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Registros recuperados: 11
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A Review of Two Payment Schemes for Watershed Services from China and Vietnam: the Interface of Government Control and PES Theory Ecology and Society
Kolinjivadi, Vijay K; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); vijay.kolinjivadi@mail.mcgill.ca; Sunderland, Terry; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); T.Sunderland@cgiar.org.
China and Vietnam have developed some of the most ambitious payments for ecosystem services (PES) initiatives for watershed conservation and forest management. These include the Sloping Land Conversion Programme in China and pilot projects designed to implement Decision 380 and the subsequent national PES law in Vietnam. This study reviews how these two government-driven initiatives are achieving their environment and development objectives in terms of their institutional arrangements, implementation in practice, and sustainability prospects. Although it remains too soon to determine the effects of these programs on watershed services, early evidence indicates that they are resulting in vulnerable land being retired from cultivation supported, in some...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: China; Environment; Payments for ecosystem services; Vietnam; Well-being.
Ano: 2012
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Anticipating and Managing Future Trade-offs and Complementarities between Ecosystem Services Ecology and Society
Reed, Mark S; Birmingham City University; Mark.Reed@bcu.ac.uk; Hubacek, Klaus; University of Maryland; Hubacek@umd.edu; Bonn, Aletta; University of Sheffield; a.bonn@sheffield.ac.uk; Burt, Tim P; University of Durham; t.p.burt@durham.ac.uk; Holden, Joseph; University of Leeds; j.holden@geography.leeds.ac.uk; Stringer, Lindsay C; University of Leeds; l.stringer@leeds.ac.uk; Beharry-Borg, Nesha; University of Leeds; N.C.Beharry-Borg@leeds.ac.uk; Buckmaster, Sarah; UK Collaborative on Development Sciences; s.buckmaster.08@aberdeen.ac.uk; Chapman, Dan; Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Edinburgh; dcha@ceh.ac.uk; Chapman, Pippa J; University of Leeds; P.J.Chapman@leeds.ac.uk; Clay, Gareth D; University of Manchester; gareth.clay@manchester.ac.uk; Cornell, Stephen J; University of Leeds; S.J.Cornell@leeds.ac.uk; Dougill, Andrew J; University of Leeds; a.j.dougill@leeds.ac.uk; Evely, Anna C.; Project Maya Community Interest Company; anna@projectmaya.org; Fraser, Evan D. G.; University of Guelph; frasere@uoguelph.ca; Jin, Nanlin; Brunel University; n.jin@leeds.ac.uk; Irvine, Brian J; University of Leeds; B.J.Irvine@leeds.ac.uk; Kirkby, Mike J; University of Leeds; M.J.Kirkby@leeds.ac.uk; Kunin, William E; University of Leeds; W.E.Kunin@leeds.ac.uk; Prell, Christina; University of Maryland; cprell@socy.umd.edu; Quinn, Claire H; University of Leeds; C.H.Quinn@leeds.ac.uk; Slee, Bill; James Hutton Institute; B.Slee@macaulay.ac.uk; Stagl, Sigrid; Vienna University of Economics and Business; Sigrid.Stagl@wu.ac.at; Termansen, Mette; Aarhus University; mter@dmu.dk; Thorp, Simon; The Heather Trust; simon.thorp@heathertrust.co.uk; Worrall, Fred; University of Durham; Fred.Worrall@durham.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Blanket bog; Ecosystem services; Heath; Mountain; Moorland; Payments for ecosystem services; Peak District National Park; Upland.
Ano: 2013
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Assessing the Effectiveness of Payments for Ecosystem Services: an Agent-Based Modeling Approach Ecology and Society
Chen, Xiaodong; Department of Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; chenxd@email.unc.edu; Shortridge, Ashton ; Department of Geography, Michigan State University;; An, Li; Department of Geography, San Diego State University;; Liu, Jianguo; Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University;.
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have increasingly been implemented to protect and restore ecosystems worldwide. The effectiveness of conservation investments in PES may differ under alternative policy scenarios and may not be sustainable because of uncertainties in human responses to policies and dynamic human-nature interactions. To assess the impacts of these interactions on the effectiveness of PES programs, we developed a spatially explicit agent-based model: human and natural interactions under policies (HANIP). We used HANIP to study the effectiveness of China’s Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) and alternative policy scenarios in a coupled human-nature system, China’s Wolong Nature Reserve, where indigenous...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agent-based modeling; Conservation investments; Coupled human-nature systems; Fuelwood; Natural Forest Conservation Program; Payments for ecosystem services.
Ano: 2014
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Can Payments for Ecosystem Services Contribute to Adaptation to Climate Change? Insights from a Watershed in Kenya Ecology and Society
Mwangi, John K.; Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; PhD Fellow, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya ; joymwa86@yahoo.com; Namirembe, Sara; World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya ; s.namirembe@cgiar.org.
Climate change presents new challenges for the management of social-ecological systems and the ecosystem services they provide. Although the instrument of payments for ecosystem services (PES) has emerged as a promising tool to safeguard or enhance the provision of ecosystem services (ES), little attention has been paid to the potential role of PES in climate change adaptation. As an external stressor climate change has an impact on the social-ecological system in which PES takes place, including the various actors taking part in the PES scheme. Following a short description of the conceptual link between PES and adaptation to climate change, we provide practical insights into the relationship between PES and adaptation to climate change by presenting...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Climate variability; Payments for ecosystem services; Watershed.
Ano: 2014
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Could Payments for Ecosystem Services Create an "Ecosystem Service Curse"? Ecology and Society
Kronenberg, Jakub; Department of International Economics, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz; kronenbe@uni.lodz.pl; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park; Hubacek@umd.edu.
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have received much praise and are increasingly perceived as a promising tool to ensure the protection of global ecosystems as well as being able to help alleviate poverty in areas rich in ecosystem services. Given current trends, the scale of payments is likely to grow, creating new circumstances within which ecosystem services will be managed. In this dynamic context, following a precautionary approach, one should focus on establishing systems to handle the risks involved. Based on an analogy to resources that have long been included in the system of market transactions, we suggest that the rapid development of PES can negatively influence regional and potentially national economies. Resource revenues are highly...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Aid curse; Ecosystem services; Global PES; Payments for ecosystem services; PES; Resource curse.
Ano: 2013
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Forest Conservation and Slippage: Evidence from Mexico's National Payments for Ecosystem Services Program AgEcon
Alix-Garcia, Jennifer Marie; Shapiro, Elizabeth N.; Sims, Katharine R.E..
Incentive-based programs to reduce deforestation are expected to play an increasingly important role in global efforts to protect ecosystems and sequester carbon but their environmental effectiveness is not clear. We investigate program effectiveness and slippage in the context of Mexico's national payments for hydrological services program, which pays private and communal landowners to maintain forest cover on enrolled lands. To measure program impacts, we use matched controls drawn from the program applicant pool to establish counterfactual deforestation rates in the absence of payments. We find statistically significant but small to moderate avoided deforestation impacts. To examine slippage of deforestation to nonenrolled lands, we develop a model of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Payments for environmental services; Payments for ecosystem services; Program evaluation; Slippage; Leakage; Incentive-based mechanisms; Mexico; Land use; Deforestation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q12; Q24; Q57; R14; O13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93045
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From Carbon Projects to Better Land-Use Planning: Three Latin American Initiatives Ecology and Society
Rival, Laura M.; Department of International Development, University of Oxford, United Kingdom; laura.rival@qeh.ox.ac.uk.
I start with a discussion of the limits of the United Nations’ Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and cobenefits (REDD+) program and the need to embed forest carbon within integrated ecosystem services on a landscape scale. By comparing a REDD+ project with two non-REDD+ projects, I show that there are diverse ways of applying the Earth system governance lens to address the continuing deterioration of goods and services provided by ecological systems. I then compare the valuation of ecosystem services and the governance of their provision in the three projects under review: Bolsa Floresta in the state of Amazonas, Brazil; Araçuaí Sustentável in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil; and the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Araç Uaí Sustentá Vel; Bolsa Floresta; Earth governance; Landscapes under ecosystem-based management; Payments for ecosystem services; REDD+ schemes; Yasuní – Ishpingo Tambococha Tiputini Initiative.
Ano: 2013
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Payments for Ecosystem Services in the Context of Adaptation to Climate Change Ecology and Society
The concept of payments for ecosystem services (PES) has recently emerged as a promising tool for enhancing or safeguarding the provision of ecosystem services (ES). Although the concept has been extensively scrutinized in terms of its potential positive and negative impacts on the poor in developing countries, less attention has been paid to examining the role of PES in the context of adaptation to climate change. PES has some potential to contribute to adaptation to climate change, but there are also risks that it could undermine adaptation efforts. In order to maximize synergies and minimize trade-offs between PES and adaptation, it is important that the conceptual links between both are made explicit. The present article presents the main conceptual...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Ecosystem services; Payments for ecosystem services; Payments for environmental services; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2012
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The politics of negotiation and implementation: a reciprocal water access agreement in the Himalayan foothills, India Ecology and Society
Kovacs, Eszter K.; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK ; ek334@cam.ac.uk; Kumar, Chetan; Global Forest and Climate Change Program, IUCN, Washington, D.C., USA; Chetan.KUMAR@iucn.org; Agarwal, Chetan; Center for Ecology Development and Research, India; chetan_agarwal1@hotmail.com; Adams, William M.; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK; wa12@cam.ac.uk; Hope, Robert A.; School of Geography and Environment and Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, Oxford University, UK; robert.hope@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Vira, Bhaskar; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK; University of Cambridge Conservation Research Institute (UCCRI); bv101@cam.ac.uk.
In this paper, we examine the on-the-ground realities of upstream-downstream negotiations and transactions over ecosystem services. We explore the engagement, negotiation, implementation, and postimplementation phases of a “reciprocal water access” (RWA) agreement between village communities and municipal water users at Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. We aim to highlight how external actors drove the payments for ecosystem services agenda through a series of facilitation and research engagements, which were pivotal to the RWA’s adoption, and how the agreement fared once external agents withdrew. In the postimplementation period, the RWA agreement continues to be upheld by upstream communities amidst evolving, competing...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: India; Negotiations; Payments for ecosystem services; Water management.
Ano: 2016
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Watershed services of smallholder agriculture in the Eastern Amazon. Repositório Alice
FIGUEIREDO, R. de O.; BORNER, J.;  DAVIDSON, E. A..
Abstract: Several hydrobiogeochemical research activities have been conducted in the Eastern Amazon, contributing to the understanding of how changes in forests and agro-ecosystems affect ecosystem service provision. Findings have demonstrate that good agricultural practices and the presence of natural secondary vegetation favored by smallholder farm management are important factors for hydrobiogeochemical cycling, aquatic ecosystem conservation, soil conservation, and mitigation of trace emissions from biomass burning in Amazonian small catchments. Two challenges for watershed service management arise in this context. First, low population densities and the relatively flat landscape mean that a critical mass of downstream beneficiaries of such services -...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Eastern Amazon; Smallholder agriculture; Watershed services; Stream water quality; Hydrobiogeochemical; Good agricultural practices; Watershed management; Payments for ecosystem services.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/953081
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When death approaches: reverting or exploiting emergent inequity in a complex land-use table-board game Ecology and Society
Smith, James A.; El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Mexico ; nitac14b@yahoo.com.
The lives of poor landowners in tropical mountains depend upon their collective capacity to create and coordinate social preferences derived from their interacting communalistic, hierarchical, and reciprocal exchanges. External actors currently contend for these territories under market rules that are modifying such preferences. We present the design, experimental implementation, and analysis of results of a four-player, land-use board game with stark resource and livelihood limits and coordination/cooperation challenges, as played (separately) by 116 farmers and 108 academics, mainly in the tropical mountains of Chiapas, Mexico. In game session one, we trained and framed players in moral economy, a human core feeling and communalistic norm of solidarity...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Inequity; Mexico; Payments for ecosystem services; Role-playing games; Rural land use social-ecological experiments; Social preferences; Tropical mountains.
Ano: 2015
Registros recuperados: 11
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