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ANTAGONISTIC EFFECT OF EDIBLE MUSHROOM EXTRACT ON CANDIDA ALBICANS GROWTH BJM
Paccola,Edneia A. de Souza; Maki,Cristina Sayuri; Nobrega,Gisele M.A. de; Paccola-Meirelles,Luzia Doretto.
Five species of edible mushrooms, Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pholiota nameko, Macrolepiota bonaerensis and Agaricus blazei, were tested for their potential to inhibit the in vitro growth of the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans. Only L. edodes had a fungistatic effect on this human pathogen. The inhibitory compound was produced intra and extracellularly in submersed L. edodes culture, and was also present in fresh and dehydrated mushroom basidiocarps. The fungistatic compound was heat sensitive and lost activity after 72 hours.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Antibiotics; Candidiasis; Fungistatic effect.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822001000300003
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Antimicrobial activity and mineral composition of shiitake mushrooms cultivated on agricultural waste BABT
Casaril,Kérley Braga Pereira Bento; Kasuya,Maria Catarina Megumi; Vanetti,Maria Cristina Dantas.
The antimicrobial activity and mineral composition of shiitake mushrooms were evaluated in four isolates of Lentinula edodes. Mushrooms were cultivated on artificial logs, based on eucalyptus sawdust enriched with 20% rice, wheat, or soybean bran, or combination of 10% of two of these supplements. The substrates were humidified with a 0.1% mate tea extract or water. Logs of Eucalyptus grandis were also used to cultivate the shiitake mushrooms. The antimicrobial activity of an aqueous extract, corresponding to 40 mg of mushroom dry matter, was in some cases, depending on the isolate, able to inhibit both Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli K-12, independent of substrate composition or the growth stage of the mushrooms. Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antibacterial property; Lentinula edodes; Mineral nutrients; Sawdust-based substrate; Mushrooms.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132011000500017
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Application of Chinese Jun-Cao technique for the production of Brazilian Ganoderma lucidum strains BABT
Rolim,Leonardo do Nascimento; Sales-Campos,Ceci; Cavalcanti,Maria Auxiliadora de Queiroz; Urben,Arailde Fontes.
Ganoderma lucidum is a medicinal mushroom traditionally used in China against a wide range of diseases such as cancer and also for its prevention. In this work, commercial Chinese strains G. lucidum were compared to wild Brazilian strains aiming to determine the cultivation potential through the use of Jun-Cao. Six formulations were tested and the strains presented good response to the applied method. In general, the mixture between the grass and wood was well suited for the basidiomycetes, contributing to the preparation of substrates that generated better results in Jun Cao.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Ganoderma lucidum; Jun-Cao technique.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132014000300009
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Cadmium determination in Lentinus edodes mushroom species Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Maihara,Vera Akiko; Moura,Patricia Landim da Costa; Catharino,Marília Gabriela Miranda; Moreira,Edson Gonçalves; Castro,Lilian Pavanelli; Figueira,Rubens Cesar Lopes.
Many studies have drawn attention to the occurrence and concentration of toxic elements found in the fruiting body of mushrooms. Some edible mushroom species are known to accumulate high levels of inorganic contaminants, mainly cadmium, mercury, and lead. There are about 2,000 known edible mushroom species, but only 25 of them are cultivated and used as food. In Brazil, the most marketed and consumed mushroom species are Agaricus bisporus, known as Paris champignon, Lentinus edodes, or Shitake and Pleurotus sp, also called Shimeji or Hiratake. In this study, the concentration of cadmium was determined in Lentinus edodes mushrooms from different cities in São Paulo state and some samples imported from Japan and China. The analyses were performed by graphite...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cadmium; Mushrooms; Lentinus edodes; Atomic absorption spectrometry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612012000300019
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CARACTERIZACIÓN DE LOS AGENTES COMERCIALES: SUPERMERCADOS Y RESTAURANTES, EN LA DINÁMICA DEL MERCADO DE LAS SETAS PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS EN MÉRIDA, YUCATÁN, MÉXICO AgEcon
Ancona Mendez, Ligia; Flores Novelo, Anel; Pech Martinez, Victor Conrado; Rejon Avila, Manuel Jesus.
Mushrooms are one of the organisms the nature that have a great capacity to adapt and develop in different weather conditions and in different agricultural environments. Mushrooms also make an important contribution to the satisfaction of some human necessities by the input of nutritional and medicinal products due to a wide diversity of properties that they posses. In addition, its production generates incomes and employment, for these reasons, the farming of mushrooms is a very important activity socially, economical and ecologically. In Yucatán, the farming of the mushroom “Pleurotus ostreatus “represents an option for the sustainable development of poor rural communities. Based on the previous assumptions, the objective of the present work was to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Market; Retailers; Demand.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53112
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Chemical composition and biological properties of portuguese wild mushrooms: a comprehensive study IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Barros, Lillian; Venturini, Bruna A.; Baptista, Paula; Estevinho, Leticia M.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R..
The chemical composition and biological properties of Portuguese wild mushrooms (Cantharellus cibarius, Hypholoma fasciculare, Lepista nuda, Lycoperdon molle, Lycoperdon perlatum, Ramaria botrytis, Tricholoma acerbum) were evaluated in order to assess these products as sources of nutrients and nutraceuticals. The analyzed mushrooms contain very useful phytochemicals such as phenolics, tocopherols, ascorbic acid, and carotenoids. All of the species proved to have antioxidant activity (measured by four different methods), being more significant for R. botrytis (EC50 values < 1 mg/ mL). Lycoperdon species were resistant to all of the tested microorganisms, and the other samples revealed antimicrobial activity selectively against Gram-positive bacteria,...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Chemical compounds; Antioxidant activity; Antimicrobial activity.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/837
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ChemT, an open-source software for building template-based chemical libraries IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Abreu, Rui M.V.; Froufe, Hugo J.C.; Daniel, Pedro O.M.; Queiroz, Maria João R.P.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R..
Mushrooms represent an unlimited source of compounds with antitumor and immunostimulating properties and mushroom intake as been shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer. A large number of LMW (low molecular weight) compounds present in mushrooms have been identified including: phenolic acids, flavonoids, tocopherols, carotenoids, sugars and fatty acids. In order to evaluate which wild mushroom LMW compounds may be involved in anti-breast cancer activity we selected a representative dataset of 43 LMW compounds and performed molecular docking against 3 known protein targets involved in breast cancer (Aromatase, Estrone Sulfatase and 17β-HSD-1) using AutoDock4 as docking software. The estimated inhibition constants for all LMW compounds were determined and...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Nutraceuticals; Breast cancer; Molecular Docking; AutoDock4.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/6231
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Compounds from wild mushrooms with antitumor potential IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.; Vaz, Josiana A.; Vasconcelos, M. Helena; Martins, Anabela.
For thousands of years medicine and natural products have been closely linked through the use of traditional medicines and natural poisons. Mushrooms have an established history of use in traditional oriental medicine, where most medicinal mushroom preparations are regarded as a tonic, that is, they have beneficial health effects without known negative side-effects and can be moderately used on a regular basis without harm. Mushrooms comprise a vast and yet largely untapped source of powerful new pharmaceutical products. In particular, and most importantly for modern medicine, they represent an unlimited source of compounds which are modulators of tumour cell growth. Furthermore, they may have potential as functional foods and sources of novel molecules....
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Antitumor; Low-molecular-weight compounds; High-molecular-weight compounds.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/2646
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Densidade básica da madeira de sete espécies e três clones de eucalipto antes e durante o cultivo de shiitake - DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v31i2.7034 Agronomy
Andrade, Meire Cristina Nogueira de; INPA; Minhoni, Marli Teixeira de Almeida; UNESP; Sansigolo, Cláudio Angeli; UNESP; Zied, Diego Cunha; UNESP.
Avaliou-se a densidade básica da madeira e casca de sete espécies (E. saligna, E. grandis, E. urophylla, E. camaldulensis, E. citriodora, E. paniculata e E. pellita) e três clones de eucalipto (híbridos de E. grandis x E. urophylla) antes e durante o cultivo das linhagens LE-95/01 e LE-96/18 de shiitake (Lentinula edodes) em toras. Cada linhagem de shiitake foi inoculada em nove toras de cada tipo de eucalipto com 1 m de comprimento e 9 a 14 cm de diâmetro. Assim, o delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, com 20 tratamentos e 9 repetições, sendo cada repetição correspondente a uma tora. As toras foram mantidas em estufa climatizada, com temperatura de 25 &plusmn; 5ºC e umidade relativa do ar entre 60-80% durante 12 meses. Para a...
Palavras-chave: 5.01.00.00-9 Agronomia Lentinula edodes; Cultivo em toras; Cogumelos Lentinula edodes; Cultivation in logs; Mushrooms.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/7034
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Diversity and associations between Drosophilidae (Diptera) species and Basidiomycetes in a Neotropical forest Anais da ABC (AABC)
VALER,FELIPE B.; BERNARDI,EDUARDO; MENDES,MAYARA F.; BLAUTH,MONICA L.; GOTTSCHALK,MARCO S..
ABSTRACT Drosophilidae is one of the most representative families of insects that occurs in fungal fruiting bodies of Basidiomycetes; however, the diversity and community structure of mycophagous Drosophilidae in the Neotropical region is poorly known. The aims of the present study were to describe the diversity of mycophagous Drosophilidae and to investigate its colonization of fungal hosts in a forest of southern Brazil. From 120 fungal samples (patches of mushrooms) of 17 Basidiomycetes genera, flies were recorded emerging from 70 samples and collected in adult stages of 25 fungal samples, for a total of 4897 drosophilids belonging to 31 species and 5 genera. Drosophila Fallén was the most species-rich genus, whereas Hirtodrosophila Duda was the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Generalist species; Mycophagy; Mushrooms; Pampa biome; Specialist species; Trophic niche.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000200705
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Economic Analysis of Using Soybean Meal as a Mushroom Growing Substrate AgEcon
Fewell, Jason E.; Gustafson, Cole R..
Mushrooms have been grown commercially on many different substrates for years, usually agricultural by-products such as straw or stover. Increased popularity for specialty mushrooms with consumers has led to increased production and great demand for economic substrates. Oyster mushrooms are easier to grow relative to other types of mushrooms and their production has increased dramatically in recent years. This study examines the economic feasibility of using soybean hulls as a primary substrate for oyster mushrooms, replacing traditional wheat straw. The study uses a cost-benefit analysis to determine an optimal substrate based on yield and the number of crops harvested per year. The study shows that soybean hulls, combined with corn gluten or...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Oyster; Mushrooms; Substrate; Soybean; Hulls; Meal; Economic; Feasibility; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7634
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Effects of conservation treatment and cooking on the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Portuguese wild edible mushrooms IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Barros, Lillian; Baptista, Paula; Correia, Daniela M.; Morais, Jorge Sá; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R..
The effects of processing and cooking practices on the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Portuguese wild edible mushroom species (Lactarius deliciosus, Macrolepiota mastoidea, Macrolepiota procera, and Sarcodon imbricatus) were investigated. Dried, frozen, and cooked samples were analyzed for proximate constituents (moisture, fat, crude protein, ash, and carbohydrates) and nutritional value. Fatty acid and sugar profiles were also obtained by gas-liquid chromatography/ flame ionization detection and high-performance liquid chromatography/refraction index, respectively. The antioxidant properties were evaluated by several biochemical assays: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging capacity, reducing power, inhibition of â-carotene...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Conservation treatment; Cooking; Chemical composition; Antioxidant activity.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/835
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Ergosterol content of Basidiomycetes culture in rice International Rice Research Institute
Kim, Y. D.; Kim, B. K.; Park, H. K..
p.43-44
Palavras-chave: Ergosterol; Koji; Basidiomycotina; Mushrooms; Korea Republic.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1129
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GUSTOS Y PREFERENCIAS DE LOS CONSUMIDORES QUE COMPRAN HONGOS COMESTIBLES EN SUPERMERCADOS DE MÉRIDA, YUCATÁN, MÉXICO AgEcon
Ancona Mendez, Ligia; Rejon Avila, Manuel Jesus; Flores Novelo, Anel.
During the first half of 2008, a researching study was done through interviews for some purchase department employees of selected supermarkets, as well as the people that acquire mushrooms “Pleurotus Ostreatus” and other edible mushrooms in Mérida, Yucatán. This study was done with the purpose of identifying their consumer behavior, consumption and to understand how the product is perceived in the supermarket shopping area. The collected data was processed using the percentages technique. It found that the majority (75 %) of respondents had mid-higher and higher education, also 50% were from Yucatan and the remaining percentage from other states in Mexico. The market segment consists mainly of women (65%), in relation to men (35%). The main reasons for...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Consumer behavior; Perception of product.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99472
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In search of synergistic effects in antioxidant capacity of combined edible mushrooms IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Queirós, Bruno; Barreira, João C.M.; Sarmento, Ana C.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R..
The antioxidant activity of different edible mushrooms was evaluated considering the different contribution of individual and combined extracts. The radical scavenging capacity was evaluated through hydrogen atom transfer and single electron transfer reaction-based assays: DPPH radical scavenging activity and reducing power, respectively. The inhibition of lipid peroxidation was studied in lipossomes solutions by the beta-carotene-linoleate system. Three types of interactions (synergistic, additive and negative synergistic effects) were observed, synergism being the most abundant effect. Marasmius oreades is present in the mixtures with higher antioxidant properties and synergistic effects, while Cantharellus cibarius is present in the mixtures with lowest...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Antioxidant activity; Phenolics; Synergism; Discriminant analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/2647
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Lignocellulolytic enzyme production of Pleurotus ostreatus growth in agroindustrial wastes BJM
Luz,José Maria Rodrigues da; Nunes,Mateus Dias; Paes,Sirlaine Albino; Torres,Denise Pereira; Silva,Marliane de Cássia Soares da; Kasuya,Maria Catarina Megumi.
The mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus has nutritional and medicinal characteristics that depend on the growth substrate. In nature, this fungus grows on dead wood, but it can be artificially cultivated on agricultural wastes (coffee husks, eucalyptus sawdust, corncobs and sugar cane bagasse). The degradation of agricultural wastes involves some enzyme complexes made up of oxidative (laccase, manganese peroxidase and lignin peroxidase) and hydrolytic enzymes (cellulases, xylanases and tanases). Understanding how these enzymes work will help to improve the productivity of mushroom cultures and decrease the potential pollution that can be caused by inadequate discharge of the agroindustrial residues. The objective of this work was to assess the activity of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Laccase; Cellulase; Mushrooms; Lignocellulolytic residues.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822012000400035
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Lipid profile and glycemic response of rats fed on a semi-purified diet supplemented with Agaricus brasiliensis mushroom. Repositório Alice
HENRIQUES, G. S.; HELM, C. V.; BUSATO, A. P.; SIMEONE, M. L. F..
A busca por hábitos alimentares saudáveis tem incentivado o estudo de novas fontes alimentares. Destacam-se os cogumelos comestíveis, como os do gênero Agaricus. Este trabalho avaliou a influência da ração semi-purificada, suplementada com o cogumelo Agaricus brasiliensis no perfil de lipídios, em ratos. Foi realizado experimento com 28 ratos machos Wistar, em 32 dias. Os animais foram separados em quatro grupos de sete dos quais o primeiro recebeu dieta AIN-93 (CAS), o segundo recebeu dieta AIN-93 adicionada de 1% de colesterol (CAS + COL) e o terceiro e o quarto grupos foram alimentados com dieta AIN-93 suplementada com cogumelos sem (COG) e com (COG + COL) adição de colesterol a 1%, respectivamente. No 32.º dia, amostras foram coletadas para análises de...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agaricus brasiliensis; Lipid profile; Himematsutake; Cogumelo comestível; Nutrição humana; Alimentação; Colesterol; Agaricus; Mushrooms; Colesterol; Human nutrition.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1047204
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Macrofungi in Castanea sativa ecosystems on the North-Eastern Trás-os-Montes. IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Matos, Mauro; Sousa, Maria João; Baptista, Paula; Dias, Rui; Rodrigues, Paula; Martins, Anabela.
Tipo: ConferenceObject Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Biodiversity; Chestnut.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/5758
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Morphomolecular characterization of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. Fr.) kummer strains in relation to luminosity and temperature of frutification Scientia Agricola
Marino,Regina Helena; Eira,Augusto Ferreira da; Kuramae,Eiko Eurya; Queiroz,Elvio Cardoso.
Temperature is one of the main factors affecting mushrooms development and introduction in new areas. Effects of temperature (15ºC and 28ºC) and luminosity (120 and 900 lux) were evaluated for eight P. ostreatus strains in relation to precocity, yield, pileus area, stalk formation pattern, coloration and handling resistance. Genetic variability of strains was analysed by the Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method. The Pos 98/37 strain was the only to yield white pileus at 28ºC - 900 lux, and grey ones at 15ºC and 120 lux. The Pos 96/05 strain, the latest, produced lead-coloured pileus at 15ºC, as did the remaining strains at this temperature. Strains cultivated at 15ºC did not differ in relation to handling resistance. At 28ºC mushrooms were less...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mushrooms; Temperature; Morphology of basidiocarps; Yield and marked RAPD.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162003000300018
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New species of Hohenbuehelia, with comments on the Hohenbuehelia atrocoerulea – Nematoctonus robustus species complex Naturalis
Consiglio, G.; Setti, L.; Thorn, R.G..
Four new species of Hohenbuehelia (Fungi: Pleurotaceae) are described in the group of Hohenbuehelia atrocoerulea and Hohenbuehelia grisea. Hohenbuehelia algonquinensis, found on Pinus in Ontario, Canada, may be distinguished macroscopically from bluish collections of H. atrocoerulea and watery grey-brown collections of H. grisea by its coal-black pileus. Hohenbuehelia canadensis, on or associated with Pinus in both Ontario and Alberta, Canada, and Hohenbuehelia nimueae, on Salix in Ontario and Abies in Wyoming, USA, have similarly dark fruiting bodies and were previously misidentified as H. approximans (which we treat as a synonym of H. grisea), H. atrocoerulea, H. mustialensis or H. nigra. The latter species is shown to be a member of Resupinatus, despite...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: 28S; 5 new taxa; Barcoding; Mushrooms; Molecular phylogeny; Nematophagous; Resupinatus niger.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/659253
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