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Registros recuperados: 21
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Association between syndecan-1 and renal function in adolescents with excess weight: evidence of subclinical kidney disease and endothelial dysfunction BJMBR
Saboia,Z.M.R.M.; Meneses,G.C.; Martins,A.M.C.; Daher,E.F.; Silva Junior,G.B..
Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is associated with kidney and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between syndecan-1 and renal function among adolescents with excess weight. A total of 56 students from a public school at Fortaleza, CE, Brazil, were investigated. The adolescents were submitted to anthropometric evaluation, including weight, height, blood pressure and body mass index. Blood and urine samples were collected for the determination of serum lipids (total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides), and the endothelial injury biomarker syndecan-1. Participants' mean age was 16±1 years (range 14-19 years), and 68% were females. Overweight...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Overweight; Biomarkers; Kidney disease; Endothelium; Adolescents.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2018000300606
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Calories, Obesity and Health in OECD Countries AgEcon
Mazzocchi, Mario; Traill, W. Bruce.
Theoretical models suggest that decisions about diet, weight and health status are endogenous within a utility maximisation framework. In this paper, we model these behavioural relationships in a fixed-effect panel setting using a simultaneous equation system, with a view to determining whether economic variables can explain the trends in calorie consumption, obesity and health in OECD countries and the large differences among countries. The empirical model shows that progress in medical treatment and health expenditure mitigates mortality from diet-related diseases, despite rising obesity rates. While the model accounts for endogeneity and serial correlation, results are affected by data limitations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food consumption; Obesity; Overweight; Health; Health Economics and Policy; I12; C33.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7972
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Can Taxes on Calorically Sweetened Beverages Reduce Obesity? AgEcon
Todd, Jessica E.; Zhen, Chen.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Beverage tax; Obesity; Overweight; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D12; H2; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95754
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Clinical and radiographic changes of carpi, tarsi and interphalangeal joints of beef zebu bulls on semen collection regimen Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Motta,G.A.; Girardi,A.M.; Sabes,A.F.; Portugal,E.S.; Nociti,R.P.; Bueno,G.M.; Marques,L.C..
ABSTRACT Osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis are highly correlated to reproductive failure in bulls. This study aimed to evaluate the carpal, tarsal and interphalangeal lesions in beef zebu bulls on semen collection regimen. Twenty-one beef cattle bulls, in a total of forty-one animals, were split into three age-based groups: animals from two to four years old (GI), from more than four to eight years old (GII) and above eight years old (GIII). The clinical findings were conformational changes of limbs, synovial effusion, peripheral venous engorgement of joints and prolonged decubitus. The total population showed moderate clinical manifestation and radiographic score. The GIII presented more severe joint lesions. Carpi and tarsi regions had discrete to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Infertility; Male; Overweight; Radiology.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000601357
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Combined effect of short stature and socioeconomic status on body mass index and weight gain during reproductive age in Brazilian women BJMBR
Sichieri,R.; Silva,C.V.C.; Moura,A.S..
Short stature, a marker for undernutrition early in life, has been associated with obesity in Brazilian women, but not in men. We tested the hypothesis that weight gain during the reproductive years could explain this gender difference. A national two-stage household survey of mothers with one or more children under five years of age was conducted in Brazil in 1996. The subjects were women aged 20 to 45 years (N = 2297), with last delivery seven months or more prior to the interview. The regions of the country were divided into rural, North/Northeast (urban underdeveloped) and South/Southeast/Midwest (urban developed). The dependent variables were current body mass index (BMI) measured, BMI prior to childbearing (reported), and BMI change. Socioeconomic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Parity; Body mass index; Weight gain; Pregnancy; Overweight; Stature.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003001000007
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Direct and Indirect Determinants of Obesity: The Case of Indonesia AgEcon
Romling, Cornelia; Qaim, Matin.
Overweight and obesity are becoming serious issues in many developing countries. Since undernutrition is not completely eradicated yet, these countries face a dual burden that obstructs economic development. We analyze the nutrition transition in Indonesia using longitudinal data from the Indonesian Family and Life Survey, covering the period between 1993 and 2007. Obesity has been increasing remarkably across all population groups, including rural and low income strata. Prevalence rates are particularly high for women. We also develop a framework to analyze direct and indirect determinants of body mass index. This differentiation has rarely been made in previous research, but appears useful for policy making purposes. Regression models show that changing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Obesity; Overweight; Nutrition Transition; Asia; Indonesia; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; I10; O12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108350
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Do intrauterine growth restriction and overweight at primary school age increase the risk of elevated body mass index in young adults? BJMBR
Bettiol,H.; Sabbag Filho,D.; Haeffner,L.S.B.; Barbieri,M.A.; Silva,A.A.M.; Portela,A.; Silveira,P.; Goldani,M.Z..
Obesity is one of the rising public health problems characterized as a risk factor for many chronic diseases in adulthood. Early life events such as intrauterine growth restriction, as well as life style, are associated with an increased prevalence of this disease. The present study was performed to determine if intrauterine growth restriction interacts with overweight at primary school age to affect body mass index (BMI) in young adults. From June 1, 1978 to May 31, 1979, 6827 singleton liveborns from Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil, corresponding to 98% of all births at the 8 maternity hospitals, were examined and their mothers were interviewed. Samples from the initial cohort were examined again at primary school age (8 to 11 years of age) and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Intrauterine growth restriction; Overweight; Body mass index; Obesity.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000900011
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Economic Growth, Lifestyle Changes, and the Coexistence of Under and Overweight in China: A Semiparametric Approach AgEcon
Shimokawa, Satoru; Pinstrup-Andersen, Per.
We investigate the relationship between changes in socioeconomic factors and the emerging coexistence of under and overweight among adults in China during 1991-2000. Our key questions are: (1) whether any socioeconomic factor explains both increasing overweight (Body Mass Index (BMI)less than or equal to 25 kg/m2) and remaining underweight (BMI greater than or equal to 18.5 kg/m2), (2) whether China's continuing economic growth leads to further increase in the prevalence of overweight, and (3) whether China's economic growth alone can lead to commensurate decrease in its remaining underweight. Based on the theoretical model in Lakdawalla and Philipson (2002), we focus on the effects of economic growth on weight through changes in income, job-related...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic Growth; Underweight; Overweight; Smiparametric; China; Health Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25518
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Excesso de peso, fatores socioeconômicos e dietéticos em assentamentos rurais. Repositório Alice
MENDES NETTO, R. S. M.; ALMEIDA, J. A.; OLIVEIRA, J. V. C.; AMORIM, L. O. do; SILVA, D. G. da; SANTOS, A. da S. dos.
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Excesso de peso; Sobrepeso; Segurança Alimentar; Peso; Nutrição Humana; Programa de Nutrição; Food and Human Nutrition; Human nutrition; Overweight.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1091166
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Food and Nutrition Assistance Programs and Obesity: 1976-2002 AgEcon
Ver Ploeg, Michele; Mancino, Lisa; Lin, Biing-Hwan.
The Food Stamp Program and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) address poor nutrition among low-income adults, infants, and children in the United States. Higher rates of obesity among the populations these programs serve have led to concern that the programs may, ironically, contribute to the problem. To analyze the relationships between program participation and body weight, the study used cross-sectional data spanning the period 1976-2002. The authors compared participants with nonparticipants subdivided into three income categories: income-eligible for food and nutrition assistance, moderate income, and higher income. Results were most striking for adult women receiving food stamps. The most recent data...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food and nutrition assistance programs; Food stamps; WIC; Overweight; Obesity; Body Mass Index; Weight trends; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55965
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Globalization, Urbanization and Nutritional Change in the Developing World AgEcon
Mendez, Michelle A.; Popkin, Barry M..
Urbanization and globalization may enhance access to non traditional foods as a result of changing prices and production practices, as well as trade and marketing practices. These forces have influenced dietary patterns throughout the developing world. Longitudinal case study data from China indicate that consumption patterns closely reflect changes in availability, and that potentially obesogenic dietary patterns are emerging, with especially large changes in rural areas with high levels of urban infrastructure and resources. Recent data on women from 36 developing countries illustrate that these dietary shifts may have implications for overweight/obesity in urban and rural settings. These data emphasize the importance of developing country policies that...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dietary patterns; Developing countries; Overweight; Food policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12001
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PEER-EFFECTS IN OBESITY AMONG PUBLIC SCHOOL CHILDREN: A GRADE-LEVEL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Asirvatham, Jebaraj; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr.; Thomsen, Michael R..
We examine the role of peer effects in childhood obesity outcomes by investigating whether obesity rates among the highest graders in a public school has an effect on obesity rates among younger grades. We use a panel dataset with obesity prevalence measured at the grade level. Our data are from Arkansas public schools. Results provide evidence that changes in the obesity prevalence at the highest grade are associated with changes in obesity prevalence at younger grades. The magnitude of the peer effect depends on the type of school, and we find statistically significant peer effects in both elementary and high schools but not in middle schools. These effects are also larger in high schools than in elementary schools. We use falsification tests to provide...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Peer-effects; Obesity; Childhood obesity; Overweight; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D10; D71; I10; Z13.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122732
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Serum evaluation of leptin, IL-6, IGF-1 and estrogen in obese bitches with early stages of mammary carcinoma Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Teixeira,S.V.; Silva,I.L.D.; Nunes,F.C.; Campos,C.B.; Oliveira,M.R.; Lavalle,G.E.; Cassali,G.D..
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to relate the serum concentration IL-6, IGF-1, leptin and estrogen in non-castrated bitches with or without overweight and early stage mammary carcinomas. Forty-three bitches were divided into four groups, two groups without mammary carcinomas with and without overweight, and two groups with mammary carcinomas with and without overweight. Overweight bitches, with or without mammary carcinomas, were statistically different from bitches by ideal weight, in relation to ECC, IMCC and body fat percentages (P< 0.0001). There was a positive correlation between ECC and IMCC (P< 0.0001), ECC and % GC (P< 0.0001), and IMCC and % GC (P< 0.0001). A positive correlation was found between serum leptin and IL-6 (P= 0.0451)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bitches; Obesity; Overweight; Mammary carcinomas; Stage.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352019000100143
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Socio-economic and Demographic factors affecting the likelihood of being an overweight Korean woman AgEcon
Nambiar, Padmanand Madhavan; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Suh, Dong-Kyun.
Using data from urban Korean women survey the study examines factors associated with the BMI >= 25, indicating overweight or obesity. Logit equation results identify low income, low education, household location and preference for convenience, sweet-tasting foods and home vegetable processing as characteristics linked to a high BMI.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BMI; Overweight; Korea; Woman; Socio-economic factors; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98640
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Some Indicators of Fatness and Motor Fitness in Slovenian and Serbian Children International Journal of Morphology
Jurak,Gregor; Milanovic,Ivana; Radisavljevic Janic,Snezana; Soric,Maroje; Kovac,Marjeta.
The purpose of this study was to identify sex and age specific differences in fatness and motor fitness levels of children in two western Balkan countries in south-eastern Europe: Slovenia and Serbia. The sample consisted of 1,659 subjects of both sexes, aged from 9 to 15 years. Body height, body mass, triceps skinfold thickness, bent arm hang and standing long jump were used in the analysis. Ordinal regression was used to test differences in body mass index (BMI) categories among the countries. MANOVA was used to test the differences in motor fitness level. There were statistically significant (p<0.001) differences between the countries for the entire set of tested variables. Boys and girls from both countries had similar body height, body mass and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Overweight; Body mass index; Physical fitness; Skinfold thickness.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000200002
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The demand for health: differences between the native Dutch and immigrants in the Netherlands AgEcon
Cornelisse-Vermaat, Judith R.; Maassen van den Brink, Henriette.
This paper estimates the demand for health by using a health capital model for different population groups (native Dutch, Surinamese/Antillean, Moroccan, and Turkish) in the Netherlands. Also the effect of overweight on health utility is investigated. We found a decrease in the demand for health for age, overweight, and smoking, we found an increase in the demand for health for level of education and marital status. The analyses show a strong effect of gender. Being female in all groups is negatively related to health utility. Turkish and Moroccan ethnicity is negatively related to health status.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand for health; Health production; Ethnicity; Overweight; Food habits; Health Economics and Policy; C24; C25; I10; I12.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46731
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THE DISTRIBUTION OF CHILD NUTRITIONAL STATUS ACROSS COUNTRIES AND OVER TIME AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Chen, Susan E.; Masters, William A..
Malnutrition is manifested in various degrees of both underweight and overweight, with large differences and rapid changes in their prevalence and severity. This paper introduces a new approach to characterizing the distribution of a population’s nutritional status, to help analyze changes in that distribution over time and across countries. Our method draws on the poverty literature to construct Foster-Greer-Thorbecke measures for the incidence and severity of under and overweight, based on deviations in either direction from the median of a healthy population. We apply this median-based measure to the nutritional status of over 400,000 preschool children, as measured in 130 DHS surveys covering 53 countries over a period from 1986 to 2006. Unlike...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Underweight; Overweight; Malnutrition; Poverty; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; I12; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6147
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The Effect of Food-Away-from-Home and Food-at-Home Expenditures on Obesity Rates: A State-Level Analysis AgEcon
Cai, Yongxia; Alviola, Pedro A., IV; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr.; Wu, Ximing.
Using state-level data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we investigate the effects of household food-away-from-home and food-at-home expenditures on overweight rates, obesity rates, and combined rates. Our random effects model estimates suggest that food-away-from-home expenditures are positively related to obesity and combined rates, while food-at-home expenditures are negatively related to obesity and combined rates. However, the magnitudes of these effects, while statistically significant, are relatively small. Both food-at-home and food-away-from-home expenditures do not significantly influence overweight rates.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food-at-home expenditures; Food-away-from-home expenditures; Obesity; Overweight; Random effects model; State-level analysis; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46990
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The effects of food habits and socioeconomic status on overweight. Differences between the native Dutch and immigrants in the Netherlands AgEcon
Cornelisse-Vermaat, Judith R.; Maassen van den Brink, Henriette.
Overweight is a worldwide growing epidemic. The Netherlands is among the countries with the highest prevalence for overweight, together with the USA, UK, and Germany. This paper investigates differences in overweight between native Dutch and three immigrant groups in the Netherlands, and the effects of food habits and socioeconomic status on overweight. The results show that all immigrant groups have a higher prevalence for overweight than the Dutch, apart from Moroccans. Males are overweight more frequently than females. Takeaway food, eating out, and fresh vegetables decrease BMI, while convenience food, ready-to-eat meals, and delivery food (in some cases) increase BMI. In all groups, BMI increases with age. For Surinamese/Antilleans and Turks BMI...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Overweight; Ethnicity; Food habits; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; C20; D12; I12.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46732
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Using Experimental Economics to Measure the Role of Parental Generosity and Food Control in Childhood Obesity AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Morgan, Kari; Schroeter, Christiane; Larson-Meyer, Enette; Ballenger, Nicole.
This research uses experimental economics to measure the effect of parental generosity and child response on childhood overweight and obesity. The 'Carrot-Stick' experiment, an adaptation of the standard dictator game in which the respondent (the child) can punish or reward the dictator (the parent) based on the dictator's generosity, served as basis of our examination. Two treatments are conducted, in which the child spends his or her earnings on non-food and food items. Our empirical analysis shows significant relationships between parental weight and their level of generosity regarding food items. We conclude that child response behavior, obesigenic factors in the household, and the child's tendency toward being overweight and obese are significantly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Overweight; Obesity; Childhood; Family; Bargaining; ‘Carrot-Stick; ’ Dictator; Experimental Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9859
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