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Registros recuperados: 65
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A manual of rice seed health testing International Rice Research Institute
International Rice Research Institute.
113 p. : ill.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Seed health testing; Quarantine; Sampling; Pathogens; Pests; Seed treatment.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/332
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An annotated bibliography of chickpea diseases Open Agri
Y.L..
Palavras-chave: Crops; Chickpeas; Fungi; Pathogens; Peas; Fungicides; Soil amendments; Diseases; Grain legumes; Biological interaction.
Ano: 1978 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4151
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An infection of Ruditapes decussatus (Bivalvia) by Rickettsia ArchiMer
Mialhe, Eric; Chagot, Dominique; Boulo, Viviane; Comps, Michel; Ruano, Francisco; Grizel, Henri.
The authors report the presence of a Rickettsia in Ruditapes decussatus from natural populations of the Algarve (Portugal). Light microscopic shows infections of varying importance in gill tissues. Some enclose small procaryotic colonies (cp) scattered in all lamellae; in others, the colonies are scarce and hypertrophic (100 mu m). These different pictures suggest an amplification process. Digestive diverticulae may also be infected, but to a lesser extent. The ultrastructural features of this intravacuolar (mvd: densified vacuolar membrane) procaryote (P) and its multiplication by scission without a complex developmental cycle allows its classification in the order Rickettsiales.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes philippinarum; Pathogens; Histopathology; Pathology.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1987/acte-3107.pdf
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Antibacterial properties and chemical characterization of the essential oils from summer savory extracted by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation BJM
Rezvanpanah,Shila; Rezaei,Karamatollah; Golmakani,Mohammad-Taghi; Razavi,Seyyed Hadi.
Antibacterial properties and chemical characterization of the essential oils from summer savory (Satureja hortensis) extracted by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (MAHD) were compared with those of the essential oils extracted using the traditional hydrodistillation (HD) method. While MAHD at 660 W required half as much time as HD needed, similar antibacterial efficacies were found from the essential oils obtained by the two extraction methods on two food pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, a gram positive bacterium, and Escherchia coli, a gram negative bacterium). Also, as it was the case with the essential oils extracted by HD, that of MAHD indicated greater influence on S. aureus than on E. coli. The compositions of the extracted essential oils were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carvacrol; Flavor and fragrance; Medicinal plant/herb; Pathogens; Scanning electron microscopy (SEM); Summer savory.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822011000400031
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ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG USE AND VETERINARY COSTS IN U.S. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AgEcon
Mathews, Kenneth H., Jr..
Antimicrobial drugs are fed to animals at low levels to treat diseases, to promote growth, and to increase feed efficiency. Incorporating low levels of antimicrobial drugs in livestock feeds has been shown to be a factor stimulating the development of antimicrobial drug resistant bacteria in livestock. Since many of the drugs used to treat livestock are the same as or are related to drugs used in human health care, there is concern that resistant organisms may pass from animals to humans through the handling of animals or food derived from animals. The movement of pathogens from animals to humans, and vice versa, has been documented, but the extent to which it has occurred or could occur is unknown. Although it is estimated that as little as 10 percent of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Antimicrobial drugs; Pathogens; Growth promotion; Feed efficiency; Therapeutic drug use; Subtherapeutic drug use; Subclinical; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33695
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Antimicrobial effect of polyphenols from apple skins on human bacterial pathogens Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Alberto,María Rosa; Rinsdahl Canavosio,Matías Andrés; Manca de Nadra,María Cristina.
Apples possess many beneficial properties for the human health related with their high content in phenolic compounds. The antimicrobial effect of these compounds from the skin of two apple varieties, Royal Gala and Granny Smith, against human pathogens was examined. The phenolic compounds were extracted with the following solvents: A, acetone: water: acetic acid; B, ethyl acetate: methanol: water and C, ethanol: water. Total phenolic, flavonoid and non-flavonoid contents were analyzed in the extracts. The antimicrobial effect was determined using the agar diffusion method. The highest inhibitory effect of both apple varieties corresponded to extract A, which contained a high phenolic content. The Granny Smith extracts with higher phenolic content presented...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bacterial inhibition; Granny Smith; Royal Gala; Pathogens; Phenolic extracts.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582006000300006
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Beyond diversity loss and climate change: Impacts of Amazon deforestation on infectious diseases and public health Anais da ABC (AABC)
ELLWANGER,JOEL HENRIQUE; KULMANN-LEAL,BRUNA; KAMINSKI,VALÉRIA L.; VALVERDE-VILLEGAS,JACQUELINE MARÍA; VEIGA,ANA BEATRIZ G. DA; SPILKI,FERNANDO R.; FEARNSIDE,PHILIP M.; CAESAR,LÍLIAN; GIATTI,LEANDRO LUIZ; WALLAU,GABRIEL L.; ALMEIDA,SABRINA E.M.; BORBA,MAURO R.; HORA,VANUSA P. DA; CHIES,JOSÉ ARTUR B..
Abstract Amazonian biodiversity is increasingly threatened due to the weakening of policies for combating deforestation, especially in Brazil. Loss of animal and plant species, many not yet known to science, is just one among many negative consequences of Amazon deforestation. Deforestation affects indigenous communities, riverside as well as urban populations, and even planetary health. Amazonia has a prominent role in regulating the Earth’s climate, with forest loss contributing to rising regional and global temperatures and intensification of extreme weather events. These climatic conditions are important drivers of emerging infectious diseases, and activities associated with deforestation contribute to the spread of disease vectors. This review...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazon rainforest; Biodiversity; Emerging infectious disease; Deforestation; Pathogens; Public health.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652020000100724
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Botrytis gray mold of chickpea Open Agri
M.P..
Palavras-chave: Chickpeas; Fungi; Grain legumes; Genotypes; Disease resistance; Sowing date; Yield losses; Pathogens; Chemical control; Cultural control.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4169
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Caracterización cualitativa de frutos de rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.), almacenamiento postcosecha y patógenos asociados. Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Arenas, Marian Guadalupe.
El rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) es un frutal tropical originario de Asia e introducido a México. Es cultivado principalmente en el estado de Chiapas pero su comercialización es limitada por una corta vida en anaquel, oscurecimiento del pericarpio y enfermedades postcosecha. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron: 1) caracterizar frutos de cinco selecciones de rambután procedentes del estado de Chiapas; 2) estudiar el efecto de una cera y dos atmósferas modificadas a temperatura ambiente y refrigeración sobre la calidad visual y vida en anaquel de los frutos y 3) identificar el agente causal de la mancha negra del rambutan en postcosecha. Los frutos fueron cosechados entre Junio y Agosto del 2007 y 2008 en Tuxtla Chico, Chiapas. Se realizaron estudios de...
Palavras-chave: Calidad de frutos; Conservación postcosecha; Patógenos; Endófitos; Caracterización molecular; Fruit quality; Postharvest conservation; Pathogens; Endophytes; Molecular characterization; Doctorado; Fitopatología.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/155
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Caracterización cualitativa de frutos de rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.), almacenamiento postcosecha y patógenos asociados. Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Arenas, Marian Guadalupe.
El rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) es un frutal tropical originario de Asia e introducido a México. Es cultivado principalmente en el estado de Chiapas pero su comercialización es limitada por una corta vida en anaquel, oscurecimiento del pericarpio y enfermedades postcosecha. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron: 1) caracterizar frutos de cinco selecciones de rambután procedentes del estado de Chiapas; 2) estudiar el efecto de una cera y dos atmósferas modificadas a temperatura ambiente y refrigeración sobre la calidad visual y vida en anaquel de los frutos y 3) identificar el agente causal de la mancha negra del rambutan en postcosecha. Los frutos fueron cosechados entre Junio y Agosto del 2007 y 2008 en Tuxtla Chico, Chiapas. Se realizaron estudios de...
Palavras-chave: Calidad de frutos; Conservación postcosecha; Patógenos; Endófitos; Caracterización molecular; Fruit quality; Postharvest conservation; Pathogens; Endophytes; Molecular characterization; Doctorado; Fitopatología.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/155
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Characterization of race 65 of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum by sequencing ITS regions Agronomy
Coelho, Marcela; Gonçalves-Vidigal, Maria Celeste; Sousa, Lorenna Lopes de; Nunes, Maria Paula Barion Alves; Azevedo, Rafhael Felipin; Galván, Marta Zulema.
The present work aimed characterize isolates of C. lindemuthianum race 65 from different regions in Brazil by ITS sequencing. A total of 17 isolates of race 65, collected in the states of Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Santa Catarina and São Paulo, were studied. Analysis of the sequences of isolates 8, 9, 12, 14 and 15 revealed the presence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ITS1 region at the same positions. These isolates, when analyzed together with the sequence of isolate 17, revealed a SNP in the ITS2 region. The highest genetic dissimilarity, observed between isolates 11 and  3 and between isolates 11 and 10, was 0.772. In turn, isolates 7 and 2 were the most similar, with a value of 0.002 for genetic distance. The phylogenetic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.01.00.00-9; 5.01.03.00-8 anthracnose; Genetic variability; Pathogens; Dissimilarity Melhoramento Vegetal.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/30586
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Comparative serology of the marine fish pathogen <i>Vibrio anguillarum</i> OMA
Grisez, L.; Ollevier, F.P..
The different serotyping systems, based on thermostable O antigens, reported for <i>Vibrio anguillarum</i> and <i>V. ordalii</i> were compared by quantitative agglutination, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and subsequent silver staining or Western blotting (immunoblotting) of purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS), using polyclonal rabbit antisera. The results demonstrate that 16 different serotypes within <i>V. anguillarum</i> (designated 01 to 016) can be distinguished. Each of these serotypes is characterized by a distinct polysaccharide banding pattern, as revealed by silver-stained gels of purified LPS. The comparative analysis allowed a complete alignment of the different stereotypes for the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pathogens; Serology; Vibrio anguillarum.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=2970
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Contribuição ao desenvolvimento de linhagens de soja com resistência a patógenos. Infoteca-e
SILVA, J. F. V.; CARNEIRO, G. E. S.; YORINORI, J. T.; ALMEIDA, A. M. R.; ARIAS, C. A. A.; KIIHL, R. A. S.; ALMEIDA, L. A.; OLIVEIRA, E.; LIMA, C. G.; SCHOBER, I. C.; GOULART FILHO, G.; ALIGLIERI, G. M. G.; GOMES, J. I.; SOUZA, N. V.; BENATO, L. C..
RESUMO: As doenças que ocorrem na soja são responsáveis por severas perdas para os produtores em todo o mundo. Para o controle das principais doenças, a maneira mais prática e econômica tem sido o uso da resistência genética. Objetivando um melhor uso do germoplasma de soja disponível, métodos de seleção de plantas com resistência a Meloidogyne javanica, Heterodera glycines, Diaporthe phaseolorum, Microsphaera dissusa, Fusairum solani, Cercospora sojina e ao vírus da necrose da haste são apresentados. As linhagens avaliadas foram obtidas dos cruzamentos BRS 133 x PI 595099 e Coodetec 201 x PI 595099. Informações adicionais sobre os patógenos abordados e duraçãodo ciclo e produtividade das linhagens avaliadas são também apresentadas. ABSTRACT: Soybean...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Soja; Patógeno; Doença de planta; Soybeans; Pathogens; Plant diseases and disorders.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/463706
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Cultural practices and risk of shellfish pathogen exchanges : the oyster aquaculture in France ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence; Girard, Sophie; Czerwinski, N..
The first national census concerning shellfish culture in France was carried out in 2002. The main purpose was to provide accurate and comprehensive information on the number and structure of the companies using an in depth review of production factors (leases, plants, equipment's, labour and qualifications), and a survey of cultural practices up to the market level. Moreover, the census aimed to quantify the bivalve sales dedicated to consumption and to measure the livestock transfers among rearing shellfish production areas at different developmental stages: spat, intermediate products and fully grown marketable products. The French oyster production reached 109 000 metric tons in 2001. The main production was observed in Poitou-Charentes region...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Risk; Pathogens; Exotic species; Introduction; Cultural practices; Transfert; France; Oyster aquaculture.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3316.pdf
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Development and validation of DNA-based diagnostic techniques with particular reference to bivalve mollusc pathogens ArchiMer
Berthe, Franck.
The International Aquatic Animal Health Code of the OIE (the World Organization for Animal Health) includes serious pathogens that have been causing important losses in the mollusc aquaculture industry throughout the world. This list also meets the ones established by the European Union regulation.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pathogens; Techniques; Diagnostics; Pathology; Molluscs.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/acte-3213.pdf
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Doenças em eucaliptos destinados à produção de energia na região Sul do Brasil PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Auer, Celso Garcia; dos Santos, Álvaro Figueredo.
O eucalipto é o segundo gênero florestal mais plantado na região Sul do Brasil, para a produção de celulose, papel e energia. A expansão contínua dos plantios comerciais de eucalipto na região Sul do Brasil tem levado ao aumento na incidência e severidade de doenças. O presente trabalho discute a ocorrência e a distribuição de doenças do eucalipto nessa região, as espécies suscetíveis e os agentes causais. Estratégias de controle como o mapeamento de áreas de risco, o uso de material genético resistente e o controle químico são medidas adequadas para minimizar os impactos negativos na produção de madeira para energia. As doenças, em especial a ferrugem do eucalipto, que reduzem a produtividade e a qualidade da madeira foram consideradas as mais importantes...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Eucalyptus; Patógenos; Proteção florestal Eucalyptus; Pathogens; Forest protection.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/290
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Downy mildew incidence on pearl millet cultivars and pathogenic variability among isolates of Sclerospora graminicola in Rajasthan Open Agri
Rao, V.P.
Palavras-chave: Millets; Hybrids; Data analysis; Fungi; Pathogens; Genetic variation; Replication; Humus; Wet season; Land resources.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3235
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Dynamique des populations de palourdes japonaises (Ruditapes philippinarum) dans le bassin d'Arcachon : conséquences sur la gestion des populations exploitées ArchiMer
Dang, Cecile.
The Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum was introduced into Arcachon Bay at the beginning of the 1980s for aquaculture purposes. It rapidly naturalized in all intertidal flats of the lagoon. Nowadays, Arcachon Bay ranks at the first French place in terms of exploitable stock. However, recent stock assessments have shown an unbalance size structure with a deficit in juvenile and adult clams (> 38 mm shell length). These alarming patterns asked many questions on the sustainability of Manila clam populations within Arcachon Bay and have motivated the present thesis. This study aimed to better understand the population dynamics of this species and also some factors controlling this dynamic. The final objective was to improve the Manila clam fishing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Management; Trophic sources; Pathogens; Population dynamics; Ruditapes philippinarum; Gestion; Resources trophiques; Pathogènes; Dynamique de population; Ruditapes philippinarum.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/these-7382.pdf
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Early and Late Leaf Spots of Groundnut Open Agri
McDonald, D..
Palavras-chave: Fungicides; Groundnuts; Fungi; Genotypes; Diseases; Yield losses; Pathogens; Integrated control; Organochlorine compounds; Germplasm.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4026
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Effect of rosemary essential oil and modified-atmosphere packaging (MAP) on meat quality and survival of pathogens in poultry fillets BJM
Kahraman,Tolga; Issa,Ghassan; Bingol,Enver Baris; Kahraman,Beren Basaran; Dumen,Emek.
The effect of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) essential oil (REO) and modified-atmosphere packaging (MAP) on the survival of certain pathogens (Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes) in poultry fillets and on their meat quality during 7 days of refrigerated storage were investigated. Because REO at 0.05% and 0.1% had weak antibacterial activity and REO at 0.3%, 0.5% and 1.0% imparted unacceptable organoleptic properties, only REO at 0.2% was used to treat the poultry meat. The results showed that adding 0.2% REO to poultry fillets did not reduce the size of the population of S. Typhimurium and L. monocytogenes. However, REO treatment significantly decreased the L* (lightness) value and increased the a* (redness) value of stored fillets,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rosemary; Essential oil; Modified-atmosphere packaging; Poultry; Pathogens.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822015000200591
Registros recuperados: 65
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