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Croissance de jeunes palourdes (Venerupis semidecussata) en nurserie et en mer en fonction des conditions d'élevage 5
Lucas, Albert.
The japanese palourde Venerupis semidecussata was reared in the Bay of Brest, using hatchery reared spat. Experiments were performed with individuals of lenght 2 to 10 mm raised in a nursery, using raceways with slow running water enriched with unicellular algae, And also with individuals of lenght 8 to 20 mm raised at sea in suspended culture. It was observed that growth depends upon four groups of factors : (1) the functioning and equipment of the raceways, (2) the quantity and quality of the food, (3) the temperature and (4) various physico-chemical factors. When the equipment is satisfactory and when the physico-chemical fac­tors are normal for the species in question, the rate of growth depends essen­tially on the quantity of food, provided that the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palourde; Venerupis; Bivalves; Croissance; Nourriture; Température; Nurserie; Culture suspendue; Aquaculture; Clam; Venerupis; Bivalves; Growth; Food; Temperature; Nursery; Suspended culture; Aquaculture.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00305/41657/40866.pdf
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Influence de la température sur la physiologie de l'huître Crassostrea 5
Le Gall, Jean-luc; Raillard, Olivier.
After four weeks' stabulation, at temperatures ranging from 30°C to 10°C for a given level of food (2.10 cells of Chaetoceros calcitrans.1(-1) ), a study of the growth and evolution of the biochemical contents of the oyster Crassostrea gigas showed a negative effect of high (30°C) and low (10°C) temperatures on growth; levels of total glucid and glycogen were inversely proportional to temperature and related to gametogenesis. At the same time measurements of the filtration rate, respiration and food consumption done at different levels of food (10(6) to 8.10(7) cells.1(-1) showed a better adaptation of the oysters to 20°C after one month.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Filtration rate; Respiration; Food; Temperature; Crassostrea gigas; Filtration; Respiration; Nourriture; Température.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/publication-2871.pdf
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Intensive rearing of juvenile oysters Crassostrea gigas in an upwelling system : optimization of biological production 5
Bacher, Cedric; Baud, Jean-pierre.
Seasonal growth of juvenile oysters (Crassostrea gigas) kept in an intensive upwelling system was studied from 1984 to 1986 in 60 to 90-day growth experiments. Saline ground water was used to produce Skeletonema costatum which was injected as food into the water supplying the upwelling system. Oyster density, water flow, phytoplankton concentration, temperature and frequency of food addition were controlled. Oyster growth was analysed with multidimensional contingency tables and correspondence analysis. The factors, in order of decreasing influence on growth, were temperature, food concentration and oyster density. A rearing strategy was deduced from the growth analysis for summer and winter. In summer, the density of 120,000 oysters/m2, the flow rate of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nursery; Growth; Correspondence analysis; Multidimensional contingency table analysis; Economic efficiency; Skeletonema costatum; Crassotrea gigas; Nourriture; Croissance; Analyse des correspondances; Table de contingence multidimensionnelle; Rentabilité économique; Skeletonema costatum; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/publication-3061.pdf
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La Reproduction naturelle et contrôlée des bivalves cultivés en France. -Rapport de Groupe de Travail- IFREMER/Nantes/France, 14 et 15 novembre 1995 5
Devauchelle, Nicole; Barret, Jean; Salaun, Gilles.
This report compiles 17 short and illustrated syntheses concerning the natural strategies of reproduction and the artificial control of the reproductive process for the flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, the japanese oyster, Crassostrea gigas, the mussels, Mytilus edulis and My ti/us galloprovincialis, the scallop, Pecten maximus. An additional syntheses is presented, as a comparison within molluscs, which are the main research topics at IFREMER concerning the artificial control of the reproductive processes in Marine Fish. Three main subjects are documented : 1. the ecophysiology of the natural period of reproduction in the wild, 2. the methods developed in the hatcheries for the artificial control of the reproductive periods, the gametes collection and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalves; Stratégie de reproduction; Contrôle artificiel; Gonades; Gamètes; Coquille St Jacques; Moules; Huîtres; Nourriture; Photopériode; Température; Biologie; Physiologie; Biochimie.; Bivalves; Reproductive strategy; Artificial induction of reproduction; Gonads; Gametes; Scallop; Mussels; Oysters; Food; Light; Temperature; Biology; Physiology; Biochemistry..
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15441/12811.pdf
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