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Candida albicans: genotyping methods and clade related phenotypic characteristics BJM
Lyon,Juliana P.; Moraes,Karen C.M.; Moreira,Leonardo M.; Aimbire,Flávio; Resende,Maria Aparecida de.
Several molecular methods, such as Southern blotting hybridization, Multilocus Sequence Typing, and DNA microsatellite analysis, have been employed to genotype Candida albicans. The genotype analysis allows to group strains in clades, that is, a group composed of one ancestor and its descendants. These genotype studies demonstrate that clades distribution is influenced by geographic area as well as that antifungal resistance is associated with particular clades. These findings suggested that C. albicans reproduces mainly in a clonal manner, with certain degree of DNA microevolution. Additionally, virulence factors and site of isolation have also been associated with clade specificity. The present article is a brief review about the methods used for Candida...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Candida albicans; Clonal reproduction; Microevolution; Genotyping systems; Phenotypic characteristics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822010000400003
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Comb, cloaca and feet scores and testis morphometry in male broiler breeders at two different ages Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Leão,R.A.C.; Castro,F.L.S.; Xavier,P.R.; Vaz,D.P.; Grázia,J.G.V.; Baião,N.C.; Avelar,G.F.; Marques Júnior,A.P..
ABSTRACT In broiler breeder roosters, the weight of the testes is positively associated with daily sperm production and fertility. In birds, the testes are located in the coelomic cavity, not being accessible to reproductive evaluation as mammalian testes. The reproductive evaluation of roosters is based on phenotypic traits. Any changes on testes will be reflected on fertility levels. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the potential of association of phenotypic traits as body weight (BW), comb scores (COS), cloaca scores (CLS) and feet scores (FS) with testicular morphometric parameters in adult Cobb® Mx roosters in two ages (25 and 45 weeks of age). The low BW roosters had lower testes weight (TW), smaller seminiferous tubule diameter (STD) and lower...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Testicular regression; Rooster; Histomorphometry; Phenotypic characteristics; Histology.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000601529
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Comparison of fattening performance, carcass characteristics, and egg quality characteristics of Japanese quails with different feather colors R. Bras. Zootec.
Inci,Hakan; Sogut,Bunyamin; Sengul,Turgay; Sengul,Ahmet Yusuf; Taysi,Mehmet Resit.
The objective of this study was to compare fattening performance, carcass traits, and egg quality of Japanese quails with different feather colors (white, dark brown, golden, and wild-type). In the study, 360 one-day-old quail chicks with 4 different feather colors were used as animal material. Quails were fed ad libitum for 42 days to determine fattening performance and carcass traits. To determine egg traits, 48 hens from each group, in a total of 192, were selected and caged according to feather color. Eggs were collected for four consecutive weeks and egg quality characteristics were measured. Different feather colors had a significant effect on live weight, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, and carcass characteristics. Significant differences...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coturnix coturnix japonica; Feather color; Egg; Phenotypic characteristics; Quail.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982015001100390
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Husbandry practices and phenotypic characteristics of indigenous goat populations in Ethiopia. Repositório Alice
GATEW, H.; HASSEN, H.; KEBEDE, K.; HAILE, A.; LOBO, R. N. B.; YETAYEW, A.; RISCHKOWSKY, B..
Abstract: The present study was conducted with the objective to characterize the husbandry practices and phenotypic characteristics of mature Bati, Borana and Short-eared Somali goats kept under traditional management systems so that the information generated can be used in designing breeding programs. The study was covered five districts in four administrative zones of Ethiopia representing Bati (in Oromia Zone) and Kalu (in South Wollo Zone) for Bati goats; Yabello (in Borana Zone) for Borana goats and Shinille and Erer (in Siti Zone) for Short-Eared Somali goats. A total of 345 households interview was made and phenotypic measurements were taken on 601(468 females and 133 males) heads of adult goats with 4 pair of permanent incisors (PPI). However,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Phenotypic characteristics; Husbandry practices; Goats; Land races; Phenotypes; Ethiopia; Breeding.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1076479
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