FDI in the 1990s. The falling behind in inward-FDI should be no problem if foreign-owned firms (FoFs) were only substitutes for indigenous firms. However, to the extent they differ significantly in terms of performance and structure, FoFs could be an interesting target group of economic policy. We empirically test three hypotheses: FoFs enjoy a productivity advantage over purely nationally operating firms but not - or less so - over multinationals headquartered in Germany (H1). The demand for qualified labour is higher in FoFs compared to German firms (H2). FoFs show a more flexible conduct on the labour market than German-owned firms; they are less integrated in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Multinational firms; Labour force and employment; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; F230; J210.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26149
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Locating Foreign Affiliates in Germany: The Case of Swedish MNEs AgEcon
Braconier, Henrik; Ekholm, Karolina.
This paper uses a dataset on the foreign activities by Swedish manufacturing firms to examine the performance of German affiliates compared with affiliates in other locations. It is found that German affiliates, on average, have higher labour productivity, R&D expenditure per employee and skill-intensity. There is also evidence suggesting that German affiliates are more oriented towards selling in the local market than affiliates in other European countries. We also analyse the effect of labour costs in the Swedish multinational enterprises' (MNEs') decision to locate in Germany. We find that the location decision is sensitive to the level of wage costs in Germany and in other potential locations in high-income Europe, but not to the level of wage...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor demand; Multinational firms; Foreign affiliates; Germany; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; F23; J23.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26200
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Market Dynamics in Supply Chains: The Impact of Globalisation and Consolidation on Food Companies' Mark-Ups AgEcon
Kaditi, Eleni A..
This paper examines whether ownership and increased competitive pressure affect food retailers’ market power, analysing whether all actors involved in the food supply chain deviate from the pricing behaviour that exists under perfect competition. A method proposed by Roeger (1995) is used to estimate price-cost margins, relaxing the assumptions of perfect competition and constant returns to scale. The obtained results show that foreign investments and consolidation have a positive and significant impact on the market power of food processors and retailers. Food processors, agricultural producers and wholesalers have lower price-cost margins than retailers, which suggests that these actors price closer to marginal costs being more concerned with maximising...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price-cost mark-ups; Multinational firms; Retailing; Agribusiness; F23; L13; L81.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114452
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PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH: AN ANALYSIS OF CHALLENGES FACING INDUSTRY AND THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AgEcon
Spielman, David J.; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Public-private partnerships offer potentially important opportunities for pro-poor agricultural research in developing countries. Yet in the international agricultural research community--and with regard to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) itself--we see few examples of successful public-private partnerships, and fewer examples where such collaborations have contributed to food security, poverty reduction and economic growth. This study assesses the opportunities for, and challenges to, creating and sustaining public-private partnerships between the international agricultural research centers of the CGIAR and leading multinational, research-based agribusiness companies. The study hypothesizes that the willingness and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public-private partnership; Collaborative research; Private sector; Multinational firms; Agricultural research and development; Agricultural biotechnology; Intellectual property rights; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16089
Registros recuperados: 5
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