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Isotopic analyses, a good tool to validate models in the context of Marine Renewable Energy development and cumulative impacts 5
Raoux, Aurore; Pezy, Jean-philippe; Ernande, Bruno; Niquil, Nathalie; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Grangeré, Karine.
As part of the energy transition, the French government is planning Offshore Wind Farm (OWF) constructions in the next decades. An integrated ecosystem approach of two future OWF sites of the Eastern English Channel (Courseulles-sur-mer and Dieppe-Le Tréport) was developed to model the marine ecosystems before the OWF implementation. Such ecosystem models allow simulating the possible reef and reserve effects associated to the presence of the farm, and to character the overall changes in the food-web functioning. This holistic view of OWF effects could be replicated on other sites and form the basis of an ecosystem based management of marine renewable energies. However, to use these models for management purpose, they need to be validated. In order to do...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Offshore wind farm; Ecopath with ecosim; Trophic level; Isotopic nitrogen analysis; English channel.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00611/72359/71273.pdf
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Stakeholder Perceptions of Offshore Wind Power: A Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping Approach 5
Kermagoret, Charlene; Levrel, Harold; Carlier, Antoine; Ponsero, Alain.
Using the method of fuzzy cognitive mapping, this study explores stakeholder attitudes toward offshore wind energy. The survey was conducted with local communities of the Bay of Saint-Brieuc, where an offshore wind farm is under development. It was used to record the stakeholder perceptions of social, ecological, and economic impacts and the expression of expected compensation for negative impacts. Distribution and interaction among the data were analyzed through multiple correspondence analysis. Our study illustrates a gap between positive impacts associated with sustainable development perceived at the national level and more negative impacts perceived by local communities. The expression of expected compensation is dependent on the perceived impacts....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Saint-Brieuc; Compensation principle; Fuzzy cognitive mapping; Impact perceptions; Local communities; Multiple correspondence analysis; Offshore wind farm.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42423/41777.pdf
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The impact and compensation of offshore wind farm development: Analysing the institutional discourse from a french case study 5
Kermagoret, Charlene; Levrel, Harold; Carlier, Antoine.
In France, the public acceptability of marine renewable energies and their impacts on ecosystem services (ES) involves questions about compensation for stakeholders, who may perceive some of their activities and interests to be modified. This paper seeks to understand how impacts on ES are perceived by institutional stakeholders and what is expected in terms of compensation. It also seeks to identify the communities of practice affected. We focus our study on the planned offshore wind farm in the bay of Saint-Brieuc. Our results show that institutional discourse is heterogeneous, depending on sensitivities, interests, and who or what the stakeholders surveyed represent or defend. Stakeholders' discourse can be interpreted on various gradients of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Communities of practice; Ecosystem services; Compensatory measures; No-net-loss goal; Arine renewable energy; Offshore wind farm.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00204/31494/31871.pdf
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