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Registros recuperados: 40
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A Diagrammatic Approach to Understanding Complex Eco-Social Interactions in Kathmandu, Nepal Ecology and Society
Neudoerffer, R. Cynthia; University of Guelph; rneudoer@uoguelph.ca; Waltner-Toews, David; University of Guelph; dwaltner@uoguelph.ca; Kay, James J.; Deceased 05/30/ 2004. Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo;; Joshi, D. D.; NZFHRC;; Tamang, Mukta S.; SAGUN;.
As part of developing an international network of community-based ecosystem approaches to health, a project was undertaken in a densely populated and socio-economically diverse area of Kathmandu, Nepal. Drawing on hundreds of pages of narrative reports based on surveys, interviews, secondary data, and focus groups by trained Nepalese facilitators, the authors created systemic depictions of relationships between multiple stakeholder groups, ecosystem health, and human health. These were then combined to examine interactions among stakeholders, activities, concerns, perceived needs, and resource states (ecosystem health indicators). These qualitative models have provided useful heuristics for both community members and research scholars to understand the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Complex systems theory; Ecosystem approaches; Human health; Kathmandu; Nepal; Social-ecological systems..
Ano: 2005
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A framework to evaluate land degradation and restoration responses for improved planning and decision-making. Repositório Alice
PANDIT, R.; PARROTTA, J. A.; CHAUDHARY, A. K.; KARLEN, D. L.; VIEIRA, D. L. M.; ANKER, Y.; CHEN, R.; MORRIS, J.; HARRIS, J.; NTSHOTSHO, P..
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Forestland; Evaluation framework; Criteria; IPBES; Restoration outcomes; Community forestry; Nepal.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1122303
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A new species of Leptopus (Euphorbiaceae) from Nepal Naturalis
Adhikari, B.; Chaudhary, R.P.; Ghimire, S.K..
A new species, Leptopus nepalensis, is described from the Lamjung district in Central Nepal. It resembles L. cordifolius, but differs in the glabrous and smaller elliptic to obovate leaves with shorter petioles, solitary staminate inflorescences, and flowers (both) with six sepals and petals and orbicular disc glands. The differences are summarized in a table.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Euphorbiaceae; Leptopus nepalensis; Nepal; New species.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/526019
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A REVIEW OF FOOD SECURITY AND HUMAN NUTRITION ISSUES IN NEPAL AgEcon
Shively, Gerald E.; Gars, Jared; Sununtnasuk, Celeste.
Nepal faces multiple development challenges, including chronic and widespread food insecurity and adult and child malnutrition. Due to population growth, agricultural stagnation and a range of institutional failures, the threat of a serious food crisis in Nepal is substantial. The recent scaling back of WFP assistance means that food security conditions in some parts of Nepal will undoubtedly worsen in the near future. This paper presents a brief review of topics and available evidence regarding food security, malnutrition and related subjects in Nepal. It is intended to document important source material and provide an overview of topics for non-specialists or those moving into new areas of concern.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Health; Nutrition; Nepal; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; I12; I31; O19; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116190
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Assessing the Role of Microfinance in Fostering Adaptation to Climate Change AgEcon
Agrawala, Shardul; Carraro, Maelis.
Much of the current policy debate on adaptation to climate change has focussed on estimation of adaptation costs, ways to raise and to scale-up funding for adaptation, and the design of the international institutional architecture for adaptation financing. There is however little or no emphasis so far on actual delivery mechanisms to channel these resources at the sub-national level, particularly to target the poor who are also often the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It is in this context that microfinance merits a closer look. This paper offers the first empirical assessment of the linkages between microfinance supported activities and adaptation to climate change. Specifically, the lending portfolios of the 22 leading microfinance...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Microfinance; Climate Change; Financing; Adaptation; Bangladesh; Nepal; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q56; Q54; R51.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92709
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Community Vulnerability to Floods and Landslides in Nepal Ecology and Society
K.C., Samir; Research Scholar, World Population Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis; Wittgenstein Center for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/OEAW, WU); kcsamir@gmail.com.
We addressed the issue of differential vulnerability to natural disasters at the level of village communities in Nepal. The focus lay on the relative importance of different dimensions of socioeconomic status and in particular, we tried to differentiate between the effects of education and income/wealth, the latter being measured through the existence of permanent housing structures. We studied damage due to floods and landslides in terms of human lives lost, animals lost, and other registered damage to households. The statistical analysis was carried out through several alternative models applied separately to the Terai and the Hill and Mountain Regions, as well as all of Nepal. At all levels and under all models, the results showed consistently...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Education; Floods and landslides; Natural disaster; Nepal; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2013
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Consequences of Deforestation for Women’s Time Allocation, Agricultural Production, and Nutrition in Hill Areas of Nepal AgEcon
Kumar, Shubh K.; Hotchkiss, David.
In the face of growing concerns about the environment, policy makers in developing countries find themselves increasingly pressured to choose between environmental deterioration in the long run and the growing demands of poor populations in the short run. Some environmentalists point to new technology –irrigation, fertilizer, and pesticides- as the basis of ecological decay in rural areas. A number of studies have shown, instead, that expanding farm yields in less fragile area through modern technology offers a viable alternative to stripping the land to expand crop area in marginal soils. In the hill areas of Nepal, as many developing countries, women’s work is the key not only to the functioning of the household but also a necessary supply of field...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Women agriculture laborers; Nepal; Agricultural productivity; Deforestation; Economic aspects; Time management; Women fuelwood gatherers; Food supply; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42172
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Control of Footrot in Small Ruminants of Nepal AgEcon
McLeod, Ross.
Footrot, a bacterial disease which attacks the feet of sheep and goats causing lameness and high levels of flock mortality, was endemic in the western districts of Nepal. As a result of the collaborative efforts between Nepalese, Australian and British scientists within ACIAR projects AS2/1991/017 and AS2/1996/021, the virulent form of this disease has been eradicated from the livestock industries of the country. The economic benefits stemming from this achievement are described and quantified in this report. Over the 1993–2022 period, ACIAR invested $A1.5 million in research designed to improve the management of footrot in Nepal. Based on levels of disease prevalence reported at the beginning of the projects and a probability of the disease spreading to...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Footrot; Ruminants; Bacterial disease; Nepal; Australia; Livestock; Economic benefits; Net present value; Benefit-cost ratio; Disease eradication; Farm Management; International Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47694
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Determinants of off-farm employment in eastern rural Nepal AgEcon
Kayastha, P.; Rauniyar, Ganesh P.; Parker, W.J..
Stagnant agricultural productivity and low returns in farming have led rural residents in Nepal to look elsewhere for alternative or supplemental income opportunities, primarily though off-farm employment. Off-farm employment provides supplemental income to support household expenditure. This study examined the contribution of off-farm employment to total household income for two ecologically distinct districts of Eastern Nepal and identified factors differentiating households with on-farm, off-farm and, both on-and off-farm labour. Variables that differentiated wage labour, skilled labour and trade employment were determined. Participatory rural appraisal workshops (n=6), key informant interviews (n=9) and household socio-economic surveys (n=150) were...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Asia; Nepal; Off-farm employment; PRA; Household sustainability; Labour market.; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123825
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Determinants of Rice Variety Diversity on Household Farms in the Terai Region of Nepal AgEcon
Joshi, Ganesh R.; Bauer, Siegfried.
Crop genetic resources are the building block of sustainable agricultural development as these can be used to develop crop varieties adaptable to heterogeneous environmental conditions. Nepal is considered the center of origin and diversity for Asian rice, which still has many landraces. However, there has been continuous loss of genetic diversity and concern over it has grown in recent years. The main objective of this paper is to identify the determinants of variety diversity on-farm in the rainfed ecosystem of Nepal by using two-limit Tobit procedure. The diversity on farm appeared to be quite high evaluated based on the number of named varieties grown by the farmers. Majority of the farmers cultivated both modern varieties and landraces simultaneously...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Diversity; Market; Nepal; Rice; Variety; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25422
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Economic and livelihood impacts of maize research in hill regions in Mexico and Nepal: Including a method for collecting and analyzing spatial data using Google Earth AgEcon
La Rovere, Roberto; Mathema, Sudarshan; Dixon, John; Aquino-Mercado, Pedro; Gurung, Kamala; Hodson, Dave P.; Flores Velasquez, Dagoberto.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Economic impact; Livelihood Impacts; Maize; Hill Regions; Mexico; Nepal; Spatial Analysis; Google EarthTM; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56090
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Effect of different plant populations and combinations of N P K on the grain yield of improved maize under late sown condition in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal Thai Agricultural
Deo, G.P..
1 ill., 4 tables
Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Plant population; NPK fertilizers; Grain yield; Yields; Late sown condition; Nepal; Kathmandu valley; ข้าวโพด; ประชากร; ปุ๋ยไนโตรเจน; ปุ๋ยฟอสฟอรัส; ปุ๋ยโปแตสเซียม; ผลผลิต; เนปาล; การปลูกปลายฤดู.
Ano: 1972 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/3888
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Evaluating Forest Management in Nepal: Views across Space and Time Ecology and Society
Nagendra, Harini; Indiana University; nagendra@indiana.edu; Karmacharya, Mukunda; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np; Karna, Birendra; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Buffer zone; Community forestry; Co-management; Institutions; Land-cover change; Nepal; Protected area; Remote sensing.
Ano: 2005
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Flora Malesiana and the Flora of Nepal: floristic links and the potential for collaboration Naturalis
Pendry, C.A.; Watson, M.F..
The degree of overlap between the Malesian and Nepalese floras was analyzed by comparison of the distributions of twenty plant families revised for Flora Malesiana. Despite their geographic separation in some plant families there is significant overlap between the two areas at both the generic and specific levels. In seven of these families at least 40 % of Nepalese species were also found in Malesia. In some families with temperate distributions up to 29 % of Malesian species and all Malesian genera are also found in Nepal. It is suggested that a coordinated approach to the production of accounts of such families would improve the rate of production of accounts and would greatly facilitate knowledge transfer and help to build scientific networks and...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Malesia; Nepal.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/525381
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Food Calorie Intake under Grain Price Uncertainty: Evidence from Rural Nepal AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fang, Cheng; Rejesus, Roderick M..
This study evaluates the effects of grain output price uncertainty on the farm income of rural households and, consequently, how this uncertainty influences caloric intake through changes in farm income. Using a rural household data set, augmented with output price uncertainty measures calculated from historical time-series data, we find that grain output price uncertainty tends to decrease crop production income of rural households. In addition, we find that higher crop income from production increases calorie intake of rural households. Taken together, these results suggests that output price uncertainty during the production process may tend to reduce caloric intake of rural Nepalese households since the price uncertainty negatively affects the crop...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Calorie Intake; Price Uncertainty; Nepal; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; D12; O13; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6198
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Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Nepal: Profiles of Seven Vulnerable Groups AgEcon
Lovendal, Christian Romer.
This report documents the main findings of vulnerable group profiling work in Nepal. It identifies the characteristics and investigates the vulnerability for seven particular livelihood groups, notably marginal farm households in the Terai, in the hills and in the mountains, agricultural labour households in the Terai, porters in the hills and mountains, rural service castes, and poor urban workers in the informal economy in the Kathmandu Valley. Based on this analysis, it considers how these people cope during times of insufficient food production and/or earnings, and proposes actions that could be taken to reduce their vulnerability to becoming food insecure in the future. Most of the research on poverty in Nepal during the past decades has focused...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Vulnerability; Food Insecurity; Vulnerable Groups; Livelihoods Profiling; Nepal; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23793
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Forestry policy and poverty: the case of community forestry in Nepal AgEcon
Dhakal, Bhubaneswor; Bigsby, Hugh R.; Cullen, Ross.
Common forests in developing countries are valuable sources of raw material supplies, employment and income generation, particularly for low income households. This paper looks at the effect on income and employment when common forest resources have external policies that constrain their use. Using a mixed-integer linear programming model, this study examines the impacts of conservation-oriented community forest policies in Nepal on three household income groups. The results show that current community forest policies, which focus on environmental outcomes through forest use restriction for environment conservation and timber production, result in a large reduction in employment and income of the poorest households and largely explain the recent increase...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Forestry policy; Poverty; Nepal; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98500
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Household Food Security in Rural Areas of Nepal: Relationship between Socio-economic Characteristics and Food Security Status AgEcon
Maharjan, Keshav Lall; Khatri-Chhetri, Arun.
One of the main development goals of Nepal is to reduce the number of chronically undernourished people all over the country by half by the year 2015. In consonance to this, this study examines food security and its relationship with socio-economic characteristics among rural households in the remote western mountains of Nepal. Accordingly, the relationship between household's resource endowment and food security status was analyzed based on the calorie requirement for all household members according to their sex and age. The food security measures applied in this paper are Head Count Method, Food Insecurity Gap, and Squared Food Insecurity Gap to capture successively more detailed aspects of the food insecurity status of the household. It was found that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Calorie; Socio-economic characteristics; Rural households; Nepal; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25624
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Implications of Bulk Water Transfer on Local Water Management Institutions: A Case Study of the Melamchi Water Supply Project in Nepal AgEcon
Pant, Dhruba; Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Basnet, Govinda.
To mitigate a drinking water crisis in Kathmandu valley, the Government of Nepal initiated the Melamchi Water Supply Project in 1997, which will divert water from the Melamchi River to Kathmandu city’s water supply network. In the first phase, the Project will divert 170,000 cubic meters of water per day (at the rate of 1.97M3/sec), which will be tripled using the same infrastructure as city water demand increases in the future. The large scale transfer of water would have far-reaching implications in both water supplying and receiving basins. This paper analyzes some of the major changes related to local water management and socioeconomics brought about by the Project and in particular the changes in the local water management institutions in the Melamchi...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Institutional Impacts; Water Transfer; Melamchi Water Supply Project; Urban Water Supply; Water Rights; Local Water Management Institutions; Kathmandu; Nepal; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44351
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Improving the Effectiveness of Collective Action: Sharing Experiences From Community Forestry in Nepal AgEcon
Acharya, Krishna P.; Gentle, Popular.
The forest management strategy of Nepal is based on people’s participation, which is known as community forestry. This approach was formally introduced in 1978 to encourage active participation of local people in forest management activities as a means to improve their livelihoods. Under the community forestry structure, local people make decisions regarding forest management, utilization and distribution of benefits from a forest; they are organized as a Community Forest User Group. Presently about 1.2 million hectares of forest is under the control of about 14,000 Community Forest User Groups. It has received highest priority within the forestry sector and is one of the most successful development initiatives in Nepal. However, emerging evidence...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community forestry; Nepal; Gender; Poverty; Forest management and governance; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42493
Registros recuperados: 40
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