Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 12
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AS INDICAÇÕES GEOGRÁFICAS: BARREIRA NÃO TARIFARIA OU DINAMIZADORA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL/REGIONAL? AgEcon
Blume, Roni; Pedrozo, Eugenio Avila.
No contexto do comércio internacional as Indicações Geográficas – IG’s têm surgido como um instrumento político-jurídicos para promover e resguardar a originalidade e a procedência de um produto. Contudo, muitas destas normativas têm sido alvo de críticas, à medida que se formalizam como barreiras não-tarifárias e promovem assimetrias no comercio internacional entre os países. Por outro lado, para se estabelecer as IG’s são necessárias mudanças nos padrões produtivos que acabam dinamizando o desenvolvimento socioeconômico de um local/região. Dentro deste contexto o objetivo deste artigo é promover a discussão do papel das Indicações Geográficas, seus condicionamentos que se configuram com barreiras não-tarifarias e a sua potencialidade para dinamizar o...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Indicações Geográficas; Barreiras não-tarifarias; Desenvolvimento local/regional; Geographical Indications; Non-tariff barriers; Local/regional development; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109784
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Food Import Refusals: Effects and Implications for Seafood Trade AgEcon
Baylis, Katherine R.; Nogueira, Lia; Pace, Kathryn.
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/20/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Non-tariff barriers; Tariffs; European Union; Seafood; Import notifications; Import rejections; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103250
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
FTAA: What's in It for the South? AgEcon
Hester, Annette.
Not everyone in the Americas thinks that negotiating an FTAA is desirable. Some argue that the timing of the negotiations is being set by the agenda of the developed countries, particularly the US, and not that of the rest of the region. Others say that negotiating tariff reductions will do little to increase exports. The argument is that non-tariff barriers to trade must be part of the package, or the whole idea is a waste of time. These are just some of the opinions coming from the South. Interestingly, a number of these ideas are coming from Brazil, the hemisphere's most populous country after the US, and clearly a leader in the region. Presidential elections in Brazil took place in the fall of 2002 just prior to an FTAA Ministerial in Quito. In the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Brazil; Non-tariff barriers; FTAA; South; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23930
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
NON-TARIFF BARRIERS AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS TO TRADE DISPUTES: A CASE STUDY OF U.S. POULTRY EXPORTS TO RUSSIA AgEcon
Ames, Glenn C.W..
This paper examines the recent U.S.-Russian trade dispute over poultry meats exports. Russia embargoed U.S. poultry on February 16, 1996, alleging that the U.S. inspection system did not meet Russian standards. An agreement signed on March 25, 1996, establishing an inspection criteria for exports to Russia and a testing protocol for salmonella and residues, resolved the trade dispute. Analysis indicates that Arkansas leg quarters prices are closely linked to U.S. poultry exports to Russia.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Non-tariff barriers; Trade disputes; Poultry; Russia; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16668
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Non-tariff barriers in EAC customs union: implications for trade between Uganda and other EAC countries AgEcon
Okumu, Luke; Nyankori, James Cyprian Okuk.
A key objective for the adoption of East African Community (EAC) Customs Union was to enhance economic gains through elimination of tariffs and non-tariff barriers (NTBs) within the member states. This study has established that several NTBs continue to exist, and some have persisted. The NTBs that have persisted for more than three years include a long list of customs documentation requirements, cumbersome formalities, and limited testing and certification arrangements. Other NTBs that still exist include: un-standardized weighbridges; several road blocks; lack of recognition of individual country’s standards; and the existence of several un-harmonised standards. The simulation results of spatial equilibrium model of maize trade with and without NTBs show...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Non-tariff barriers; East African Community; EPRC; Uganda; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113621
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Non-tariff Barriers to Trade Caused by SPS Measures and Customs Procedures with Product Quality Changes AgEcon
Liu, Lan; Yue, Chengyan.
This study develops a methodology to quantify the combined effects of two major nontariff barriers (NTBs), sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and customs and administrative procedures. We employ a constant elasticity of substitution (CES) utility function with factor-augmenting technical progress to incorporate changes in the quality of goods. We then estimate the effects of these two NTBs in the Japanese cut flower market. Results show that estimates of SPS are biased without considering product quality changes caused by the customs and administrative procedures for highly perishable agricultural products. If these Japanese NTBs were removed, findings suggest there would be a significant increase in cut flower imports by Japan.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Customs and administrative procedures; Cut flowers; Japan; Non-tariff barriers; Sanitary and phytosanitary measures; Technical barriers to trade; Trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50087
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
NON-TARIFF TRADE BARRIERS IN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Mattson, Jeremy W.; Koo, Won W.; Taylor, Richard D..
As trade agreements lower tariff rates throughout the world, other barriers to trade emerge. These non-tariff barriers can be just as troublesome for exporting companies. Non-tariff barriers include technical measures, customs rules and procedures, transport regulations or costs, lack of knowledge of regional markets, and import policies. The objective of this study is to identify non-tariff barriers faced by U.S., and more specifically North Dakota, exporting businesses, especially those involved in agriculture, and to identify difficulties involved in exporting products. A survey of North Dakota businesses is conducted to identify important trade barriers. Phytosanitary regulations and railroad problems are two frustrating issues that create...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Non-tariff barriers; Trade; Survey; North Dakota exporters; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23501
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Quantification of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Technical Barriers to Trade for Trade Policy Analysis AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Bureau, Jean-Christophe.
This paper presents promising methodologies for modeling and quantifying nontariff barriers (NTB) to trade in the agricultural and food sectors. We limit the analysis to sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical regulations that can have an impact on trade and to methods that provide some quantitative estimates of the impact of such barriers on market equilibrium, trade flows, economic efficiency, and welfare. Given the heterogeneous nature of these regulations, a unifying methodology does not exist. Quantification of the effects of such measures has focused on a particular product and has relied on methods that belong to different fields of the economic literature. We provide a concise description and evaluation of the various methods available for a more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Non-tariff barriers; NTB; Policy; Sanitary and phytosanitary; SPS; TBT; Technical barriers to trade; Trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18620
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Technical Barriers to Trade in the European Union : Importance for the New EU Members. An Assessment for Agricultural and Food Products AgEcon
Chevassus-Lozza, Emmanuelle; Majkovic, Darja; Persillet, Vanessa; Unguru, Manuela.
This paper aims to assess the role of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) for new member states (NMSs) exports in the agri-food sector, in the period just before the EU accession actually stepped into force. The assessment is based on a detailed sectoral gravity model, which was enhanced with inclusion of different categories of NTBs: sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS), quality measures and import certificates. While the first two categories have implications primarily on production costs, the last category relates to transaction costs. SPS and quality measures do not so much act as barriers to trade for NMSs agro-food exports in the period immediately before joining the single market (year 2003), and their diminishing role, confirmed by the use of gravity...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Non-tariff barriers; Eastern European enlargement; Acquis communautaire; Gravity equation; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24621
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The Bioterrorism Act of the USA and international food trade: evaluating WTO conformity and effects on bilateral imports AgEcon
Wieck, Christine; Rudloff, Bettina.
The September 11th event focused the world’s attention on the threat of bioterrorism on the food chain. As a consequence, the USA implemented the Bioterrorism Act (BTA) containing new import requirements that can be classified as non-tariff barriers (NTBs). This paper analyses these NTBs by performing an assessment of WTO conformity and trade impact: hereby general problems in the analysis of bioterrorist risks are explored as for this new and unknown threat explicit WTO rules are still missing. Additionally, in exploring the BTA relevant process standard rules laid out by the WTO, the analysis indicates the extensive flexibility provided in this framework. This leads to larger scope for national polices on process standards compared to product standards...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food terrorism; Non-tariff barriers; Trade facilitation; Bioterrorism Act; International food trade; SPS Agreement; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96733
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The impact of non-tariff barriers on maize and beef trade in East Africa AgEcon
Karugia, Joseph Thuo; Wanjiku, Julliet; Gbegbelegbe, Sika; Nzuma, Jonathan M.; Massawe, Stella; Macharia, Eric; Freeman, H. Ade; Waithaka, Michael M.; Kaitibie, Simeon; Gulan, Ayele.
The East African Customs Union was established in 2005 with the aim of increasing intraregional trade. The Customs Union protocol commits member states to eliminate non-tariff barriers (NTBs) to intraregional trade. However, several NTBs are still applied by member states. This study identifies the existing NTBs on maize and beef trade and quantifies their impact on trade and welfare of EAC citizens using a Spatial Equilibrium Model (SEM). Data on NTBs were collected from traders and transporters of maize and beef cattle in East Africa. Roadblock checks, bribes and custom rules and procedures were identified as the main NTBs to trade. The SEM model shows that a 50% reduction of the cost of NTBs, or their complete elimination would improve social welfare in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Beef; Maize; Non-tariff barriers; Trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51672
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Welfare Impacts of the Mexico Potato Quarantine AgEcon
Richards, Timothy J.; Molina, Ignacio; Hussein, Osman.
Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) tariffs on U.S. potato imports to Mexico were phased out by 1993. Citing phytosanitary issues, in 1996, the Mexican government placed quantitative restrictions on U.S. potato imports and restricted their import only to designated border areas. This article estimates the welfare cost of restricting U.S. potato imports into Mexico. We find that removing trade restrictions may lead to over 1.8 million tons of new imports into Mexico, a gain of consumer surplus of 4.0 billion pesos per year, and a loss of 2.9 billion pesos of producer surplus.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International trade; Non-tariff barriers; Potatoes; Quarantine; Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers; Welfare loss; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F13; L13; Q13; Q17; C35.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56661
Registros recuperados: 12
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional