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Registros recuperados: 13
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Creating a Vision for XYZ Research Corporation: A Case Study AgEcon
Jaramillo, Paul E.; House, Lisa; Wysocki, Allen F..
A strategic analysis was developed for XYZ Research Corporation (the true company's name is disguised). The strategic analysis involved a series of visits to the company to conduct focus groups with its employees and management. Five focus groups were carried out at XYZ Research Corporation. This method proved to be effective and valuable when aiming to gather detailed information on the specifics of a firm's operation. Information and insights on the company and its business that would not become evident through any kind of meticulous financial or economic analysis of the company's and industry's numbers - which in fact were unavailable or scarce - was efficiently obtained by personal communication from the employees in the interviews. The focus group...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Focus Groups; Strategic Analysis; Food Safety; Outsourcing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; A22; C99; L21; M10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19476
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Factors Affecting Outsourcing for Information Technology Services in Rural Hospitals: Theory and Evidence AgEcon
Whitacre, Brian E.; Fannin, James Matthew; Barnes, James N..
As health information technology becomes more prevalent for most healthcare facilities, hospitals across the nation are choosing between performing this service in-house and outsourcing to a technology firm in the health industry. This paper examines factors affecting the information technology (IT) outsource decision for various hospitals. Using 2004 data from the American Hospital Association, logistic regression models find that governmental ownership and a proxy variable for hospitals that treat more severe injuries positively impact the probability of outsourcing for IT services.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Information Technology; Outsourcing; Hospital; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; I12; C140.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6393
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Forage Outsourcing in the Dairy Sector: The Extent of Use and Impact on Farm Profitability AgEcon
Gillespie, Jeffrey M.; Nehring, Richard F.; Sandretto, Carmen L.; Hallahan, Charles B..
The extent of forage purchasing behavior in milk production and its impact on profitability are analyzed using data from the 2000 and 2005 dairy versions of the Agricultural Resource Management Survey. Forage outsourcing is more common with hay than with silage and haylage, and is more prevalent in the western United States. Though silage and haylage outsourcing is found to impact profitability, the major profitability drivers appear to be farm size and efficiency. Evidence of significant forage contracting is found in the western United States.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Forage; Input purchasing; Outsourcing; Contracting; Milk production; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95591
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La externalizacion del trabajo agrario y las empresas de servicios a la agricultura AgEcon
Navarro, Alicia Langreo.
Resumen: En este artículo se analiza el proceso de externalización de las labores agrarias y el consiguiente desarrollo de una agricultura terciarizada. La fragmentada dimensión laboral y económica de las explotaciones agrarias determina el proceso de externalización de las tareas agrarias en la medida en que no permite ni la incorporación de innovaciones que exige el desarrollo del sistema alimentario ni la incorporación del capital humano necesario. Esta demanda ha propiciado la existencia de una red de empresas de servicios a la agricultura capaz de favorecer la incorporación de innovaciones y de aportar cualificación profesional que se ha convertido en una oportunidad de empleo en el mundo rural. La externalización de las labores agrarias comenzó con...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Outsourcing; R&D; Work force organisation; Labor and Human Capital; L23.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28756
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LA TÉCNICA DE LA CONSULTORÍA EXTERNA (“OUTSOURCING”) EN LA ADMINISTRACIÓN DE LOS AGRONEGOCIOS AgEcon
Aguilar Valdes, Alfredo; Lopez Castillo, Vicente; Cabral Martell, Agustin; Alvarado Martinez, Luis Felipe; Alvarado Martinez, Tomas Everardo; Moreno Medina, Salomon.
At present companies are trying hard to reduce productive assets by reducing general expenses and increasing flexibility toward what they call “lean production”. For this reason they are hiring specialized companies under long term agreements in order to supply parts, operations, and services, with quality responsibility, integrating them into their production line with their own workers. Worldwide, a new phenomenon has occurred where technology has taken over a great deal of the company's performance through simplified processes. After which there has been the need to implement an integration phase, and finally there is a tendency towards optimization. Agribusiness is part of this new tendency. “Tercerización” is more known for its English term...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tercerizacion; Outsourcing; Consultancy; Agribusiness; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114480
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Outsourcing and Offshoring: Sector Implications for Dynamics, Growth, and Sustainability AgEcon
Weaver, Robert D.; Chung, Sung Hoon.
As national economies have integrated through removal of trade barriers, the potential for offshoring production was quickly recognized as a strategy to enhance firm performance. At the same time, labor market reforms opened the door for outsourcing of labor services to specialist firms that supply labor force teams. The implications of these trends for industries that rely on specialized workforces have drawn considerable attention. Both manufacturing and food processing have seen substantial movement toward oursourced labor, yet little research has considered the implications of these trends. In both manufacturing and food processing, specific labor skills are needed that require training and consistency of supply to ensure efficiency in raw material and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor force; Offshoring; Outsourcing; Food System; Sustainability; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59201
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Outsourcing and pass-through AgEcon
Hellerstein, Rebecca; Villas-Boas, Sofia Berto.
Revised October 2008 Revised on December, 2009 Revised on February 26, 2010
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Exchange-rate pass-through; Intra-firm trade; Vertical contracts; Outsourcing; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; F14; F3; F4.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120490
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OUTSOURCING DECISIONS OF PIG PRODUCERS IN BADEN-WÜRTTEMBERG AgEcon
Hess, Sebastian.
The global trend of industrializing agriculture increasingly transforms farms and firms into specialized component suppliers within a multi-stage food processing chain, which creates intraindustry trade between- and within geographical regions. This can be analyzed within the framework of a hypothetical multiregional food-processing firm that benefits from outsourcing of various ‘tasks’ to other sub-contracting regions, in order to utilize lower production cost there. This paper demonstrates how this can be modeled as a multi-output cost minimization problem of the processing firm, and it is argued that with respect to agriculture, the outsourcing opportunities for the firm are determined by economies of diversification. Trade is implicitly reflected as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Outsourcing; Trade of Tasks; Economies of Diversification; Pig Production; Schweineproduktion; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114509
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Outsourcing, Regional Trade and Specialization: An Application to in the German Pig Sector AgEcon
Hess, Sebastian.
The global trend of industrializing agriculture increasingly transforms farms and firms into specialized component suppliers within a multi-stage food processing chain, which creates intraindustry trade between- and within geographical regions. This can be analyzed within the framework of a hypothetical multiregional food-processing firm that benefits from outsourcing various ‘tasks’ to other sub-contracting regions, in order to utilize lower production cost there. This is modeled as a multi-output cost minimization problem of the processing firm, and it is argued that with respect to agriculture, the outsourcing opportunities for the firm are determined by economies of diversification. Trade is implicitly reflected as the movement of intermediate factors...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Outsourcing; Trade of Tasks; Economies of Diversification; Pig Production; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114537
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Pharmaceuticals from natural products: current trends Anais da ABC (AABC)
SEIDL,PETER R..
The use of products extracted from plants for medicinal purposes can be traced to the beginnings of civilization and up until the end of the nineteenth century natural products were the principal source of medicines. Since then their relative importance has oscillated according to the strategies of large pharmaceutical companies. Now that these strategies are changing, there are new opportunities for countries like Brazil, in which a large proportion of the world's biodiversity is located. There are, however, new circumstances that must be taken into consideration: material must be collected by groups which are formally authorized to do so and under the conditions of the Convention of Biological Diversity, the discovery process is being successively...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pharmaceutical industry; Outsourcing; Collection; Benefit-sharing; Integration.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652002000100011
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Polluters and Abaters AgEcon
Nimubona, Alain-Desire; Bernard, Sinclair-Desgagne.
To comply with laws, regulations and social demands, polluting firms increasingly purchase the needed means from specialized suppliers. This paper analyzes this relatively recent phenomenon. We show how environmental regulation, the size of the output market, the elasticity of demand for abatement goods and services, and the fact that in-house and outsourced abatement expenses are substitutes or complements can influence a polluter’s make-or-buy decision. Specific features of abatement outsourcing are highlighted, qualifications and refinements of the theory of vertical integration are then proposed, and some consequences for environmental policy are briefly discussed.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Eco-industry; Make-or-buy Decision; Outsourcing; Vertical Integration; Environmental Economics and Policy; L23; L24; Q52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98467
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Protection of Intellectual Property while Outsourcing AgEcon
Sen Gupta, Rajorshi; Love, H. Alan.
Food and Beverage companies need to share their Intellectual Property (IP) when they outsource production and/or R&D to contract agents. IP sharing can facilitate misappropriation and the contractor may eventually start competing with the client. We design an incentive compatible contract that can protect company IP. A two-pronged strategy is proposed: Companies should share less know-how and give high incentive payments to deter IP misappropriation. Strategies like product differentiation may be highly useful to deter piracy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Intellectual Property Protection; Outsourcing; Product Differentiation; R&D; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Risk and Uncertainty; L14; L21; L23; L66; 031; 032; 034.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103856
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Vertical Integration and Operational Flexibility AgEcon
Michele, Moretto; Gianpaolo, Rossini.
The main aim of the paper is to highlight the relation between flexibility and vertical integration. To this purpose, we go through the selection of the optimal degree of vertical disintegration of a flexible firm which operates in a dynamic uncertain environment. The enterprise we model enjoys flexibility since it can switch from a certain amount of disintegration to vertical integration and viceversa. This means that the firm never loses vertical control, i.e., the ability to produce all inputs even when it buys them in the market. This sort of flexibility makes for results which are somehow contrary to the Industrial Organization recent literature and closer to the Operations Research results. In this sense we provide a bridge between the two approaches...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Vertical Integration; Outsourcing; Entry; Flexibility; L24; G 31; C61.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36759
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