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Carcass characteristics and body components of Santa Inês lambs in feedlot fed on different levels of forage cactus meal R. Bras. Zootec.
Santos,José Rômulo Soares dos; Cezar,Marcílio Fontes; Sousa,Wandrick Hauss de; Cunha,Maria das Graças Gomes; Pereira Filho,José Morais; Sousa,Dannylo Oliveira de.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the replacement of a ground corn diet by a forage cactus meal diet on the carcass characteristics and body components of Santa Inês lambs finished in feedlot. This study was carried out at Estação Experimental de Pendência, belonging to Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária da Paraíba S.A. (EMEPA-PB). Forty Santa Inês male lambs in feedlot were used in the experiment. Treatments were randomly assigned to the animals according to a completely randomized design, with four treatments, which consisted of growing replacement levels of ground corn by forage cactus meal: 0, 33, 66 and 100% of substitution and ten replications (lambs). Animals were slaughtered, and the following characteristics were evaluated:...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feeding; Organs; Relative weight; Viscera; Wholesale cuts.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011001000030
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Constitution and composition chemistry of the precooked goatlike buchada produced in the state of Paraíba, Brazil BABT
Santos,Neube Michel dos; Costa,Roberto Germano; Madruga,Marta Suely; Medeiros,Ariosvaldo Nunes de; Albuquerque,Caroline Lima Cavalcante de; Queiroga,Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto.
The objective of the present work was to quantify the constitution and composition chemistry of the precooked goat buchada produced in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. The goat buchada presented considerable yield in relation to the live weight. High protein content was observed in the products analyzed. The lipid content presented high variation as result of the lack of standardization of products produced in the state and no control on parameters such as age, weight and breed of the slaughtered animals was observed. Although no difference (P<0.05) in the lipid content was observed, the highest percentages were observed in samples from Remígio and Barra de Santa Rosa, with 14.52 and 15.90%, respectively, as result of the addition of high amounts of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: "buchada" yield; Fat; Organs; Protein; Viscera.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132008000400017
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Developmental Methylome of the Medicinal Plant Catharanthus roseus Unravels the Tissue-Specific Control of the Monoterpene Indole Alkaloid Pathway by DNA Methylation ArchiMer
Dugé De Bernonville, Thomas; Maury, Stéphane; Delaunay, Alain; Daviaud, Christian; Chaparro, Cristian; Tost, Jörg; O’connor, Sarah Ellen; Courdavault, Vincent.
Catharanthus roseus produces a wide spectrum of monoterpene indole alkaloids (MIAs). MIA biosynthesis requires a tightly coordinated pathway involving more than 30 enzymatic steps that are spatio-temporally and environmentally regulated so that some MIAs specifically accumulate in restricted plant parts. The first regulatory layer involves a complex network of transcription factors from the basic Helix Loop Helix (bHLH) or AP2 families. In the present manuscript, we investigated whether an additional epigenetic layer could control the organ-, developmental- and environmental-specificity of MIA accumulation. We used Whole-Genome Bisulfite Sequencing (WGBS) together with RNA-seq to identify differentially methylated and expressed genes among nine samples...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alkaloids; DNA methylation; Epigenetics; Folivory; Organs; Plant specialized metabolism.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00652/76453/77543.pdf
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Ecologie alimentaire de l'huitre Crassostrea gigas : dynamiques des compositions isotopiques naturelles ArchiMer
Malet, Nathalie.
Trophic transfers of particulate organic matter sources to the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas were investigated in the oyster farming bay of Marennes-Oléron for two years. Stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen were used to trace the origin and fate of primary production and organic matter inputs into the bay, and to depict trophic transfers to oysters that were experimentally reared according to traditional methods. Characterizing particulate organic matter sources available for oysters utilized a combination of hydrobiological parameters and stable isotope ratios. Processes of food incorporation by oysters were described for five organs such as gills, digestive gland, mantle, muscle and gonads, and were interpreted taking into account...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microphytobenthos; Phytoplankton; Organs; Trophic discrimination; Tissue turnovers; Particulate organic matter; Marennes Oléron Bay; Pertuis Charentais; Stable isotopes; Pacific oysters; Crassostrea gigas; Microphytobenthos; Phytoplancton; Hydrologie; Organes; Enrichissement trophique; Renouvellement tissulaire; Matière organique particulaire; Bassin de Marennes Oléron; Pertuis Charentais; Isotopes stables; Crassostrea gigas; Huître creuse.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-2089.pdf
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Efeito da inclusão de farelo da castanha de caju na dieta sobre os componentes não-carcaça de ovinos Santa Inês. Repositório Alice
OLIVEIRA, D. P. de; SILVA, P. H. T. da; COSTA, H. H. de A.; NASCIMENTO, F. L. do; LANDIM, A. V.; VASCONCELOS, A. M. de; BATISTA, A. S. M.; ROGERIO, M. C. P..
Objetivou-se verificar a influência do farelo da castanha de caju na dieta, sobre os componentes não-carcaça de cordeiras da raça Santa Inês. Foram utilizados vinte cordeiros, fêmeas, com peso vivo médio inicial de 18 kg. Esses animais foram submetidos a uma dieta com quatro níveis crescentes de inclusão de farelo da castanha de caju (0, 3, 6 e 9%) e abatidos ao atingirem os 30 kg. As variáveis sangue, pele, pulmão, coração e fígado não foram influenciados pela inclusão do farelo de castanha de caju na dieta. No entanto, cabeça, patas, rins e conteúdo gastrintestinal foram influenciados pelos níveis de inclusão de farelo de castanha de caju na dieta. A dieta com 3% de inclusão de farelo de castanha de caju proporciona maiores rendimentos de cabeça e patas...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Farelo da castanha de caju; Ovino; Raça Santa Inês; Nutrição animal; Dieta; Alimentação; Alimento alternativo; Órgão; Peso ao abate; Víscera; Sheep; Organs; Slaughter weight; Viscera.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/903577
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Effects of Laser Beak Trimming on the Development of Brown Layer Pullets Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Petrolli,TG; Petrolli,OJ; Girardini,LK; Zotti,MLAN; Baggio,RA; Junqueira,OM.
ABSTRACT Laser beak trimming is a promising alternative to conventional hot-blade beak trimming as it is less painful and provides better beak uniformity and better animal welfare. In this study, laser vs. hot-blade beak trimming were compared in 400 Hy-line Brown pullets between 2-16 weeks of age. At 7 days of age, birds were distributed according to a completely randomized design into two treatments, with 10 replicates (pens) of 20 birds each. Birds and feed offer and residues were weekly weighed to determine weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio. In weeks 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks, one bird per experimental unit was sacrificed to measure the development of the heart development, liver, proventriculus, gizzard, small intestine, and bursa. And...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Layers; Organs; Oviduct.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2017000100123
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Effects of sorghum on broilers gastrointestinal tract Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Silva,MCA; ACXG,Carolino; Litz,FH; Fagundes,NS; Fernandes,E de A; Mendonça,GA.
This study aimed at evaluating the effects of whole and ground sorghum, compared with ground corn, on the live weight, feed conversion ratio, organs weight and intestinal biometrics and histomorphometrics. In total, 960 Hubbard Flex broilers were reared until 42-day-old and distributed into 24 pens, according to the three treatments: ground corn, whole-grain sorghum, and ground sorghum. On day 42, five male birds per treatment were selected by similar body weight and sacrificed. Gizzard absolute weight, and proventriculus, liver, pancreas and heart relative weights, and duodenum, jejunum, ileum, ceca, and colon length and relative weight were determined. Villus characteristics and intestinal mucosa absorption surface area were evaluated. Broilers fed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Intestine; Nutrition; Organs.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015000100095
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Influence of water restriction on the performance and organ development of young broilers R. Bras. Zootec.
Viola,Teresa Herr; Ribeiro,Andréa Machado Leal; Penz Júnior,Antônio Mário; Viola,Eduardo Spillari.
The experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% water restriction (WR) on broiler performance, behavior, organ development (heart, leg, proventriculus and gizzard, liver, and intestines), and intestinal micrometry. Four hundred and eighty ROSS 308 male broilers were raised in battery cages measuring 0.72 m², from 1 to 21 days of age. Feed was offered ad libitum, and environmental temperatures were kept in thermoneutral conditions. Water intake was estimated based on a control group, two days older than the experimental birds, with same initial weight. A linear reduction on bird performance, duodenal villi height, and fresh organs weight were observed as WR increased. At 21 days of age, for each 1% WR, a weight loss of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Behavior; Chickens; Duodenal morphology and histology; Organs; Water.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982009000200015
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Microbiological evaluation of precooked goat "buchada" BJM
Costa,Roberto Germano; Santos,Neube Michel dos; Medeiros,Ariosvaldo Nunes de; Queiroga,Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto; Madruga,Marta Suely.
The objective of the present work was to evaluate the microbiological characteristics of the precooked goat "buchada", a typical dish in North East of Brazil, composed mainly by goat viscera such as heart, lungs, liver, spleen, intestines, stomach and blood. Samples of "buchada" produced at the different areas of the State of Paraíba, Brazil, presented a high number of aerobic mesophilic bacteria, with values ranging from 5.5 to 6.9 log10 CFU/g. All samples presented total coliforms, and 96.6% presented fecal coliforms, with values between 2.3 and 5.0 log10 NMP/g. The occurrence of Staphylococcus aureus was observed in one sample only, at a proportion of 4.0 log10 CFU/g. Salmonella was absent in all samples. Water activity was around 0.98 and pH close to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organs; Viscera; Hygienic-sanitary conditions; Buchada.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822006000300029
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Morphological changes of the intestinal mucosa of broilers and layers as affected by fasting before sample collection Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Zavarize,KC; Sartori,JR; Gonzales,E; Pezzato,AC.
The present study aimed at evaluating the histo-morphological changes resulting from different fasting periods before the collection of tissue samples in different segments of the small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) of 7-d-old male chicks of a broiler and a layer strain. A completely randomized experimental design in in a 2x7 factorial arrangement, being two strains with different growth rates (Ross 308 and HyLine® W36) and seven fasting periods (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hours ), with six replicates, totaling 84 birds. The comparison of the morphometrics of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum of broiler and layer chicks demonstrated faster digestive tract development in broilers relative to layers. The fasting period caused morphological changes in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fasting; Intestine; Morphology; Organs; Strain.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2012000100004
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Organ tropism during the acute and chronic phases of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in BALB/c mice J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Oliveira,LRC; Picka,MCM; Nicolete,VC; Calvi,SA; Marcondes-Machado,J.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of Trypanosoma cruzi in the heart, liver, lung, and kidneys, using hemoculture and PCR analysis, of mice infected with different parasite strains during the acute and chronic phases of infection. Parasitemia curves revealed strain-specific biological behaviors. For the Y and JLP strains, the acute phase of infection started at days six and ten post-infection, parasitemia peaked at days seven and 15 post-infection, the chronic phase started at days nine and 28 post-infection, and animals started dying at days 19 and 120 post-infection, respectively. When the two strains were compared, the JLP strain exhibited reduced and slower replication rates associated with a delayed peak of parasitism and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Trypanosoma cruzi; PCR; Hemoculture; Organs; Distribution.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992012000100005
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Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the non-carcass components and the meat of lambs fed sunflower seeds and vitamin E R. Bras. Zootec.
Lima,Natália Ludmila Lins; Silva Sobrinho,Américo Garcia da; Almeida,Fabiana Alves de; Endo,Viviane; Zeola,Nivea Maria Brancacci Lopes; Almeida,Amélia Katiane de; Sampaio,Alexandre Amstalden Moraes.
The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the weight and percentage of the non-carcass components and the mineral content (macro minerals and trace minerals), crude protein, ether extract, moisture and vitamin E of the heart, liver, tongue, lungs, reticulum, kidneys and meat from the longissimus dorsi of lambs in feedlot finishing. Thirty-two non-castrated Ile de France male lambs, fed diets containing sunflower seeds and vitamin E from 15 to 32 kg of body weight were allotted in a completely randomized design in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. The weight of the gastrointestinal tract was higher in the lambs fed diets containing vitamin E (10%). No difference was observed in the liver as to the mineral matter, crude protein, ether extract,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Minerals; Organs; Viscera; Vitamin E; Yield.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013000100008
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Recovery of Salmonella Gallinarum in the Organs of Experimentally-Inoculated Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix) Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Silva,RC Rocha e; Cardoso,WM; Teixeira,RSC; Horn,RV; Cavalcanti,CM; Almeida,CP; Sampaio,FP; Albuquerque,AH; Lopes,ES; Gomes Filho,VJR; Bezerra,WGA; Vasconcelos Filho,FSL; Freitas,ML.
ABSTRACTSalmonellosis is an infection caused by specific or non specific serotypes of theSalmonella genus, responsible for losses in the poultry industry. Fowl typhoid, caused by S. Gallinarum (SG) is important because it causes elevated mortality in adult birds, leading to economic losses in the poultry industry. This study aimed at quantifying the number of viable SG cells in the liver, spleen, lung, cecum, and reproductive tract (ovary and testicles) of experimentally inoculated Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix), as well as SG shedding in their feces. One hundred and two Japanese quails, with four months of age at the beginning of the experiment, were used. The birds were inoculated with three bacterial cultures containing different concentrations...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cloacal swabs; Gallinaceous; Organs; Reisolation.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015000300281
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Topography and syntopy of abdominopelvic viscera of the giant anteater (Myrmecophage tridactyla - Linnaeus, 1758) Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Oliveira,F.R.; Lima,F.R.; Silvino,M.J.; Pereira,L.F.; Dias,F.G.G..
ABSTRACT In view of the scarcity of data about the topography and syntopy of abdominopelvic viscera of the giant anteater (Myrmecophage tridactyla - Linnaeus, 1758), the present study aimed to elucidate these characteristics and to compare them with the other animal species, especially the domestic ones. Three specimens, two males and one female, were donated by the Environmental Military Police of Franca to the Anatomy Veterinary Laboratory of the University of Franca, after death by road killings. The animals were fixed and maintained in aqueous 10% formaldehyde solution, followed by conventional dissection of the abdominopelvic cavities for subsequent direct inspection and topographic description of the viscera, aiming at comparative analyzes with other...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal anatomy; Abdominopelvic cavity; Organs; Xenarthra.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352019000601961
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Полоний-210 – перспективный природный радиотрассер трофических и паразитарных связей черноморского шпрота IBSS Repository
Лазоренко, Г. Е.; Поликарпов, Г. Г.; Гаевская, А. В.; Корнийчук, Ю. М..
Представлены данные о концентрации 210Ро в черноморском шпроте и его органах, а также в паразитирующих у шпрота личинках нематоды Hysterothylacium aduncum. Показано, что этот радионуклид может служить природным индикатором трофико-паразитарных связей черноморского шпрота.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Полоний-210; Черноморский шпрот; Органы; Нематоды; Чёрное море; 210Ро; Sprat; Organs; Nematodes; Black Sea Indicators.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://repository.ibss.org.ua/dspace/handle/99011/276
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