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Designing optimal scenarios of nutrient loading reduction in a WFD/MSFD perspective by using passive tracers in a biogeochemical-3D model of the English Channel/Bay of Biscay area ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain; Dussauze, Morgan; Dumas, Franck.
In most cases, eutrophication of a coastal zone is a multi-source phenomenon. The questions often raised by authorities about these different sources are: what are their marine area of influence and their respective role in the eutrophication process? A first answer to these questions is proposed for the bay of Biscay-English Channel French coasts, using a hydrodynamical model alone with a passive tracer for each of the main 45 French watersheds of the domain. The statistical marine receiving area of each river is then defined over a whole decade (2000–2010) by using different percentiles (respectively the 10th, 50th, 90th ones) of the distribution of tracer values in each mesh of the grid: this enables to map the dilution areas of each river plume...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 3D modelling; Regions of freshwater influence; Nutrient loading reduction; Good ecological status; Simplex method.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00445/55626/57302.pdf
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Détermination des "bassins récepteurs" marins des principaux fleuves français de la façade Manche-Atlantique, et de leurs rôles respectifs dans l'eutrophisation phyto-planctonique des masses d'eau DCE et des sous-régions DCSMM. Phase 1 (2013) : Calcul de scénarios optimaux à partir des " bassins récepteurs". Phase 2 (2014) : Simulation de scénarios imposés et des scénarios optimaux ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain; Dussauze, Morgan.
- This study (granted up to 50% by the French Office for Water and Aquatic Environments ONEMA) aimed at determining by modelling (hydrodynamical/biogeochemical ECOMARS3D model) the marine "receiving basins" of the main tributaries to the French waters of the English Channel and the Bay of Biscay. Knowing the respective part of each of these marine "receiving basins" in winter nutrient distribution, some optimal scenarios of nutrient loading reduction can be computed for nitrate or phosphate in order to bring back any marine water to the Good Ecological Status regarding eutrophication, at the best efficiency/cost ratio. - The study encompasses 45 watersheds (or clusters of neighboring watersheds) which have been retained because of their sizes and flow...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Zone Manche-Atlantique; Modélisation 3D; Bassins versants; Bassins récepteurs marins; Nitrate; Phosphate; Réduction d'apports; Situation "pristine"; Production primaire; Oxygène dissous; Classement DCE; Bon Etat Ecologique; Optimisation linéaire; Simplexe; Optimisation quadratique; Méthode de Beale.; English Channel; Bay of Biscay; 3D modelling; Watersheds; Receiving basins; Nitrate; Phosphate; Nutrient loading reduction; Pristine situation; Primary production; Dissolved oxygen; WFD classification; Good Ecological Status; Linear optimisation; Simplexe method; Quadratic optimisation; Beale's method..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44422/44083.pdf
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