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Registros recuperados: 6
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Agricultural Inter-Sectoral Linkages and Its Contribution to Economic Growth in the Transition Countries AgEcon
Subramaniam, Vijay; Reed, Michael R..
This study estimates an econometric model that incorporates the linkages among agriculture, manufacturing, service and trade sectors using a vector error correction model for Poland and Romania. Three cointegrating vectors for Poland and one for Romania confirm that the different sectors in the Poland and Romania moved together over the sample period, and for this reason, their growth rates are interdependent. The long-run relationship of industrial, service and trade sectors to agricultural sector were established, and the results show that the industrial sector in Poland contributes positively to the agricultural sector while the growing service sector shows mixed results. The results of Romania indicate that the industrial sector is detrimental to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transition economy; Inter-sectoral growth linkages; Cointegration analysis; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; P20; 041; C32.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51586
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DER OSTDEUTSCHE AGRARSEKTOR IM TRANSFORMATIONSPROZESS - AUSGANGSSITUATION, ENTWICKLUNG UND PROBLEMBEREICHE AgEcon
Rothe, Andrea; Lissitsa, Alexej.
This Discussion Paper focuses on developments of the agricultural sector in the federal states of the former Eastern Germany after German reunification. Descriptive analysis is involved to display problems of transition process and changes in agricultural production and structures. The results of the analysis report considerable differences in the agricultural sector between New and Old Federal States after 15 years after the reunification. These differences are especially to find in a variety of existing legal forms, considerably higher share of rented land, lower cattle stock as well as larger farm size of the farms in the New Federal States. Observed structural changes of the German agricultural sector display that due to European Union measures the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: New Bundeslaender; Transition; Agricultural structure; P20; R30; R58; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14884
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Economic Reform and Openness in China: China's Development Policies in the Last 30 Years AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This article adopts the point of view that China’s development policies can only be appreciated if they are considered by applying perspectives from institutional economics. This requires attention to be given to the historical, political and cultural context in which its economic development has occurred. Therefore, this article gives attention to the political events leading up to China’s decision in 1978 to begin its economic reforms and the way in which Deng Xiaoping crafted its new development path. It also discusses the subsequent extension of Deng’s development policies by more recent leaders of the Chinese Communist Party. Indicators of China’s economic progress (including its increasing economic openness) since 1978 are given, and its emerging...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Developmental states; Economic development; Economic reforms; Institutional economics; Market socialism; International Development; Political Economy; P00; P20; P26; P27; P30; O10; O20..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90624
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Legal Framework as a Trade Barrier - Evidence from Transition Countries: Hungarian, Romanian and Slovene Examples AgEcon
de Sousa, Jose; Disdier, Anne-Celia.
Using the border effect approach, our paper examines the influence of the legal framework quality of the Central and Eastern European countries on international trade. This approach offers an evaluation of the borders' impact on trade. A market is fragmented when actual trade differs from the trade that would be expected in an economy without border-related barriers. Recent findings have emphasized informal trade barriers as obstacles to trade flows (Anderson and Marcouiller, 2002; Anderson and Young, 2000; Rauch, 2001). We introduce different measures of the legal framework quality, which appears as a significant informal trade barrier. Actually, in case of conflict between two trade partners, it proves to be difficult for a given partner to get damages....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Legal framework; Border effects; Central and eastern European countries; International Relations/Trade; F12; F15; P20.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26300
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Structural Change in Russian Transition AgEcon
Gregory, Paul R.; Lazarev, Valery.
This paper examines structural change in the Russian economy in 1990-2001, as measured by the changing composition of output and consumption, using international panel data sets as a frame of reference. It calculates a series of indexes to determine the extent to which the Russian economy is converging towards market economies. Although the Russian structure of output is becoming increasingly similar to that of upper-middle and the lower tier of high-income countries, the structure of Russian manufacturing is inconsistent with its income level and the extent of labor reallocation remains inadequate. Russia’s pattern of consumption remains distorted due to the incomplete price liberalization.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Post-Communist Transition; Value Added; Labor Productivity; Composition of GDP; Price Distortions.; Political Economy; E20; P20.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28531
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Work Values in Western and Eastern Europe AgEcon
Torgler, Benno.
The paper reports on work values in Europe. At the country level we find that job satisfaction is related to lower working hours, higher well-being, and a higher GDP per capita. Moving to the micro level, we turn our attention from job satisfaction to analyse empirically work centrality and work value dimensions (without exploring empirically job satisfaction) related to intrinsic and extrinsic values, power and social elements. The results indicate substantial differences between Eastern and Western Europe. Socio-demographic factors, education, income, religiosity and religious denomination are significant influences. We find additional differences between Eastern and Western Europe regarding work-leisure and work-family centrality that could be driven by...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Work Values; Job Satisfaction; Work-Leisure Relationship; Work-Family Centrality; Eastern Europe; Western Europe; Labor and Human Capital; P20; D10; J28; J17; J22.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120045
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