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A general equilibrium analysis of the effects of farm mechanization on wheat and rice production in Pakistan International Rice Research Institute
Mustafa, Usman.
98 p. : ill. Thesis (M.S.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Wheat; Crop production; Mechanization; Economic analysis; Pakistan.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1294
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A new, high-yielding mutant aromatic rice variety, Khushboo 95 International Rice Research Institute
Soomro, A. M.; Baloch, A. W.; Bughio, H. R..
p.32
Palavras-chave: High yielding varieties; Mutants; Aromatic rice; Khushboo 95; Agronomic characteristics; Variety trials; Pakistan.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1331
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A qualitative study exploring perspectives towards rational use of medicines in Pakistan's Malaria Control Program (MCP) BJPS
Malik,Madeeha; Hassali,Mohamed Azmi; Shafie,Asrul Akmal; Hussain,Azhar.
Malaria is one of the most important global public health problems threatening the health of the population owing to prevailing socio-economic conditions and epidemiological reasons in Pakistan. This qualitative study has focused on the perspectives held towards the rational use of medicine intervention among malaria control program officials. Eight semi-structured interviews with all officials working for the malaria control program in Islamabad were conducted. The interviews, which were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim, were evaluated by thematic content analysis and by all authors. All respondents agreed on successful implementation of the malaria control program in Pakistan for controlling malaria by improving diagnostic and treatment facilities...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Malaria; Malaria Control Program; Drug/rational use; Intervention; Pakistan.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502013000200014
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Adoption and impacts of zero tillage as a resource conserving technology in the irrigated plains of South Asia AgEcon
Erenstein, Olaf; Farooq, Umar; Malik, R.K.; Sharif, Muhammad.
The recent stagnation of productivity growth in the irrigated areas of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia has led to a quest for resource-conserving technologies that can save water, reduce production costs and improve production. The present synthesis of two detailed country studies confirmed widespread adoption of zero tillage (ZT) wheat in the rice-wheat systems of India’s Haryana State (34.5% of surveyed households) and Pakistan’s Punjab province (19%). The combination of a significant “yield effect” and “cost-saving effect” makes adoption worthwhile and is the main driver behind the rapid spread and widespread acceptance of ZT in Haryana, India. In Punjab, Pakistan, adoption is driven by the significant ZT-induced cost savings for wheat...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zero tillage; Rice; Wheat; Water conservation; India; Pakistan; Haryana; Punjab; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91816
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Adoption and Impacts of Zero-Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Punjab, Pakistan AgEcon
Farooq, Umar; Sharif, Muhammad; Erenstein, Olaf.
This study documents the adoption and impacts of zero-tillage (ZT) wheat in the ricewheat systems of Pakistan’s Punjab province primarily drawing on a detailed empirical survey of 458 rice-wheat farmers. Our random stratified sample revealed 19% to be ZT wheat adopters and a similar share of the wheat area in the surveyed communities to be under ZT. The study suggests that diffusion has stagnated and also flags the issue of disadoption (14%). ZT adopters, non-adopters, and disadopters differ significantly in terms of their resource bases, with adopters typically showing the most favorable values. ZT drastically reduces tractor operations in farmers’ ZT wheat fields from an average of 8 passes to a single pass, implying a saving of 7 tractor hours and 35...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wheat; Rice; Agricultural development; Drilling equipment; Economic analysis; Innovation adoption; Farming systems; Cropping patterns; Production costs; Zero tillage; Pakistan; Crop Production/Industries; E16; F08.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56095
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Assessment of the yield loss imparted by Orobanche aegyptiaca in tomato in Pakistan Anais da ABC (AABC)
AHMAD,TANVEER; AHMAD,BILAL; TARIQ,RANA M. SABIR; SYED,M. ZIA-UL-HASSAN; AHMAD,ZAHOOR.
Abstract Broomrapes (Orobanche sp.) are root holoparasitic plants causing severe damage to various families of horticultural crops. A Preliminary survey was carried in tomato fields infested with orobanche in Potohar plateau of Pakistan. Results indicated that each planting bed comprising10-12 tomato plants contained 7-8 parasitic weeds. Overall survey indicated the 65-70% plants suffered partial or complete yield loss. Further, it was estimated that the number of weeds inhabiting plant-1 was ranged from 2-4. Yield loss was estimated at 57.17 tons/ha while in terms of financial loss, it was 2579.87 $/ha. Hence total estimated loss on the total surveyed area of 16 hectares was 41395.85 $. The high potential of tomato cultivation in Pakistan reinforces the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broomrapes; Orobanche; Pakistan; Tomato.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652018000703559
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Association of genotypes with viral load and biochemical markers in HCV-infected Sindhi patients BJM
Riaz,Saba; Bashir,Muhammad Faisal; Haider,Saleem; Rahid,Naeem.
Abstract The presented study had two objectives. The first was to examine distributions of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) genotypes in Sindh, Pakistan, where HCV is prevalent. The other was to explore clinically relevant relationships between the genotypes, viral load (measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction assays) and biochemical markers. For this, 1471 HCV-infected patients in six cities in Sindh were recruited and sampled. HCV genotype distributions varied among the cities, but genotype 3a was most prevalent, followed by 3b, 1a and 1b (detected in 51.5, 22.7. 9.25 and 3.2% of the cases, respectively). No type-specific sequences were detected in serum samples from 189 (12.8%) of the 1471 patients. Frequencies of low (<200,000 IU/mL serum),...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sindh; HCV; Pakistan; Genotype; Biomarkers; Viral load.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822016000400980
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Attributable risk of Capillaria species in domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Qamar,M.F.; Butt,A.; Ehtisham-ul-Haque,S.; Zaman,M.A..
ABSTRACT Fecal samples were collected from 120 domestic pigeons to determine the Attributable risk of Capillaria spp. The Capillaria spp. was observed in 64 out of 120 (51%) pigeons (70 males and 50 females) under this study. A total of 64 (39 males and 25 females) were found naturally infected with Capillaria spp. with infection percentage of 51% and 50% in males and females respectively. Qualitative examinations include the direct microscopy and faecal floatation while quantitative examination includes McMaster technique (worms load was calculated per gram of the faeces). Month wise Attributable risk showed that eggs of the worms were found to be abundant in the month of July during the present study (60% to 73%) because of high humidity. Very high and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Attributable risk; Capillaria species; Pigeons; Pakistan.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000501172
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Basin-level use and productivity of water: examples from South Asia AgEcon
Molden, David J.; Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Habib, Zaigham.
Discusses and illustrates concepts for identifying ways of improving productivity of water within basins. The results of applying a water accounting procedure to four sub-basins in South Asia (Bhakra in India; Chishtian in Pakistan; Huruluwewa in northern Sri Lanka; and Kirindi Oya in southern Sri Lanka) are presented. The methodology used identifies the quantities and productivity of various uses of water within a basin. This information is then used to identify the water-saving potential, and the means of improving the productivity of the managed supplies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Water conservation; River basins; Water use; Productivity; Case studies; Irrigated farming; Indicators; Water scarcity; South Asia; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Bhakra; Chishtian; Kirindi Oya; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61099
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Compositional studies and biological activities of some mash bean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) cultivars commonly consumed in Pakistan Biol. Res.
Zia-Ul-Haq,Muhammad; Ahmad,Shakeel; Bukhari,Shazia Anwer; Amarowicz,Ryszard; Ercisli,Sezai; Jaafar,Hawa ZE.
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the desire to adopt a healthy diet has drawn attention to legume seeds and food products derived from them. Mash bean is an important legume crop used in Pakistan however a systematic mapping of the chemical composition of mash bean seeds is lacking. Therefore seeds of four mash bean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper, family Leguminoseae) cultivars (NARC-Mash-1, NARC-Mash-2, NARC-Mash-3, NARC-Mash-97) commonly consumed in Pakistan have been analyzed for their chemical composition, antioxidant potential and biological activities like inhibition of formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) activity and tyrosinase inhibition activity. RESULTS: The investigated cultivars varied in terms of biochemical composition to various...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Nutrients; Antioxidant potential; Mash bean cultivar; Pakistan.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602014000100023
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Demand for High-value Secondary Crops in Developing Countries: The Case of Potatoes in Bangladesh and Pakistan AgEcon
Bouis, Howarth E.; Scott, Gregory.
Secondary crops are of increasing interest to policymakers and planners in developing countries because of a desire to diversify economic activities and because of their proven potential to raise farm incomes and rural employment. To assess this potential, basic information on the demand characteristics for these crops is required. But, given the large number of possible crops to be studied, policy analysts require an estimation procedure that is less data-intensive and time-intensive than standard econometric estimation procedures. In this paper, a relatively new, low-cost procedure, based on demand for food characteristics, is applied, illustrating its usefulness for analysis of demand for potatoes in Bangladesh and Pakistan. In Asia, the potato should...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economics; Methodology; Pakistan; Potatoes; Economic aspects; Crop diversification; Price Maintenance; Asia; Bangladesh; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97300
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Determinants of Public Health expenditures in Pakistan AgEcon
Abbas, Faisal; Hiemenz, Ulrich.
This study describes the macroeconomic determinants of health care spending in a broad context using time series data from Pakistan on economic, demographic, social, and political variables. The data spans a period from 1972- 2006 and was analyzed using cointegration and error correction approaches. All variables were found to be first difference stationary and the results confirm the presence of one cointegrating vector. This proves the existence of a long-run relationship between public health care expenditures and the other variables used in the model. The income elasticity of public health care expenditures is estimated at 0.23. As this value is less than unity it suggests that, contrary to most of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Public Health Expenditures; Unemployment; Urbanization; Cointegration; Time series; Pakistan; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118422
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Distribution of Benefits and Adoption of Bt Cotton in Pakistan: Ex-ante Analysis AgEcon
Nazli, Hina; Sarker, Rakhal; Meilke, Karl D.; Orden, David.
This poster presents the potential impact of Bt cotton adoption in Pakistan. The size and distribution of economic benefits from the commercial adoption of Bt cotton in Pakistan are examined under four hypothetical scenarios. The adjusted economic surplus model is used to measure total benefits and their distribution between producers, consumers and technology innovators. To account for uncertainty in key parameters, the stochastic simulation techniques is applied. The results show that the total net benefits of adopting Bt cotton in Pakistan are large. As a result of increase in production, farmers get considerable benefits despite a decline in price. The share of benefits to innovators is small. The results indicate that the total cost of adopting latest...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt cotton; Economic surplus model; Pakistan; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61180
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Economic impact of land degradation (salt affected and waterlogged soils) on rice production in Pakistan's Punjab International Rice Research Institute
Mustafa, Usman.
102 leaves : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Crop production; Economic impact; Soil degradation; Saline soils; Flooded conditions; Pakistan.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/936
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Economic Performance of Bt Cotton Varieties in Pakistan AgEcon
Nazli, Hina; Sarker, Rakhal; Meilke, Karl D.; Orden, David.
Farmers in Pakistan have been growing cotton that contains the first generation of Bt gene since 2002. The cultivation of these varieties, although formally unapproved and unregulated, increased rapidly after 2005. In 2007, nearly 60 percent of the cotton area was under BT varieties. This paper examines the economic performance of Bt cotton in Pakistan based on data collected through a structured questionnaire survey in January-February 2009 in two districts (Bahawalpur and Mirpur Khas). The extent of the impact of Bt cotton on costs of production and yield gains are different across the two districts with their diverse agro-climatic conditions and pest pressures. Seed expenditures increase in both districts, but a decline in the number of bollworm sprays...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt cotton; Economic performance; Pakistan; Bahawalpur; Mirpur Khas; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61181
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Effect of different pruning intensities on the growth of Acacia nilotica (Kikar) Agrociencia
Siddiqui,Tahir; Fattakh Nawaz,Muhammad; Ahmed,Irfan.
In many species, natural pruning is never a satisfactory option if production of clear wood is a management objective. Acacia nilotica is well adapted specie to the arid and semiarid climate of Pakistan and plays an important role in rural economy of the country. Traditional pruning is carried out to maximize the amount of clear-wood production but the effect of this practice on tree growth, still unknown. So a preliminary pruning trial was conducted at two different sites, UAF and PARS, in Faisalabad- Pakistan. All pruning treatments resulted in reduction in diameter growth. However, significant reduction in diameter growth was observed when crown removal was more than 40 %. A taper study was done by taking diameter measurements at different heights. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acacia nilotica; Diameter growth; Stem taper; Pakistan.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-31952010000100009
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Effects of exchange rate and trade policies on agriculture in Pakistan AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Valdes, Alberto.
This report on Pakistan is one of a series of country studies undertaken by the International Trade and Food Security Program are IFPRI on trade and macroeconomic policies. Other studies in this series include research reports on Colombia, Argentina, Nigeria, Zaire, and the Philippines, and collaborative work with the World Bank on this tonic in several other countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The findings from this research have vividly shown the need to analyze the effects of policy interventions in agriculture in developing countries in an economic-wide framework. There is now an overwhelming body of evidence showing that trade and exchange rate policies have, in most countries, had a far greater impact, generally adverse, on agricultural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Produce trade; Government policy; Pakistan; Agriculture prices; Foreign exchange problem; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42161
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Ethnobotanical study and conservation status of trees in the district Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan Phyton
Shah,A; Rahim,S; Bhatti,KH; Khan,A; Din,N; Imran,M; Mohsin,M; Ishtiaq,M; Nabila,A; Ansari,A; Hussain,S; Zafar,M; Mushtaq,M; Mumtaz,E; Iqbal,J.
Sargodha district is one of the least studied regions of Pakistan regarding its ethnobotanical values. This paper is the frst report related to the documentation and conservation status of the tree species in the Sargodha district, and their folk ethnobotanical uses. An interview base survey was conducted in the study area in 2010-2013. The ethnobotanical data revealed the use of 100 tree species (6 gymnosperms, 94 angiosperms) belonging to 77 genera (6 gymnosperms, 71 angiosperms) and 39 families (4 gymnosperms, 35 angiosperms), with the Fabaceae ranking first with 19 tree species, followed by the Moraceae (12 species). Tree species like Aegle marmelos, Butea monosperma, Diospyrus malabarica, Gmelina arborea, Kigelia africana, Manilkara hexandra,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethnobotanical study; Medicinal plants; Sargodha; Pakistan.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-56572015000100006
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Farmers’ use of mobile phone for accessing agricultural information in Pakistan: Ciência Rural
Khan,Nasir Abbas; Qijie,Gao; Ali,Shoukat; Shahbaz,Babar; Shah,Ashfaq Ahmad.
ABSTRACT: Agriculture is considered as the main driving force in Pakistan’s economy employing 45% of the country’s labor force and generating 20% of national GDP Agriculture sector of Pakistan is facing numerous challenges including non-adoption of agricultural technology at the farm level, due to farmers’ lack of access to the latest information. In this context, the current study focusses on the use of the mobile phone in accessing agricultural information among the farmers of the of district Muzaffargarh,Punjab, Pakistan. A multistage sampling technique was used to collect data from the two tehsils (cities/sub-districts) of Muzaffargarh formulating a total sample of 180 farmers. SPSS computer-based Software was used for analyzing the data. Results...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mobile phone; ICT; Information transfer; E-extension; Farmers; Agriculture; Punjab; Pakistan.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019001000901
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Genetic contribution of ancestors to Nepalese rice cultivars International Rice Research Institute
Joshi, B. K..
p.29-31
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Ancestors; Ancestry; Cultivars; Landraces; Lines; Origin; China; India; Indonesia; Japan; Nepal; Pakistan; Taiwan.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/119
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