Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Are Direct Payments for Environmental Services Spelling Doom for Sustainable Forest Management in the Tropics? Ecology and Society
Wunder, Sven; Center for International Forestry Research; s.wunder@cgiar.org.
Over the past several decades, significant donor funding has been directed to sustainable forest management in the tropics, in the hope of combining forest conservation with economic gains through sustainable use. To date, this approach has produced only modest results in terms of changed silvicultural and land-use practices in this area. Direct payments for environmental services (PES) have been suggested as a promising alternative but still remain widely untested in the tropics. This paper first provides a conceptual assessment of PES, comparing the main features of this practice with those of other conservation instruments. Second, the paper discusses a series of critical questions that have been raised about both the environmental and livelihood...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Forest management; Payments for environmental services; Rural livelihoods; Conservation; Economic incentives.
Ano: 2006
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Conservation Payments, Liquidity Constraints and Off-Farm Labor: Impact of the Grain for Green Program on Rural Households in China AgEcon
Uchida, Emi; Rozelle, Scott; Xu, Jintao.
This study evaluates the off-farm labor response of rural households participating in the Grain for Green program in China, the largest conservation set-aside program in the developing world. Using a panel data set that we designed and implemented, we examine the impact of the program on changes in off-farm labor participation between 1999 (pre-program) and 2004 (post-program) using a difference-in-differences approach and several extensions that account for program intensity. We also test whether the program impact is diverse depending on level of physical and human capital of participants. We find that on average the Grain for Green program has a positive effect on off-farm labor participation. Importantly, however, we find that program effects vary...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Payments for environmental services; Off-farm labor supply; Grain for Green program; China; Program evaluation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; J22; O13; Q23.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9698
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Enrichment Planting in Secondary Forests: a Promising Clean Development Mechanism to Increase Terrestrial Carbon Sinks Ecology and Society
Hawryshyn, Jessica; Department of Biology and McGill School of Environment, McGill University; jessica.hawryshyn@gmail.com; Senikas, Alexandra Vyta; Department of Biology and McGill School of Environment, McGill University; alexandra.senikas@mail.mcgill.ca; Potvin, Catherine; Department of Biology and McGill School of Environment, McGill University; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; catherine.potvin@mcgill.ca.
With the increasing need to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations, afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects are being implemented under the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and under the voluntary carbon (C) market. The specific objective of A/R C projects is to enhance terrestrial sinks. They could also provide low-income communities in developing countries with a source of revenue, as well as a number of ecological and social services. However, feasibility issues have hindered implementation of A/R CDMs. We propose enrichment planting (EP) in old fallow using high-value native timber species as a land-use alternative and a small-scale C projects opportunity. We present EP in the context of ongoing work in a poor indigenous community in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Carbon sequestration; Clean development mechanism; Enrichment planting; Indigenous communities; Payments for environmental services; Secondary forests.
Ano: 2009
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Forest Conservation and Slippage: Evidence from Mexico's National Payments for Ecosystem Services Program AgEcon
Alix-Garcia, Jennifer Marie; Shapiro, Elizabeth N.; Sims, Katharine R.E..
Incentive-based programs to reduce deforestation are expected to play an increasingly important role in global efforts to protect ecosystems and sequester carbon but their environmental effectiveness is not clear. We investigate program effectiveness and slippage in the context of Mexico's national payments for hydrological services program, which pays private and communal landowners to maintain forest cover on enrolled lands. To measure program impacts, we use matched controls drawn from the program applicant pool to establish counterfactual deforestation rates in the absence of payments. We find statistically significant but small to moderate avoided deforestation impacts. To examine slippage of deforestation to nonenrolled lands, we develop a model of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Payments for environmental services; Payments for ecosystem services; Program evaluation; Slippage; Leakage; Incentive-based mechanisms; Mexico; Land use; Deforestation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q12; Q24; Q57; R14; O13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93045
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Modeling Social-Ecological Feedback Effects in the Implementation of Payments for Environmental Services in Pasture-Woodlands Ecology and Society
Huber, Robert; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL; robert.huber@wsl.ch; Briner, Simon; ETH Zurich, Agri-food and Agri-environmental Economics Group, Department of Environmental Systems Science; briners@ethz.ch; Lauber, Stefan; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL; stefan.lauber@wsl.ch; Seidl, Roman; ETH Zurich, Natural and Social Science Interface, Department of Environmental Systems Science; roman.seidl@env.ethz.ch; Widmer, Alexander; ETH Zurich, Environmental Policy and Economics, Department of Environmental Systems Science; widmeale@env.ethz.ch; Le, Quang Bao; ETH Zurich, Natural and Social Science Interface, Department of Environmental Systems Science; quang.le@env.ethz.ch; Hirschi, Christian; ETH Zurich, Environmental Policy and Economics, Department of Environmental Systems Science; christian.hirschi@env.ethz.ch.
An effective implementation of payment for environmental services (PES) must allow for complex interactions of coupled social-ecological systems. We present an integrative study of the pasture-woodland landscape of the Swiss Jura Mountains combining methods from natural and social sciences to explore feedback between vegetation dynamics on paddock level, farm-based decision making, and policy decisions on the national political level. Our modeling results show that concomitant climatic and socioeconomic changes advance the loss of open grassland in silvopastoral landscapes. This would, in the longer term, deteriorate the historical wooded pastures in the region, which fulfill important functions for biodiversity and are widely considered as landscapes that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agent-based modeling; Dynamic modeling; Feedback; Human-environment systems; Integrated study; Payments for environmental services; Policy network analysis.
Ano: 2013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Payments for Ecosystem Services in the Context of Adaptation to Climate Change Ecology and Society
The concept of payments for ecosystem services (PES) has recently emerged as a promising tool for enhancing or safeguarding the provision of ecosystem services (ES). Although the concept has been extensively scrutinized in terms of its potential positive and negative impacts on the poor in developing countries, less attention has been paid to examining the role of PES in the context of adaptation to climate change. PES has some potential to contribute to adaptation to climate change, but there are also risks that it could undermine adaptation efforts. In order to maximize synergies and minimize trade-offs between PES and adaptation, it is important that the conceptual links between both are made explicit. The present article presents the main conceptual...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Ecosystem services; Payments for ecosystem services; Payments for environmental services; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2012
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Payments for environmental services : incentives through carbon sequestration compensation for cocoa-based agroforestry systems in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia AgEcon
Seeberg-Elverfeldt, Christina; Schwarze, Stefan; Zeller, Manfred.
Up to 25 percent of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are caused by deforestation, and Indonesia is the third largest greenhouse gas emitter worldwide due to land use change and deforestation. On the island of Sulawesi in the vicinity of the Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP), many smallholders contribute to conversion processes at the forest margin as a result of their agricultural practices. Specifically the area dedicated to cocoa plantations has increased from zero (1979) to nearly 18,000 hectares (2001). Some of these plots have been established inside the 220,000 hectares of the LLNP. An intensification process is observed with a consequent reduction of the shade tree density. This study assesses which impact carbon sequestration payments for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Payments for environmental services; Carbon sequestration; Agroforestry systems; Cocoa; Linear programming; Economic incentives; Poverty; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92827
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The Conditions for Functional Mechanisms of Compensation and Reward for Environmental Services Ecology and Society
Swallow, Brent M.; University of Alberta; brent.swallow@ualberta.ca; Leimona, Beria; World Agroforestry Centre; L.Beria@cgiar.org; Yatich, Thomas; World Agroforestry Centre; T.Yatich@cgiar.org; Velarde, Sandra J.; World Agroforestry Centre; sjvelarde@gmail.com.
Mechanisms of compensation and reward for environmental services (CRES) are becoming increasingly contemplated as means for managing human–environment interactions. Most of the functional mechanisms in the tropics have been developed within the last 15 years; many developing countries still have had little experience with functional mechanisms. We consider the conditions that foster the origin and implementation of functional mechanisms. Deductive and inductive approaches are combined. Eight hypotheses are derived from theories of institution and policy change. Five case studies, from Latin America, Africa, and Asia, are then reviewed according to a common framework. The results suggest the following to be important conditions for functional CRES...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Carbon sequestration; Ecosystem services; Ecotourism; Environmental services; Institutional change; Payments for environmental services; Watershed services.
Ano: 2010
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
When Donors Get Cold Feet: the Community Conservation Concession in Setulang (Kalimantan, Indonesia) that Never Happened Ecology and Society
Wunder, Sven; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); S.Wunder@cgiar.org; Campbell, Bruce; Forests and Livelihoods Programme, CIFOR; School for Environmental Research, Charles Darwin University; b.campbell@cgiar.org; Frost, Peter GH; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); p.frost@cgiar.org; Sayer, Jeffrey A; IUCN Landscapes and Livelihoods Initiative; jeff.sayer@iucn.org; Iwan, Ramses; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); r.iwan@cgiar.org; Wollenberg, Lini; The University of Vermont; lini.wollenberg@uvm.edu.
There is consensus that payments for biodiversity services are a promising conservation tool, yet the implementation of applied schemes has been lagging behind. This paper explores some reasons why potential biodiversity buyers may hesitate. It describes the case of an unsuccessful attempt to establish a community conservation concession in the village of Setulang (East Kalimantan, Indonesia) to safeguard a biologically valuable area from predatory logging. Potential biodiversity donors did not engage in this payments-for-environmental-services scheme mainly because of their limited time horizon and uneasiness about the conditionality principle. Other complicating factors included overlapping land claims, and the diagnosis of the externality at hand. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Conservation; Kalimantan; Logging; Payments for environmental services.
Ano: 2008
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional