Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 92
Primeira ... 12345 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
13 + 1: A Comparison of Global Climate Change Policy Architectures AgEcon
Aldy, Joseph E.; Barrett, Scott; Stavins, Robert N..
We critically review the Kyoto Protocol and thirteen alternative policy architectures for addressing the threat of global climate change. We employ six criteria to evaluate the policy proposals: environmental outcome, dynamic efficiency, cost effectiveness, equity, flexibility in the presence of new information, and incentives for participation and compliance. The Kyoto Protocol does not fare well on a number of criteria, but none of the alternative proposals fare well along all six dimensions. We identify several major themes among the alternative proposals: Kyoto is "too little, too fast"; developing countries should play a more substantial role and receive incentives to participate; implementation should focus on market-based approaches, especially...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Policy architecture; Kyoto Protocol; Efficiency; Cost effectiveness; Equity; Participation; Compliance; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10541
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A LOGIT ANALYSIS OF PARTICIPATION IN TENNESSEE'S FOREST STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM AgEcon
Bell, Caroline D.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, Burton C.; Park, William M..
This study determines the likely effect of cost-share incentives on participation in the Tennessee Forest Stewardship Program and identifies other factors that may contribute to participation. A random utility model is used to determine the probability that a landowner will choose to participate in the program. A binary choice model is specified to represent the dichotomous decision and a logit procedure is used to fit the model. Data are obtained from mail surveys of 4,000 randomly selected landowners. Results indicate that attitudes and knowledge of forestry programs may be more influential in a landowner's decision to participate than monetary incentives.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cost-share incentive; Stewardship Incentive Program; Logit; Nonindustrial private forest; NIPF; Participation; Forestry; Trees; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15185
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A New Paradigm for Adaptive Management Ecology and Society
Felton, Adam; Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; adam.felton@slu.se; Rosvall, Ola; Rosvall Forest Consulting AB; Ola.rosvall@gmail.com.
Uncertainty is a pervasive feature in natural resource management. Adaptive management, an approach that focuses on identifying critical uncertainties to be reduced via diagnostic management experiments, is one favored approach for tackling this reality. While adaptive management is identified as a key method in the environmental management toolbox, there remains a lack of clarity over when its use is appropriate or feasible. Its implementation is often viewed as suitable only in a limited set of circumstances. Here we restructure some of the ideas supporting this view, and show why much of the pessimism around AM may be unwarranted. We present a new framework for deciding when AM is appropriate, feasible, and subsequently successful. We thus present a new...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Experimental management; Experimentation; Management; Natural resource; Participation; Stakeholder; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Participatory Modeling Process to Capture Indigenous Ways of Adaptability to Uncertainty: Outputs From an Experiment in West African Drylands Ecology and Society
d'Aquino, Patrick; CIRAD; daquino@cirad.fr; Bah, Alassane; UMISCO ESP UCAD Dakar; alassane.bah@gmail.com.
Over the centuries, local communities have shaped atypical rules to deal with the uncertainty of their environment. They have developed complex prototypes for flexible overlapping institutions and arrangements to adapt their rules and uses to their uncertain environment. Today, this indigenous way of flexibly institutionalizing access rules could provide blueprints for dealing with uncertainty issues resulting from global change as well as designing practical guidelines for implementing resilient management. However, transforming indigenous skills for developing institutional flexibility into operational management rules that are appropriate in the current environmental and socioeconomic context is a huge challenge. However, communities could easily...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environment; Indigenous knowledge; Management; Modeling; Participation; Sahel; Senegal; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A sense of change: media designers and artists communicating about complexity in social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
Vervoort, Joost M.; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; Soil Geography and Landscape group, Wageningen University; Alterra; joost.vervoort@eci.ox.ac.uk; Keuskamp, Diederik H.; Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Amsterdam; d.h.keuskamp@uva.nl; Kok, Kasper; Soil Geography and Landscape group, Wageningen University; Kasper.Kok@wur.nl; van Lammeren, Ron; Laboratory for Geo-information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen University; ron.vanlammeren@wur.nl; Stolk, Taconis; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Arts Academy; tawstolk@wlfr.nl; Veldkamp, Tom (A.); Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente; veldkamp@itc.nl; Rekveld, Joost; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Art; joost.rekveld@interfaculty.nl; Schelfhout, Ronald; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; ronaldschelfhout@gmail.com; Teklenburg, Bart; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; bartje2012@hotmail.com; Cavalheiro Borges, Andre; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; cavalheiroacb@gmail.com; Wits, Willem; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; willem_wits@hotmail.com; Assmann, Nicky; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; info@nickyassmann.net; Abdi Dezfouli, Erfan; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; info@erfanabdi.com; Cunningham, Kate; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; kecunning@gmail.com; Nordeman, Berend; Media Technology, Leiden University; berend@nordeman.nl; Rowlands, Hannah; Oxford Martin School Programme for the Future of Food, University of Oxford; hannah.rowlands@zoo.ox.ac.uk.
To take on the current and future challenges of global environmental change, fostering a widespread societal understanding of and engagement with the complex dynamics that characterize interacting human and natural systems is essential. Current science communication methods struggle with a number of specific challenges associated with communicating about complex systems. In this study we report on two collaborative processes, a short workshop and longer course, that aimed to harness the insights of interactive media designers and artists to overcome these challenges. The two processes resulted in 86 new interactive media concepts which were selected by the participants and organizers using set criteria and then evaluated using the same criteria by a panel...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Communication; Complexity; Participation; Scale; Serious gaming; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A spatial analysis of participation in RDP measures: a case study in Emilia Romagna Region AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
A large body of literature has highlighted and analysed the issues which affect the quality and the reliability of evaluation results of the RDPs measure. In addition to weaknesses in the specification of objectives, measurement of the additionality, several authors have pointed-out a lack in evaluation of the cross-effects across space of the measure. The objective of this contribution is to develop a spatial analysis of the participation rate in the measure 121, highlighting, as a determinant, the effect of the set of priorities established by the local administration. The analysis is realised by two steps: the first is the realisation of an Exploratory Spatial Description Analysis (ESDA) of the participation rate in the Emilia Romagna Municipalities and...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development measure; Farm modernisation; Spatial econometrics; Participation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Q10 - General.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124103
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Input Trade Fairs and Vouchers in Mozambique:Experiences and lessons learned Open Agri
Longley, C..
Palavras-chave: Trade fairs; Farm inputs; Seed quality; Germinability; Retail marketing; Kidney beans; Seed testing; Grain; Seed production; Participation.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3683
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Research Networks As Development Tools Open Agri
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
Palavras-chave: Participation; Assets; Entities; Grain legumes; Farming systems; Pigeonpeas; Farm inputs; Activities; Legumes.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4092
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ALLOCATING LAND TO NEW YORK'S CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM TO MAXIMIZE NET ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS AgEcon
Jaroszewski, Laura; Poe, Gregory L.; Boisvert, Richard N..
A programming model is used to assess the welfare effects of regional and practice specifications contained in New York State's Draft Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) proposal. Net social benefits are nearly 75% lower than options that explicitly account for opportunity costs of production, environmental benefits, and participation response functions. Keywords: benefit cost analysis, conservation programs, participation, linear programming
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Conservation programs; Participation; Linear programming; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21882
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Empirical Analysis of Stakeholders’ Influence on Policy Development: the Role of Uncertainty Handling Ecology and Society
Bijlsma, Rianne M.; University of Twente, The Netherlands; Deltares, The Netherlands; r.m.bijlsma@alumnus.utwente.nl; Bots, Pieter W. G.; Cemagref (UMR G-EAU); University of Delft, The Netherlands; p.w.g.bots@tudelft.nl; Wolters, Henk A.; Deltares, The Netherlands; henk.wolters@deltares.nl; Hoekstra, Arjen Y.; University of Twente, The Netherlands; a.y.hoekstra@utwente.nl.
Stakeholder participation is advocated widely, but there is little structured, empirical research into its influence on policy development. We aim to further the insight into the characteristics of participatory policy development by comparing it to expert-based policy development for the same case. We describe the process of problem framing and analysis, as well as the knowledge base used. We apply an uncertainty perspective to reveal differences between the approaches and speculate about possible explanations. We view policy development as a continuous handling of substantive uncertainty and process uncertainty, and investigate how the methods of handling uncertainty of actors influence the policy development. Our findings suggest that the wider frame...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environmental policy; Framing; Participation; Policy development; Policy process; Stakeholder involvement; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Bridging the Gap between Farmers and Researchers through Collaborative Experimentation. Cost and Labour Reduction in Soybean Production in South-Nyanza, Kenya AgEcon
Vandeplas, I.; Vanlauwe, Bernard; Merckx, Roel; Deckers, Jozef A..
The Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute of the International Centre of Tropical Agriculture (TSBF-CIAT) introduced dual purpose soybean varieties in south-west Kenya both to improve soil fertility by nitrogen fixation and to provide a source of better food and income. Since the start of the project in 2005, the Uriri Farmer Cooperative Society was successful in spreading the seeds over the district. Nevertheless, farmers still had problems with soybean agronomy. We therefore started a Collaborative Experiment (CE) Approach in March 2006 to make soybean production more accessible to farmers. The approach consisted of four stages: 1) information sessions; 2) participatory rural appraisal; 3) collaboration in the whole process of experimentation,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collaborative research; Soybean; Participation; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43935
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Can scenario-planning support community-based natural resource management? Experiences from three countries in Latin America Ecology and Society
Waylen, Kerry A; Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute; kerry.waylen@hutton.ac.uk; Martin-Ortega, Julia; Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and the Environment and water@leeds, University of Leeds; J.MartinOrtega@leeds.ac.uk; Blackstock, Kirsty L; Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute; kirsty.blackstock@hutton.ac.uk; Brown, Iain; Information and Computational Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute; iain.brown@hutton.ac.uk; Escalante Semerena, Roberto Ivan; Faculty of Economics, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM); semerena@unam.mx; Farah Quijano, Maria Adelaida; Pontificia Universidad Javeriana-Faculty of Environmental and Rural Studies; mafarahq@gmail.com; Ortiz-Guerrero, Cesar E.; Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; c.ortiz@javeriana.edu.co.
Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is a concept critical to managing social-ecological systems but whose implementation needs strengthening. Scenario planning is one approach that may offer benefits relevant to CBNRM but whose potential is not yet well understood. Therefore, we designed, trialed, and evaluated a scenario-planning method intended to support CBNRM in three cases, located in Colombia, Mexico, and Argentina. Implementing scenario planning was judged as worthwhile in all three cases, although aspects of it were challenging to facilitate. The benefits generated were relevant to strengthening CBNRM: encouraging the participation of local people and using their knowledge, enhanced consideration of and adaptation to future change,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Argentina; Climate change; Colombia; Community-based conservation; Futures thinking; Mexico; Participation; Scenario methods; Wicked problems.
Ano: 2015
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Chickpea Scientists’ Meet organized at ICRISAT, Patancheru Open Agri
Gaur, P.M..
Palavras-chave: Chickpeas; Germplasm; Breeds (animals); Participation; Selection; Group communication; Research methods; Products; Livestock.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3323
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Co-Modeling Process, Negotiations, and Power Relationships: Some Outputs From a MAB Project on the Island of Ouessant ArchiMer
Levrel, Harold; Etienne, Monique; Kerbiriou, Christian; Le Page, Christophe; Rouan, Mathias.
For many conservation scientists, interdisciplinarity and participation can be efficient in the management of biodiversity. For both methods, new tools and new participative processes such as the so-called co-modeling process are required. The key questions addressed in this article are how group dynamics shape the model and why certain perspectives dominate in a process designed to be democratic. It is necessary, therefore, in order to appreciate the design and the legitimacy of the model that has been co-constructed, to address the questions of both the stakeholders' interests and their status in the process. Our case study is a co-modeling program based in a French biosphere reserve. It enabled us to highlight the key role of the mediator who had to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Power relationships; Participation; Multi agent system; Co modeling; Co adaptive management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6153.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Comparative Study of Three Community Seed Supply Strategies in Tanzania Open Agri
D.D..
Palavras-chave: Seed production; Millets; Sorghum; Seed quality; Participation; Quality controls; Seed treatment; Breeders seed; Grain; Markets.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3715
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Comparison of Farmer-Participatory Research Methodologies Open Agri
H.A..
Palavras-chave: Research methods; Participation; Farm inputs; On-farm research; Technology; Replication; Millets; Selection; Information dissemination; Land resources.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3728
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Conocimiento e inclusión de la población en el plan de desarrollo municipal de Tlapa de Comonfort, Guerrero. Colegio de Postgraduados
Cabrera Solís, Roberto.
La planeación inició en México en 1928, y surgió como un planteamiento vertical, con pleno control del gobierno federal. Hoy día, se plantea que sea participativa e incluyente, con la participación de los actores involucrados de un territorio determinado. Más recientemente, la planeación se extendió al nivel de gobierno local, municipal. Sin embargo, la planeación municipal en México es reciente y presenta muchas limitantes, sobre todo en considerar la participación ciudadana en el proceso de planeación. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar los factores sociales, políticos e institucionales que afectan la participación en la planeación y gestión del Plan de Desarrollo Municipal (PDM) del municipio de Tlapa de Comonfort, en el estado de...
Palavras-chave: Actores sociales; Municipio; Planeación; Participación; Desarrollo Sostenible de Zonas Indígenas; Maestría Tecnológica; Social actors; Municipality; Planning; Participation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1823
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Constructing a Social Development Network within a Rural Municipal Government in Portugal AgEcon
Koehnen, Timothy; Cristovao, Artur.
In Portugal, an experimental Social Development Network (SDN) programme has been promoted at the national level by the Social Development Institute (SDI). The major operational objective of the SDN is to construct advisory councils and local commis- sions to increase local participation. The advisory council is represented by local de- velopment stakeholders from governmental and non-governmental institutions. These stakeholders define the actions to be taken for the social development agenda in the municipal government. The paper depicts the achievements and inadequacies of this network. In general, the case-study evaluation determines if the network strengthens the social action process in a rural area faced by social constraints,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Advisory councils; Participation; Empowerment; Decision-making; Governance; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44104
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Coping with climate risk in agriculture needs farmer oriented research and extension policies Scientia Agricola
Stigter,Kees.
The first necessary change for agrometeorology, in generally lower (external) input parts of agriculture in developing countries, is on research and extension. They have to refocus to preparedness for risks and uncertainties of local farming systems in need of support in four defined directions of prioritization, emphasis depending on the farming system concerned. These are (i) extreme events and their consequences caused by meteorological and climatological disasters on all time scales, including related aversion attempts; (ii) pests and diseases, including countervailing measures; (iii) trying to use beneficial climate and weather and (iv) applications of agrometeorological services. The second necessary change for such agrometeorology is participation...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Climate Field Schools; Agrometeorological services; Participation; Preparedness; Resilience.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162008000700016
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Designing Participation Processes for Water Management and Beyond Ecology and Society
von Korff, Yorck; Lisode; Cemagref UMR G-EAU; yorck.von-korff@lisode.com; d'Aquino, Patrick; CIRAD; daquino@cirad.fr; Daniell, Katherine A; Cemagref UMR G-EAU; Australian National University; katherine.daniell@gmail.com; Bijlsma, Rianne; Deltares; r.m.bijlsma@utwente.nl.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Design guides; Participation; Water management.
Ano: 2010
Registros recuperados: 92
Primeira ... 12345 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional