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Differential distribution and defence involvement of antimicrobial peptides in mussel ArchiMer
Mitta, Guillaume; Vandenbulcke, Franck; Noel, Thierry; Romestand, Bernard; Beauvillain, Jean Claude; Salzet, Michel; Roch, Philippe.
In previous papers, we characterised 3 types of 4-kDa, cysteine-rich, cationic antimicrobial peptides: MGDs (for Mytilus galloprovincialis defensins), mytilins and myticins, which are abundant in the mussel hemocytes. In the present work, me revealed a differential distribution of the cells expressing the different genes. In addition, using confocal and electron microscopy, we confirmed that defensins and mytilins were partially located in different sub-types of circulating hemocytes although the peptides can be located in the same cell, and even in the same granule. We also demonstrated that mytilins exert their microbicidal effect within the cells through the process of phagosome-mytilin granule fusion leading to the co-location of ingested bacteria and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Innate immunity; Hemocyte; Mussel; Myticin; Mytilin; Defensin; Antimicrobial.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-413.pdf
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Influence of temperature, salinity and E. coli tissue content on immune gene expression in mussel: Results from a 2005-2008 survey ArchiMer
Li, Hui; Toubiana, Mylene; Monfort, Patrick; Roch, Philippe.
Several bivalves, including mussels, suffered from mortalities particularly in summer. To look for the possible effect of environmental parameters on immune capacities, Mytilus galloprovincialis were collected monthly from August 2005 to July 2008 from the Palavas Laguna, French Mediterranean coast. Q-PCR was used to quantify the expression of three antimicrobial peptide genes (defensin, mytilin B and myticin B), in addition to lysozyme and HSP70. House keeping gene was 28S rRNA. Defensin, myticin B and lysozyme appeared more expressed in spring-summer than in winter. In contrast, HSP70 expression was higher in winter. Statistical studies using principal component analysis (PCA) and multiple regression models revealed positive influence of temperature on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusks; Mytilus; Innate immunity; Seasonal variations; Immune survey; Q PCR; HSP70; Lysozyme; Myticin; Mytilin; Defensin; Antimicrobial peptide.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7345.pdf
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