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A Sustained Immune Response Supports Long-Term Antiviral Immune Priming in the Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Lafont, Maxime; Vergnes, Agnes; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; De Lorgeril, Julien; Gueguen, Yannick; Haffner, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Chaparro, Cristian; Barrachina, Celia; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Mitta, Guillaume; Gourbal, Benjamin; Montagnani, Caroline.
Over the last decade, innate immune priming has been evidenced in many invertebrate phyla. If mechanistic models have been proposed, molecular studies aiming to substantiate these models have remained scarce. We reveal here the transcriptional signature associated with immune priming in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Oysters were fully protected against Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1), a major oyster pathogen, after priming with poly(I·C), which mimics viral double-stranded RNA. Global analysis through RNA sequencing of oyster and viral genes after immune priming and viral infection revealed that poly(I·C) induces a strong antiviral response that impairs OsHV-1 replication. Protection is based on a sustained upregulation of immune genes, notably genes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Innate immunity; Priming; OsHV-1; Antiviral response; Immune memory; Oyster; POMS; Poly(I·C); Interferon; Transcriptomic.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00614/72580/71541.pdf
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Anaesthesia and gonad sampling in the European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Gonzalez, Ricardo; Lebrun, Luc; Queau, Isabelle; Mingant, Christian; Robert, Rene.
Controlled reproduction of the European flat oyster requires the development of tools adapted to this species, including a practical anaesthesia and gonad sampling protocol to facilitate sex determination and the verification of gametogenesis. Three replicate groups of 10 oysters (mean weight +/- SD: 29.9 +/- 8.5 g) were anaesthetised in 5 L containers using magnesium chloride designed either for laboratory (Flucka (R)) or agricultural (Dead Sea Work (R): DSW) use, at two concentrations (50 or 72 g L-1). No significant differences were observed in the percentages of oysters anaesthetised or subsequent oyster mortality with the different anaesthetics or concentrations, but increasing water temperature from 14.9 to 18.8 degrees C significantly increased the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Anaesthesia; Magnesium chloride; Gonad sampling.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00018/12907/9876.pdf
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Approche des relations entre a croissance de l'huître Crassostrea gigas et le milieu dans le bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Maurer, Daniele.
study of the experimental growth of the oyster Crassostrea gigas was undertaken of 1985 to 1988, parallel to a follow-up hydrobiologic of the medium, in three sites of the basin of Arcachon. - The characteristics of growth of the studied sites proved very stable during various years ; they are also very different from one site to another, the performances being able to vary the simple one with the double of the center of the basin towards the exit on the ocean. It is during the summer and of the autumn that the difference is established between the sectors, the spring growths being similar. The hierarchy observed is associated a more or less great precocity of the laying. - A gradient influences continental oceanic-influence is observed, resulting in more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreiculture; Oyster; Hydrobiology; Growth; Bay of Arcachon; Crassostrea gigas; Ostréiculture; Huître; Hydrobiologie; Croissance; Baie d'Arcachon; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/rapport-1645.pdf
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Autotetraploid Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) obtained using normal diploid eggs: induction and impact on cytogenetic stability ArchiMer
Benabdelmouna, Abdellah; Ledu, Christophe.
We describe two methods of producing viable and fertile autotetraploid Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg) based on the use of normal-sized oocytes produced by normal diploid females. Our methods showed that the oocyte size is not a limiting factor for the success of the induction to autotetraploidy. These methods offer means of direct introgression of genetic progress from elite diploid lines to tetraploids used as broodstock, avoiding a triploid step with the risk of transferring undesirable traits from highly fecund triploids. High variability in the level of cytogenetic stability was found among the different tetraploid oysters tested showing that induction method has an important impact on the long-term cytogenetic stability of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Tetraploid induction; Mosaicism; Aneuploidy; Cytogenetic stability.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00278/38924/37464.pdf
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Bacteria of fecal origin in mangrove oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae) in the Cocó River estuary, Ceará State, Brazil BJM
Silva,Ana I.M.; Vieira,Regine H.S.F.; Menezes,Francisca G.R.; Fonteles-Filho,Antonio A.; Torres,Regina C.O.; Sant'Anna,Ernani S..
This study was aimed at evaluating the microbiological quality of mangrove oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae), collected at a natural oyster bed in the estuary of Cocó river (Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil). MPN values were used for estimating the total (TC) and fecal (FC) coliforms and Enterococcus spp. TC and FC MPN values in the whole muscle and intervalve liquid ranged from <1.8 to >1,600/g and from <1.8 to 920/g, respectively. The MPN estimates for Enterococcus spp. were between <3.0 and >1,100/g. No correlation was found between the physico-chemical parameters (temperature, salinity and pH) of the surrounding water and the bacteriological contamination levels found in the tested oysters. The only correlation found was between TC and FC...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oyster; Total and fecal coliforms; Enterococci; Bacteriocins.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822004000100021
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Biological characteristics of sperm in European flat oyster ( Ostrea edulis ) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Pouvreau, Stephane; Queau, Isabelle; Boulais, Myrina; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Ratiskol, Dominique; Cosson, Jacky.
n brooding mollusc species that incubate larvae before their release in seawater, the biology of gametes remains poorly explored. The present study describes some biological characteristics of sperm of the European flat oyster, a native species that has been over-exploited in the past and is nowadays classified as an endangered species in Europe. Flat oysters were collected by divers in the Rade de Brest (Finistère, France), during its natural reproduction period. Gonadal pH is acidic (6.31 ± 0.10). Spermatozoa are clustered in spermatozeugmata, an acellular structure in which the sperm heads are embedded. After their transfer in seawater, spermatozeugmata have a mean diameter of 64 ± 3 μm and they release free spermatozoa for a mean duration of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Brooding species; Sperm; Spermatozeugmata; Endangered species.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56539/58245.pdf
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Bonamia ostreae and Ostrea edulis : a stable host-parasite system in France? ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Miossec, Laurence; Blanchet, Estelle; Garcia, Celine; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre.
Bonamiosis due to the intrahaemocytic protistan parasite Bonamia ostreae is a European endemic disease affecting flat oysters Ostrea edulis. After its first description in June 1979 in L'Ile Tudy, Brittany, the parasite rapidly spread to all French oyster farming areas and in other European countries through transfers of live molluscs. Bonamiosis and marteiliosis, another protozoan disease appeared in the seventies, drastically reduced the French flat oyster production from 20 000 tonnes in 1970 to less than 2000 tonnes after 1981. In 2001, about 1650 t of flat oysters were marketed in France. The production is restricted to several areas specialised in reproduction, growth and/or marketing, and depends on transfers of animals. Most important production...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bonamia ostreae; Parasitology; Pathology; Ostrea edulis; Oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-6381.pdf
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Bonamia ostreae, parasite of the European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, does not experimentally infect the Japanese oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie; Grizel, Henri.
The protozoan Bonamia ostreae (Ascetospora) is the etiological agent of bonamiosis, or hemocyte disease of the European fiat oyster, Ostrea edulis (Pichot et al., 1980). Since this infection was first reported from the coast of Brittany (Comps et al., 1980), the parasite has spread rapidly along the French Atlantic coasts (Grizel & Tigé, 1982), and in the European countries including the UK, Holland, lreland and Spain (Bannister & Key, 1982; Van Banning, 1982; Polanco et al., 1984). Under the EEC Council Directive 91/67, this parasitic protozoan is included in list II of Annex A. Serious pathogen agents for molluscs that should be obligatorily declared are placed in this list
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Infection; Protozoan; Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Bonamia ostreae.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1995/publication-2892.pdf
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Caractérisation de la virulence d'une souche de Vibrio aestuarianus, pathogène de l'huître Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick.
In France. shellfish production is a traditional. well-established industry. mainly based upon commercial farming of the Pacifie oyster. Crassostrea gigas. Since the 1980's, annual mass mortalities of C. gigas have been reported during summer. Several studies on this subject have demonstrated that these mortality outbreaks resulted from complex interactions between the physiologieal andJor genetic status of the oysters. environmental factors, and one or more infectious agents, among which are bacteria of the genus Vibrio.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Crassostrea gigas; Bactéries; Vibrio aestuarlanus; Pathogénicité; Produits extracellulaires; Métalloprotéase; Hémocytes; Interactions hôte/pathogène; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Bacteria; Vibrio aestuarianus; Pathogenicity; Extracellular products; Metalloprotease; Hemocytes; Host/pathogen interactions.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00034/14561/11859.pdf
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Cellular and molecular hemocyte responses of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, following bacterial infection with Vibrio aestuarianus strain 01/32 ArchiMer
Labreuche, Yannick; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Boulo, Viviane; Huvet, Arnaud; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
The strategies used by bacterial pathogens to circumvent host defense mechanisms remain largely undefined in bivalve molluscs. In this study, we investigated experimentally the interactions between the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) immune system and Vibrio aestuarianus strain 01/32, a pathogenic bacterium originally isolated from moribund oysters. First, an antibiotic-resistant V. aestuarianus strain was used to demonstrate that only a limited number of bacterial cells was detected in the host circulatory system, suggesting that the bacteria may localize in some organs. Second, we examined the host defense responses to V. aestuarianus at the cellular and molecular levels, using flow-cytometry and real-time PCR techniques. We showed that hemocyte...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oyster; Pathogenesis; Vibrio aestuarianus; Bivalve immunity.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2182.pdf
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Center for Independent Experts (CIE) Review of the Status of the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe.
NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) received a petition to list the Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as either threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Eastern oyster is an emblematic species in the US coastal states, playing a significant role at various levels: shaping coastal social communities, providing a commercial activity (public fishery & aquaculture) and recreational - amenity benefits, and as a keystone species in highly diverse and sensitive ecosystems (estuaries). This petition is likely the result of concerns regarding the partial collapse of public fisheries in several states as well as from the resulting damages to this species induced by severe hurricanes. A Biological Review Team (BRT)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biology; Habitat threats; Predation; Disease; Bivalvia; Crassostrea virginica; Oyster; Recommendations.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15458/12833.pdf
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Characterization of a defensin from the oyster Crassostrea gigas - Recombinant production, folding, solution structure, antimicrobial activities, and gene expression ArchiMer
Gueguen, Yannick; Herpin, Amaury; Aumelas, André; Garnier, Julien; Fievet, Julie; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Bulet, Philippe; Gonzalez, Marcelo; Lelong, Christophe; Favrel, Pascal; Bachere, Evelyne.
In invertebrates, defensins were found in arthropods and in the mussels. Here, we report for the first time the identification and characterization of a defensin (Cg-Def) from an oyster. Cg-def mRNA was isolated from Crassostrea gigas mantle using an expressed sequence tag approach. To gain insight into potential roles of Cg-Def in oyster immunity, we produced the recombinant peptide in Escherichia coli, characterized its antimicrobial activities, determined its solution structure by NMR spectroscopy, and quantified its gene expression in vivo following bacterial challenge of oysters. Recombinant Cg-Def was active in vitro against Gram-positive bacteria but showed no or limited activities against Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. The activity of Cg-Def was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Genomic library; Microbiology; Defensin; Oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2127.pdf
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Characterization of a gonad-specific transforming growth factor-beta superfamily member differentially expressed during the reproductive cycle of the oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Fleury, Elodie; Fabioux, Caroline; Lelong, C; Favrel, P; Huvet, Arnaud.
Through differential screening between oyster families selected for high and low summer survival, we have characterized a new transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily member. This novel factor, named oyster-gonadal-TGF beta-like (og-TGF beta-like), is synthesized as a 307 amino acid precursor and displays 6 of the 7 characteristic cysteine residues of the C-terminal, mature peptide. Sequence comparison revealed that og-TGF beta-like has a low percentage of identity with other known TGF-beta superfamily members, suggesting that og-TGF beta-like is a derived member of this large superfamily. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) analysis in different oyster tissues showed that og-TGF beta-like is specifically expressed in both male and female gonads, at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Reproduction; Oyster; Gene expression; Transforming growth factor; Bivalve mollusc.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3899.pdf
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Characterization of GnRH-related peptides from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Bigot, Laetitia; Zatylny-gaudin, Celine; Rodet, Franck; Bernay, Benoit; Boudry, Pierre; Favrel, Pascal.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), a key neuropeptide regulating reproduction in vertebrates has now been characterized in a number of non-vertebrate species. Despite the demonstration of its ancestral origin, the structure and the function of this family of peptides remain poorly known in species as distant as lophotrochozoans. In this study, two GnRH-related peptides (Cg-GnRH-a and CgGnRH-G) were characterized by mass spectrometry from extracts of the visceral ganglia of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. These peptides showed a high degree of sequence identity with GnRHs of other mollusks and annelids and to a lesser extent with those of vertebrates or with AKH and corazonins of insects. Both the mature peptides and the transcript encoding the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusk; Bivalve; Oyster; Neuroendocrinology; Reproduction; GnRH.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00079/19003/17477.pdf
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Chromosome loss in bi-parental progenies of tetraploid Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Mccombie, Helen; Lapegue, Sylvie; Cornette, Florence; Ledu, Christophe; Boudry, Pierre.
Alterations of chromosome number have been observed in the somatic tissue of Crassostrea gigas diploids and artificial polyploids. Tetraploid oysters with abnormal chromosome numbers in some or all of their tissue are considered undesirable as parents either for triploids (produced via a cross with diploids and of aquacultural interest) or for tetraploid breeding. Aneuploid tetraploid oysters may confer the tendency to lose chromosomes and to revert to lower ploidy levels to their offspring. More directly, their offspring could have a lower ploidy because of potential links between somatic and gametic chromosome loss. The present study evaluated the phenomenon in six bi-parental tetraploid families bred from parents of differing somatic ploidy quality. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Mitosis; Chromosome; Cytogenetics; Aneuploid; Polyptoid; Tetraploid; Oyster.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-633.pdf
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Chromosome loss in tetraploid families of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Mccombie, Helen; Lapegue, Sylvie; Cornette, Florence; Ledu, Christophe; Boudry, Pierre.
Alterations of chromosome number have been observed in the somatic tissue of Crassostrea gigas diploids and artificial polyploids bred in this species. Tetraploid animals with lower chromosome counts in some or all of their somatic tissue are considered undesirable as parents either for commercial triploids (produced via a cross with diploids) or for tetraploid breeding because (1) they may confer the tendency to lose chromosomes and revert to lower ploidy levels to their offspring or (2) their offspring could have a lower ploidy directly because of potential links between somatic and gametic chromosome loss. The present study evaluated the phenomenon in bi-parental tetraploid families bred from parents of differing ploidy quality, including a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tetraploid; Chromosome; Genetic; Crassostrea gigas; Oyster.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/acte-3435.pdf
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Comparative embryotoxicity and genotoxicity of the herbicide diuron and its metabolites in early life stages of Crassostrea gigas: implication of reactive oxygen species production ArchiMer
Behrens, Daphne; Rouxel, Julien; Burgeot, Thierry; Akcha, Farida.
Herbicides are one of the major classes of pollutants contaminating coastal waters over the world. Among them, diuron (3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) is a phenylurea herbicide frequently detected in oyster-producing area, known to be toxic for this important exploited non-target species. With the aim to investigate the mechanisms by which diuron displays its toxicity in oyster, the implication of both biotransformation and oxygen reactive species (ROS) production was studied considering embryotoxicity and genotoxicity as endpoints. Comparative embryotoxicity and genotoxicity of diuron and its main metabolites (DCPMU, DCPU and 3,4-DCA) were thus studied on oyster larvae by the embryo-larval bioassay on D larvae and the comet assay on trochophore...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Herbicide; Embryotoxicity; Genotoxicity; Oxidative stress; Biotransformation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43521/43053.pdf
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Comparative histological study of gametogenesis in diploid and triploid pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) reared in an estuarine farming site in France during the 2003 heatwave ArchiMer
Normand, Julien; Le Pennec, Marcel; Boudry, Pierre.
We compared the temporal dynamics of gametogenesis in diploid and triploid Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) using histology. Oysters were reared in an estuarine farming site in Brittany over 3 years and their gametogenesis was monitored over the exceptionally hot summer of 2003. Both diploids and triploids showed active gametogenesis, but a high proportion of triploids remained at early stages of gonad development. Gametogenesis of triploids was characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of gonias and immature cytes together with mature gametes rather than overall retardation, though some triploids showed complete gonad maturation. Evidence of spawning was seen in both groups, and the quantity of germinal products emitted appeared to be similar in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Triploidy; Crassostrea gigas; Oyster; Gametogenesis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4152.pdf
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Comparative study on the contamination and decontamination of Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas and blue mussel Mytilus edulis by oxytetracycline and oxolinic acid ArchiMer
Pouliquen, Hervé; Le Bris, Hervé; Buchet, Vincent; Pinault, Louis.
Marine fish farms use many antibacterial agents to prevent or fight bacterial diseases. The major part of the orally supplied drugs reach the environment, either directly due to excessive feeding and reduced appetite of the cultured fish, or indirectly after passing through the fish. Some of the drugs entering the environment may be taken up by bivalves. Comparative contamination and decontamination of Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas and blue mussel Mytilus edulis were studied when these bivalves were kept during 10 d in seawater containing oxytetracycline (OTC) or oxolinic acid (OA) at concentrations of 0.15 and 1.50 mg l(-1). After the 10 d exposure at the seawater concentrations of 0.15 and 1.50 mg l(-1), OTC and OA concentrations in bivalve tissues...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mussel; Oxolinic acid; Oxytetracycline; Oyster.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00282/39359/39437.pdf
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Conséquences génétiques de la production intensive de larves d'huîtres en écloserie : étude des processus de dérive et de sélection liés aux pratiques d'élevage. ArchiMer
Taris, Nicolas.
In order to study the genetic influence of intensive production of the larval stage in commercial hatcheries, two types of specific selective processes were examined: the effects of discarding the smallest larvae and temperature. A mixed-family approach was used in order to infer the genetic composition of the larvae. The results show that our mixed-family approach, combined with microsatellite-based family assignment, is a powerful tool for the study of bivalve larvae genetics. Selective sieving is an advantageous practice at a phenotypic scale, but also represents a substantial risk for diversity loss. The culled larvae are important for the minimization of the variability in reproductive success and the maximization of broodstock genetic diversity....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hatchery; Oyster; Genetic diversity; Selection domestication; Larvae; Crassostrea gigas; Ecloserie; Huître; Diversité génétique; Sélection domestication; Larve; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-976.pdf
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