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A Systems Approach Framework for the Transition to Sustainable Development: Potential Value Based on Coastal Experiments Ecology and Society
Hopkins , Tom S.; North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA; CNR Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Naples, Italy; tom_hopkins@ncsu.edu; Bailly, Denis; University of Brest, Brest, France; Denis.Bailly@univ-brest.fr; Elmgren, Ragnar; Stockholm University; ragnar.elmgren@ecology.su.se; Glegg, Gillian; Plymouth Marine Station; G.Glegg@plymouth.ac.uk; Sandberg , Audun ; ; audun.sandberg@hibo.no.
This article explores the value of the Systems Approach Framework (SAF) as a tool for the transition to sustainable development in coastal zone systems, based on 18 study sites in Europe, where the SAF was developed and tested. The knowledge gained from these experiments concerns the practical aspects of (a) governance in terms of policy effectiveness, (b) sustainability science in terms of applying transdisciplinary science to social–ecological problems, and (c) simulation analysis in terms of quantifying dysfunctions in complex systems. This new knowledge can help broaden our perspectives on how research can be changed to better serve society. The infusion of systems thinking into research and policy making leads to a preference for...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Coastal zones; Integrated coastal zone management; Non-market valuation; Scale-free networks; Simulation analysis; Sustainability science; Sustainable development; Systems approach; Transdisciplinary assessments.
Ano: 2012
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An Integrated Assessment approach to linking biophysical modelling and economic valuation tools AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Bennett, Jeffrey W.; Jakeman, Tony.
Natural resource management (NRM) typically involves complex decisions that affect a variety of stakeholder values. Efficient NRM, which achieves the greatest net environmental, social and financial benefits, needs to integrate the assessment of environmental impacts with the costs and benefits of investment. Integrated assessment (IA) is one approach that incorporates the several dimensions of catchment NRM, by considering multiple issues and knowledge from various disciplines and stakeholders. Despite the need for IA, there are few studies that integrate biophysical modelling tools with economic valuation. In this paper, we demonstrate how economic non-market valuation tools can be used to support an IA of catchment NRM changes. We develop a Bayesian...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Bayesian networks; Bio-economic modelling; Catchment management; Cost-benefit analysis; Environmental values; Integrated assessment and modelling; Non-market valuation; Riparian vegetation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94949
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Australasian environmental economics: contributions, conflicts and ‘cop-outs’ AgEcon
Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Australian and New Zealand environmental economists have played a significant role in the development of concepts and their application across three fields within their subdiscipline: non-market valuation, institutional economics and bioeconomic modelling. These contributions have been spurred on by debates within and outside the discipline. Much of the controversy has centred on the validity of valuations generated through the application of stated preference methods such as contingent valuation. Suggestions to overcome some shortcomings in the work of environmental economists include the commissioning of a sequence of non-market valuation studies to fill existing gaps to improve the potential for benefit transfer.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Bioeconomic modelling; Institutional economics; Non-market valuation; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118501
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Benefit Transfer as Preference Calibration AgEcon
Smith, V. Kerry; van Houtven, George; Pattanayak, Subhrendu K..
This paper proposes and illustrates the use of a new approach to benefit transfer for the non-market valuation of environmental resources. It treats transfer as an identification problem that requires assessing whether available benefit estimates permit the parameters of a preference function to be identified. The transfer method proposed uses these identifying restrictions to calibrate preference parameters and bases the benefit estimates on that preference function. The approach is illustrated using travel cost, hedonic and contingent valuation estimates, as well as combinations of estimates. It has three potential advantages over conventional practice: (1) it allows multiple, potentially overlapping estimates of the benefits of an improvement in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Benefit transfer; Calibration; Non-market valuation; Environmental Economics and Policy; D61; Q20; H40.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10607
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Cattle breeding in Northern Australia: Revealing how consumers react to new technologies AgEcon
Pluske, Johanna M.; Burton, Michael P.; Rigby, Dan; Vercoe, Philip E..
In Australia, Bos taurus cattle breeds produce high quality meat, superior in taste and tenderness characteristics. Nevertheless, these breeds do not thrive in the Northern Australian environment. Stem cell transplant techniques could improve northern beef cattle breeding programs by facilitating crossbreeding via natural service. Focus groups were used in this study to explore consumer reaction to reproduction technologies and the implications for buying intentions. Findings suggested that consumers may react negatively to unconventional breeding technologies but the degree of this aversion is contingent upon how the technology is described. These findings are relevant for preparation of choice modeling surveys.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Non-market valuation; Consumers; Focus groups; New technologies; Beef.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48167
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Challenges of Accommodating Non-Market Values in Evaluation of Wildfire Suppression in the United States AgEcon
Venn, Tyron J.; Calkin, David E..
Presently, implementing the 2001 Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy, which requires fire management priorities to be set on the basis of maximising the market and non-market values to be conserved or enhanced, is extremely challenging because those charged with implementing the policy have limited information about the value that society places on non-market resources at risk. This paper considers the problem of accommodating non-market values affected by wildfire in social benefit-cost analysis. There are substantial gaps in scientific understanding about how the spatial and temporal provision of non-market values are affected by wildfire, and considerable challenges in evaluating social welfare change arising from specific wildfire events. This...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Non-market valuation; Historic range and variability; Bushfire; Wildfire policy; Wildfire economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9903
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Economic valuation of recreational fishing in Western Australia AgEcon
Raguragavan, Jananee; Hailu, Atakelty; Burton, Michael P..
Allocation of fish resource is a controversial subject. Decision making is partly made difficult by the lack of knowledge on recreational fishing preferences and the value of fishing opportunities. This study investigates fishing site choices in Western Australia. Recreational fishing data covering the eight major fishing regions and fourty eight fishing sites in the State are used. The data are used to estimate a random utility model (RUM) of site choice behaviour with a supporting negative binomial econometric model of angler and fish-specific expected catch rates. We provide value estimates for different fish types, fishing site attribute changes as well as site access values. It is argued that sound economic value estimates can be starkly different...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Non-market valuation; Recreational fishing; Random utility models; Fisheries management; Marine environment management; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97473
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Environmental value and valuation over time AgEcon
Scheufele, Gabriela; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Time and value are related concepts that influence human behaviour. Although classical topics in human thinking throughout the ages, few environmental economic non-market valuation studies have attempted to link the two concepts. Economists have estimated non-market environmental values in monetary terms for over 30 years. This history of valuation provides an opportunity to compare value estimates and how valuation techniques have changed over time. This research aims to compare value estimates of benefits of a protected natural area. In 1978, Nadgee Nature Reserve on the far south coast of New South Wales was the focus of the first application of the contingent valuation method in Australia. This research aims to replicate that study using both the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental values; Temporal variability; Non-market valuation; Contingent valuation method; Choice experiments; Incentive compatibility; Natural resource management.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94805
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Estimating the Implicit Value of Crop Stubble as a Barrier to Technology Adoption in Morocco AgEcon
Magnan, Nicholas; Larson, Douglas M..
For mixed cereal-livestock farmers, cereal production provides a bundle of goods. Grain is consumed by the household or sold at market, and crop residues are used as livestock feed. The straw component of crop residue can be bought and sold at market and therefore has a well-established local market price. Crop stubble, the portion of the crop residue left on the ground, is generally not traded and therefore has no market price. Some agricultural technologies require farmers to forgo using crop stubble as feed, and cultivation of high value crops entails sacrificing residue production altogether. In this paper we apply a structural econometric model to household data from Morocco to estimate the implicit value of crop stubble. We use a sample splitting...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Mixed cereal-livestock systems; Non-market valuation; Land use; Technology adoption; No-till; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; O33; Q12; Q24.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60858
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Framing for incentive compatibility in choice modelling AgEcon
Mazur, Kasia; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
The incentives that motivate respondents to reveal their preferences truthfully have been a long-standing area of research in the non-market valuation literature. A number of studies have been undertaken to investigate incentive compatibility in nonmarket valuation. Most of these used laboratory environments rather than field surveys (e.g. Carson and Burton, 2008, Harrison, 2007, Lusk and Schroeder, 2004, Racevskis and Lupi, 2008). Only a few studies investigating incentive compatibility have considered multi-attribute public goods with an explicit provision rule in a choice experiment (Carson and Groves, 2007, Collins and Vossler, 2009, Carson and Burton, 2008). The design of a choice modelling study that avoids strategic behaviour has proven particularly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Incentive comparability; Provision rule; Non-market valuation; Environment; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59101
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General Equilibrium Benefit Transfers for Spatial Externalities: Revisiting EPA's Prospective Analysis AgEcon
Smith, V. Kerry; Sieg, Holger; Banzhaf, H. Spencer; Walsh, Randy.
Environmental policy analyses increasingly require the evaluation of benefits from large changes in spatially differentiated public goods. Such changes are likely to induce general equilibrium effects through changes in household expenditures and local migration, yet current practice "transfers" constant marginal values for even the largest changes. Moreover, it ignores important distributional effects of policy. This paper demonstrates that recently developed locational equilibrium models can provide transferable general equilibrium benefit measures. Our results suggest that taking account of the potential for adjustment and household heterogeneity is important. Applying benefits estimated from this method to the effect of the Clean Air Act amendments in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Air quality; Clean air act; Non-market valuation; Tiebout model; Environmental Economics and Policy; H41; Q25; R13.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10820
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Integrating economic values and catchment modelling AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Integrated catchment policies are widely used to manage natural resources in Australian catchments. Decision support tools available to aid integrated catchment management are often limited in their integration of environmental processes with socio-economic systems. Fully integrated models are required to support assessments of the environmental and economic trade-offs of catchment management changes. A Bayesian Network (BN) model is demonstrated to provide a suitable approach to integrate environmental modelling with economic valuation. The model incorporates hydrological, ecological and economic models for the George catchment in Tasmania. Information about the non-market costs and benefits of environmental changes is elicited using Choice Experiments,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Integrated catchment modelling; Bayesian networks; Uncertainty; Environmental values; Non-market valuation; Choice Modelling..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48057
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Integrating economic values and catchment modelling AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Integrated catchment policies are widely used to manage natural resources in Australian catchments. Decision support tools available to aid integrated catchment management are often limited in their integration of environmental processes with socio-economic systems. Fully integrated models are required to support assessments of the environmental and economic trade-offs of catchment management changes. A Bayesian Network (BN) model is demonstrated to provide a suitable approach to integrate environmental modelling with economic valuation. The model incorporates hydrological, ecological and economic models for the George catchment in Tasmania. Information about the non-market costs and benefits of environmental changes is elicited using Choice Experiments,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Integrated catchment modelling; Bayesian networks; Uncertainty; Environmental values; Non-market valuation; Choice Modelling..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47956
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Location differences in communities’ preferences for environmental improvements in selected NSW catchments: A Choice Modelling approach AgEcon
Mazur, Kasia; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
To elicit household willingness to pay (WTP) for improvements in environmental quality in three NSW catchments (Lachlan, Namoi and Hawkesbury-Nepean), a choice modelling (CM) study was conducted. This report presents results of research designed to investigate variations in WTP across different communities. The communities included local residents, distant/urban and distant/rural residents. Nine split samples were established to test for ‘location effects’. The analysis involved both conditional logit and random-parameters logit models. Natural resource management (NRM), including Catchment Management Authorities (CMAs), can use the non-market values obtained from this study to guide their investment decisions.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Location effects; Non-market valuation; Catchment planning; Environment; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94821
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Location differences in communities’ preferences for environmental improvements in selected NSW catchments: A Choice Modelling approach AgEcon
Mazur, Kasia; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
A choice modelling (CM) study was conducted to elicit household willingness to pay (WTP) for improvements in environmental quality in three NSW catchments (Lachlan, Namoi and Hawkesbury-Nepean). This paper presents results of research designed to investigate variations in WTP across different communities including local residents, distant/urban and distant/rural residents. Nine split samples were established to test for ‘location effect’. The analysis involved both conditional logit and random parameters logit models.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Location effects; Non-market valuation; Catchment planning; Environment 1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47946
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Mock Referenda for Intergenerational Decision-making AgEcon
Kopp, Raymond J.; Portney, Paul R..
Traditional applications of benefit-cost analysis make use of what we refer to as the "damage function and discounting" (or DFD) approach. This approach is well-suited to the analysis of projects for which the principal benefits and costs occur within the next thirty to forty years, say. However, for projects with significant intergenerational consequences--i.e., impacts that do not arise for hundreds of years or more--the DFD approach becomes almost intractable. We propose an alternative conception of benefit-cost analysis for intergenerational decision-making--the mock referendum--that is: (i) arguably more consistent with the tenets of modern welfare economics; (ii) more amenable to the analysis of long-term projects or policies; and (iii) consistent...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Discounting; Non-market valuation; Intergenerational equity; Contingent valuation; Labor and Human Capital; D6; H4.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10745
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Monte Carlo Benchmarks for Discrete Response Valuation Methods AgEcon
Huang, Ju-Chin; Smith, V. Kerry.
This paper argues that the widespread belief that discrete contingent valuation (CV) questions yield substantially larger estimates of the mean (and the median) willingness to pay (WTP) for nonmarket environmental resources in comparison to estimates from open-ended CV questions is unfounded. A set of Monte Carlo experiments estimate the factors influencing the performance of WTP estimates based on discrete response models. Most of the error in the WTP estimates arises from the specification errors that are common in most of the empirical models used in the literature. These experiments suggest models based on choices where WTP is dominated by non use (or passive use) values are likely to have smaller errors than where large use values influence these...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Discrete response contingent valuation; Monte Carlo; Non-market valuation; Financial Economics; C93; D12; Q2.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10546
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Oyster Demand Adjustments to Counter-Information and Source Treatments in Response to Vibrio vulnificus AgEcon
Morgan, O. Ashton; Martin, Gregory S.; Huth, William L..
A web-based contingent behavior analysis was developed to quantify the effect of both negative and positive information treatments and post harvest processes on demand for oysters. Results from a panel model indicate that consumers of raw and cooked oysters behave differently after news of an oyster-related human mortality. While cooked oyster consumers take precautionary measures against risk, raw oyster consumers exhibit optimistic bias and increase their consumption level. Further, by varying the source of a counter-information treatment, we find that source credibility impacts behavior. Oyster consumers, and in particular, raw oyster consumers, are most responsive to information provided by a not-for- profit, nongovernmental organization. Finally, post...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer behavior; Information treatments; Non-market valuation; Optimistic bias; Oyster demand; Source credibility; Vibrio vulnificus; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q18; Q13; Q58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56656
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Scale and scope effects on communities’ values for environmental improvements in the Namoi catchment: A choice modelling approach AgEcon
Mazur, Kasia; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
This report presents results of research designed to investigate variations in willingness to pay (WTP) estimates across different scales and scopes of environmental investments. The goal is to help catchment management authorities better prioritise their natural resource management actions at both catchment and farm levels. Five split samples were used to test for scale and scope effects. A choice-modelling (CM) analysis was used to elicit household WTP for improvements in environmental quality attributes in the Namoi catchment. The approach was developed so that value estimates could be more accurately transferred between different action scopes.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Scale effect; Scope effect; Embedding; Non-market valuation; Catchment planning; Environment.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94891
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Testing for value stability with a meta-analysis of choice experiments: River health in Australia AgEcon
Rolfe, John; Brouwer, Roy.
While meta-analysis is typically used to identify value estimates for benefit transfer, applications also provide insights into the potential influence of design, study and methodological factors on results of non-market valuation experiments. In this paper, a metaanalysis of sixteen separate choice modelling studies in Australia with 130 individual value estimates relating to river health are reported. The studies involved different measures and scales of river health, so consistency was generated by transforming implicit prices from each study into a common standard of WTP per kilometer of river in good health. Tobit models have been used to identify the relationships between the dependent variable (WTP/km) and a number of variables. The results...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Non-market valuation; Choice modelling; Meta analysis; River health; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107744
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